Social Studies 11 Chapter 9

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Social Study Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Wilderness Committee, a group with a goal to protect the forests and environment is best described as a...

    • A.

      Issue-oriented group

    • B.

      Pressure group

    • C.

      Protest

    • D.

      Coalition

    Correct Answer
    B. Pressure group
    Explanation
    The Wilderness Committee is best described as a pressure group because it focuses on advocating for the protection of forests and the environment. Pressure groups are organizations that aim to influence government policies and decisions by putting pressure on decision-makers through various means such as lobbying, public campaigns, and grassroots mobilization. The Wilderness Committee's goal aligns with the objectives of a pressure group, as they actively work to raise awareness, engage in political advocacy, and apply pressure on policymakers to prioritize environmental conservation.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is the best definition of democracy?

    • A.

      A form of government in which one individual or small group holds all the power and directs the lives of citizens

    • B.

      A form of government that uses intimidation, violence, and propaganda to rule all aspects of the social and political life of its citizens

    • C.

      A system of government in which people freely choose in elections who will govern them, and gives the people who are ruled by its laws and policies certain rights over the actions and careers of those in power

    • D.

      A system in which citizens vote directly on every issue

    Correct Answer
    C. A system of government in which people freely choose in elections who will govern them, and gives the people who are ruled by its laws and policies certain rights over the actions and careers of those in power
    Explanation
    The best definition of democracy is a system of government in which people freely choose in elections who will govern them, and gives the people who are ruled by its laws and policies certain rights over the actions and careers of those in power. This definition highlights the key elements of democracy, including the freedom to choose leaders through elections and the protection of citizens' rights and liberties. It emphasizes the importance of popular participation and accountability in a democratic system.

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  • 3. 

    What is the objective of lobbying?

    • A.

      To represent the interests of a group by influencing decision makers in the group's favour

    • B.

      To represent the interests of the public by influencing the decision makers in the public interest

    • C.

      To represent the interests of the party in power through mass media

    Correct Answer
    A. To represent the interests of a group by influencing decision makers in the group's favour
    Explanation
    The objective of lobbying is to represent the interests of a specific group by influencing decision makers in favor of that group. Lobbyists aim to advocate for their group's concerns and persuade policymakers to make decisions that align with their interests. This involves activities such as providing information, building relationships, and promoting the group's viewpoint to influence the decision-making process.

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  • 4. 

    Which of these people would most likely be a lobbyist?

    • A.

      A bureaucrat with influential connections

    • B.

      A passionate member of a pressure group

    • C.

      Someone who sits in the lobby of the Parliament every day

    Correct Answer
    A. A bureaucrat with influential connections
    Explanation
    A bureaucrat with influential connections would most likely be a lobbyist because lobbyists are individuals who try to influence government officials and policies on behalf of special interest groups or organizations. A bureaucrat with influential connections would have the necessary knowledge of government processes and contacts to effectively advocate for the interests of their clients or organizations.

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  • 5. 

    A politician needs brand recognition to gain people's votes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Brand recognition refers to the level of awareness and familiarity that people have with a particular brand or individual. In the context of a politician, having brand recognition is important because it helps them establish a strong presence and identity in the minds of the voters. This recognition can be built through various means such as effective communication, consistent messaging, and positive public image. By gaining brand recognition, a politician can increase their chances of gaining people's votes as they become more recognizable and trusted by the public.

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  • 6. 

    What are the Three Principles of Civil Disobedience?

    • A.

      Should not involve violence, should be directed against laws that are seriously harmful, and avoiding punishment from the authority in order to continue protesting

    • B.

      Should involve violence, should be directed against laws that are seriously harmful, and should involve taking responsibility for one's actions

    • C.

      Should not involve violence, should be directed against laws that are in the best interests of the pressure group, and should be willing to take responsibility for one's actions

    • D.

