Biology Questions Quiz Test: MCQ!

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Questions: 10 | Attempts: 263

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Biology Questions Quiz Test: MCQ! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

      Humans use the calories they obtain from ________ as their source of energy Answer   Humans use the calories they obtain from ________ as their source of energy.

    • A.

      Minerals

    • B.

      Water

    • C.

      Food

    • D.

      Sunlight

    Correct Answer
    C. Food
    Explanation
    Food is the correct answer because it provides the necessary calories for humans to obtain energy. While minerals and water are important for overall health, they do not directly provide calories. Sunlight is a source of energy for plants through photosynthesis, but humans cannot directly obtain energy from sunlight. Therefore, food is the correct answer as it is the primary source of calories and energy for humans.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following statements regarding cellular respiration is false?

    • A.

      Cellular respiration releases heat.

    • B.

      Cellular respiration produces water. 0%

    • C.

      Cellular respiration consumes glucose.

    • D.

      Cellular respiration is a single chemical reaction with just one step

    Correct Answer
    D. Cellular respiration is a single chemical reaction with just one step
    Explanation
    The statement that cellular respiration is a single chemical reaction with just one step is false. Cellular respiration is a complex process that occurs in multiple steps, involving various metabolic pathways. It includes glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation, which all contribute to the production of ATP, water, and carbon dioxide. Therefore, cellular respiration is not a single step reaction but a series of interconnected reactions.

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  • 3. 

    As a result of glycolysis, there is a net gain of ________ ATPs.

    • A.

      0

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      2

    • D.

      3

    Correct Answer
    C. 2
    Explanation
    During glycolysis, a metabolic pathway that occurs in the cytoplasm of cells, glucose is broken down into two molecules of pyruvate. This process generates a small amount of ATP through substrate-level phosphorylation. For each molecule of glucose, there is a net gain of 2 ATPs produced. Therefore, the correct answer is 2.

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  • 4. 

    Yeasts can produce ATP by either fermentation or oxidative phosphorylation, which makes them.

    • A.

      Producers of lactic aerobes

    • B.

      Producers of lactic acid

    • C.

      Strict aerobes

    • D.

      Facultative anaerobes

    Correct Answer
    D. Facultative anaerobes
    Explanation
    Yeasts have the ability to produce ATP through both fermentation and oxidative phosphorylation. This means that they can generate energy in the absence of oxygen through fermentation, as well as in the presence of oxygen through oxidative phosphorylation. As facultative anaerobes, yeasts can switch between these two metabolic pathways depending on the availability of oxygen.

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  • 5. 

        the The label on the breakfast cereal box lists one serving as containing "200 Calories" per serving. How many calories are actually in one serving? 

    • A.

      100,000

    • B.

      300,000

    • C.

      200,000

    • D.

      400,000

    Correct Answer
    C. 200,000
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 200,000. This is because the label on the breakfast cereal box states that one serving contains "200 Calories" per serving. Therefore, there are actually 200,000 calories in one serving.

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  • 6. 

    The final electron acceptor in the electron transport chain is an:

    • A.

      ADP

    • B.

      Oxygen atom

    • C.

      A molecule of carbon dioxide

    • D.

      ATP

    Correct Answer
    B. Oxygen atom
    Explanation
    In the electron transport chain, electrons are passed along a series of protein complexes, ultimately leading to the formation of ATP. Oxygen acts as the final electron acceptor in this process, combining with hydrogen ions to form water. This is known as oxidative phosphorylation, where the energy from the electrons is used to generate ATP. Therefore, the correct answer is an oxygen atom.

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  • 7. 

    A drug is tested in the laboratory and is found to create holes in both mitochondrial membranes.b Scientists suspect that the drug will be harmful to human cells because it will inhibit:

    • A.

      Answer option 1

    • B.

      Oxidative phosphorylation

    • C.

      The formation of alcohol

    • D.

      Glycolysis

    Correct Answer
    B. Oxidative phosphorylation
    Explanation
    The drug's ability to create holes in both mitochondrial membranes suggests that it will disrupt the process of oxidative phosphorylation. This process is crucial for the production of ATP, the main energy source for cells. If oxidative phosphorylation is inhibited, the cells will not be able to produce sufficient energy, leading to harmful effects on human cells.

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  • 8. 

    Rotenone is a poison commonly added to insecticides. Insects exposed to rotenone will die because:

    • A.

      Water will not be produced and dehydration will occur

    • B.

      Anaerobic respiration can't occur

    • C.

      water will not be produced and dehydration will occur

    • D.

      be inadequate ATP production

    Correct Answer
    D. be inadequate ATP production
    Explanation
    Insects exposed to rotenone will die because it inhibits the production of ATP. ATP is the main energy source for cellular processes, and without adequate ATP production, the insects' cells will not have enough energy to carry out essential functions. This will ultimately lead to their death.

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  • 9. 

    The end products of glycolysis include:

    • A.

      Citric acid

    • B.

      NADH.

    • C.

      Acetyl CoA

    • D.

      O2

    Correct Answer
    B. NADH.
    Explanation
    The end products of glycolysis include NADH. Glycolysis is the first step in cellular respiration, where glucose is broken down into pyruvate. During this process, NAD+ is reduced to NADH, which carries high-energy electrons to the electron transport chain for ATP production. NADH is an important molecule in energy metabolism as it plays a crucial role in the production of ATP through oxidative phosphorylation.

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  • 10. 

    The end products of the citric acid include all of the following except:

    • A.

      FADH2.

    • B.

      CO2.

    • C.

      Pyruvate acid.

    • D.

      ATP

    Correct Answer
    C. Pyruvate acid.
    Explanation
    The end products of the citric acid cycle, also known as the Krebs cycle, include FADH2, CO2, and ATP. Pyruvate acid is not an end product of this cycle, but rather a starting molecule that enters the cycle through a series of reactions.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 28, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Verdun
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