Nutrition - Chapter 7 - Vitamins

95 Questions

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Vitamin Quizzes & Trivia

Notes- http://docs. Google. Com/View? Id=dgcnb7s6_2dpbjchfz - Chapter 7 - Vitamins


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Vitamin A can also be known as-(select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Retinol

    • B. 

      Tocopherol

    • C. 

      Provitamin A

    • D. 

      Beta-carotene

    • E. 

      Calciferol

  • 2. 
    The name “Vitamin” implies their important. Vita in latin means ____.
  • 3. 
    Megadoses- Can be ______, so vitamins should not be overused.
  • 4. 
    Vitamins were originally named by ______ until research showed that vitamins thought to be a single substance were actually  groups of substances doing similar work in the body.
    • A. 

      Number

    • B. 

      Shape

    • C. 

      Letter

    • D. 

      Smell

    • E. 

      Strength

  • 5. 
    Research showed that vitamins thought to be a single substance were actually  groups of substances doing similar work in the body. An example of this is Vitamin _ also referred to as the _ complex.
  • 6. 
    Number of Vitamins-
  • 7. 
    Vitamins are currently named  according to their _________ or ________.(select those that apply)
    • A. 

      Source

    • B. 

      Strength

    • C. 

      Function in the body

    • D. 

      Chemical composition

    • E. 

      Taste

  • 8. 
    1997- Food & Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine established ___________________.
    • A. 

      Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) to replace the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA’s).

    • B. 

      Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA’s) to replace the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)

  • 9. 
    (ULs) Upper Limits  are the ______ level of daily intake unlikely to cause adverse effects & is not a recommended level of intake.
  • 10. 
    Hypervitaminosis is-
    • A. 

      Without vitamins

    • B. 

      Excess of one or more vitamins

  • 11. 
    Avitaminosis is-
    • A. 

      Without vitamins

    • B. 

      Excess of one or more vitamins

  • 12. 
    According to the FDA, the body cannot distinguish between a vitamin of plant or animal orgin and one manufactured in a laboratory.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Natural vs. Synthetic Vitamins-Once they have been dismantled by digestion, the two types of vitamins are chemically different.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    When nutrients (vitamins/minerals) are lost during processing & are added back into the final product.
    • A. 

      Enriched

    • B. 

      Fortified

    • C. 

      Restored foods

  • 15. 
    When a vitamin/mineral is added to a product that never had it to begin with.
    • A. 

      Enriched

    • B. 

      Fortified

    • C. 

      Restored foods

  • 16. 
    Vitamins taken in addition to those received in the diet. These are available in concentrated forms in a tablet, capsule, or liquid form.
  • 17. 
    Which of these vitamins are Fat Soluble?(Select all that apply)
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      Thiamine B1

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      Biotin

  • 18. 
    Which of these vitamins are Fat Soluble?(Select all that apply)
    • A. 

      C

    • B. 

      B6

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      K

    • E. 

      Folate

  • 19. 
    Which of these vitamins are Water-Soluble?(Select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Thiamine B1

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      Niacin

  • 20. 
    Which of these vitamins are Water-Soluble?(Select all that apply)
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      Riboflavin B2

    • C. 

      K

    • D. 

      Folate

    • E. 

      Pantothenic Acid

  • 21. 
    Colbalamin is also know as-
    • A. 

      B2

    • B. 

      B6

    • C. 

      B12

    • D. 

      B1

  • 22. 
    Thiamine is also know as-
    • A. 

      B2

    • B. 

      B6

    • C. 

      B12

    • D. 

      B1

  • 23. 
    Riboflavin is also know as-
    • A. 

      B2

    • B. 

      B6

    • C. 

      B12

    • D. 

      B1

  • 24. 
    Pyridoxine is also know as-
    • A. 

      B2

    • B. 

      B6

    • C. 

      B12

    • D. 

      B1

  • 25. 
    Vitamins that have no plant sources-(Select all that apply)
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      B12

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      K

  • 26. 
    Vitamin that has no animal sources-
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      E

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      B6

    • E. 

      B1

  • 27. 
    Vitamin ___ is sometimes classified as a hormone.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B6

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      K

  • 28. 
    A vitamin that has a different chemical form but serves the same purpose in the body.
  • 29. 
    Foods in which vitamins have been replaced.
    • A. 

      Enriched

    • B. 

      Fortified

    • C. 

      Restored foods

  • 30. 
    Some vitamins are destroyed by-(Select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Heat

    • B. 

      Wind

    • C. 

      Light

    • D. 

      Air

    • E. 

      Water

  • 31. 
    Vitamins that have Green leafy vegetables as a source-(select all that apply)
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      E

    • C. 

      K

    • D. 

      B2

    • E. 

