Chapter 9 Test 1

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 61

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Pretest Quizzes & Trivia

This is the first pretest for Chapter 9.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The goal of the Jacksonians was to:
    • A. 

      Redistribute the wealth of the nation.

    • B. 

      Reduce the influence of southern planters.

    • C. 

      Ensure that people could rise to prominence on the basis of their own talents and energies.

    • D. 

      Put as many of their own people in office as possible.

  • 2. 
    During the Jacksonian era, the number of voters:
    • A. 

      Increased at a more rapid pace that did the population as a whole.

    • B. 

      Increased at a slower pace than in the previous decade.

    • C. 

      Actually decreased as a percentage of the population.

    • D. 

      Remained stable.

  • 3. 
    The most significant change regarding "party" to take place in the Jacksonian era was the:
    • A. 

      Recognition of the value of "third parties."

    • B. 

      View that institutionalized parties were a desirable part of the political process.

    • C. 

      View that party leaders should be presidential candidates.

    • D. 

      Emergence of a hard core of party loyalists who picked all candidates for national office.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following did Jackson and the Jacksonians not attack?
    • A. 

      A "class" of permanent officeholders.

    • B. 

      The system by which presidential candidates were selected.

    • C. 

      The "spoils system."

    • D. 

      The party caucus.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following was not a democratic reform of the age of Jackson?
    • A. 

      Adoption of the national nominating convention for the selection of presidential candidates.

    • B. 

      Adoption of the secret ballot.

    • C. 

      Popular election of presidential electors in most states.

    • D. 

      Removal by most states of property and taxation requirements for voting.

  • 6. 
    Historians of the Jacksonian era:
    • A. 

      Have focused primarily on his opposition to slavery.

    • B. 

      Have debated whether he was really a supporter of the "common man."

    • C. 

      Have dismissed the idea of a "market revolution."

    • D. 

      Have emphasized his compassion for the Indians.

  • 7. 
    The South Carolina Exposition and Protest condemned as unconstitutional the:
    • A. 

      Recharter of the national bank.

    • B. 

      Maysville Road Bill.

    • C. 

      Indian Removal Act.

    • D. 

      "tariff of abominations."

  • 8. 
    John C. Calhoun advanced the theory of nullification as:
    • A. 

      A moderate alternative to secession.

    • B. 

      A means of making the national government secondary to the states.

    • C. 

      A concession to western interests.

    • D. 

      A way to force Congress to pass a protective tariff.

  • 9. 
      The most significant result of the Eaton affair was that:
    • A. 

      John C. Calhoun became the leader of the Kitchen Cabinet.

    • B. 

      It led to the Webster-Hayne debate.

    • C. 

      Martin Van Buren emerged as Jackson's choice to succeed him.

    • D. 

      John Eaton became Jackson's secretary of state.

  • 10. 
    Robert Y. Hayne supported the continued sale of western lands in an effort to:
    • A. 

      Aid the expansion of slavery.

    • B. 

      Help finance internal improvements.

    • C. 

      Add to the deposits in the National Bank.

    • D. 

      Get western support for efforts to reduce the tariff.

  • 11. 
    Daniel Webster's "Second Reply to Hayne" was made in an attempt to:
    • A. 

      Refute Calhoun's theory of nullification.

    • B. 

      Affirm the integrity of nullification.

    • C. 

      Support the sale of western lands.

    • D. 

      Both a and b

    • E. 

      Both b and c

  • 12. 
    The "force bill" of 1832:
    • A. 

      Authorized the president to use force to see that acts of Congress were obeyed.

    • B. 

      Forced Jackson to stand up to Calhoun.

    • C. 

      Forced the president to consult Congress if he planned to use troops against South Carolina.

    • D. 

      Made it impossible for other southern states to nullify laws.

  • 13. 
    The Black Hawk War:  
    • A. 

      Was notable for the cruel treatment of white settlers by Indians.

    • B. 

