Science 8 Semester 2 Final

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    One way to kill harmful insects while protecting beneficial insects is to use _________.

    • A.

      Natural pesticides

    • B.

      Nonaerosol insecticides

    • C.

      Spray pesticides

    • D.

      Inexpensive pesticides

    Correct Answer
    A. Natural pesticides
    Explanation
    Using natural pesticides is a way to kill harmful insects while protecting beneficial insects. Natural pesticides are derived from natural sources such as plants, minerals, or bacteria, and they are less harmful to beneficial insects and the environment compared to synthetic pesticides. They target specific pests while minimizing harm to beneficial insects, ensuring a more balanced ecosystem. Additionally, natural pesticides are often biodegradable and have a shorter residual effect, reducing their impact on the environment.

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  • 2. 

    Waste that can catch fire, eat through metal, explode, or make people sick is called __________.

    • A.

      Hazardous waste

    • B.

      Garbage

    • C.

      A pesticide

    • D.

      Critical waste

    Correct Answer
    A. Hazardous waste
    Explanation
    Hazardous waste refers to waste materials that have the potential to cause harm to human health or the environment. This type of waste can be highly flammable, corrosive, explosive, or toxic. It poses significant risks and requires special handling and disposal methods to prevent contamination and harm. Therefore, hazardous waste is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 3. 

    The process of recovering valuable or useful materials from waste or scrap is called ________.

    • A.

      Reducing

    • B.

      Rethinking

    • C.

      Reusing

    • D.

      Recycling

    Correct Answer
    D. Recycling
    Explanation
    Recycling refers to the process of recovering valuable or useful materials from waste or scrap. It involves converting waste materials into new products or raw materials, thus reducing the need for extracting and manufacturing new resources. By recycling, we can conserve natural resources, reduce energy consumption, and minimize pollution.

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  • 4. 

    What do scientists call the rock that is formed when magma cools below Earth's surface?

    • A.

      Volcanic rock

    • B.

      Eruptive rock

    • C.

      Intrusive igneous rock

    • D.

      Extrusive igneous rock

    Correct Answer
    C. Intrusive igneous rock
    Explanation
    Intrusive igneous rock is the correct answer because it refers to the type of rock that is formed when magma cools below Earth's surface. This process allows for slower cooling and the formation of larger mineral crystals within the rock. This is in contrast to extrusive igneous rock, which is formed when magma reaches the Earth's surface and cools quickly, resulting in smaller mineral crystals. Volcanic rock and eruptive rock are not accurate terms for the specific type of rock formed by the cooling of magma below the surface.

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  • 5. 

    The number and variety of organisms in a given area at a certain time is called _______.

    • A.

      Kingdoms

    • B.

      Overpopulation

    • C.

      Ecology

    • D.

      Biodiversity

    Correct Answer
    D. Biodiversity
    Explanation
    Biodiversity refers to the number and variety of organisms in a specific area at a particular time. It encompasses the diversity of species, genes, and ecosystems. Biodiversity is crucial for the health and stability of ecosystems as it supports essential ecological processes such as nutrient cycling, pollination, and pest control. It also provides numerous benefits to humans, including food, medicine, and cultural value. Therefore, the correct answer is biodiversity.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is NOT true regarding cellular respiration?

    • A.

      It creates carbon dioxide.

    • B.

      It uses sunlight to help convert glucose into energy.

    • C.

      It happens on the mitochondrion.

    • D.

      It occurs in animal cells.

    Correct Answer
    B. It uses sunlight to help convert glucose into energy.
    Explanation
    The statement that "It uses sunlight to help convert glucose into energy" is not true regarding cellular respiration. Cellular respiration is the process by which cells convert glucose and oxygen into carbon dioxide, water, and energy in the form of ATP. This process occurs in the mitochondria of cells and does not involve the use of sunlight. Sunlight is instead used in the process of photosynthesis, where plants convert sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water into glucose and oxygen.

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  • 7. 

    The way a surface reflects light is called a mineral's _____.

    • A.

      Streak

    • B.

      Magnetism

    • C.

      Color

    • D.

      Luster

    Correct Answer
    D. Luster
    Explanation
    Luster refers to the way a surface reflects light, which is an important characteristic used to identify minerals. It describes the appearance of the mineral's surface when light interacts with it, and can be categorized as metallic, non-metallic, or submetallic. The luster of a mineral can help determine its identity and distinguish it from other minerals with similar physical properties.