      Folate

  • 32. 
    Something that comes before something else. Something from which the body can synthesize the specific vitamin.
  • 33. 
    A substance that causes another substance to react.
  • 34. 
    Healthy people who eat a variety of food using the _______ guidelines should be able to obtain all the vitamins needed to maintain good health.
  • 35. 
    Herbal products are also included under the heading of dietary supplements.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    Some people take supplements because they believe-(select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Vitamins will make them smarter

    • B. 

      Food no longer contains the right nutrients in adequate quantities

    • C. 

      Supplements can bulk up muscles and enhace athletic performance

    • D. 

      Vitamins provide needed energy

    • E. 

      Vitamins & minerals can cure anything

  • 37. 
    A blanced diet would provide for the nutritional needs of healthy people
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 38. 
    Vitamins do not provide energy themselves; they help to release energy from carbs, proteins, & fats that are ingested
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    Only certain diseases caused by vitamin deficiencies can be cured with the help of vitamin supplements
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    Plant pigment; some of which yield Vitamin A
    • A. 

      Vitamers

    • B. 

      Catalyst

    • C. 

      Cartenoids

    • D. 

      Precursor

  • 41. 
    Almost everyone can take a daily multivitamin and mineral supplement without fear of toxicity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    A megadose is _____ times the RDA/RDI.
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      15

    • D. 

      20

    • E. 

      25

  • 43. 
    An excess of one vitamin or mineral can negatively affect the absorption or utilization of other vitamins & minerals.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    Some people are interested in herbs because(select all that apply)
    • A. 

      They require no prescription

    • B. 

      They believe certain ones can improve their health

    • C. 

      They can provide energy

    • D. 

      Are often less expensive than prescription drugs

    • E. 

      They can bulk up muscle

  • 45. 
    The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 – exempts dietary supplements from FDA evaluation unless the FDA has evidence that a product is ______.
  • 46. 
    Vitamin A forms-(select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Preformed - Provitamin A/beta-carotene

    • B. 

      Preformed - Retinol

    • C. 

      Carotenoides - Provitamin A/beta-carotene

    • D. 

      Carotenoides - Retinol

  • 47. 
    A substance preventing damage from oxygen.
  • 48. 
    Atoms or group of atoms with an odd (unpaired) number of electrons and can be found when oxygen interacts with certain molecules.
  • 49. 
    Research has shown that a regular consumption of foods rich in carotenoids decreases the risks of some cancers due to its antioxidant effect.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    Blindeness/xerophthalmia can occur due to having a deficiency in-
  • 51. 
    Is considered prohormone because it is converted to a hormone in the human body.
    • A. 

      Vitamin A

    • B. 

      Vitamin C

    • C. 

      Vitamin D

    • D. 

      Vitamin E

    • E. 

      Thiamine (B1)

  • 52. 
    The sunshine vitamin is vitamin ___.
  • 53. 
    Of the 4 types of tocopherols- alpha, beta, delta, & gamma - which is the most biologically active?
    • A. 

      Alpha

    • B. 

      Beta

    • C. 

      Delta

    • D. 

      Gamma

  • 54. 
    Deficiency disease caused by lack of vitamin D; causes malformed bones in infants
    • A. 

      Osteomalacia

    • B. 

      Osteoporosis

    • C. 

      Rickets

  • 55. 
    • A. 

      Osteomalacia

    • B. 

      Osteoporosis

    • C. 

      Rickets

  • 56. 
    Relatively nontoxic, can't hurt yourself by Over dosing. Excess is stored in adipose tissue.
    • A. 

      Vitamin A

    • B. 

      Vitamin C

    • C. 

      Vitamin E

    • D. 

      Vitamin K

  • 57. 
    Condition in which bones become soft, usually in adult women, because of calcium loss.
    • A. 

      Osteomalacia

    • B. 

      Osteoporosis

    • C. 

      Rickets

  • 58. 
    Units of measurement of some vitamins.
    • A. 

      Metric Units

    • B. 

      International Units

    • C. 

      Drug Units

  • 59. 
    International Units-
    • A. 

      50 mg = 200 international units

    • B. 

      200 mg = 5 international units

    • C. 

      5 mg = 200 international units

    • D. 

      200 mg = 50 international units

    • E. 

      5 mg = 2 international units

  • 60. 
    The destruction of red blood cells.
  • 61. 
    Vitamin _____ promotes the absoption of calcium & phosphorus in the body.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B2

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      K

  • 62. 
    Excess/Toxicity of Vitamin ___ causes deposits of calcium & phosphorus in soft tissues.
    • A. 

      B6

    • B. 

      B12

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 63. 
    _____ prevents heolytic anemia in premature infants
    • A. 

      Vitamin A

    • B. 

      Vitamin B12

    • C. 

      Vitamin C

    • D. 

      Vitamin D

    • E. 

