Earth Science Benchmark #1 Review

115 Questions | Total Attempts: 200

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Earth Science Benchmark #1 Review

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An aquifer is a
    • A. 

      Land area drained by a stream system

    • B. 

      Broad, flat, fertile area extending out from a streams bank that may be covered with water

    • C. 

      Irregular topography with sinkholes, sinks, and sinking streams caused by dissolution of limestone

    • D. 

      Permeable underground layer through which water flows easily

  • 2. 
    What layer has the  ozone layer in it?
    • A. 

      Mesosphere

    • B. 

      Troposphere

    • C. 

      Thermosphere

    • D. 

      Stratosphere

  • 3. 
    What gas makes up around 21% of our atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Methane

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Nitrogen

    • D. 

      Carbon dioxide

  • 4. 
    What is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Nitrogen

    • C. 

      Carbon Dioxide

    • D. 

      Water Vapor

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is an example of heat transfer by radiation?
    • A. 

      A pan sitting on a hot burner

    • B. 

      The Sun heating the Earth

    • C. 

      Hot air lifting a balloon off the ground

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is an example of heat transfer by convection?
    • A. 

      A pan sitting on a hot burner

    • B. 

      The Sun heating the Earth

    • C. 

      Hot air lifting a balloon off the ground

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    Why is the ozone layer beneficial to humans?
    • A. 

      It gets rid of harmful gases like carbon dioxide.

    • B. 

      It provides a form of oxygen with three atoms that helps us breathe better.

    • C. 

      It increases the greenhouse effect so we can grow plants.

    • D. 

      It filters out incoming ultraviolet radiation.

  • 8. 
     How does radiation travel through space?
    • A. 

      Energy travels in a straight line.

    • B. 

      Energy travels in a zig zag line.

    • C. 

      Energy travels as waves.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following best describes the greenhouse effect ?
    • A. 

      The warming of the earth's surface and lower atmosphere occurs when carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor and other greenhouse gases absorb and reradiate infrared radiation.

    • B. 

      The warming of the earth's surface and lower atmosphere of Earth occur when oxygen and nitrogen absorb and reradiate reradiate infrared radiation.

    • C. 

      None of the above.

  • 10. 
    Venus has an atmosphere made up of 97% carbon dioxide. What type of temperatures would you expect to find in Venus?
    • A. 

      Extremely Low temperatures.

    • B. 

      Extremely High temperatures.

    • C. 

      Average, livable temperatures.

  • 11. 
    What would be the result of deforestation?
    • A. 

      An increase in carbon dioxide.

    • B. 

      A decrease in carbon dioxide.

    • C. 

      No effect

  • 12. 
    What happens to the temperature as pressure increases?
    • A. 

      As pressure increases, temperature increases

    • B. 

      As pressure increases, temperature decreases

    • C. 

      As pressure increases there is no change in temperature

  • 13. 
    This is a band of anomalously warm ocean water temperatures that occasionally develops off the western coast of South America and can cause climatic changes across the Pacific Ocean.
    • A. 

      La Nina

    • B. 

      El Nino

    • C. 

      Global Warming

    • D. 

      Tsunami

  • 14. 
    During this period , the sea surface temperature across the equatorial Eastern Central Pacific Ocean will be lower than normal by 3–5 °C.
    • A. 

      La Nina

    • B. 

      El Nino

    • C. 

      Global Warming

    • D. 

      Hurricane

  • 15. 
    Some green house gases are...
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor

    • C. 

      Nitrogen

    • D. 

      Green house gasses do not cause global warming.

  • 16. 
    Which process produces energy by the splitting of large atoms?
    • A. 

      Fusion

    • B. 

      Proliferation

    • C. 

      Fissile material

    • D. 

      Fission

  • 17. 
    Between 1960 and 1970, world oil consumption approximately doubled.  Which of the following explanations is consistent with this increase?
    • A. 

      A. The number of passengers per car increased.

    • B. 

      B. People drove less, conserving gasoline.

    • C. 

      C. The price of gasoline increased.

    • D. 

      D. The number of cars on the road increased.

    • E. 

      E. Cars that were more fuel-efficient were manufactured.

  • 18. 
    The causes of Global Warming can be split up into the following groups:
    • A. 

      Natural causes and Artificial causes

    • B. 

      Human causes and extra-terrestrial causes

    • C. 

      Natural causes and Human causes

    • D. 

      Natural causes, Artificial causes and Human causes

  • 19. 
    Undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated with harmful substances as a consequence of human activities
    • A. 

      Pollution

    • B. 

      Permeability

    • C. 

      Percolation

    • D. 

      Evaporation

  • 20. 
    Water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking into the ground.
    • A. 

      Aquifer

    • B. 

      Porosity

    • C. 

      Runoff

    • D. 

      Pollution

  • 21. 
    Loops of glowing hydrogen seen hanging over the solar limb durring totality are:
    • A. 

      Solar Holes

    • B. 

      Gravitational spots

    • C. 

      Prominences

  • 22. 
    What are cooler, darker spots on the sun's surface?
    • A. 

      Corona

    • B. 

      Sunspots

    • C. 

      Photosphere

  • 23. 
    What is the rotation period of the earth?
    • A. 

      365 days

    • B. 

      24 hours

    • C. 

      1 year

  • 24. 
    What causes the seasons?
    • A. 

      The elliptical movement of the earth around the sun

    • B. 

      The tilt of the earth at various stages of the earth's revolution around the sun

    • C. 

      The solar wind moves the earth at different angles

  • 25. 
    When the Moon temporarily blocks the sunlight reaching Earth.
    • A. 

      Solar Eclipse

    • B. 

      Lunar Eclipse

    • C. 

      Full Moon

    • D. 

      New Moon

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