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  • 8. 

    One type of competition involves individuals competing for resources. The other involves competition between different

    • A.

      Environments.

    • B.

      Relationships.

    • C.

      Organisms.

    • D.

      Populations.

    Correct Answer
    D. Populations.
    Explanation
    Competition between populations refers to the struggle for resources, such as food, water, and shelter, among different groups of organisms within a given ecosystem. This competition occurs when the populations of different species interact with each other and compete for limited resources in their environment. It is a fundamental ecological process that helps to regulate population sizes and maintain balance in ecosystems.

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  • 9. 

    When looking at a mineral, the best way to tell its true color is to look at the mineral's _____.

    • A.

      Reflection

    • B.

      Luster

    • C.

      Streak

    • D.

      Color

    Correct Answer
    C. Streak
    Explanation
    The best way to determine the true color of a mineral is by looking at its streak. Streak refers to the color of the powdered form of a mineral when it is scraped across a rough surface. This method is more reliable than simply looking at the surface color of the mineral, as the surface color can be affected by impurities or weathering. Streak provides a more accurate representation of the mineral's true color, making it a valuable characteristic for identification.

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  • 10. 

    Besides texture, how else are rocks classified?

    • A.

      By their composition

    • B.

      By their grain shape

    • C.

      By their grain size

    • D.

      By the amount of foliation

    Correct Answer
    A. By their composition
    Explanation
    Rocks can be classified by their composition, which refers to the types of minerals and materials that make up the rock. Different rocks have different compositions, such as igneous rocks being composed of cooled and solidified magma, sedimentary rocks being formed from the accumulation of sediment, and metamorphic rocks being formed from the transformation of existing rocks under heat and pressure. By understanding the composition of rocks, geologists can gain insights into the processes that formed them and their potential uses.

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  • 11. 

    After one species disappears, the other species in the ecosystem

    • A.

      Benefit.

    • B.

      Are unaffected.

    • C.

      Die.

    • D.

      Are thrown out of balance.

    Correct Answer
    D. Are thrown out of balance.
    Explanation
    When one species disappears from an ecosystem, it disrupts the delicate balance that exists between species. Each species in an ecosystem has a specific role or niche, and they depend on each other for various resources and interactions. When one species is removed, it can lead to a cascading effect on other species, causing imbalances in population sizes, food webs, and ecological interactions. This imbalance can have negative consequences for the remaining species, potentially leading to population declines, reduced biodiversity, and overall ecosystem instability.

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  • 12. 

    During the rock cycle, what forms when magma cools?

    • A.

      Foliated rock

    • B.

      Metamorphic rock

    • C.

      Sedimentary rock

    • D.

      Igneous rock

    Correct Answer
    D. Igneous rock
    Explanation
    When magma cools, it solidifies and forms igneous rock. Magma is molten rock that is found beneath the Earth's surface. As it cools, either slowly beneath the surface or rapidly when it reaches the surface as lava, it solidifies and crystallizes to form igneous rock. This process is a key part of the rock cycle, where rocks continuously change and transform over time. Foliated rock refers to metamorphic rock with a layered or banded appearance, while sedimentary rock is formed from the accumulation and compaction of sediments. Metamorphic rock is formed from the transformation of existing rock under high heat and pressure.

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  • 13. 

    A bird eats a worm. Who is the predator?

    • A.

      The worm

    • B.

      Both are the predators

    • C.

      The bird

    • D.

      Both are prey

    Correct Answer
    C. The bird
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the bird is the predator. Predators are organisms that hunt and consume other organisms for sustenance, and in this case, the bird is consuming the worm as its prey. The worm, on the other hand, is the prey, as it is being hunted and eaten by the bird. Therefore, the correct answer is the bird.

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  • 14. 

    How are rock layers arranged in the geologic column?

    • A.

      The oldest rocks are on the top.

    • B.

      The youngest rocks are on the bottom.

    • C.

      The youngest rocks are in the middle.

    • D.

      The oldest rocks are on the bottom.

    Correct Answer
    D. The oldest rocks are on the bottom.
    Explanation
    The geologic column is a representation of the Earth's history, with the oldest rocks at the bottom and the youngest rocks at the top. This is because new layers of sedimentary rock are deposited on top of older layers over time. As a result, the bottom layers are the oldest, while the top layers are the youngest. This arrangement allows scientists to study the Earth's history and understand how different rock layers formed over time.