      Should not involve violence, should be directed against laws that are seriously harmful, and should be willing to face punishment for one's actions

    Correct Answer
    D. Should not involve violence, should be directed against laws that are seriously harmful, and should be willing to face punishment for one's actions
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that civil disobedience should not involve violence, should be directed against laws that are seriously harmful, and individuals should be willing to face punishment for their actions. This explanation highlights the key principles of civil disobedience: the rejection of violence as a means of protest, the targeting of unjust laws, and the acceptance of personal consequences for one's actions.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is true of direct democracy?

    • A.

      Citizens directly elect their leader (e.g. in the USA, you directly elect the President)

    • B.

      Every eligible citizen participates directly by voting on all decisions that affect society

    • C.

      The democracy is directed towards the people

    • D.

      Elected representatives are allowed to make decisions on behalf of the people

    Correct Answer
    B. Every eligible citizen participates directly by voting on all decisions that affect society
    Explanation
    Direct democracy is a form of government in which every eligible citizen has the opportunity to participate directly by voting on all decisions that affect society. This means that individuals have the power to directly influence the outcome of decisions and policies, rather than relying on elected representatives to make decisions on their behalf. In direct democracy, the democracy is truly directed towards the people, as they have the ultimate say in shaping the direction of their society.

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  • 8. 

    Why is direct democracy ineffective?

    • A.

      You may agree with a member of the party's opinions, but not the leader's

    • B.

      It is hard to manage in a large population

    • C.

      It is fascist.

    • D.

      It does not allow rule by the people.

    Correct Answer
    B. It is hard to manage in a large population
    Explanation
    Direct democracy is ineffective because it becomes increasingly difficult to manage and make decisions in a large population. In a direct democracy, every individual has a say in decision-making, which can lead to a cumbersome process of gathering opinions and reaching consensus. As the population grows, the number of opinions and interests also increase, making it challenging to effectively govern and address the diverse needs of the people. Therefore, direct democracy is often considered impractical and inefficient in larger societies.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is an ideology under democracy?

    • A.

      Conservatism

    • B.

      Fascism

    • C.

      Communism

    • D.

      None of the above; they are all right wing.

    Correct Answer
    A. Conservatism
    Explanation
    Conservatism is an ideology that can be found under democracy. It is a political philosophy that advocates for traditional values, limited government intervention, and the preservation of established institutions. In a democratic system, individuals are free to hold and express conservative beliefs, making conservatism an ideology that can coexist with democracy. Fascism and communism, on the other hand, are not ideologies that align with democracy as they promote authoritarianism and a lack of individual freedoms. The statement "None of the above; they are all right wing" is incorrect as conservatism can be both left-wing and right-wing depending on the specific context.

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  • 10. 

    On the political spectrum, the most left-wing party is...

    • A.

      The NDP

    • B.

      The Liberal Party

    • C.

      The Bloc Quebecois

    • D.

      The Green Party

    Correct Answer
    A. The NDP
    Explanation
    The most left-wing party on the political spectrum is the NDP. This party is known for its progressive policies and advocating for social equality and economic justice. They prioritize issues such as affordable housing, healthcare, and workers' rights. The NDP often takes a more socialist approach compared to other parties, aiming to reduce income inequality and support marginalized communities. They have a history of supporting social welfare programs and implementing policies that promote social justice.

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  • 11. 

    Totalitarian governments are authoritarian.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Totalitarian governments are characterized by a high level of control and authority exerted by the state over all aspects of society. They often suppress individual freedoms and dissent, controlling the media, economy, and political system. Authoritarianism refers to a system where power is concentrated in the hands of a few, with limited political freedoms and opposition. Totalitarianism is considered an extreme form of authoritarianism, as it seeks to control and manipulate all aspects of society, including the thoughts and beliefs of its citizens. Therefore, it is correct to say that totalitarian governments are authoritarian.

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  • 12. 

    "Tradition is important but change must be supported if most people want it." This quote is most representative of which side of the political spectrum?

    • A.

      Right

    • B.

      Center

    • C.