      Vitamin E

  • 64. 
    Research indicates if the amount of polyunsatured fats in the diet increases, the vitamin __ requirement increase as well.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B2

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      K

  • 65. 
     ____ is destroyed by light.(select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Riboflavin B2

    • B. 

      B12

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      K

  • 66. 
    Which vitamin plays an important role in clotting?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      K

  • 67. 
    Which vitmin helps build & maintain bones & teeth?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      K

  • 68. 
    Unusual heavy bleeding
  • 69. 
    Cobalamin can also be called-
    • A. 

      Thiamine

    • B. 

      Niacin

    • C. 

      Riboflavin

    • D. 

      Vitamin B12

    • E. 

      Pyridoxine

  • 70. 
    Nicotinic acid can also be called-
    • A. 

      Thiamine

    • B. 

      Riboflavin

    • C. 

      Pyridoxine

    • D. 

      Ascorbic acid

    • E. 

      Niacin

  • 71. 
    Vitamin B6 is also known as-
    • A. 

      Thiamine

    • B. 

      Riboflavin

    • C. 

      Pyridoxine

    • D. 

      Niacin

    • E. 

      Vitamin B12

  • 72. 
    Vitamin B2 is also known as-
    • A. 

      Pyridoxine

    • B. 

      Riboflavin

    • C. 

      Thiamine

    • D. 

      Niacin

    • E. 

      Vitamin B12

  • 73. 
    Vitamin B1 is also known as-
    • A. 

      Niacin

    • B. 

      Pyridoxine

    • C. 

      Vitamin B12

    • D. 

      Thiamine

    • E. 

      Riboflavin

  • 74. 
    Ascorbic acid is also known as-
    • A. 

      Folate

    • B. 

      Vitamin C

    • C. 

      Vitamin A

  • 75. 
    Folic acid is also known as-
    • A. 

      Folate

    • B. 

      Vitamin B6

    • C. 

      Niacin

    • D. 

      Vitamin C

  • 76. 
    A deficiency in _____ can result in cheilosis, glossitis, dermatitis, & eye strain.
    • A. 

      Niacin

    • B. 

      Riboflavin

    • C. 

      Thiamin

    • D. 

      Folate

  • 77. 
    Inflamation of the tongue
    • A. 

      Cheilosis

    • B. 

      Glossitis

  • 78. 
    Condition characterized by sores on the lips & cracks at the corner of the mouth
    • A. 

      Cheilosis

    • B. 

      Glossitis

  • 79. 
    A deficiency disease caused by a lack of niacin
  • 80. 
    Neural tube ____ are congenital malformation of the braind and/or spinsal column due to the failure of neural tube closing during embryonice development.
  • 81. 
    Absence of brain
  • 82. 
    A deficiency in ______ has been linked to spina bifida.
    • A. 

      Folate

    • B. 

      Biotin

    • C. 

      Niacin

  • 83. 
    An excess of ____ can mask vitamin B12 deficiency.
    • A. 

      Niacin

    • B. 

      Riboflavin

    • C. 

      Folate

  • 84. 
     The FDA limits the amount in OTC supplements of _________ to 400 mg/ daily for adults.
    • A. 

      Niacin

    • B. 

      Folate

    • C. 

      B12

  • 85. 
    Contains the mineral cobalt.
    • A. 

      B2

    • B. 

      B12

    • C. 

      B1

    • D. 

      B6

  • 86. 
     Stored in the body 3-5 years.
    • A. 

      B2

    • B. 

      B12

    • C. 

      B6

  • 87. 
    Lipoprotein essential for the protection of the nerves.
  • 88. 
     Severe, chronic anemia caused by a deficiency in B12, usually due to the body’s inability to absorb B12.
    • A. 

      Pernicious anemia

    • B. 

      Megoblastic anemia

  • 89. 
    Intrinsic factor – secretion of stomach mucosa essential for ____ absorption
    • A. 

      B2

    • B. 

      B1

    • C. 

      B12

  • 90. 
    Greek word - pantothen means "from many places".
    • A. 

      Pantothenic Acid

    • B. 

      Biotin

    • C. 

      Folate

  • 91. 
    No natural deficiencies are known.
    • A. 

      Niacin

    • B. 

      Pantothenic Acid

    • C. 

      Folate

  • 92. 
    Protein substance that holds body cells together
  • 93. 
    Iron from animal foods that is not part of the hemoglobin molecule, and all iron from plant foods.
    • A. 

      Nonheme iron

    • B. 

      Heme iron

  • 94. 
    Part of hemoglobin molecule in animal foods.
    • A. 

      Nonheme iron

    • B. 

      Heme iron

  • 95. 
    Scurvy – a deficiency disease caused by a lack of vitamin ___
    • A. 

      B6

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      E

    • D. 

      K