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  • 15. 

    A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals and organic matter is called _____.

    • A.

      Erosion

    • B.

      Texture

    • C.

      The rock cycle

    • D.

      A rock

    Correct Answer
    D. A rock
    Explanation
    A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals and organic matter. It is formed through various processes such as cooling and solidification of molten lava or magma, deposition and compaction of sediments, or through the alteration of existing rocks by heat and pressure. Rocks can be composed of different minerals and can have different textures and characteristics depending on their formation process.

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  • 16. 

    Developing alternative energy sources will reduce our need for __________.

    • A.

      Electricity

    • B.

      Fossil fuels

    • C.

      Habitats

    • D.

      Cars

    Correct Answer
    B. Fossil fuels
    Explanation
    Developing alternative energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydroelectric power can help reduce our dependency on fossil fuels. Fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas, are non-renewable resources that contribute to environmental pollution and climate change. By transitioning to cleaner and renewable energy sources, we can decrease our reliance on fossil fuels, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and mitigate the negative impacts on the environment and human health.

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  • 17. 

    Photosynthesis allows

    • A.

      A plant leaf to turn green.

    • B.

      A plant to produce food (glucose).

    • C.

      A cell to produce energy without oxygen.

    • D.

      An animal cell to get energy from food.

    Correct Answer
    B. A plant to produce food (glucose).
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into glucose (food) and oxygen. Chlorophyll, the pigment responsible for the green color of plants, captures sunlight during photosynthesis. This captured energy is then used to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose, which serves as food for the plant. Therefore, the correct answer is that photosynthesis allows a plant to produce food (glucose).

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  • 18. 

    Organisms that can make their own food from sunlight are called 

    • A.

      Decomposers.

    • B.

      Scavengers.

    • C.

      Producers.

    • D.

      Consumers.

    Correct Answer
    C. Producers.
    Explanation
    Organisms that can make their own food from sunlight are called producers. They are able to convert sunlight energy into chemical energy through the process of photosynthesis. This ability allows them to synthesize organic molecules, such as glucose, which serves as a source of energy for themselves and other organisms in the food chain. Decomposers, scavengers, and consumers are not able to produce their own food from sunlight, as they rely on consuming other organisms or organic matter for their energy needs.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is an example of mineral replacement? 

    • A.

      Petrified wood

    • B.

      La Brea asphalt

    • C.

      A frozen mammoth

    • D.

      Hardened tree sap

    Correct Answer
    A. Petrified wood
    Explanation
    Petrified wood is an example of mineral replacement because it occurs when organic material, such as wood, is replaced by minerals over time. This process happens when the organic material is buried and the minerals in the surrounding groundwater slowly seep into the cells of the wood, replacing the original material with minerals like silica, calcite, or pyrite. The result is a fossilized piece of wood that retains the original structure and texture but is now composed primarily of minerals.

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  • 20. 

    Cells need to produce new cells in order to

    • A.

      Create new chromosomes.

    • B.

      Replace cells that have died.

    • C.

      Release energy from food.

    • D.

      Obtain energy from sunlight.

    Correct Answer
    B. Replace cells that have died.
    Explanation
    Cells need to produce new cells in order to replace cells that have died. This process, known as cell division or mitosis, is essential for the growth, development, and repair of tissues in multicellular organisms. When cells die due to injury, disease, or natural aging, new cells are produced to take their place and maintain the proper functioning of the body. This ensures that the body's tissues and organs can continue to carry out their respective functions effectively.

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  • 21. 

    Which statement is true about the process of determining whether an object is older or younger than another?

    • A.

      The process is an exact science.

    • B.

      The process is called absolute dating.

    • C.

      The process is only done in certain parts of the world.

    • D.

      The process is called relative dating.

    Correct Answer
    D. The process is called relative dating.
    Explanation
    Relative dating is the process of determining the age of an object in relation to another object or event. It does not provide an exact age but rather establishes a sequence of events or objects in chronological order. This method is based on the principle of superposition, which states that in undisturbed layers of rock, the oldest rocks are found at the bottom while the youngest are found at the top. Relative dating is widely used in geology, archaeology, and paleontology to understand the order of events and the relative ages of different objects or formations.

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  • 22. 