      Left

    Correct Answer
    B. Center
    Explanation
    This quote suggests that tradition is important, but change should be supported if the majority of people desire it. This viewpoint reflects a moderate or centrist perspective, as it acknowledges the value of tradition while also recognizing the need for progress and adapting to the desires of the majority. Centrists typically prioritize finding a balance between conservative and liberal ideas, making this quote most representative of the center of the political spectrum.

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  • 13. 

    Individuals are more likely to seek change in...

    • A.

      A political party

    • B.

      A club

    • C.

      A non-governmental organization (NGO)

    • D.

      Answer option 4

    Correct Answer
    C. A non-governmental organization (NGO)
    Explanation
    Individuals are more likely to seek change in a non-governmental organization (NGO) because NGOs are often focused on addressing specific social or environmental issues and advocating for change. Unlike political parties or clubs, NGOs are typically formed with the primary goal of promoting social change and addressing issues that may not be adequately addressed by the government or other institutions. Therefore, individuals who are passionate about creating change and making a difference are more likely to be drawn to NGOs as a platform for their activism.

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  • 14. 

    What does patronage mean?

    • A.

      Choosing a patron god for a city (e.g. Athena for Athens)

    • B.

      Giving rewards in return for loyalty or favours to a party

    • C.

      Another word for apprenticeship

    Correct Answer
    B. Giving rewards in return for loyalty or favours to a party
    Explanation
    Patronage refers to the act of giving rewards to a party in exchange for their loyalty or favors. This can be seen as a form of support or sponsorship, where individuals or organizations provide benefits or resources to those who support or serve them. It is a way of establishing and maintaining relationships based on mutual benefits and obligations.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is not a power of the Prime Minister of Canada?

    • A.

      Orders-in-Council

    • B.

      Proroguing of Parliament

    • C.

      Appointment of the Cabinet

    • D.

      Leading the Executive Branch of government

    Correct Answer
    B. Proroguing of Parliament
    Explanation
    The Prime Minister of Canada has the power to issue Orders-in-Council, which are legal decisions made by the government. They also have the authority to appoint the Cabinet, which consists of ministers who assist in governing the country. Additionally, the Prime Minister leads the Executive Branch of the government. However, proroguing of Parliament is not a power of the Prime Minister. Proroguing is the act of ending a session of Parliament, and this power lies with the Governor General, who acts on the advice of the Prime Minister.

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  • 16. 

    Where does the Cabinet meet?

    • A.

      The Prime Minister's Office

    • B.

      The Cabinet Office

    • C.

      The Privy Council Office

    • D.

      The Senate

    Correct Answer
    C. The Privy Council Office
    Explanation
    The Privy Council Office is the correct answer because it is the government department responsible for supporting the work of the Cabinet. The Cabinet is a group of senior government ministers who meet regularly to make important decisions and set government policy. Therefore, it is logical that the Cabinet would meet in the Privy Council Office, as it is the department that provides support and facilitates their meetings.

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  • 17. 

    What is the difference between an MLA and an MP?

    • A.

      MLA is a form of citation and MP is not.

    • B.

      MLA is a member of the Legislative Assembly in Provincial government, whereas MP is a member of parliament in federal government.

    • C.

      MLA is a member of the Legislative Assembly in federal government, whereas MP is a member of parliament in provincial government.

    • D.

      MPs are selected by the prime minister, while MLAs are elected into the House of Commons.

    Correct Answer
    B. MLA is a member of the Legislative Assembly in Provincial government, whereas MP is a member of parliament in federal government.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that MLA is a member of the Legislative Assembly in Provincial government, whereas MP is a member of parliament in federal government. This means that MLAs are elected to represent a specific province or territory in the legislative assembly, while MPs are elected to represent a specific constituency in the federal parliament.

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  • 18. 

    What are the 3 E's of Senate Reform?

    • A.

      Ergonomic, Equal, and Effective

    • B.

      Elite, Elected, and Efficient

    • C.

      Eloquent, Enrolled, and Enthusiastic

    • D.

