Nurse Urinary Elimination Quiz

Reviewed by Allison Martin
Allison Martin, BSN |
Healthcare
Review Board Member
Allison Martin is a dedicated School Nurse at St. Bernard's School, with over 20 years of invaluable nursing experience. Holding a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) from Drexel University's College of Nursing and Health Professions, specializing in neuroscience and cardiac care, Allison's commitment to excellence is evident in her professional focus, as she continually strives to provide high-quality care and support to the school community. Additionally, she actively contributes to nursing education by reviewing and refining quizzes, ensuring they align with current standards and promote learning excellence.
, BSN
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Quizzes Created: 9 | Total Attempts: 47,364
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Nurse Urinary Elimination Quiz - Quiz

This informative nursing quiz on urinary elimination gauges your knowledge about the topic and prepares you well for the upcoming nursing exam. This quiz contains a wide pool of questions ranging from easy, medium, to hard-level questions that would enhance your knowledge about the topic. Play this quiz to know more. If you like the quiz, do share it with your friends and family. All the best! Once you take this quiz, you will be able to tackle every question on this topic.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How many nephrons are in each kidney?

    • A.

      1,000

    • B.

      100,000

    • C.

      1 million

    • D.

      1 billion

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. 1 million
    Explanation
    p. 1485

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  • 2. 

    Pee is also known as

    • A.

      Micturation

    • B.

      Urination

    • C.

      Voiding

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    p. 1488

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  • 3. 

    Diuresis is also known as

    • A.

      Glycosuria

    • B.

      Pyuria

    • C.

      Anuria

    • D.

      Oliguria

    • E.

      Polyuria

    Correct Answer
    E. Polyuria
    Explanation
    p. 1491

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  • 4. 

    The basic structural and functional unit of the kidney is

    • A.

      Mitochondria

    • B.

      Neuron

    • C.

      Nephron

    • D.

      Ribosome

    Correct Answer
    C. Nephron
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Nephron. The nephron is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney. It is responsible for filtering waste materials from the blood and producing urine. Each kidney contains millions of nephrons, which consist of a glomerulus, tubules, and collecting ducts. The glomerulus filters blood, while the tubules reabsorb important substances and excrete waste products. The nephron plays a crucial role in maintaining the body's fluid balance and regulating blood pressure.

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  • 5. 

    When assessing a patient's urine, check all of the following, but do not note:

    • A.

      Colour of urine

    • B.

      Odour of urine

    • C.

      Sugar in urine

    • D.

      Clarity of urine

    • E.

      Sediment in urine

    Correct Answer
    C. Sugar in urine
    Explanation
    p. 1492

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  • 6. 

    With micturation, the pressure within the bladder is _____ to the the pressure with the bladder is filling.

    • A.

      Less than

    • B.

      Greater than

    • C.

      Equal to

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Greater than
    Explanation
    p. 1488

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  • 7. 

    Voiding is largely a(n) voluntary/involuntary reflex?

    • A.

      Voluntary

    • B.

      Instinctive

    • C.

      Involuntary

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Involuntary
    Explanation
    Voiding refers to the process of emptying the bladder. It is largely an involuntary reflex, meaning that it occurs automatically without conscious control. The body has a complex system of nerves and muscles that work together to initiate and control the voiding reflex. This reflex is triggered when the bladder becomes full, sending signals to the brain to initiate the contraction of the bladder muscles and relax the muscles of the urinary sphincter, allowing urine to be expelled from the body. Therefore, the correct answer is "involuntary".

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  • 8. 

    When micturation is initiated the ______ contracts, the _____ relaxes, and urine enters the posterior urethra. The muscles of the perineum and the _______ relax, the ______ contracts slightly, the _____ lowers, and micturation occurs.

    • A.

      Internal sphincter, detrusor muscle, external sphincter, abdominal muscles, diaphragm

    • B.

      Detrusor muscle, external sphincter, internal sphincter, abdominal muscles, diaphragm

    • C.

      Internal sphincter, detrusor muscle, external sphincter, diaphragm, abdominal muscles

    • D.

      Detrusor muscle, diaphragm, internal sphincter, abdominal muscles, external sphincter

    • E.

