PO221 Exam: Italian Politics Quiz!

84 Questions | Total Attempts: 54

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PO221 Exam: Italian Politics Quiz!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Nazi Germany and present-day North Korea are examples of what type of authoritarian regime?
    • A. 

      Totalitarian

    • B. 

      Theocratic

    • C. 

      Bureaucratic-authoritarian

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    Action taken by individuals and groups to pursue their ends in formally or informally coordinated ways, often in pursuit of some common or public good is called ____________.
    • A. 

      Grassroots organization

    • B. 

      Democratization

    • C. 

      Revolution

    • D. 

      Collective Action

  • 3. 
    A collapse of democracy is called _____________.
    • A. 

      Democratic breakdown

    • B. 

      Reverse democratization

    • C. 

      Authoritarian persistence

    • D. 

      Authoritarianization

  • 4. 
    Multiparty democracies require:
    • A. 

      Frequent elections

    • B. 

      At least two parties competing for power

    • C. 

      Voting rights for all of-age citizens

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    A theory that attempts to explain how institutions get set in a particular pattern over time is called _____________.
    • A. 

      A foundational theory.

    • B. 

      An institutional grounds theory

    • C. 

      A historical institutionalist theory

    • D. 

      A pattern formation theory

  • 6. 
    Which of the following could be considered an element of a substantive definition of democracy?
    • A. 

      Gender equality

    • B. 

      Public participation

    • C. 

      Social inclusion

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 7. 
    Who is most closely associated with traditional “modernization theory” in the study of democracy?
    • A. 

      Nigel Tufnel

    • B. 

      Seymour Martin Lipset

    • C. 

      Philip Seymour Hoffman

    • D. 

      Guillermo O'Donnell

  • 8. 
    Which would not likely be found in a consolidated democracy?
    • A. 

      Revolt by losing party

    • B. 

      Frequent change in government

    • C. 

      Stable regime

    • D. 

      Free contesting of ideas

  • 9. 
    Venezuela under Hugo Chávez's and Nicolas Maduro, which combines elements of authoritarianism with some democratic features, could be defined as:
    • A. 

      Totalitarian regime

    • B. 

      A pseudo-democratic regime

    • C. 

      A traditional democratic regime

    • D. 

      A hybrid regime

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is not necessarily true of authoritarian states?
    • A. 

      Authoritarian states avoid holding elections at all costs.

    • B. 

      Authoritarian states restrict democratization.

    • C. 

      Authoritarian states may have personalistic leaders.

    • D. 

      Authoritarian states violate human rights to some degree.

  • 11. 
    Which of the following would be the best characterization of historical-institutional accounts of regime types?
    • A. 

      Political history is largely characterized by institutions that have become more democratic and less authoritarian over time.

    • B. 

      The institutions that most affect history are comprised of political elites who act rationally when faced with challenges by the masses

    • C. 

      History is written by the winners, and therefore is largely for the institutionalized

    • D. 

      Coalitions of actors at different historical moments may help account for the persistence or collapse of regime types.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following polities could be considered an example of a theocracy?
    • A. 

      Russia

    • B. 

      Iran

    • C. 

      The US

    • D. 

      Brazil

  • 13. 
    An illiberal democracy has ______________ but lacks ____________.
    • A. 

      Some democratic features, guaranteed civil rights

    • B. 

      Reasonably fair elections, basic social services

    • C. 

      Leader accountability, protected political rights

    • D. 

      Some authoritarian features, elections.

  • 14. 
    Authoritarian persistence can be can be demonstrated by:
    • A. 

      The persistence of a single authoritarian regime

    • B. 

      The substitution of one authoritarian regime for another

    • C. 

      Both a and b

    • D. 

      Neither a nor b

  • 15. 
    The idea that economic development leads to the creation of a strong middle class, which in turn promotes democratization and democratic stability is attributed to which academic?
    • A. 

      Seymour Martin Lipset

    • B. 

      Amartya Sen

    • C. 

      Samuel Huntington

    • D. 

      Nigel Tufnel

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is not a civil liberty considered central to democracy?
    • A. 

      Freedom of assembly

    • B. 

      Freedom to own firearms

    • C. 

      Freedom of Speech

    • D. 

      Freedom of the press

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is not a type of definition of democracy?
    • A. 

      Transitional

    • B. 

      Procedural

    • C. 

      Minimal

    • D. 

      Substantive

  • 18. 
    Referendums, citizen assemblies, and community councils can all considered part of:
    • A. 

      Democratization

    • B. 

      Minimal definition of democracy

    • C. 

      Representative democracy

    • D. 

      Direct democracy

  • 19. 
    Which of the following would be an example of “direct democracy”?
    • A. 

      An assembly of citizens deliberating

    • B. 

      A plebiscite or referendum

    • C. 

      Neither (a) nor (b)

    • D. 

      Both (a) and (b)

  • 20. 
    Freedom of speech and free and fair elections are most often associated with what type of regime?
    • A. 

      Theocratic

    • B. 

      Constitutional Republic

    • C. 

      Parliamentary Democracy

    • D. 

      Democratic

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is not generally true of nations?
    • A. 

      Nations are groups that are geographically bounded

    • B. 

      Nations are groups that are apolitical

    • C. 

      Nations are groups that claim their members are all equal in at least some sense

    • D. 

      Nations are groups that are sovereign or wish to claim sovereignty.

  • 22. 
    Which “type” of nationalism is essentially synonymous with “civic” nationalism?
    • A. 

      Primordialism

    • B. 

      Ethnic nationalism

    • C. 

      Territorial Nationalism

    • D. 

      Constructivist Nationalism

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is not one of the three labels given by Anthony Smith to group theoretical approaches of nationalism?
    • A. 

      Modernists

    • B. 

      Primordialists

    • C. 

      Ethnographists

    • D. 

      Perennialists

  • 24. 
    According to Liah Greenfeld, Nazi Germany is an example of what kind of nationalism?
    • A. 

      Ethnic and individualistic 

    • B. 

      Civic and collectivistic

    • C. 

      Ethnic and collectivistic

    • D. 

      Civic and individualistic 

  • 25. 
    What does Ernest Gellner argue in his work Nations and Nationalism?
    • A. 

      Economic growth produces nationalism in part through state investment

    • B. 

      Class divisions produce nationalism in part through income inequality

    • C. 

      Ethnic divisions produce nationalism in part through the process of majority domination

    • D. 

      Industrial capitalism produces nationalism in part using the state as an investment

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