Fundamentals Of Nursing NCLEX Quiz 16

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 2990

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Fundamentals Of Nursing NCLEX Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A patient with the diagnosis of diverticulosis is advised to eat a diet high in fiber. What should the nurse recommend that the patient eat to best increase the bulk and fecal material?
    • A. 

      Whole wheat bread

    • B. 

      White rice

    • C. 

      Pasta

    • D. 

      Kale

  • 2. 
    Which statement by a patient with an ileostomy alert the nurse to the need for further education?
    • A. 

      “I don’t expect to have much of a problem with fecal odor.”

    • B. 

      “I will have to take special precaution to protect my skin around the stoma.”

    • C. 

      “I’m going to have to irrigate my stoma so I have a bowel movement every morning.”

    • D. 

      “I should avoid gas forming foods like beans to limit funny noises from the stoma.”

  • 3. 
    A practitioner orders a return flow enema (Harris flush drip) for an adult patient with flatulence. When preparing to administer this enema The nurse compares the steps of a return flow enema with cleansing enemas. What should the nurse do that is unique to a return flow enema?
    • A. 

      Lubricate the last 2 inches of the rectal tube.

    • B. 

      Insert the rectal tube about 4 inches into the anus.

    • C. 

      Raise the solution container about 12 inches above the anus.

    • D. 

      Lower the solution container after instilling about 150 mL of solution.

  • 4. 
    A nurse discourages a patient from straining excessively when attempting to have a bowel movement. What physiological response primarily may be prevented by avoiding straining on defecation?
    • A. 

      Incontinence

    • B. 

      Dysrhythmias

    • C. 

      Fecal impaction

    • D. 

      Rectal hemorrhoids

  • 5. 
    A nurse is caring for a client who will perform fecal occult blood testing at home. Which of the following information should the nurse include when explaining the procedure to the client?
    • A. 

      Eating more protein is optimal prior to testing.

    • B. 

      One stool specimen is sufficient for testing.

    • C. 

      A red color changes indicates a positive test.

    • D. 

      The specimen cannot be contaminated with urine.

  • 6. 
    A nurse is talking with a client who reports constipation. When the nurse discusses dietary changes that can help prevent constipation. which of the following foods should the nurse recommend?
    • A. 

      Macaroni and cheese

    • B. 

      Fresh food and whole wheat toast

    • C. 

      Rice pudding and ripe bananas

    • D. 

      Roast chicken and white rice

  • 7. 
    A nurse is caring for a client who has diarrhea for the past four days. When assessing a client. the nurse should expect which of the following findings? Select all that apply.
    • A. 

      Bradycardia

    • B. 

      Hypotension

    • C. 

      Fever

    • D. 

      Poor skin turgor

    • E. 

      Peripheral edema

  • 8. 
    A nurse is preparing to administer a cleansing enema to an adult client in preparation for a diagnostic procedure. Which of the following are appropriate steps for the nurse to take? Select all that apply.
    • A. 

      Warm the enema solution prior to installation.

    • B. 

      Position the client on the left side with the right leg flexed forward.

    • C. 

      Lubricate the rectal tube or nozzle.

    • D. 

      Slowly insert the rectal tube about 2 inches.

    • E. 

      Hang the enema container 24 inches above the clients anus

  • 9. 
    While a nurse is administering a cleansing enema. the client reports abdominal cramping. Which of the following is the appropriate intervention?
    • A. 

      Have a client hold his breath briefly.

    • B. 

      Discontinue the fluid installation.

    • C. 

      Remind the client that cramping is common at this time.

    • D. 

      Lower the enema fluid container.

  • 10. 
    A client with chronic pulmonary disease has a bluish tinge around the lips. The nurse charts which term to most accurately describe the client’s condition?
    • A. 

      Hypoxia

    • B. 

      Hypoxemia

    • C. 

      Dyspnea

    • D. 

      Cyanosis

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