      Elected, Equal, and Efficient

    Correct Answer
    D. Elected, Equal, and Efficient
    Explanation
    The 3 E's of Senate Reform are elected, equal, and efficient. This means that the members of the Senate should be elected by the people, ensuring democratic representation. They should also be equal, meaning that each member has an equal say and power within the Senate. Lastly, the Senate should operate efficiently, ensuring that decisions are made in a timely and effective manner. These principles aim to promote a fair and effective Senate system.

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  • 19. 

    How does a motion of non-confidence occur?

    • A.

      The cabinet votes that the Prime Minister is unfit to lead

    • B.

      The opposition party loses a vote in the House of Commons

    • C.

      The leading party loses a vote in the House of Commons

    • D.

      A coalition between parties causes the public to believe that the unrest in parliament means the ruling party is not in control.

    Correct Answer
    C. The leading party loses a vote in the House of Commons
    Explanation
    A motion of non-confidence occurs when the leading party in the House of Commons loses a vote. This means that the majority of members in the House of Commons have expressed their lack of confidence in the ruling party's ability to govern effectively. It is a significant event as it can lead to the resignation of the Prime Minister and potentially trigger a general election.

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  • 20. 

    Where is the work of government carried out?

    • A.

      House of Commons

    • B.

      Cabinet

    • C.

      Bureaucracy

    • D.

      Standing Committees

    Correct Answer
    C. Bureaucracy
    Explanation
    The work of the government is carried out in the bureaucracy. Bureaucracy refers to the administrative system and structure of government organizations that implement and enforce policies and laws. It includes various departments, agencies, and personnel responsible for the day-to-day operations of the government. These bureaucrats are responsible for implementing policies, managing public services, and ensuring the smooth functioning of the government. They play a crucial role in executing the decisions made by the elected representatives and translating them into action.

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  • 21. 

    What does the party whip do?

    • A.

      Punish members of a party who do not vote for the good of the party

    • B.

      Make sure party members are present in voting

    • C.

      Making sure the media does not cast a bad image on the party

    • D.

      Prevent private member's bills from passing

    Correct Answer
    B. Make sure party members are present in voting
    Explanation
    The party whip is responsible for ensuring that party members are present during voting. They play a crucial role in maintaining party discipline and ensuring that members follow the party's stance on various issues. The whip's main objective is to ensure that party policies are upheld and that members vote in line with the party's interests and objectives. By ensuring the presence of party members during voting, the whip helps to maximize the party's chances of success in passing legislation and achieving its goals.

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  • 22. 

    Cabinet members have to have a seat in the House of Commons.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Cabinet members do not have to have a seat in the House of Commons. The Cabinet is made up of senior government officials, including ministers and secretaries, who are appointed by the Prime Minister. While it is common for Cabinet members to be Members of Parliament and have a seat in the House of Commons, it is not a requirement. Cabinet members can also be appointed from the House of Lords or can be unelected individuals with expertise in a particular field. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 23. 

    The Lieutenant Governor is to the Governor General as provincial is to

    Correct Answer
    federal
    Explanation
    The Lieutenant Governor is the representative of the Governor General at the provincial level, just as the provincial government represents the federal government at the regional level. Both Lieutenant Governors and provincial governments have similar roles and responsibilities within their respective jurisdictions, mirroring the relationship between the Governor General and the federal government. Therefore, the correct answer is federal.

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  • 24. 

    What is Canada's current Electoral System?

    • A.

      First-Past-the-Post

    • B.

      Single-Transferable-Vote

    • C.

      The Electoral College

    • D.

      Rep by Pop

    Correct Answer
    A. First-Past-the-Post
    Explanation
    The correct answer is First-Past-the-Post. This electoral system is currently used in Canada, where the candidate who receives the most votes in a particular constituency wins the seat. It is a simple and straightforward method, but it has been criticized for not always representing the overall popular vote and potentially leading to a disproportional representation in the government.

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