    Something that can be broken down by living organisms is ____________.

    • A.

      Ecological

    • B.

      Renewable

    • C.

      Biodegradable

    • D.

      Economic

    Correct Answer
    C. Biodegradable
    Explanation
    Biodegradable refers to something that can be broken down or decomposed by living organisms, such as bacteria or fungi, into simpler substances. This process occurs naturally over time and does not harm the environment. Therefore, biodegradable materials are environmentally friendly and can be safely disposed of, reducing waste and pollution.

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  • 23. 

    The process by which land used for mining is returned to its original state is called _____.

    • A.

      Renovation

    • B.

      Regeneration

    • C.

      Reclamation

    • D.

      Recycling

    Correct Answer
    C. Reclamation
    Explanation
    Reclamation is the correct answer because it refers to the process of restoring land that has been used for mining back to its original state. This process involves rehabilitating the land, restoring vegetation, and ensuring that any environmental impacts caused by mining activities are mitigated. Renovation, regeneration, and recycling do not specifically refer to the process of restoring land after mining.

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  • 24. 

    A silicate mineral must contain __________.

    • A.

      Silicon and carbon

    • B.

      Carbon and hydrogen

    • C.

      Oxygen and carbon

    • D.

      Silicon and oxygen

    Correct Answer
    D. Silicon and oxygen
    Explanation
    A silicate mineral must contain silicon and oxygen because silicate minerals are composed of silicon-oxygen tetrahedra, which are the building blocks of these minerals. These tetrahedra consist of one silicon atom bonded to four oxygen atoms, forming a stable structure. The combination of silicon and oxygen is essential for the formation of silicate minerals.

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  • 25. 

    Herbivores, carnivores, and scavengers are all examples of

    • A.

      Decomposers.

    • B.

      Producers.

    • C.

      Omnivores.

    • D.

      Consumers.

    Correct Answer
    D. Consumers.
    Explanation
    Herbivores, carnivores, and scavengers are all examples of consumers because they obtain energy by consuming other organisms. Herbivores eat plants, carnivores eat other animals, and scavengers feed on dead organisms. Consumers are an essential part of the food chain as they transfer energy from one trophic level to another. Decomposers, on the other hand, break down dead organic matter and recycle nutrients back into the ecosystem. Producers are organisms, such as plants, that produce their own food through photosynthesis. Omnivores, unlike herbivores and carnivores, have a diet that includes both plants and animals.

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  • 26. 

    What is the process in which water, wind, and heat break down rock?

    • A.

      Composition

    • B.

      Cementation

    • C.

      Exfoliation

    • D.

      Weathering

    Correct Answer
    D. Weathering
    Explanation
    Weathering is the process in which water, wind, and heat break down rock. It involves the physical, chemical, and biological processes that cause rocks to disintegrate and decompose over time. Water can erode rocks through the freeze-thaw cycle, wind can carry and deposit particles that wear away at rocks, and heat can cause expansion and contraction, leading to the breakdown of rocks. Weathering is a natural process that plays a significant role in shaping the Earth's surface.

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  • 27. 

    Sedimentary rock is formed through the process of _____.

    • A.

      Foliation

    • B.

      Erosion

    • C.

      Stratification

    • D.

      Cementation

    Correct Answer
    D. Cementation
    Explanation
    Sedimentary rock is formed through the process of cementation. This process involves the binding of sediment particles together by minerals, such as calcite or silica, that act as a cementing agent. As sediment is deposited and accumulates over time, the weight and pressure cause the particles to become compacted. The cementing minerals then fill the spaces between the particles, binding them together and forming solid rock. This process is essential for the formation of sedimentary rocks like sandstone, shale, and limestone.

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  • 28. 

    The process in which rocks change shape is called _____.

    • A.

      Foliation

    • B.

      Composition

    • C.

      Deposition

    • D.

      Deformation

    Correct Answer
    D. Deformation
    Explanation
    Deformation is the correct answer because it refers to the process in which rocks change shape. This can occur due to various factors such as tectonic forces, pressure, and temperature. During deformation, rocks can be folded, faulted, or stretched, resulting in changes in their shape and structure. Foliation, composition, and deposition are not accurate terms to describe the process of rocks changing shape.

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  • 29. 

    What does a scientist need to know to figure out the absolute age of a rock?

    • A.

      The rate of superposition for a radioactive element in the rock

    • B.

