The Awesome Earth Science Midterm Review Quiz Thing

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| By Iamadinosaur
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Iamadinosaur
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 718
Questions: 34 | Attempts: 718

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The Awesome Earth Science Midterm Review Quiz Thing - Quiz

Covers:
1. Introduction to Earth's Changing Environment2. Measuring Earth3. Earth in the Universe4. Motions of the Earth, Moon, and Sun5. Energy in Earth Processes6. Insulation and Seasons
Ideally, but I'm human so don't hate me for Improvising
You have 28 minutes to complete 30 questions -- buona fortuna!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which shape on the list below bests compares to Earth's Shape?

    • A.

      Football

    • B.

      Apple

    • C.

      Banana

    • D.

      Pie

    • E.

      Basketball

    Correct Answer
    E. Basketball
    Explanation
    Even though Earth IS NOT a perfect sphere and IS a "oblate spheroid", visually from above its "oblate spheroid"-ness is so tiny that it looks like....well, a basketball.

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  • 2. 

    The main gas in the Earth's atmosphere is....?

    • A.

      Nitrogen

    • B.

      Oxygen

    • C.

      Hydrogen

    • D.

      Argon

    • E.

      Water Vapour

    Correct Answer
    A. Nitrogen
    Explanation
    Check thy Earth Science Tables and whatnot, page two if I remember correctly

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Where is the centre of gravity located?

    • A.

      Centre of the Inner Core

    • B.

      Narnia

    • C.

      Middlë-Earth

    • D.

      Foo

    • E.

      MIT

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Centre of the Inner Core
    B. Narnia
    Explanation
    If you really put Narnia my dear, I am laughing like you have NO CLUE....

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The Relationship between VOLUME and MASS is _________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Direct
    Driect
    Directed
    Married
    Explanation
    I wonder who actually answers as "married"....

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  • 5. 

    The relationship between DENSITY and PRESSURE is _________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Direct
    Explanation
    The relationship between density and pressure is direct. This means that as the density of a substance increases, the pressure it exerts also increases. Similarly, as the density decreases, the pressure decreases as well. This can be observed in various scenarios, such as when a gas is compressed, its density increases, leading to an increase in pressure. Conversely, when a gas expands, its density decreases, resulting in a decrease in pressure.

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  • 6. 

    The relationship between DENSITY and TEMPERATURE is _________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Indirect
    Explanation
    The relationship between density and temperature is indirect. This means that as temperature increases, the density of a substance decreases, and as temperature decreases, the density increases. This can be explained by the fact that as temperature rises, the particles in a substance gain more energy and move faster, causing them to spread out and occupy more space, resulting in a decrease in density. Conversely, as temperature decreases, the particles lose energy and move slower, causing them to come closer together and occupy less space, resulting in an increase in density.

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  • 7. 

    What is the tallest point on this map?

    • A.

      5100

    • B.

      5117

    • C.

      4400

    • D.

      5000

    • E.

      A million

    Correct Answer
    B. 5117
    Explanation
    Highest point doesn't always mean highest counter line, it means....well....highest point

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  • 8. 

    What is the formula for gradient?

    • A.

      Gradient = ∆Field/Distance

    • B.

      E = mc^2

    • C.

      Sin^2+cos^2 = 1

    • D.

      Gradient ≠ Change in Field/Distance

    • E.

      Gradient = Distance/∆Field

    Correct Answer
    A. Gradient = ∆Field/Distance
    Explanation
    I believe that if you know a formula for Earth Science, there really isn't any need in having a practice problem........all you do is plug in the numbers

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Approximately how long does an earthquake P-wave take to travel the first 6500 kilometers after the earthquake occurs?  

    • A.

      6.5 minutes

    • B.

      8.0 minutes

    • C.

      10.0 minutes

    • D.

      18.5 minutes

    • E.

      So, let's go to Narnia

    Correct Answer
    C. 10.0 minutes
    Explanation
    Credit goes to::::http://regentsprep.org/Regents/core/questions/question.cfm?Course=ESCI&TopicCode=05&QNum=1&Wrong=0
    To find the answer go to p. 11 of the Earth Science Reference Tables. Locate the P-wave line. Then locate 6500km on the x-axis of the P and S-wave chart. Follow the 6500 line up to the P line, when it intersects follow the line to the left and locate travel time.

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  • 10. 

