World History Chapter 4 Exam

20 Questions

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World History Quizzes & Trivia

Chapter 4 Test for World History Honors class


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following was a result of the period of political confusion following the fall of the Zhou dynasty?
    • A. 

      Chinese civilization failed to produce another dynasty for centuries

    • B. 

      Philosophers sought to find ways to end the conflict and create more permanent and unified political systems

    • C. 

      The shi ceased to play a significant role in Chinese government

    • D. 

      Feudalism became the dominant form of political organization in Chinese society

  • 2. 
    As the Zhou ability to control their vassals decreased, China entered:
    • A. 

      The era of the Shang dynasty

    • B. 

      A period of Doric invasions

    • C. 

      A long period of political conflict and social turmoil

    • D. 

      The era of the Mongol dynasty

  • 3. 
    In the opinion of Confucius, the wise men best able to administer the government could only come from the:
    • A. 

      Military vassals

    • B. 

      Shi

    • C. 

      Families of the emperors

    • D. 

      Eunuchs

  • 4. 
    Which of the following represent the political viewpoint of the Legalists?
    • A. 

      Humans should retreat from society and seek oneness with nature

    • B. 

      Humans were inclined to goodness and ought to be ruled with compassion

    • C. 

      Humans were inclined to be lazy and evil but ought to be governed with a sense of compassion

    • D. 

      Government should be rigorous and based on strict laws harshly executed

  • 5. 
    Which of the following most accurately describes Confucius?
    • A. 

      A religious teacher similar to the Jewish prophets and Buddha

    • B. 

      A social philosopher obsessed with the need for order and harmony

    • C. 

      Emperor

    • D. 

      An active administrator and advisor

  • 6. 
    Chinese civilization began within what river valley system?
    • A. 

      Yangtze

    • B. 

      Huanghe or Yellow

    • C. 

      Indus

    • D. 

      Ganges

  • 7. 
    The rationalization for the overthrow of the Shang based on the principle of divine judgment was called:
    • A. 

      Tian's justice

    • B. 

      The Divine Wind

    • C. 

      The Mandate of Heaven

    • D. 

      Judgment of the gods

  • 8. 
    During the Shang era, the practice of writing evolved from:
    • A. 

      Ritual divination using inscribed bones or shells

    • B. 

      Direct communication with Egypt

    • C. 

      The creation of detailed tribute lists

    • D. 

      Commercial practices

  • 9. 
    Shi Huangdi was famed for his public building projects. Which of the the following is his most famous monumental structure?
    • A. 

      The Shinto temple at Loyang

    • B. 

      The Confucian library at Xianyang

    • C. 

      The royal palace at Beijing

    • D. 

      The Great Wall of China

  • 10. 
    Which of the following statements concerning the peasantry during the Han dynasty is true?
    • A. 

      No peasants held land during the Han dynasty

    • B. 

      Peasants during the Hand dynasty were freed from conscription for public works and military service

    • C. 

      The peasantry enjoyed general prosperity during the Han dynasty

    • D. 

      Many peasants had little or no land and worked for well-to-do landlords

  • 11. 
    According to Confucius, for what reason should superior men rule?
    • A. 

      To enrich their families and earn distinction

    • B. 

      To serve society as a whole

    • C. 

      To establish the glory of the emperor

    • D. 

      To establish the glory of the regional aristocracy

  • 12. 
    Which of the following represents the fundamental belief of Mencius, one of Confucius's disciples?
    • A. 

      Humans were by nature inclined to goodness and ought to be ruled in that fashion

    • B. 

      Government should be rigorous and based on strict laws harshly executed

    • C. 

      Humans should retreat from society and seek oneness with nature

    • D. 

      Humans were inclined to be lazy and evil and ought to be ruled strictly

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Scholar-gentry and the regional kings

    • B. 

      The emperors and the Gupta civilization of India

    • C. 

      Families of the imperial wives, the scholar-gentry, and the imperial eunuchs

    • D. 

      Families of the imperial wives and the feudal lords of the states

  • 14. 
    What was the most significant accomplishment of the Qin dynasty?
    • A. 

      The strengthening of the aristocracy against the shi

    • B. 

      Their ability to last for four centuries

    • C. 

      The reordering of the regional states to strengthen the feudal system

    • D. 

      The unification of China under a "shi" bureaucracy

  • 15. 
    Which of the following was NOT one of the ties of loyalty and obedience that held together Confucius's concept of social order?
    • A. 

      Father/son

    • B. 

      Ruler/subject

    • C. 

      Merchant/peasant

    • D. 

      Husband/wife

  • 16. 
    Shi Huangdi
    • A. 

      Attempted to alleviate the harsher aspects of Legalist policy

    • B. 

      Believed in the essential goodness of humans

    • C. 

      Promoted Confucian philosophy

    • D. 

      Was so concerned about controlling ideas in the Qin state that he proposed the burning of all books other than Legalist tracts and a few other official volumes

  • 17. 
    Which of the following was NOT a technological innovation of the Han period in China?
    • A. 

      Gunpowder and cannon

    • B. 

      Brush pen and paper

    • C. 

      Advanced mining techniques

    • D. 

      Rudders and compasses for improved navigation

  • 18. 
    What was the status of women during the Han dynasty?
    • A. 

      Women enjoyed equal status with males during the Han dynasty

    • B. 

      The demeaned status of women was represented by their inability to share in family property

    • C. 

      Despite the Confucian requirement for male deference to females, women had less freedom than during later dynasties

    • D. 

      Despite the Confucian requirement for female deference to males, women during the Han had more freedom than during later dynasties

  • 19. 
    What was the capital city of the Qin empire?
    • A. 

      Anyan

    • B. 

      Beijing

    • C. 

      Xianyang

    • D. 

      Loyang

  • 20. 
    During the Han dynasty, the shi evolved as a result of intermarriage with other social groups into the:
    • A. 

      Educated peasantry

    • B. 

      Merchant elite

    • C. 

      Feudal aristocracy

    • D. 

      Scholar-gentry