# Earth Science Practice Test For 10th Grade! Trivia Quiz

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Danniiieelllee
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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 5,550
Questions: 16 | Attempts: 2,232  Settings  Think you are an expert in Earth Science? Do you think you can pass this Earth Science test? This quiz will teach you about all the factors involved in earth science. You must understand the difference between things like inference and observation, and what the difference is between static, direct, indirect, and cyclic. This quiz will put your knowledge of earth science to the test. All the best.

• 1.

### What is the difference between an inference or an observation?

• A.

An inference is an assumption based on observations and observation is grouping objects with similar characteristics based on the 5 senses.

• B.

An inference is grouping objects with similar characteristics based on the 5 senses. Observations is an assumption based on an inference

• C.

An inference is an assumption based on observations. Observations are information gathered about an object using the 5 senses.

• D.

An inference is an information gathered about an object using the 5 senses. Observation is an assumption based on observations.

C. An inference is an assumption based on observations. Observations are information gathered about an object using the 5 senses.
Explanation
An inference must be created with an observation. EXAMPLE: It is cold outside. (observation) It is snowing outside because it is cold. (inference)

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• 2.

### What type of relationship is this?

• A.

Static

• B.

Direct

• C.

Indirect

• D.

Cyclic

B. Direct
Explanation
This relationship is classified as direct because it involves a direct connection or interaction between two entities. In a direct relationship, one entity directly affects or influences the other entity without any intermediaries or additional steps.

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• 3.

### What type of relationship is this?

• A.

Static

• B.

Direct

• C.

Indirect

• D.

Cyclic

C. Indirect
Explanation
This relationship is classified as indirect because it implies a connection or influence between two or more entities that is not direct or immediate. It suggests that there may be intermediate factors or steps involved in the relationship.

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• 4.

### What type of relationship is this?

• A.

Static

• B.

Direct

• C.

Indirect

• D.

Cyclic

A. Static
Explanation
This relationship is classified as static because it does not change over time. In a static relationship, the elements involved are fixed and do not have any dynamic or changing characteristics.

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• 5.

### What type of relationship is this?

• A.

Static

• B.

Direct

• C.

Indirect

• D.

Cyclic

D. Cyclic
Explanation
A cyclic relationship is a type of relationship where two or more entities are connected in a circular manner, forming a loop. In this type of relationship, entity A is related to entity B, entity B is related to entity C, and entity C is related back to entity A, completing the cycle. This creates a circular dependency between the entities, making it a cyclic relationship.

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• 6.

### The phases of the moon is an example of which relationship?

• A.

Static

• B.

Direct

• C.

Indirect

• D.

Cyclic

D. Cyclic
Explanation
The phases of the moon follow a predictable pattern that repeats in a cycle. Each month, the moon goes through a series of phases, starting with the new moon, then waxing crescent, first quarter, waxing gibbous, full moon, waning gibbous, third quarter, and finally waning crescent before returning to the new moon phase. This cyclical relationship between the moon and its phases makes "Cyclic" the correct answer.

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• 7.

### The relationship between density & temperature is which relationship?

• A.

Static

• B.

Direct

• C.

Indirect

• D.

Cyclic

C. Indirect
Explanation
The relationship between density and temperature is indirect. This means that as temperature increases, the density of a substance decreases, and vice versa. This can be explained by the fact that as temperature increases, the particles of a substance gain more energy and move faster, causing them to spread out and occupy more space, resulting in a decrease in density. Conversely, as temperature decreases, the particles lose energy and move slower, causing them to come closer together and occupy less space, resulting in an increase in density.

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• 8.

### The relationship between depth and pressure is which type of relationship?

• A.

Static

• B.

Direct

• C.

Indirect

• D.

Cyclic

B. Direct
Explanation
The relationship between depth and pressure is a direct relationship. This means that as the depth increases, the pressure also increases, and vice versa. This can be explained by the fact that the weight of the water above a certain depth exerts more pressure on the water below it. Therefore, the deeper the water, the greater the pressure exerted on it.

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• 9.

### The relationship between the 5 different shapes of tin and density is which type of relationship?

• A.

Static

• B.

Direct

• C.

Indirect

• D.

Cyclic

A. Static
Explanation
The relationship between the 5 different shapes of tin and density is static because it remains constant and does not change. The density of tin is solely determined by its shape, regardless of other factors such as temperature or pressure.

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• 10.

### Write the density from least to greatest in the chart below....

D, C, B, A
D C B A
D,C,B,A
Explanation
The given answer lists the densities from least to greatest as D, C, B, A. It also includes the same answer written in a different format as D C B A. The repetition of the answer in two different formats suggests that the answer is consistent and accurate.

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• 11.

### The density is 20 g/ mL, the mass is 40 g. What is the volume?

• A.

Volume= 2 cubic centimeters

• B.

Volume= 2.0 cubic centimeters

• C.

Volume= 2 mililiters

• D.

Volume= 2.0 mililiters

D. Volume= 2.0 mililiters
Explanation
mass/density= volume
40/20= 2.0 mililiters
MUST ROUND TO THE NEAREST TENTH AND MUST INCLUDE UNITS!

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• 12.

### What if you were to cut in half the density in the question above?

• A.

The density will decrease

• B.

The density will increase

• C.

The density will stay the same

• D.

The density would not equal

C. The density will stay the same
Explanation
Density does not effect shape or size

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• 13.

### A student measures a rock to have a mass of 54g while it was 50g. What is the % error?

• A.

4.0 % error

• B.

8.0 % error

• C.

4.00 % error

• D.

8.00 % error

• E.

8 % error

B. 8.0 % error
Explanation
ROUND TO THE NEAREST TENTH!

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• 14.

### The height of ocean tides over a 3-day period is which type of relationship?

• A.

Indirect

• B.

Direct

• C.

Cyclic

• D.

Static

C. Cyclic
Explanation
The height of ocean tides over a 3-day period exhibits a cyclic relationship. This means that the tides follow a pattern and repeat themselves over time. The tides go through a cycle of high and low levels, with the pattern repeating approximately every 12 hours and 25 minutes. This cyclic nature is influenced by various factors such as the gravitational pull of the moon and the sun, as well as the rotation of the Earth.

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• 15.

### The following statement was made by a student while examining a fossil: "It looks like a clam shell, it is 2.0 cm wide, it lived in shallow-water and it is embedded in shale" Which of the student's statement is an inference?

• A.

It looks like a clam shell

• B.

It lived in shallow water

• C.

It is 2.0 cm wide

• D.

It is embedded in shale

B. It lived in shallow water
Explanation
The student's statement "It lived in shallow water" is an inference because it is a conclusion drawn based on the observation of the fossil. The student did not directly observe the fossil living in shallow water, but inferred it based on its characteristics such as its resemblance to a clam shell and the fact that it is embedded in shale, which is commonly found in shallow-water environments.

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• 16.

### As pressure increases, density decreases... which type of relationship is this?

• A.

Inverse

• B.

Direct

• C.

Static

• D.

Cyclic

A. Inverse
Explanation
As pressure increases, density decreases. This means that there is an inverse relationship between pressure and density. As one variable increases, the other variable decreases.

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