      Detrusor muscle, internal sphincter, external sphincter, abdominal muscles, diaphragm

    Correct Answer
    E. Detrusor muscle, internal sphincter, external sphincter, abdominal muscles, diaphragm
    Explanation
    p. 1488

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  • 9. 

    _____ in the bladder are stimulated as the urine collects, eventually causing the desire to void.

    Correct Answer
    stretch receptors
    Explanation
    p. 1488

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  • 10. 

    Any involuntary loss of urine is known as

    Correct Answer
    urinary incontinence
    Explanation
    Urinary incontinence refers to the involuntary loss of urine, which can occur due to various reasons such as weak bladder muscles, urinary tract infections, hormonal changes, or nerve damage. It is a common condition that can affect people of all ages and genders. Symptoms may range from occasional leakage to complete loss of bladder control. Treatment options include lifestyle changes, pelvic floor exercises, medications, or surgery, depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition.

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  • 11. 

    Proteinuria is:

    • A.

      An indication of kidney disease

    • B.

      Defined by the presence of proteinin urine

    • C.

      Marked by the presence of sugar in urine

    • D.

      B and C

    • E.

      A and B

    Correct Answer
    E. A and B
    Explanation
    p. 1491

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  • 12. 

    The first voided urine of the day is usually ____ concentrated than other urine excreted during the day.

    • A.

      More

    • B.

      Less

    • C.

      Equally

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. More
    Explanation
    p. 1488

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  • 13. 

    Those who urinate frequently/infrequently usually have more/less urinary tract infections and kidney disorders.

    Correct Answer
    frequently less
    frequently, less
    infrequently, more
    infrequently more
    Explanation
    p. 1488

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  • 14. 

    What is it called when urine is produced normally but is not excreted completely from the bladder?

    Correct Answer
    urinary retention
    Explanation
    p. 1488

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  • 15. 

    ____ is the intentional or involuntary urination into bed or clothes that occurs after an urge when contience should be prese t,

    Correct Answer
    enuresis
    Explanation
    p. 1489

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following does not affect urination in older adults?

    • A.

      Medications

    • B.

      Decreased bladder contractility

    • C.

      Extent of ability in the kidneys

    • D.

      Motility problems

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the above
    Explanation
    p. 1489

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  • 17. 

    Caffeine-containing beverages, such as soda, coffee, and tea, have a ____ effect

    Correct Answer
    diuretic
    diuretics
    Explanation
    p. 1489

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  • 18. 

    Some causes of decreased muscles tone does not include which of the following:

    • A.

      Muscle atrophy

    • B.

      Exercise

    • C.

      Trauma

    • D.

      Foley catheter

    • E.

      Immobility

    Correct Answer
    B. Exercise
    Explanation
    p. 1489

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  • 19. 

    Diuretics are commonly used in the treatment of:

    • A.

      Low blood pressure

    • B.

      High blood pressure

    • C.

      Low blood sugar

    • D.

      High blood sugar

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. High blood pressure
    Explanation
    p. 1490

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  • 20. 

    Drugs known to be ______ are capable of causing kidney damage

    Correct Answer
    nephrotoxic
    Explanation
    p. 1490

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  • 21. 

    Blood in the urine, also known as _____, or pink or red coloured urine may be due to taking what drug?

    Correct Answer
    hematuria, anticoagulants
    hematuria anticoagulants
    Explanation
    p. 1490

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  • 22. 

    What type of medication can lighten the color of urine to pale yellow?

    Correct Answer
    diuretics
    Explanation
    Diuretics are medications that increase urine production and promote the excretion of water and electrolytes from the body. This increased urine output can dilute the urine, resulting in a lighter color, often pale yellow. Therefore, diuretics can lighten the color of urine to pale yellow.

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  • 23. 

    Difficulty during urination is known as____; while scanty or diminshed amount urine is known as _____

    • A.

      Dysuria; Anuria

    • B.

      Anuria; Oliguria

    • C.

      Dysuria; Oliguria

    • D.

      Oliguria; Pyuria

    • E.

      Pyuria; Dysuria

    Correct Answer
    C. Dysuria; Oliguria
    Explanation
    p. 1491

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  • 24. 

