Earth In The Universe

25 Questions

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Earth In The Universe

This Summative Assessment will evaluate the concepts and ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS studied in Unit 1 of Earth Science.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Jeremy wanted to test his hypothesis concerning sun angles and their effects of plant growth on his corn plants.  Below is the detailed diagram of his findings.   Which of the answers would be the BEST conclusion to his hypothesis.
    • A. 

      The plants grew less in the summer because of the heated air.

    • B. 

      The plants grew less in the winter because of the heavy snow

    • C. 

      The plants grew less in the winter because the plants received sunlight at a low angle.

    • D. 

      The plants did not change at all in the growing cycle.

  • 2. 
    Precession is the 26,000 year shift of the Earth's Axis from the North Star to Antares.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    The center of gravity between two objects (Barycenter) can occur with which of the following?   Check all that apply.
    • A. 

      The Sun and the Earth

    • B. 

      The Earth and the Moon

    • C. 

      The Sun and Jupiter

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Place 1 is farther north of the equator than Place 2

    • B. 

      Place 2 is farther north of the eauator than Place 1

    • C. 

      They are the same distance from the equator but Place 1 is east of Place 2

    • D. 

      The maximum height of the sun would be different at two places only if something is different about the places, such as one is on a mountain and the other is not.

  • 5. 
    On the first day of spring in the northern hemisphere, which of the following is TRUE?
    • A. 

      The North Pole is tilted 23.5 degrees toward the Sun

    • B. 

      The north pole is tilted 23.5 away from the Sun

    • C. 

      The North Pole is not tilted toward or away from the Sun

    • D. 

      The North Pole is tiltede 12.25 degrees toward the sun

  • 6. 
    In what way is fission and fusion reactions similar?
    • A. 

      In BOTH reactions atoms are split and energy is released

    • B. 

      Both reactions produce heat energy.

    • C. 

      Neither fission nor fusion reactions produce heat energy

    • D. 

      2 Hydrogens react to form Carbon

  • 7. 
    Take a look at this image.   It would BEST be described as a
    • A. 

      An example of fusion

    • B. 

      A chain reaction

    • C. 

      The formation of water molecule

    • D. 

      Nuclei can not form any new elements or compounds

  • 8. 
    According to the ancients, the stars traveled around Earth on the transparent, hollow ____________________ .
    • A. 

      Equatoral plane

    • B. 

      Celestial sphere

    • C. 

      Solar orb

    • D. 

      Ellipse

  • 9. 
    The geocentric model of the universe stated that ________.
    • A. 

      Earth revolved around the celestial sphere

    • B. 

      The sun was the center of the universe

    • C. 

      Earth was a "wanderer"

    • D. 

      Earth was the center of the universe

  • 10. 
    The measure of the total amount of matter an object contains is called _________________ .  ( Think about the 2 atoms before they were fused by the microwave)
    • A. 

      Density

    • B. 

      Mass

    • C. 

      Volume

    • D. 

      Weight

  • 11. 
    The first early astronomer to propose a sun-centered solar system was _________ .
    • A. 

      Galileo

    • B. 

      Newton

    • C. 

      Copernicus

    • D. 

      Kepler

  • 12. 
    The true shape of planetary orbits was discovered by ________________ .
    • A. 

      Newton

    • B. 

      Galileo

    • C. 

      Aristotle

    • D. 

      Kepler

  • 13. 
    According to the 3rd law of planetary motion, the period of REVOLUTION of a planet is related to the planet's ____________ .
    • A. 

      Distance to the sun

    • B. 

      Size

    • C. 

      Gravitational attraction

    • D. 

      Orbital speed

  • 14. 
    The slow by continuous movement of the Earth's axis away from the North Star toward Vega is ___________.
    • A. 

      Nutation

    • B. 

      Precession

    • C. 

      Rotation

    • D. 

      Retrograde motion

  • 15. 
    What movement of Earth is responsible for night and day?
    • A. 

      Rotation

    • B. 

      Revolution

    • C. 

      Precession

    • D. 

      Perigee

  • 16. 
    Seasons are caused by ____________ .
    • A. 

      Earth's rotation

    • B. 

      Precession

    • C. 

      Earth's tilted axis

    • D. 

      Earth's distance from the sun

  • 17. 
    Which of the following are you MOST likely to experience?
    • A. 

      Total solar eclipse

    • B. 

      Total lunar eclipse

    • C. 

      Full moon

    • D. 

      Partial lunar eclipse

  • 18. 
    After the sun rises above the horizon, what happens to the angle at which sunlight hits any given place on the earth's surface?
    • A. 

      The angle does not change at all during the day from morning to evening.

    • B. 

      The angle changes rapidly during the morning, changes slowly during the middle of the day, and changes rapidly during the evening.

    • C. 

      The angle changes continuously throughout the day from morning to evening.

    • D. 

      The angles changes continuously througout the morning and eving but does not change during the middle of the day.

  • 19. 
    A student lives in a town where the summers are very warm and the winters are very cold.  Why is it colder in the winter than in the summer?
    • A. 

      Because sunlight is cooled by the cold air in the winter.

    • B. 

      Because sunlight reaches the town at a smaller angle in the winter.

    • C. 

      Because sunlight has to pass through more clouds to get to the town in the winter.

    • D. 

      Because sunlight has to travel a much longer distance to get to the town in the winter.

  • 20. 
    • A. 
    • B. 
    • C. 
  • 21. 
    Our galaxy is called the _______________ .
    • A. 

      Local Group

    • B. 

      Orion

    • C. 

      Andromeda

    • D. 

      Milky Way

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Interstellar force

    • B. 

      Electromagnetic force

    • C. 

      Gravity

    • D. 

      Nuclear force

  • 23. 
    Watch this video that was videoed then converted to a simulation by APOLLO 17 of the Earth Phases.  This view of the Earth was taken from the surface of the moon. http://www.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/~pogge/Ast161/Movies/ephaseap17.mov Which of the following would BEST be determined by viewing the video?
    • A. 

      The earth spins too fast

    • B. 

      The tides are visible from the moon

    • C. 

      You can see the rotation and the tilt of the axis of Earth

    • D. 

      This video shows no attributes of the Earth.

  • 24. 
    Choose the cycle that BEST describes the life cycle that provides the earth with sustainable water.
    • A. 
    • B. 
    • C.