Golden Age Of China & Mongol Conquest Mini-quiz

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| By Kanyewestisaweso
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Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 1,086
Questions: 18 | Attempts: 152

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Golden Age Of China & Mongol Conquest Mini-quiz - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    ________, or "divine wind," tore the Mongols' ships to pieces in a typhoon -- which is why the Japanese speak so highly of it.

    Explanation
    The term "Kamikaze" refers to the "divine wind" that destroyed the Mongols' ships during a typhoon. The Japanese hold this event in high regard, which is why they speak highly of it.

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  • 2. 

    Samurai had to live by a demanding code of behavior called _______.

    Explanation
    Samurai had to live by a demanding code of behavior called bushido. Bushido is a Japanese term that translates to "the way of the warrior." It was a code of conduct followed by the samurai class, emphasizing loyalty, honor, self-discipline, and moral values. This code governed every aspect of a samurai's life, including their behavior in battle, relationships with others, and personal conduct. Following bushido was essential for samurai to maintain their social standing and uphold their reputation as skilled and honorable warriors.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is not a principle of bushido?

    • A.

      Reverence for the gods

    • B.

      Respect towards inferiors

    • C.

      Material wealth

    • D.

      Honorable death

    Correct Answer
    C. Material wealth
    Explanation
    Bushido, the code of conduct followed by samurais in feudal Japan, emphasized principles such as reverence for the gods, respect towards inferiors, and an honorable death. However, material wealth was not considered a principle of bushido. Instead, samurais were expected to prioritize loyalty, honor, and self-discipline over the accumulation of material possessions. Thus, material wealth goes against the ideals of bushido.

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  • 4. 

    _____ was 120 miles from Korea and 500 miles from China, making it usually safe from invasion.

    Correct Answer
    Japan
    Explanation
    Japan was 120 miles from Korea and 500 miles from China, which made it usually safe from invasion. This geographical distance acted as a natural barrier, providing protection from potential invasions from both neighboring countries. Japan's location in the Pacific Ocean also contributed to its safety, as it was further isolated from potential threats.

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  • 5. 

    _________ is a belief system whose main principles are respect for the forces of nature and one's ancestors.

    Correct Answer
    Shintoism
    Explanation
    Shintoism is a belief system that emphasizes respect for the forces of nature and one's ancestors. It is a traditional religion of Japan and is deeply rooted in Japanese culture. Shintoism teaches that everything in nature has a divine spirit and should be revered. It also emphasizes the importance of honoring one's ancestors and maintaining a harmonious relationship with them. Shinto rituals and practices often involve offerings and prayers to the natural world and ancestral spirits.

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  • 6. 

    Supposedly divine spirits in nature are generally referred to as what?

    • A.

      Yamato

    • B.

      Kamikaze

    • C.

      Bushido

    • D.

      Kami

    Correct Answer
    D. Kami
    Explanation
    Kami is the correct answer because in Japanese culture, divine spirits in nature are commonly known as kami. Kami are believed to reside in natural elements such as trees, mountains, and rivers, and are considered to be sacred and worthy of reverence. They are seen as both benevolent and mischievous beings, and are an integral part of Shinto, the indigenous religion of Japan.

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  • 7. 

    _____ are Korean-language symbols lifted from Chinese-language symbols.

    Correct Answer
    Hanja
    Explanation
    Hanja refers to Korean-language symbols that were borrowed from Chinese-language symbols. These symbols were adopted into the Korean writing system and are still used in certain contexts, such as formal writing, academic texts, and personal names. Hanja has had a significant influence on the Korean language and is an important aspect of Korean culture and history.

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  • 8. 

    ______ is the name of the Korean alphabet.

    Correct Answer
    Hangul
    Explanation
    Hangul is the name of the Korean alphabet. It was created during the 15th century by King Sejong the Great and his scholars. Hangul consists of 14 basic consonants and 10 basic vowels, which can be combined to form syllabic blocks. It is an efficient and logical writing system that allows for easy learning and pronunciation. Hangul has played a significant role in promoting literacy and cultural identity in Korea.

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  • 9. 

    _______ assumed the title of emperor -- making her the only women ever to do so.

    Correct Answer
    Wu Zhao
    Explanation
    Wu Zhao assumed the title of emperor, making her the only woman ever to do so.

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  • 10. 

    Name all which were an invention or technological advancement of the Yang and Song dynasties:

    • A.

      Invention of the LP gatefold sleeve

    • B.

      Magnetic compass

    • C.

      Rotary fan for air conditioning

    • D.

      Paper money

    • E.

      Discovery related to diabetes

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Magnetic compass
    C. Rotary fan for air conditioning
    D. Paper money
    E. Discovery related to diabetes
    Explanation
    During the Yang and Song dynasties, several inventions and technological advancements emerged. The magnetic compass was one of them, revolutionizing navigation and exploration. Another invention was the rotary fan for air conditioning, which provided relief from the heat. The introduction of paper money marked a significant development in the monetary system. Additionally, there was a discovery related to diabetes, although the details of this discovery are not provided.

