Nitric Oxide Dependent Killing
Oxygen Dependent Myeloperoxidase-Independent Killing
Oxygen Independent Killing
Oxygen Dependent Myeloperoxidase-Dependent Killing
All of the above
B, C, and D
The class (isotype) of antibody.
The site where antigen-antibody complexes are formed.
The participation of complement.
The participation of T cells.
Immunoglobulin light-chain isotype.
Immunoglobulin heavy-chain class.
Variable region of the immunoglobulin heavy chain.
Constant region of the immunoglobulin light chain.
Phagocytosis of IgE-coated bacteria.
Aggregation of C4 and C2.
the ingestion of C3b-coated bacteria by macrophages
The destruction of complement in serum by heating at 56°C for 30 minutes.
The binding of complement components by antigen-antibody complexes.
the interaction of C3b with mast cells
B cells that can kill without complement
Cytotoxic T cells
Increased by immunization
Able to kill virus-infected cells without prior sensitization.
A humoral immune response has occurred.
A cell-mediated immune response has occurred
Both the T and B cell systems are functional
Only the B cell system is functional
Class I MHC antigens
Class II MHC antigens
Enzymatic digestion of the cell membrane
Activation of adenylate cyclase
Insertion of complement proteins into the cell membrane
Inhibition of elongation factor 2
Ability to cross the placenta
Ability to fix complement
Affinity for antigen
It is unlikely that the patient has encountered this organism previously
The patient is predisposed to IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions
The information given is irrelevant to previous antigen exposure
It is likely that the patient has an autoimmune disease
Lyse virus infected target cells
Activate Cytotoxic T cells
Process antigen and present it
It can be administered orally
It provides antibody more rapidly
Antibody persists for a longer period
It contains primarily IgM
They are cell surface proteins on virtually all cells
They are recognition elements for cytotoxic T cells
They are codominantly expressed
They can utilize recombination to generate diversity
They are made of a long alpha chain and short beta chain
They have a high degree of polymorphism
They are involved in antigen presentation by macrophages
They have a binding site for CD4 proteins
Respiratory Burst mechanism
Paracrine Chemical Signal
Autocrine Chemical Signal
Autocrine Chemical Signals
Paracrine Chemical Signals
Age of patient
Size of molecule
Route of administration
All of the above are related to immunogenicity