Clinical Organ System Exam 4 (Final): Endocrine System Quiz

17 Questions | Total Attempts: 43

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Clinical Organ System Exam 4 (Final): Endocrine System Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which gland is NOT a part of the brain?
    • A. 

      Hypothalamus

    • B. 

      Thymus

    • C. 

      Pituitary

    • D. 

      Pineal

  • 2. 
    The sum of all of the chemical reactions in the body, including rate of production and use of energy, is referred to as ___.
    • A. 

      Metabolism

    • B. 

      Homeostasis

    • C. 

      Immune response

    • D. 

      Cellular respiration

  • 3. 
    Type 1 diabetes is caused by an imbalance in the hormone ___, which is produced in the ___.
    • A. 

      Oxytocin, hypothalamus

    • B. 

      Insulin, thymus

    • C. 

      Insulin, pancreas

    • D. 

      Melatonin, pineal gland

  • 4. 
    A female hormone that is produced primarily during pregnancy and prevents menstruation is called ___.
    • A. 

      Oxytocin

    • B. 

      Progesterone

    • C. 

      Estrogen

    • D. 

      Testosterone

    • E. 

      Prolactin

  • 5. 
    Which gland produces melatonin and controls body pigmentation?
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Thymus

    • C. 

      Pineal

    • D. 

      Thyroid

    • E. 

      Adrenal

  • 6. 
    Which gland produces thymosin, which helps stimulate the development of T-cell lymphocytes?
    • A. 

      Thymus

    • B. 

      Thyroid

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Adrenal

    • E. 

      Pineal

  • 7. 
    Which gland produces glycogen, which helps raise blood glucose levels?
    • A. 

      Thymus

    • B. 

      Thyroid

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Adrenal

    • E. 

      Pineal

  • 8. 
    Which gland produces epinephrine and norepinephrine, which act as neurotransmitters to trigger the "fight or flight" response?
    • A. 

      Thymus

    • B. 

      Thyroid

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Adrenal

    • E. 

      Pineal

  • 9. 
    Which gland produces thyroxin, which regulates metabolism?
    • A. 

      Thymus

    • B. 

      Thyroid

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Adrenal

    • E. 

      Pineal

  • 10. 
    The endocrine gland(s) that is only found in females during pregnancy is the ___.
    • A. 

      Placenta

    • B. 

      Ovaries

    • C. 

      Lactiferous

    • D. 

      All of the answer choices are correct

  • 11. 
    Which gland is responsible for maintaining Calcium (Ca2+) levels to ensure proper nerve and muscle function?
    • A. 

      Adrenals

    • B. 

      Parathyroids

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Thyroid

    • E. 

      Pituitary

  • 12. 
    Dwarfism and gigantism are both disorders of this gland which produces human growth hormone.
    • A. 

      Pituitary

    • B. 

      Thyroid

    • C. 

      Parathyroids

    • D. 

      Hypothalamus

    • E. 

      Pineal

  • 13. 
    This gland is often referred to as the "master gland" because it produces hormones that regulate all other endocrine glands.
    • A. 

      Pituitary

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Pineal

    • D. 

      Thyroid

    • E. 

      Adrenals

  • 14. 
    Which gland is responsible for regulating the pituitary gland?
    • A. 

      Thymus

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Pineal

    • D. 

      Thyroid

    • E. 

      Adrenals

  • 15. 
    Which of the following hormones is produced by the pituitary gland?
    • A. 

      Antidiuretic hormone

    • B. 

      Seratonin

    • C. 

      Calcitonin

    • D. 

      Epinephrine

    • E. 

      Testosterone

  • 16. 
    The organ system with the primary function of producing hormones in order to regulate all other organ systems is the ___.
    • A. 

      Nervous system ONLY

    • B. 

      Reproductive system ONLY

    • C. 

      Endocrine system ONLY

    • D. 

      Nervous, reproductive, and endocrine systems

    • E. 

      Endocrine and nervous systems

  • 17. 
    The gland that is primarily responsible for regulating kidney function and producing stress response is the ___.
    • A. 

      Thymus

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Pineal

    • D. 

      Thyroid

    • E. 

      Adrenals

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