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  • 11. 

    From the mid-1200s to the mid-1300s, there was a Mongolian state of peace and order called the _____________ during which they guaranteed safe passage for trade caravans and missionaries.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Pax Mongolica
    Explanation
    During the period from the mid-1200s to the mid-1300s, the Mongolians established a state of peace and order known as the Pax Mongolica. This era was characterized by the Mongolian empire's guarantee of safe passage for trade caravans and missionaries. The Mongols, under the leadership of Genghis Khan and his successors, implemented policies that facilitated trade and communication across their vast empire, promoting economic growth and cultural exchange. The Pax Mongolica played a significant role in connecting different regions and civilizations, fostering stability and prosperity during this time.

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  • 12. 

    By 1260, the Mongols had divided their empire into four regions, or ________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    khanates
    Explanation
    The Mongols divided their empire into four regions called khanates. This division allowed for better governance and administration of the vast empire. Each khanate was ruled by a different descendant of Genghis Khan, known as a Khan. This system helped maintain control over the empire while allowing local rulers to have some autonomy.

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  • 13. 

    Steppe nomads traveled in kinship groups called _____, with all group members believing they were descended from a common ancestor.

    Correct Answer(s)
    clans
    Explanation
    Steppe nomads traveled in kinship groups called clans, which consisted of individuals who believed they shared a common ancestor. These clans provided a sense of identity and unity among the nomads, as well as a support system for survival in the harsh and unpredictable environment of the steppes. The belief in a shared ancestry reinforced social bonds and cooperation within the group, enabling them to navigate and adapt to the challenges they encountered during their nomadic lifestyle.

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  • 14. 

    Nomadic peoples of the Asian steppes domesticated herded animals, making them which of the following?

    • A.

      Clans

    • B.

      Hunter-gatherers

    • C.

      Pastoralists

    • D.

      Asians

    Correct Answer
    C. Pastoralists
    Explanation
    The correct answer is pastoralists because the nomadic peoples of the Asian steppes domesticated and herded animals. Pastoralists are people who rely on the herding and raising of animals for their livelihood. This lifestyle involves moving from one place to another in search of grazing land for their animals. Therefore, the term "pastoralists" accurately describes the nomadic peoples of the Asian steppes who domesticated herded animals.

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  • 15. 

    In 1206, Temujin accepted the title of ____________, or "universal ruler" of the Mongol clans.

    Correct Answer
    Genghis Khan
    Explanation
    In 1206, Temujin accepted the title of Genghis Khan, which means "universal ruler" of the Mongol clans. This title signifies that he was recognized as the leader who had united the Mongol clans under his rule. Genghis Khan's acceptance of this title solidified his authority and marked the beginning of the Mongol Empire's expansion and conquests.

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  • 16. 

    ___________ founded the Yuan dynasty, making few changes to the system of government or Chinese culture.

    Correct Answer
    Kublai Khan
    Explanation
    Kublai Khan founded the Yuan dynasty and made few changes to the system of government or Chinese culture. This suggests that he maintained the existing structures and traditions, rather than imposing significant alterations. As a Mongol leader, Kublai Khan likely sought to maintain stability and consolidate his power by preserving the existing Chinese institutions. This approach may have helped him gain the support and cooperation of the Chinese people and elite, allowing for a relatively smooth transition of power and the establishment of the Yuan dynasty.

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  • 17. 

    __________ was a young Venetian trader who was imprisoned, writing a book telling his experiences with Chinese culture and government.

    Correct Answer
    Marco Polo
    Explanation
    Marco Polo was a young Venetian trader who was imprisoned. During his time in prison, he wrote a book documenting his experiences with Chinese culture and government. This book, known as "The Travels of Marco Polo," became one of the most influential travelogues of its time. It provided valuable insights into the Chinese civilization, including their customs, traditions, and political system. Marco Polo's book played a significant role in introducing Europe to the wonders of the East and fueling interest in future explorations and trade with China.

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  • 18. 

    Which religion had spread through Japanese society by the eighth or ninth century?

    • A.

      Buddhism

    • B.

      Christianity

    • C.

      Hinduism

    • D.

      Judaism

    Correct Answer
    A. Buddhism
    Explanation
    Buddhism had spread through Japanese society by the eighth or ninth century. Buddhism originated in India and gradually made its way to Japan through China and Korea. It gained popularity among the Japanese people due to its teachings of compassion, mindfulness, and the pursuit of enlightenment. The introduction of Buddhism to Japan brought about significant cultural and societal changes, influencing various aspects of Japanese life, including art, architecture, and religious practices. The spread of Buddhism in Japan during this time period played a crucial role in shaping the country's religious and cultural landscape.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 30, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Kanyewestisaweso
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