    Phenazopyridine (Pyridium), a urinary tract analgesic, often used to treat UTIs, can cause urine to turn what colour?

    Correct Answer
    orange
    orange-red
    Explanation
    p. 1490

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  • 25. 

    Some antidepressants and B-complex vitamins can turn the urine ______

    Correct Answer
    green
    Explanation
    p. 1490

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  • 26. 

    An antiparkinson drug and injectable iron compounds can turn urine into which two colours?

    Correct Answer
    brown and black
    black and brown
    brown black
    black brown
    brown, black
    Explanation
    p. 1490

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  • 27. 

    Anuria is a 24-hour urine output that is less than ____ mL

    Correct Answer
    50
    Explanation
    p. 1491

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following is synonymous with a 24-hour output of less than 50 mL of urine?

    • A.

      Renal failure

    • B.

      Kidney shutdown

    • C.

      Anuria

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The term "a 24-hour output of less than 50 mL of urine" refers to a medical condition called anuria, which is the inability to produce urine. Renal failure and kidney shutdown are both conditions that can lead to anuria. Therefore, all of the options provided (renal failure, kidney shutdown, and anuria) are synonymous with a 24-hour output of less than 50 mL of urine.

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  • 29. 

    Awakening at night to urinate

    Correct Answer
    nocturia
    Explanation
    p. 1491

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  • 30. 

    Pain during urination

    Correct Answer
    dysuria
    Explanation
    p. 1491

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  • 31. 

    A 24-hour output of less than _____ mL is called oliguria

    Correct Answer
    400
    Explanation
    p. 1491

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  • 32. 

    Urine that appears cloudy or urine that has pus in it is called

    Correct Answer
    pyuria
    Explanation
    p. 1491

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  • 33. 

    The presence of sugar in the urine is known as

    Correct Answer
    glycosuria
    Explanation
    Glycosuria refers to the presence of sugar in the urine. This condition occurs when the blood sugar levels are higher than normal, causing the kidneys to excrete excess glucose into the urine. It can be a sign of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, where the body is unable to effectively regulate blood sugar levels. Glycosuria can also occur due to other factors such as kidney damage, hormonal disorders, or certain medications. Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels and proper management of diabetes are important to prevent complications associated with glycosuria.

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  • 34. 

    The surgical creation of an alternate route for excretion of urine is called

    Correct Answer
    urinary diversion
    Explanation
    Urinary diversion refers to the surgical procedure that is performed to create an alternative pathway for the excretion of urine. This procedure is typically done when the normal urinary system is not functioning properly or has been damaged. It involves redirecting the flow of urine from the bladder to a new opening in the body, such as a stoma or an external pouch. Urinary diversion can be necessary in cases of bladder cancer, birth defects, or other conditions that affect the normal urinary system.

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  • 35. 

    Normally, the kidneys _____ be palpated, generally requring ______ palpation.

    • A.

      Can't; electronic

    • B.

      Can; light

    • C.

      Can; superficial

    • D.

      Can; deep

    • E.

      Can; electronic

    Correct Answer
    D. Can; deep
    Explanation
    p. 1491

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  • 36. 

    Can the bladder be palpated when empty? Percussed?

    Correct Answer
    no no
    no. no.
    no, no
    Explanation
    p. 1491

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  • 37. 

    The device used to create an image of the patient's bladder and calculate urine volume present in the bladder is called a _____ scanner.

    Correct Answer
    bedside
    Explanation
    p. 1492

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  • 38. 

    Obtaining a specimen for routine uralysis requires ____ technique

    • A.

      Medical aseptic technique

    • B.

      Sterile technique

    • C.

      Surgical technique

    Correct Answer
    A. Medical aseptic technique
    Explanation
    A routine uralysis does not require a sterile urine specimen (p. 1492)

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  • 39. 

    A clean-catch specimen of urine is collected during _____

    Correct Answer
    midstream
    Explanation
    (p. 1492)

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  • 40. 

    The technique that requires a sampe obtained by catheterizing the patient's bladder or by use of an foley catheter is a:

    • A.

      Sterile specimen

    • B.

      Routine uralysis specimen

    • C.