      Saw the Sauk and Foxes temporarily regain control of part of Western Illinois.

    • C. 

      Was over before Jackson entered the White House.

    • D. 

      Occurred because Black Hawk and his followers refused to recognize a treaty by which they ceded their lands to the U.S.

  • 14. 
    The "Five Civilized Tribes" were the:
    • A. 

      Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw.

    • B. 

      Cherokee, Cahaba, Iroquios, Mohawk, and Pequot.

    • C. 

      Cherokee, Creek, Miami, Mowa, and Iroquios.

    • D. 

      Creek, Seminole, Choctaw, Cahaba, and Pequot.

  • 15. 
    The Cherokees were supported in their unsuccessful battle for removal by:
    • A. 

      President Jackson.

    • B. 

      The Supreme Court.

    • C. 

      Congress.

    • D. 

      The state of Georgia.

  • 16. 
    The Seminoles:
    • A. 

      Were never completely removed from their lands in Florida.

    • B. 

      Were removed after a long military struggle with the U.S. Army.

    • C. 

      Lost 1/3 of their tribe on the "Trail of Tears."

    • D. 

      Managed to kill 100 American soldiers before they surrendered.

  • 17. 
    When the Indian removal was completed:
    • A. 

      Every Indian west of the Mississippi River was gone.

    • B. 

      Only elements of the Seminoles and Cherokees remained.

    • C. 

      The Indians were relocated in reservations much like the tribal lands they left.

    • D. 

      The Indians were far enough removed from whites where they would not face further encroachments.

  • 18. 
    Under Nicholas Biddle, the national bank:
    • A. 

      Withheld credit from new businesses.

    • B. 

      Restrained less well managed state banks.

    • C. 

      Did little general banking business.

    • D. 

      Operated solely from its Philadelphia headquarters.

  • 19. 
    The national bank was supported by:
    • A. 

      "hard-money" advocates.

    • B. 

      "soft-money" advocates.

    • C. 

      Western farmers.

    • D. 

      Eastern business interests.

  • 20. 
    Determined to reduce the Bank's power even before its charter expired, Jackson:
    • A. 

      Fired most of its officials, including Biddle.

    • B. 

      Removed government deposits from the Bank.

    • C. 

      Removed government deposits from state banks.

    • D. 

      Exposed the high officials who had been borrowing from the Bank.

  • 21. 
    After the Panic of 1837 the Democrats' efforts to produce a new financial system resulted in the creation of:
    • A. 

      A third national bank.

    • B. 

      The "independent treasury" or "subtreasury" system.

    • C. 

      A system without state banks.

    • D. 

      A system where only gold was used as currency.

  • 22. 
    The campaign of 1840:
    • A. 

      Was the last presidential campaign before newspapers carried the events of the contest to a large audience.

    • B. 

      Featured a protégé of Jackson's who proved unable to convince the electorate that he was a supporter of the "common man."

    • C. 

      Emphasized the philosophical purity of the respective parties.

    • D. 

      Featured a candidate who had actually grown up in a log cabin.

  • 23. 
    The penny press:
    • A. 

      Originated in Boston.

    • B. 

      Focused on hard news stories to attract a new audience.

    • C. 

      Took years to become successful.

    • D. 

      Did not use banner headlines to attract a readership.

  • 24. 
    Roger B. Taney's tenure as chief justice:
    • A. 

      Marked a sharp break with the Marshall Court in constitutional interpretation.

    • B. 

      Was little more than an extension of the Marshall Court.

    • C. 

      Helped modify Marshall's vigorous nationalism.

    • D. 

      Was greatly influenced by the views of John C. Calhoun.

  • 25. 
    The Whig Party:
    • A. 

      Favored expanding the power of the federal government.

    • B. 

      Encouraged industrial and commercial development.

    • C. 

      Advocated knitting the country together into a consolidated economic system.

    • D. 

      Did all of the above.

    • E. 

      Did none of the above.

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