Fundamentals Of Nursing NCLEX Quiz 39

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1960

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Fundamentals Of Nursing Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The nurse is instructing a 65-year-old female client diagnosed with osteoporosis. The most important instruction regarding exercise would be to
    • A. 

      Exercise doing weight bearing activities

    • B. 

      Exercise to reduce weight

    • C. 

      Avoid exercise activities that increase the risk of fracture

    • D. 

      Exercise to strengthen muscles and thereby protect bones

  • 2. 
    A client in a long term care facility complains of pain. The nurse collects data about the client’s pain. The first step in pain assessment is for the nurse to
    • A. 

      Have the client identify coping methods

    • B. 

      Get the description of the location and intensity of the pain

    • C. 

      Accept the client’s report of pain

    • D. 

      Determine the client’s status of pain

  • 3. 
    Which statement best describes the effects of immobility in children?
    • A. 

      Immobility prevents the progression of language and fine motor development

    • B. 

      Immobility in children has similar physical effects to those found in adults

    • C. 

      Children are more susceptible to the effects of immobility than are adults

    • D. 

      Children are likely to have prolonged immobility with subsequent complications

  • 4. 
    After a myocardial infarction. a client is placed on a sodium restricted diet. When the nurse is teaching the client about the diet. which meal plan would be the most appropriate to suggest?
    • A. 

      3 oz. broiled fish. 1 baked potato. ½ cup canned beets. 1 orange. and milk

    • B. 

      3 oz. canned salmon. fresh broccoli. 1 biscuit. tea. and 1 apple

    • C. 

      A bologna sandwich. fresh eggplant. 2 oz fresh fruit. tea. and apple juice

    • D. 

      3 oz. turkey. 1 fresh sweet potato. 1/2 cup fresh green beans. milk. and 1 orange

  • 5. 
    A nurse is assessing several clients in a long term health care facility. Which client is at highest risk for development of decubitus ulcers?
    • A. 

      A 79 year-old malnourished client on bed rest

    • B. 

      An obese client who uses a wheelchair

    • C. 

      An incontinent client who has had 3 diarrhea stools

    • D. 

      An 80 year-old ambulatory diabetic client

  • 6. 
    Mrs. Kennedy had a CVA (cerebrovascular accident) and has severe right-sided weakness. She has been taught to walk with a cane. The nurse is evaluating her use of the cane prior to discharge. Which of the following reflects correct use of the cane?
    • A. 

      Holding the cane in her left hand. Mrs. Kennedy moves the cane forward first. then her right leg. and finally her left leg

    • B. 

      Holding the cane in her right hand. Mrs. Kennedy moves the cane forward first. then her left leg. and finally her right leg

    • C. 

      Holding the cane in her right hand. Mrs. Kennedy moves the cane and her right leg forward. then moves her left leg forward.

    • D. 

      Holding the cane in her left hand. Mrs. Kennedy moves the cane and her left leg forward. then moves her right leg forward

  • 7. 
    The nurse is instructing a woman in a low-fat. high-fiber diet. Which of the following food choices. if selected by the client. indicate an understanding of a low-fat. high-fiber diet?
    • A. 

      Tuna salad sandwich on whole wheat bread.

    • B. 

      Vegetable soup made with vegetable stock. carrots. celery. and legumes served with toasted oat bread

    • C. 

      Chef’s salad with hard boiled eggs and fat-free dressing

    • D. 

      Broiled chicken stuffed with chopped apples and walnuts

  • 8. 
    An 85-year-old male patient has been bedridden for two weeks. Which of the following complaints by the patient indicates to the nurse that he is developing a complication of immobility?
    • A. 

      Stiffness of the right ankle joint

    • B. 

      Soreness of the gums

    • C. 

      Short-term memory loss.

    • D. 

      Decreased appetite.

  • 9. 
    An eleven-month-old infant is brought to the pediatric clinic. The nurse suspects that the child has iron deficiency anemia. Because iron deficiency anemia is suspected. which of the following is the most important information to obtain from the infant’s parents?
    • A. 

      Normal dietary intake.

    • B. 

      Relevant socio cultural. economic. and educational background of the family.

    • C. 

      Any evidence of blood in the stools

    • D. 

      A history of maternal anemia during pregnancy

  • 10. 
    A 46-year-old female with chronic constipation is assessed by the nurse for a bowel training regimen. Which factor indicates further information is needed by the nurse?
    • A. 

      The client’s dietary habits include foods high in bulk.

    • B. 

      The client’s fluid intake is between 2500-3000 ml per day

    • C. 

      The client engages in moderate exercise each day

    • D. 

      The client’s bowel habits were not discussed.

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