      The rate of decay of the rock's half-life

    • C.

      The rate of decay for a radioactive element in the rock

    • D.

      The rate of decay for all elements in the rock

    Correct Answer
    C. The rate of decay for a radioactive element in the rock
    Explanation
    To determine the absolute age of a rock, a scientist needs to know the rate of decay for a radioactive element in the rock. This is because radioactive elements decay at a constant rate, known as the half-life. By measuring the amount of the radioactive element and its decay product in the rock, scientists can calculate how much time has passed since the rock formed. The rate of superposition for a radioactive element in the rock is not relevant to determining absolute age, and the rate of decay for all elements in the rock is too broad and not specific to the radioactive element needed for dating.

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  • 30. 

    What is the name for nonmetallic minerals that are valued for their beauty and rarity rather than their usefulness?

    • A.

      Gemstones

    • B.

      Ores

    • C.

      Pegmatites

    • D.

      Plutons

    Correct Answer
    A. Gemstones
    Explanation
    Gemstones are nonmetallic minerals that are highly valued for their beauty and rarity. Unlike ores, which are valued for their usefulness in extracting metals, gemstones are prized for their aesthetic qualities. Pegmatites and plutons are types of igneous rocks and do not specifically refer to nonmetallic minerals valued for their beauty and rarity. Therefore, gemstones is the correct answer.

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  • 31. 

    Waves transfer __________.

    • A.

      Neither energy nor matter

    • B.

      Matter and energy

    • C.

      Matter only

    • D.

      Energy only

    Correct Answer
    D. Energy only
    Explanation
    Waves transfer energy only. Waves are disturbances that propagate through a medium or space, causing the particles of the medium to oscillate. While waves can cause particles to move, they do not transfer matter. However, they do transfer energy from one location to another. This energy transfer can occur in various forms, such as mechanical waves transferring kinetic energy or electromagnetic waves transferring electromagnetic energy.

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  • 32. 

    Young wasps are eating the tomato hornworm that is their host. What is this an example of?

    • A.

      Competition

    • B.

      Mutualism

    • C.

      Commensalism

    • D.

      Parasitism

    Correct Answer
    D. Parasitism
    Explanation
    This scenario is an example of parasitism because the young wasps are benefiting from feeding on the tomato hornworm, which serves as their host. The tomato hornworm, on the other hand, is being harmed as it is being eaten by the wasps. This relationship is considered parasitic because one organism benefits while the other is negatively affected.

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  • 33. 

    Which of the following is NOT a prey adaptation?

    • A.

      Chemical defense

    • B.

      Warning coloration

    • C.

      Camouflage

    • D.

      Parasitism

    Correct Answer
    D. Parasitism
    Explanation
    Parasitism is not a prey adaptation because it refers to a symbiotic relationship where one organism (the parasite) benefits at the expense of another organism (the host), rather than a specific adaptation of the prey to avoid being eaten. Prey adaptations typically involve mechanisms such as chemical defense, warning coloration, or camouflage, which help prey animals to avoid being detected or eaten by predators.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the following is an example of a trace fossil?

    • A.

      A frozen mammoth

    • B.

      Hardened tree sap

    • C.

      Mold and cast

    • D.

      Preserved footprints

    Correct Answer
    D. Preserved footprints
    Explanation
    Preserved footprints are an example of a trace fossil because they provide evidence of the activity of an organism in the past. Trace fossils are indirect evidence of the presence of an organism, such as footprints, burrows, or trackways, rather than the actual remains of the organism itself. In this case, the footprints have been preserved over time, providing valuable information about the size, shape, and behavior of the organism that made them.

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  • 35. 

    In which type of symbiosis do organisms help each other?

    • A.

      Commensalism

    • B.

      Parasitism

    • C.

      Community

    • D.

      Mutualism

    Correct Answer
    D. Mutualism
    Explanation
    Mutualism is a type of symbiosis in which organisms benefit from each other. Both organisms involved in mutualism receive advantages, such as food, protection, or reproduction assistance, leading to a mutually beneficial relationship. This type of symbiotic interaction is characterized by cooperation and reciprocal benefits, allowing both organisms to thrive and survive.

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  • 36. 

    Two members of the same species fight over who gets a certain food. Members of different species try to take over a certain nesting area. These are both examples of 

    • A.

      Community.

    • B.

      Commensalism.

