Nurs 200 - Exam 2 - Chapter 44: Bowel Elimination

95 Questions | Total Attempts: 537

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Nurs 200 - Exam 2 - Chapter 44: Bowel Elimination

Self-designed quiz based on Chapter 44 (Bowel Elimination) from Fundamentals of Nursing textbook. In cases with multiple correct answers, select the BEST answer.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    ______ cause pink to red to black stools
  • 2. 
    The primary organ of bowel elimination is...
    • A. 

      Small intestine

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Rectum

    • D. 

      Large Intestine

  • 3. 
    The gastrointestinal tract is also known as...
  • 4. 
    True or False: The ileocecal (aka ileocolic) valve is the connection between the ileum of the small intesitne and the large intestine
  • 5. 
    The large intestine in adults is approximately how long?
    • A. 

      2 ft

    • B. 

      4 ft

    • C. 

      5 ft

    • D. 

      7 ft

    • E. 

      12 ft

  • 6. 
    The _____ is the first part of the large intestine
  • 7. 
    From the cecum, the digestive contects travel through the colon, which consists of several segments. Cecum --> _____ colon ---> ______  _____ (turn) ---> _____ colon ---> _____  _____ (turn) ---> ____ colon --> _____ colon
  • 8. 
    The colon is enervated by the _________ nervous system
  • 9. 
    Which of the following is true
    • A. 

      The sympathetic nervous system promotes movements relating to bowel

    • B. 

      The parasympathetic nervous system inhibits movements relating to bowel

    • C. 

      Peristalsis is the contractions of circular and longitudinal muscles of the intestine and occur every 3 to 12 minutes

    • D. 

      Hemorrhoids are if the arteries in the rectum become abnormally distended

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is the definition of intestinal gas?
    • A. 

      Flatulence

    • B. 

      Fart

    • C. 

      Flatus

    • D. 

      Fleetus

  • 11. 
    Which sphincter is under conscious/voluntary control?
  • 12. 
    What refers to the emptying of te large intestine?
    • A. 

      Defecation

    • B. 

      Stool

    • C. 

      Bowel movement

    • D. 

      A and C

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is not a muscle used to create pressure in aiding in defecation?
    • A. 

      Thigh muscles

    • B. 

      Abdominal muscles

    • C. 

      Diaphragm

    • D. 

      Pectoral muscles

  • 14. 
    What is the term used to descibe the technique of "bearing down" when passing a bowel movement?
    • A. 

      Valsalva maneuver

    • B. 

      Hemorrhoids

    • C. 

      Defecation

    • D. 

      Bowel elimination

  • 15. 
    Is the stool from formula milk or breast milk more likely to be brown?
  • 16. 
    Which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      Breast-fed infants usually pass 1-2 stools per day

    • B. 

      Bottle-fed infants usually pass 2-10 stools per day

    • C. 

      Daytime bowel control is normally attained by 30 months

    • D. 

      Psychological maturity is the first priority for successful bowel training

  • 17. 
    At what age are the internal and external anal sphincters fully developed, leading to the voluntary control of defecation?
    • A. 

      12-26 months

    • B. 

      30 months

    • C. 

      18-30 months

    • D. 

      28 months

    • E. 

      18-24 months

  • 18. 
    Which of the following accurately describe constipation?
    • A. 

      Changes in place can lead to consitpation

    • B. 

      When the feces remain in the rectum, water is reabsorbed, makming the stool hard

    • C. 

      Constipation is often a chronic problem for older adults

    • D. 

      Dietary manipulation is the initial treatment for constipation

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    ______ foods increase the bulk in fecal material. Bulkier feces increase pressure on the intestinal wall, which serves as a stiimulus for peristalsis.
  • 20. 
    Alcohol and coffee have a...
    • A. 

      Laxative effect

    • B. 

      Constipating effect

    • C. 

      Gas-producing effect

    • D. 

      It depends

  • 21. 
    Chocolate has a....
    • A. 

      Laxative effect

    • B. 

      Constipating effect

    • C. 

      Gas-producing effect

    • D. 

      It depends

  • 22. 
    Certain fruits and vegetables and bran have a...
    • A. 

      Laxative effect

    • B. 

      Constipating effect

    • C. 

      Gas-producing effect

    • D. 

      It depends

  • 23. 
    Medication with the potential to cause gastrointestinal bleeding (e.g. anticoagulants, aspirin, etc) may cause the stool to appear:
    • A. 

      Black

    • B. 

      Pink

    • C. 

      Red

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 24. 
    What type of medication may result in a white discoloration or speckling of stool?
  • 25. 
    In what order should one perform an abdominal assessment?
    • A. 

      Auscultation, inspection, percussion, palpation

    • B. 

      Percussion, palpation, auscultation, inspection

    • C. 

      Inspection, percussion, auscultation, palpation

    • D. 

      Inspection, auscultation, percussion, palpation

    • E. 

      Inspection, percussion, palpation, auscultation

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