    Base your answer to the question below on the geologic cross section below, which shows a view of rock layers at Earth’s surface. The dashed lines connect points of the same age. Major fossils contained within each rock layer are shown. The valleys are labeled XY, and Z.In this region, valley X is more deeply eroded than either valley Y or valley Z. The most likely explanation for this occurrence is that the metamorphic rock near X has been

    • A.

      Weakened by faulting

    • B.

      Folded by pressure

    • C.

      Intruded by melting rock

    • D.

      Covered by sedimentary rocks

    • E.

      A Ninja crept up in the night and totally killed the rocks

    Correct Answer
    A. Weakened by faulting
    Explanation
    Credit goes to::::http://regentsprep.org/Regents/core/questions/question.cfm?Course=ESCI&TopicCode=05&QNum=2&Wrong=0
    Valley X has the most severe erosion due to the fault located in the area. A fault will cause the bedrock on both sides to move opposite to one another causing an earthquake. The earthquake could also cause a weakening of the bedrock in the area due to the shaking of the ground.

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  • 11. 

    This question may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables.Base your answer to this question on the map below. The map shows the locations of deep-sea core drilling sites numbered 1 through 4. The approximate location of the East Pacific Ridge is shown by a dashed line. Point A is located on the East Pacific Ridge.At point A, the East Pacific Ridge is the boundary between the

    • A.

      Cocos Plate and North American Plate

    • B.

      South American Plate and the Nazca Plate

    • C.

      Pacific Plate and the Sount American Plate

    • D.

      Pacific Plate and the Nazca Plate

    • E.

      The Narnia Plate and the Middlë-Earth Plate

    Correct Answer
    D. Pacific Plate and the Nazca Plate
    Explanation
    Credit goes to:::: http://regentsprep.org/Regents/core/questions/question.cfm?Course=ESCI&TopicCode=05&QNum=3&Wrong=1
    You must go to p.5 of the reference tables to answer this question. Locate point A on p.5 of the tables. One should find that point A is found between the Pacific Plate and the Nazca Plate.

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  • 12. 

    This question may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables.Base your answer to this question on the map below. The map shows the locations of deep-sea core drilling sites numbered 1 through 4. The approximate location of the East Pacific Ridge is shown by a dashed line. Point A is located on the East Pacific Ridge.At which drilling site would the oldest igneous bedrock most likely be found? 

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    • E.

      5

    Correct Answer
    A. 1
    Explanation
    Credit goes to:::: http://regentsprep.org/Regents/core/questions/question.cfm?Course=ESCI&TopicCode=05&QNum=4&Wrong=0
    A ridge is associated with a divergent plate boundary that will move tectonic plates apart. Along the E. Pacific Ridge there most likely will be volcanic activity which produces new oceanic crust, and the further from the ridge one travels the older the age of the bedrock (oceanic crust). With this being said the point furthest from the ridge will be the oldest in age. Since #1 is the furthest away it is the oldest in age.

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  • 13. 

    No more regents prep questions!!!! Yay!!!! Now for some of my old test questionsWhat is the time difference in mean solar time between 30o N 75o W and 30o N 90o W?

    • A.

      1 hour

    • B.

      2 hours

    • C.

      3 hours

    • D.

      6 hours

    • E.

      9 hours

    Correct Answer
    A. 1 hour
    Explanation
    Every 15 degrees is an hour, no?

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  • 14. 

    An "isoline" on a weather map is called....

    • A.

      Counter Lines

    • B.

      Latitude Lines

    • C.

      Isobars

    • D.

      Isotherms

    • E.

      Isildur

    Correct Answer
    D. Isotherms
    Explanation
    Well that was not grammatically correct, but no, it is not the fallen king of Gondor, sorry

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Ship X and ship Y are sailing along the equator. The difference in local solar time between them is two hours. What is their difference in longitude?

    • A.

      0 degrees

    • B.

      15 degrees

    • C.

      30 degrees

    • D.

      45 degrees

    • E.

      The distance from here to Narnia

    Correct Answer
    C. 30 degrees
    Explanation
    This one is self-explanatory, I feel, obviously choice E

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    As a ship crosses the Prime Meridian, an observer on the ship -- named Roberto -- measures the altitude of Polaris at 60o. What is the ship's location?

    • A.

      60 degrees south latitude and 0 degrees longitude

    • B.

      60 degrees north latitude and 0 degrees longitude

    • C.

