Earth Science- 8th Grade Quiz

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| By Xomelaniexo
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Xomelaniexo
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Earth Science- 8th Grade Quiz - Quiz

This is a preparation for an earth science exam


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    • What is the study of Earth Science?

    • A.

      Earth science is the study of the world

    • B.

      Earth science is the name or the group of sciences that deals with earth and its neighbors in space

    • C.

      Earth science is the relation to Earth and science

    • D.

      Earth science rules!

    Correct Answer
    B. Earth science is the name or the group of sciences that deals with earth and its neighbors in space
    Explanation
    Earth science is the study of the Earth and its neighbors in space. It encompasses various scientific disciplines such as geology, meteorology, oceanography, and astronomy, among others. This field of study focuses on understanding the processes and phenomena occurring on Earth, including its physical structure, atmosphere, weather patterns, and interactions with other celestial bodies. By studying Earth science, scientists gain insights into the planet's history, natural resources, climate change, and the impact of human activities on the environment.

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  • 2. 

    • What are the four major spheres into which Earth is divided?

    • A.

      Hydrosphere,atmosphere, geosphere, lithosphere

    • B.

      Atmosphere, gelosphere, triosphere, forosphere

    • C.

      Atmosphere,hydrosphere,geosphere, biosphere

    • D.

      Lithosphere, triosphere, soiosphere, astronomy

    Correct Answer
    C. Atmosphere,hydrosphere,geosphere, biosphere
    Explanation
    The correct answer is atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, biosphere. These four major spheres represent different components of Earth's systems. The atmosphere is the layer of gases surrounding the planet. The hydrosphere includes all the water on Earth, including oceans, lakes, and groundwater. The geosphere refers to the solid Earth, including the rocks, minerals, and landforms. The biosphere encompasses all living organisms and their interactions with the other spheres.

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  • 3. 

    • What defines the three main parts of the solid Earth?

    • A.

      Core,lithosphere,crust

    • B.

      Core, mantle, crust

    • C.

      Biosphere, lithosphere, geosphere

    • D.

      Tiggi, biosphere, core

    Correct Answer
    B. Core, mantle, crust
    Explanation
    The correct answer is core, mantle, crust. The solid Earth can be divided into three main parts based on their composition and physical properties. The core is the innermost layer, consisting of a solid inner core and a liquid outer core. The mantle surrounds the core and is made up of semi-solid rock. The crust is the outermost layer, which is relatively thin and composed of solid rock. These three parts together make up the structure of the solid Earth.

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  • 4. 

    • Which model explains the position of continents and the occurrence of volcanoes and earthquakes?

    Correct Answer
    plate tectonics
    Explanation
    Plate tectonics is the correct answer because it is a scientific theory that explains the movement and interaction of Earth's lithospheric plates. It describes how the continents are positioned on these plates and how they have moved over time. Plate tectonics also explains the occurrence of volcanoes and earthquakes, as they are often associated with plate boundaries where plates either collide, separate, or slide past each other. This theory provides a comprehensive understanding of the dynamic processes that shape the Earth's surface and its geological features.

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  • 5. 

    • What lines on a globe are used to indicate location?

    Correct Answer
    longitude
    latitude
    longitude & latitude
    longitude and latitude
    latitude and longitude
    Explanation
    longitude goes
    Latitude goes
    ^
    |
    |
    up and down

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  • 6. 

    • How do topographic maps differ from other maps?

    • A.

      Matches heat levels

    • B.

      Color coded

    • C.

      Colorful

    • D.

      Shows length

    • E.

      show elevation

    Correct Answer
    E. show elevation
    Explanation
    Topographic maps differ from other maps because they specifically show elevation. While other maps may show various features such as roads, cities, or bodies of water, topographic maps focus on displaying the height and shape of the Earth's surface. This is done through contour lines, which indicate changes in elevation, and other symbols that represent terrain features like mountains, valleys, and ridges. By emphasizing elevation, topographic maps are particularly useful for hikers, geologists, and other professionals who need to understand the physical characteristics of a specific area.

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  • 7. 

    • What is an element?

    • A.

      A color

    • B.

      A mineral or rock

    • C.

      A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical or physical means

    • D.

      A substance that can be broken down into simpler substances by chemical but not physical means

    Correct Answer
    C. A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical or physical means
    Explanation
    An element is a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical or physical means. This means that it is a fundamental building block of matter and cannot be further broken down or separated into other substances. Elements are represented by unique symbols on the periodic table and include elements such as oxygen, carbon, and gold. They are the basic components of all matter and have specific properties and characteristics that distinguish them from other substances.

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  • 8. 

    What is an atom?

    • A.

      Smallest particle of matter that contains the characteristics of an element

    • B.

      Mineral or rock

    • C.

      the biggest particle that doesn't contain the characteristics of an element

    Correct Answer
    A. Smallest particle of matter that contains the characteristics of an element
    Explanation
    An atom is the smallest particle of matter that contains the characteristics of an element. It is composed of protons, neutrons, and electrons, and it cannot be broken down into smaller particles without losing its identity as a specific element. Atoms combine to form molecules, which are the building blocks of all substances.

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  • 9. 

    Isotopes are atoms with the same # of ____________ but different # of _______(separate with a space)

    Correct Answer
    protons neutrons, protons, neutrons, protons and neutrons, protons. neutrons
    Explanation
    Isotopes are atoms with the same number of protons but different number of neutrons. This means that they have the same atomic number (which is determined by the number of protons) but different atomic masses (which is determined by the number of protons and neutrons combined).

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  • 10. 

