Educational Research Exam Trivia Quiz!

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 350

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Educational Research Exam Trivia Quiz!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A major tenet of Super's theory is that the career pattern one follows through life
    • A. 

      Is an expression of career maturity

    • B. 

      Is primarily influenced by one's vocational orientations toward or away from people

    • C. 

      Results from expression of one's vocational self-concept

    • D. 

      Represents verification of one's personal modal style

  • 2. 
    Who is known as the Father of Vocational Guidance?
    • A. 

      John Krumboltz

    • B. 

      John Holland

    • C. 

      Frank Parsons

    • D. 

      Donald Super

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is true about the current role and scope of career counseling?
    • A. 

      The main focus is on cultural identity and job satisfaction.

    • B. 

      The role and scope have become narrower, focusing mainly on topics such as career choice and job satisfaction.

    • C. 

      The role and scope have become more complex, including other issues such as workplace changes and global economy.

    • D. 

      The main focus is on helping people find jobs.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is appropriate to address in career counseling?
    • A. 

      Physical or cognitive disabilities

    • B. 

      Sexual orientation

    • C. 

      Cultural differences

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    Someone who is entering college and is in the process of choosing a major or career path, but is not completely committed to a major or career, would be in which stage, according to Super?
    • A. 

      Establishment

    • B. 

      Exploration

    • C. 

      Decline

    • D. 

      Growth

  • 6. 
    "The total constellation of psychological, sociological, educational, physical, economic and chance factors that combine to influence the nature and significance of work in the total life span of any individual" best describes:
    • A. 

      Career counseling

    • B. 

      Career development

    • C. 

      Career guidance

    • D. 

      Career

  • 7. 
    Why was career counseling created?
    • A. 

      To meet the needs of minority and immigrant workers

    • B. 

      To help people find jobs (originally)

    • C. 

      To meet the needs of society as it shifted from rural to urban living in the industrial age

    • D. 

      To classify skills of entry soldiers into the military

  • 8. 
    If a personal concern emerges during career counseling, which of the following should the career counselor do?
    • A. 

      Ignore the concern

    • B. 

      Refer to a counselor specializing in personal counseling concerns

    • C. 

      Address the concern, integrating it with the career counseling concern(s)

    • D. 

      Redirect the conversation back to the client's stated goal for career counseling

  • 9. 
    The purposes of work are:
    • A. 

      Behavioral, social and economic

    • B. 

      Biological, economic and social

    • C. 

      Biological, psychological and social

    • D. 

      Economic, psychological and social

  • 10. 
    A central concern of career counselors should be:
    • A. 

      Helping clients eliminate unnecessary life roles

    • B. 

      Helping clients achieve a balance of life roles

    • C. 

      Helping clients increase the time spent in their leisure role

    • D. 

      Helping clients adjust their other roles to meet the demands of the work role

  • 11. 
    Which career theory model stressed the importance of self-concept as gender self-concept that develops into a strong need that influences career choice?
    • A. 

      Gottfredson's

    • B. 

      Holland's

    • C. 

      Person-environment-correspondence

    • D. 

      Multicultural career counseling model

  • 12. 
    Computerized and online career guidance systems are designed to?
    • A. 

      Make decisions for people

    • B. 

      Eliminate the job of a career counselor

    • C. 

      Enhance the efforts of a career counselor

    • D. 

      Overcome client inhibitions concerning the use of a computer

  • 13. 
    From an ethical perspective, ______________________ should be the counselor's ultimate concern.
    • A. 

      Agency welfare

    • B. 

      Client welfare

    • C. 

      Counselor welfare

    • D. 

      Welfare of the professsion

  • 14. 
    The client's right to privacy is usually expressed in terms of:
    • A. 

      Oath of secrecy

    • B. 

      Privacy rule

    • C. 

      Confidentiality

    • D. 

      Boundaries of competence

  • 15. 
    Under which of the following conditions might confidentiality be broken?
    • A. 

      Never

    • B. 

      When your employer requests the information

    • C. 

      When another professional requests the information

    • D. 

      When there is clear and imminent danger to the client or others

  • 16. 
    _______________ involves disclosure by the counselor of important information the client needs in making the decision as to whether she or he is to start counseling?
    • A. 

      Free consent

    • B. 

      Informed consent

    • C. 

      Partial consent

    • D. 

      Right to know consent

  • 17. 
    Freud defined good mental health as:
    • A. 

      The ability to love and work

    • B. 

      A satisfying sex life

    • C. 

      The ability to sublimate instinctual forces into one's work

    • D. 

      Satisfactory resolution of the Oedipal (or Electra) triangle

  • 18. 
    The performance of an occupation is a specific place for a specific employer is:
    • A. 

      Vocation

    • B. 

      Career

    • C. 

      Job

    • D. 

      Profession

  • 19. 
    Although women and minorities make up more than half of the United States workforce, a much smaller proportion holds senior management positions.  This is an example of the ___________________.
    • A. 

      Gendered ceiling

    • B. 

      Glass ceiling

    • C. 

      White ceiling

    • D. 

      Wood celiing

  • 20. 
    The Americans with Disabilities Act requires that:
    • A. 

      People with disabilities be treated like everyone else

    • B. 

      Training programs for individuals with disabilities to live independently be provided

    • C. 

      Sensitivity training for people without disabilities to better understand people with disabilities be provided

    • D. 

      Individuals with disabilities not be discriminated against with respect to access to employment

  • 21. 
    Decades of research consistently show that interests crystallize at about age:
    • A. 

      16

    • B. 

      18

    • C. 

      24

    • D. 

      40

  • 22. 
    Most comprehensive career guidance programs result in:
    • A. 

      Students graduating with a career plan

    • B. 

      Students graduating with specialized skills

    • C. 

      Students graduating with several college offers

    • D. 

      Students graduating with multiple scholarships

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is NOT a good interview strategy?
    • A. 

      Criticize your former employee

    • B. 

      Ask questions of your interviewer

    • C. 

      Smile often and make eye contact

    • D. 

      Research the employing agency or institution prior to the interview

  • 24. 
    When considering resumes, employers:
    • A. 

      Spend at least 15 minutes reviewing each resume

    • B. 

      Look for what the company can provide for the applicant

    • C. 

      Look for resumes that look good and are easy to review

    • D. 

      Search for information that would determine whether applicant should be hired

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is NOT typically included on a resume?
    • A. 

      Personal interests

    • B. 

      Religious background

    • C. 

      Contact information

    • D. 

      Work experience

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