      0 degrees latitude and 60 degrees east latitude

    • D.

      0 degrees latitude and 60 degrees west longitude

    • E.

      Narnia

    Correct Answer
    B. 60 degrees north latitude and 0 degrees longitude
    Explanation
    Polaris is also known as the North Star and is located very close to the North Celestial Pole. This means that it appears directly above the Earth's North Pole. Therefore, if an observer on a ship measures the altitude of Polaris at 60 degrees, it means that the ship is located at 60 degrees north latitude. The longitude is not provided in the question, so it can be assumed to be 0 degrees longitude.

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  • 17. 

    As a person travels northward from the Equator, the altitude of Polaris will appear to

    • A.

      Decrease

    • B.

      Increase

    • C.

      Remain the same

    • D.

      Remain the same then decrease

    • E.

      Remain the same then increase

    Correct Answer
    B. Increase
    Explanation
    As a person travels northward from the Equator, the altitude of Polaris will appear to increase. This is because Polaris, also known as the North Star, is located very close to the celestial North Pole. As one moves closer to the North Pole, the angle between the horizon and Polaris increases, causing it to appear higher in the sky. Conversely, as one travels southward from the Equator, the altitude of Polaris would appear to decrease.

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  • 18. 

    They represent four solid objects made of the same uniform material material. The volumes of the sphere and the bar are not given.Cube: Mass 81 g; Volume 27 cm^3Sphere: Mass 75 g; Volume ----Bar: Mass 90 g; Volume ----; demotions 5 cm x 2 cm x 3 cmWhat is the density of the bar?

    • A.

      9.0 g/cm^3

    • B.

      30.0 g/cm^3

    • C.

      3.0 g/cm^3

    • D.

      90.0 g/cm^3

    • E.

      Imaninja

    Correct Answer
    C. 3.0 g/cm^3
    Explanation
    The density of an object is calculated by dividing its mass by its volume. In this question, the mass of the bar is given as 90 g, but the volume is not provided. However, we are given the dimensions of the bar, which are 5 cm x 2 cm x 3 cm. To find the volume of the bar, we multiply these dimensions together: 5 cm x 2 cm x 3 cm = 30 cm^3. Therefore, the density of the bar is calculated as 90 g / 30 cm^3 = 3.0 g/cm^3.

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  • 19. 

    What is the formula for Percent Error?

    • A.

      Percent Error = difference of accepted values/accepted value * 100

    • B.

      Percent Error = |accepted value - observed value|/accepted value * 100

    • C.

      Percent Error = mc^2

    • D.

      Percent Error = |π^2-7|/14

    • E.

      Percent Error = Narnia

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Percent Error = difference of accepted values/accepted value * 100
    B. Percent Error = |accepted value - observed value|/accepted value * 100
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Percent Error = |accepted value - observed value|/accepted value * 100." This formula is used to calculate the percent error, which measures the accuracy of an experimental result by comparing it to the accepted value. By taking the absolute difference between the accepted value and the observed value, dividing it by the accepted value, and then multiplying by 100, we can express the error as a percentage.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    If two materials are composed of the same pure element but are different demotions, then the following is true

    • A.

      Density of larger = density of smaller

    • B.

      Density of larger > density of smaller

    • C.

      Density of larger < density of smaller

    • D.

      Density of larger ≥ density of smaller

    • E.

      Density of larger ≤ density of smaller

    Correct Answer
    A. Density of larger = density of smaller
    Explanation
    All pure elements, regardless of size, share the same density properities

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    The density of water is

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      1.0

    • C.

      1.00

    • D.

      1.000

    • E.

      10

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. 1
    B. 1.0
    C. 1.00
    D. 1.000
    Explanation
    Ohh wait, this isn't Chemistry, so significant figures don't count >.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    In fifty characters or less, describe to me the process of a normal fault

  • 23. 

    In fifty characters or less, describe to me the process of a reverse fault

  • 24. 

    In fifty characters or less, describe to me the process of a strikeslip fault

  • 25. 

    In fifty characters or less, describe to me the creation of Narnia

  • 26. 

    Which Erosional agent makes rocks appeared polished, smooth, round, and deposits sorted?

    • A.

      Running Water

    • B.

      Wind

    • C.

      Glaciers

    • D.

      Gravity

    • E.