    • C.

      Competition.

    • D.

      Mutualism.

    Correct Answer
    C. Competition.
    Explanation
    The given scenario describes a situation where two members of the same species are fighting over a certain food, and members of different species are trying to take over a nesting area. This indicates a competitive interaction between individuals or groups for limited resources, which is known as competition. In competition, individuals or species compete for resources like food, territory, or mates, in order to increase their own fitness and reproductive success.

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  • 37. 

    What are the main categories of sedimentary rock?

    • A.

      Foliated and non-foliated

    • B.

      Felsic and mafic

    • C.

      Clastic, chemical, and organic

    • D.

      Extrusive and intrusive

    Correct Answer
    C. Clastic, chemical, and organic
    Explanation
    The main categories of sedimentary rock are clastic, chemical, and organic. Clastic rocks are formed from the accumulation of broken fragments of pre-existing rocks. Chemical rocks are formed from the precipitation of minerals from water solutions. Organic rocks are formed from the accumulation of organic debris, such as plant and animal remains. The other options, foliated and non-foliated, felsic and mafic, and extrusive and intrusive, are not categories of sedimentary rock but rather refer to different types of metamorphic and igneous rocks.

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  • 38. 

    Which things have to increase for metamorphism to occur? 

    • A.

      Compaction and cementation

    • B.

      Melting and cooling

    • C.

      Temperature and pressure

    • D.

      Weathering and erosion

    Correct Answer
    C. Temperature and pressure
    Explanation
    Metamorphism occurs when rocks undergo changes in their mineralogy, texture, and structure due to increased temperature and pressure. As temperature and pressure increase, the rocks are subjected to intense heat and pressure, causing the minerals within them to recrystallize and rearrange. This process leads to the formation of new minerals and the development of a new rock texture. Compaction and cementation, melting and cooling, and weathering and erosion are not directly related to the process of metamorphism and do not lead to the same changes in rocks.

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  • 39. 

    Which of these waves do NOT require a medium?

    • A.

      Radio waves

    • B.

      Ocean waves

    • C.

      Sound waves

    • D.

      Seismic waves

    Correct Answer
    A. Radio waves
    Explanation
    Radio waves do not require a medium to travel through. Unlike ocean waves, sound waves, and seismic waves, which all require a medium such as water, air, or solid material to propagate, radio waves can travel through a vacuum, such as outer space. This is because radio waves are a form of electromagnetic radiation, which can travel through empty space as a result of the oscillation of electric and magnetic fields.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following is NOT true of minerals? 

    • A.

      They have a crystalline structure.

    • B.

      They are inorganic.

    • C.

      They are formed in nature.

    • D.

      They are liquids.

    Correct Answer
    D. They are liquids.
    Explanation
    Minerals are solid substances with a definite chemical composition and a crystalline structure. They are formed in nature through geological processes and are typically inorganic, meaning they are not derived from living organisms. However, minerals are not liquids, as liquids have a fluid state of matter and do not possess a crystalline structure.

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  • 41. 

    The largest population an environment can support is its

    • A.

      Limiting factor.

    • B.

      Population.

    • C.

      Carrying capacity.

    • D.

      Symbiosis.

    Correct Answer
    C. Carrying capacity.
    Explanation
    Carrying capacity refers to the maximum number of individuals of a species that an environment can sustainably support. It is determined by factors such as available resources, space, and competition. When a population exceeds the carrying capacity, there is not enough resources to support all individuals, leading to a decline in population size. Therefore, carrying capacity is the correct answer as it represents the maximum population an environment can support.

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  • 42. 

    The process of figuring out the age of an object is called _________.

    • A.

      Half-life

    • B.

      Radioactive decay

    • C.

      Absolute dating

    • D.

      Radiometric dating

    Correct Answer
    C. Absolute dating
    Explanation
    Absolute dating is the process of determining the exact age of an object or event using various scientific methods and techniques. It involves analyzing the physical and chemical properties of the object, such as the presence of certain isotopes or the decay of radioactive elements, to calculate its age. This method is used in archaeology, geology, and other fields to establish a chronological timeline and understand the history of different objects and events.

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  • 43. 

    A tick sucks blood from a dog. In this relationship, the tick is the __________ and the dog is the __________.

    • A.

      Parasite, host

    • B.

      Host, parasite

    • C.

      Predator, host

    • D.