    ·         A ________ is a substance that consists of 2 or more elements that are chemically combined in specific proportions

    Correct Answer
    compound
    Explanation
    A compound is a substance that consists of two or more elements that are chemically combined in specific proportions. In other words, a compound is formed when different elements chemically react with each other and combine in a fixed ratio. This combination results in the formation of a new substance with distinct properties from the individual elements. Compounds can be represented by chemical formulas, which indicate the types and ratios of atoms present in the compound.

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  • 11. 

    ·         A ---------- is naturally occurring, inorganic solid with an orderly crystalline structure and a definite chemical composition.

    Correct Answer
    mineral
    Explanation
    A mineral is a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with an orderly crystalline structure and a definite chemical composition. This means that minerals are formed by natural processes and are not man-made. They are also not living organisms, as they are inorganic. Minerals have a specific arrangement of atoms in a regular pattern, forming a crystalline structure. Additionally, minerals have a fixed chemical composition, meaning they are made up of specific elements in specific proportions. Therefore, the correct answer is mineral.

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  • 12. 

    ·         The properties that can be used to identify minerals is streak, ____, crystal form, color, hardness, cleavage, fracture, and density

    Correct Answer
    luster
    Explanation
    Luster is one of the properties that can be used to identify minerals. Luster refers to the way a mineral reflects light, and it can be described as metallic, vitreous (glass-like), pearly, silky, greasy, or dull. By observing the luster of a mineral, scientists can gather information about its composition and structure, helping to distinguish it from other minerals.

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  • 13. 

    The mohs scale measures _____ of minerals

    Correct Answer
    hardness
    Explanation
    The Mohs scale is a scale used to measure the hardness of minerals. Hardness refers to the ability of a mineral to resist scratching or being scratched by other minerals. The scale ranges from 1 to 10, with 1 being the softest mineral (talc) and 10 being the hardest (diamond). By using this scale, geologists and mineralogists can determine the relative hardness of different minerals and use it as an identification tool.

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  • 14. 

    ·         Rocks that form when magma hardens beneath Earth’s surface are called ____ igneous rocks. When lava hardens, the rock that form are called _____igneous rocks. Answer form (_____, ______)

    Correct Answer
    intrusive, extrusive
    intrusive,extrusive
    Explanation
    Rocks that form when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface are called intrusive igneous rocks. When lava hardens, the rocks that form are called extrusive igneous rocks.

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  • 15. 

    Metamorphic rocks can be classified by........

    • A.

      Composition and color

    • B.

      Composition and formation

    • C.

      Texture and composition

    • D.

      Color and formation

    • E.

      Formation and texture

    Correct Answer
    C. Texture and composition
    Explanation
    Metamorphic rocks can be classified based on their texture and composition. Texture refers to the size, shape, and arrangement of the mineral grains in the rock, while composition refers to the types and proportions of minerals present. By examining the texture and composition of a metamorphic rock, geologists can determine the conditions under which the rock formed and the parent rock from which it originated. This classification helps in understanding the geological history and processes that have acted upon the rock.

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  • 16. 

    ·         Mechanical weathering occurs when physical forces break into smaller and smaller pieces without changing the rock’s mineral _______

    Correct Answer
    composition
    Explanation
    Mechanical weathering refers to the physical forces that break rocks into smaller pieces without altering their mineral composition. In this context, the correct answer is "composition" because it accurately completes the sentence and aligns with the concept of mechanical weathering.

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  • 17. 

    2 types of glaciers - valley glaciers & _______

    Correct Answer
    ice sheets
    ice sheet
    Explanation
    The question is asking for the missing type of glacier to complete the sentence. The correct answer is "ice sheets" or "ice sheet." This is because the sentence is already mentioning one type of glacier, which is "valley glaciers," and the missing type should be another type of glacier. "Ice sheets" or "ice sheet" refers to a type of glacier that covers a large area and is not confined to a valley.

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  • 18. 

    3 seismic waves- P wave, S wave. ________ ________

    Correct Answer
    surface wave
    surface waves
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "surface wave, surface waves". Seismic waves are vibrations that travel through the Earth's interior during an earthquake. P waves (primary waves) are the fastest seismic waves and can travel through solids, liquids, and gases. S waves (secondary waves) are slower than P waves and can only travel through solids. Surface waves are seismic waves that travel along the Earth's surface and are responsible for the most damage during an earthquake. They include Love waves and Rayleigh waves, which cause the ground to move in a rolling or shaking motion.

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  • 19. 

    Wegener's hypothesis was __________ ____________

    Correct Answer
    continental drift
    Explanation
    Wegener's hypothesis was "continental drift." This refers to the theory proposed by Alfred Wegener in the early 20th century, suggesting that the continents were once joined together in a single landmass called Pangaea and have since moved apart over time. Wegener supported his hypothesis with evidence such as the fit of the continents, similarities in rock formations and fossils across different continents, and the matching geological features on opposite coastlines. This hypothesis laid the foundation for the modern understanding of plate tectonics and the movement of Earth's continents.

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  • 20. 

    3 types of volcanoes - cinder cones, shield volcanoes, ______ ____________

    Correct Answer
    composite cones
    Explanation
    The correct answer is composite cones. Composite cones, also known as stratovolcanoes, are a type of volcano formed by alternating layers of lava flows and pyroclastic material. They are characterized by their steep slopes and tall, conical shape. These volcanoes are typically found in subduction zones where one tectonic plate is forced beneath another. The magma in composite cones is often more viscous and explosive compared to other types of volcanoes, resulting in violent eruptions that can produce ash clouds, pyroclastic flows, and lahars. Examples of composite cones include Mount St. Helens in the United States and Mount Fuji in Japan.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 16, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Xomelaniexo

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