      Clean-catch specimen

    • D.

      Midstream specimen

    • E.

      Catheter specimen

    Correct Answer
    A. Sterile specimen
    Explanation
    A sterile specimen is obtained by catheterizing the patient's bladder or using a foley catheter. This technique ensures that the sample is free from any contamination and is suitable for laboratory testing. It is commonly used when a clean-catch specimen cannot be obtained or when there is a need for a more accurate and reliable result.

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  • 41. 

    A nurse can test urine for the presence of glucose, blood, protein, bilirubin, and bacteria.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    p. 1497

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  • 42. 

    The higher the number on the urometer the lower the urine concentration and specific gravity.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    p. 1499

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  • 43. 

    _____ is a measure of the density of urine compared with the density of water.

    Correct Answer
    specific gravity
    Explanation
    p. 1498

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  • 44. 

    Weakening of which muscles is a common cause of urinary incontinence.

    Correct Answer
    pelvic floor
    pelvic
    pelvic floor muscles
    Explanation
    The weakening of pelvic floor muscles is a common cause of urinary incontinence. The pelvic floor muscles play a crucial role in supporting the bladder and controlling urine flow. When these muscles become weak, they are unable to properly support the bladder and control the release of urine, leading to urinary incontinence. Therefore, strengthening the pelvic floor muscles through exercises and treatments can help alleviate urinary incontinence symptoms.

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  • 45. 

    _____ is a delay or difficulty in initiating voiding.

    Correct Answer
    hesitancy
    hesitency
    Explanation
    Hesitancy refers to a delay or difficulty in initiating the process of voiding, which means starting to urinate. It can be characterized by a hesitation or pause before urine flow begins. Hesitency, on the other hand, is not a recognized term and does not have any specific meaning related to voiding or urination. Therefore, the correct answer is hesitancy.

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  • 46. 

    Which of the following is used as a manual bladder compression technique?

    • A.

      Kegel's maneuver

    • B.

      Crede's maneuver

    • C.

      Gravity's maneuver

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Crede's maneuver
    Explanation
    p. 1503

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  • 47. 

    What is the most common organismal cause of urinary tract infections?

    • A.

      Staphylococcus aureus

    • B.

      Being sexually active

    • C.

      Diabetes mellitus

    • D.

      Escherichia coli

    • E.

      A and C

    Correct Answer
    D. Escherichia coli
    Explanation
    p. 1504

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  • 48. 

    A culture and sensitivity (C&S) is considered positive if it shows at least 10,000 organisms per mL of urine.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A C&S would be considered positive if it showed at least 100,000 organisms per mL

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  • 49. 

    Bacteria in the urine is called

    Correct Answer
    bacteriuria
    Explanation
    p. 1505

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  • 50. 

    The involuntary losso fo urine that occurs soon after feeling an urgent need to void is called:

    • A.

      Mixed incontience

    • B.

      Stress incontinence

    • C.

      Over-flow incontience

    • D.

      Urge incontinence

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Urge incontinence
    Explanation
    Urge incontinence refers to the involuntary loss of urine that occurs immediately after feeling a strong and sudden urge to urinate. This condition is often caused by an overactive bladder, where the bladder muscles contract too frequently or at inappropriate times, leading to the urgent need to void. The individual may not be able to reach the toilet in time, resulting in the involuntary loss of urine. This is different from stress incontinence, which is the leakage of urine during physical activities or exertion, and overflow incontinence, which is the inability to completely empty the bladder, leading to constant dribbling of urine. Mixed incontinence refers to a combination of both stress and urge incontinence.

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Allison Martin |BSN |
Healthcare
Allison Martin is a dedicated School Nurse at St. Bernard's School, with over 20 years of invaluable nursing experience. Holding a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) from Drexel University's College of Nursing and Health Professions, specializing in neuroscience and cardiac care, Allison's commitment to excellence is evident in her professional focus, as she continually strives to provide high-quality care and support to the school community. Additionally, she actively contributes to nursing education by reviewing and refining quizzes, ensuring they align with current standards and promote learning excellence.

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  • Current Version
  • Jul 16, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Allison Martin
  • Oct 07, 2008
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    Lailaa
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