      Parasite, prey

    Correct Answer
    A. Parasite, host
    Explanation
    In this relationship, the tick is considered a parasite because it benefits by feeding on the blood of the dog. The dog, on the other hand, is the host because it provides the necessary resources (blood) for the tick's survival.

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  • 44. 

    Besides clastic and chemical, what is the other kind of sedimentary rock?

    • A.

      Intrusive

    • B.

      Organic

    • C.

      Foliated

    • D.

      Extrusive

    Correct Answer
    B. Organic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is organic. Organic sedimentary rocks are formed from the accumulation and lithification of organic material, such as plant and animal remains. Examples of organic sedimentary rocks include coal and some types of limestone.

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  • 45. 

    Using fewer natural resources and reducing waste can help __________.

    • A.

      Prevent biodiversity and destroy many species of living things

    • B.

      End habitat destruction and reduce pollution

    • C.

      Slow human population growth and increase diversity

    • D.

      Stop illness and create fossil fuels

    Correct Answer
    B. End habitat destruction and reduce pollution
    Explanation
    Using fewer natural resources and reducing waste can help end habitat destruction and reduce pollution. By minimizing the consumption of natural resources, such as timber and minerals, we can prevent the destruction of habitats that many species rely on for survival. Additionally, reducing waste and implementing proper waste management practices can help reduce pollution, which can have detrimental effects on ecosystems and the health of living organisms.

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  • 46. 

    Limiting factors determine an area’s carrying capacity because

    • A.

      The number of animals is limited.

    • B.

      Animals need resources to survive.

    • C.

      The number of animals is unlimited.

    • D.

      Ecosystems are small.

    Correct Answer
    A. The number of animals is limited.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the number of animals is limited." Limiting factors are environmental factors that restrict the growth, abundance, or distribution of a population. In this case, the carrying capacity of an area is determined by the availability of resources such as food, water, and shelter, which ultimately limits the number of animals that can survive and thrive in that area.

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  • 47. 

    A repeating pattern of atoms, ions, or molecules in a mineral is called a __________.

    • A.

      Elemental structure

    • B.

      Crystalline structure

    • C.

      Compound structure

    • D.

      Mineral structure

    Correct Answer
    B. Crystalline structure
    Explanation
    A repeating pattern of atoms, ions, or molecules in a mineral is called a crystalline structure. This term refers to the organized arrangement of these particles, which results in a regular and repeating pattern throughout the mineral. This structure is a characteristic feature of minerals and is responsible for their unique physical and chemical properties.

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  • 48. 

    Photosynthesis takes place on a plant's

    • A.

      Chloroplast.

    • B.

      Vacuole.

    • C.

      Mitochondrion.

    • D.

      Nucleus.

    Correct Answer
    A. Chloroplast.
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy. This process occurs in chloroplasts, which are specialized organelles found in plant cells. Chloroplasts contain chlorophyll, a pigment that captures sunlight and initiates the chemical reactions of photosynthesis. The other options, vacuole, mitochondrion, and nucleus, do not play a direct role in photosynthesis. The vacuole is responsible for storing water and nutrients, the mitochondrion is involved in cellular respiration, and the nucleus contains the cell's genetic material. Therefore, the correct answer is chloroplast.

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  • 49. 

    A type of fossil in which a mold is filled with sediment is called a _____.

    • A.

      Trace

    • B.

      Cast

    • C.

      Track

    • D.

      Mineral

    Correct Answer
    B. Cast
    Explanation
    A type of fossil in which a mold is filled with sediment is called a cast. This occurs when the original material of the organism decomposes and leaves behind an empty space or mold. Over time, sediment fills this mold and hardens to create a replica or "cast" of the organism's shape. Cast fossils provide valuable information about the size and structure of ancient organisms.

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  • 50. 

    The groupings silicate and nonsilicate minerals are based on _____.

    • A.

      Organic content

    • B.

      Gas and liquid state

    • C.

      Chemical composition

    • D.

      Color

    Correct Answer
    C. Chemical composition
    Explanation
    The groupings of silicate and nonsilicate minerals are based on their chemical composition. Silicate minerals are composed of silicon and oxygen, while nonsilicate minerals do not contain silicon and oxygen as their primary components. This classification is important for understanding the different properties and characteristics of minerals, as well as their formation and geological processes.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 14, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 12, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    UOSScience
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