      Aslan

    Correct Answer
    A. Running Water
    Explanation
    Running water is the correct answer because it has the ability to polish rocks as it flows over them. The force of the water, combined with the sediment it carries, can wear away rough edges and create a smooth and polished surface on the rocks. Additionally, running water has the ability to sort and round the deposited sediments, further contributing to the polished appearance of the rocks.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    Which Erosional agent makes the largest particle of sand appear frosted or scratched, rounded edges, and deposits sorted?

    • A.

      Running Water

    • B.

      Wind

    • C.

      Glaciers

    • D.

      Gravity

    • E.

      Aslan

    Correct Answer
    B. Wind
    Explanation
    Wind is the correct answer because it is an erosional agent that can cause sand particles to become frosted or scratched, with rounded edges. Wind can pick up and transport sand particles, causing them to collide with each other and with other surfaces, resulting in abrasion and erosion. As the wind carries the sand, it can also sort the particles by size, with larger particles being deposited closer to the source and smaller particles being carried further away.

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  • 28. 

    Which Erosional agent makes rocks appear to have grove, striations, or scratches, usually in a parallel pattern, and deposits unsorted?

    • A.

      Running Water

    • B.

      Wind

    • C.

      Glaciers

    • D.

      Gravity

    • E.

      Aslan

    Correct Answer
    C. Glaciers
    Explanation
    Glaciers are the correct answer because they have the ability to erode rocks and create grooves, striations, or scratches on their surface. This is due to the movement of the glacier and the debris it carries, which acts like sandpaper on the rocks. The parallel pattern of these features is a result of the consistent movement of the glacier. Additionally, glaciers deposit unsorted material when they melt, as they release the debris they have been carrying, creating distinct landforms.

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  • 29. 

    Which Erosional agent makes rocks appear jagged or uneven, and deposits unsorted?

    • A.

      Running Water

    • B.

      Wind

    • C.

      Glaciers

    • D.

      Gravity

    • E.

      Aslan

    Correct Answer
    D. Gravity
    Explanation
    Gravity is the correct answer because it is not an erosional agent itself, but it influences the movement of other erosional agents such as running water, wind, and glaciers. Gravity causes rocks to fall and be transported downhill, resulting in their jagged or uneven appearance. It also plays a role in the deposition of sediment, causing it to be deposited in an unsorted manner.

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  • 30. 

    ________ is the rubbing together of particles.

    Correct Answer
    Abrasion
    Explanation
    Physical/Mechanical Weathering
    Abrasion = The rubbing together of particles
    Root/plant Action = roots grow out and break apart rock
    Frost Action = repeated freezing -expanding- and melting -contracting- breaks rock/thermal action = repeated when hot -expands- and cool -contracts- breaks down rock
    Pressure Unloading/Exfoliation = weight causes a crack in a rock as overlying rock is removed, rocks expand and peel away
    Biological Activity = animals and insects cause exposure of rock and abrasion
    Chemical Weathering
    Hyrolasis = rust, water dissolves some minerals in rocks
    Oxidation = rust, minerals combine with oxygen
    Carbonation = CO2 + rain H2O = weak carbonic acid eats away at rock, poor rock, makes caves
    Biological Decay = decomposing plants, animals and insects release acids into the ground

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  • 31. 

    Horizons = Layers of Soil. What's missing?Topsoil = dark, organic nutrients _________ = Leached Minerals via H2OPartly Weathered BedrockBedrock

    • A.

      Subsoil

    • B.

      Narnian Soil

    • C.

      Bedrock

    • D.

      Undersoil

    • E.

      Bottomsoil

    Correct Answer
    A. Subsoil
    Explanation
    The missing term that completes the analogy is "Subsoil". The analogy compares "Topsoil" to "dark, organic nutrients", implying that topsoil is rich in organic matter. Similarly, the missing term is compared to "Leached Minerals via H2O", suggesting that subsoil is the layer of soil where minerals are leached or washed down through the soil profile by water. Therefore, "Subsoil" is the correct answer.

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  • 32. 

    Most of New York state is made up of what type of soil?

    • A.

      Residual soil

    • B.

      Transported soil

    • C.

      Mostly Residual soil, and some Transported soil

    • D.

      Mostly Transported soil, and only Residual soil upstate

    • E.

      Long Isalnd is made up of -- ROCKS.

    Correct Answer
    B. Transported soil
    Explanation
    Residual Soil = has never been moved by a weathering agent, therefore composition is the same as the bedrock
    Transported soil = has been moved by an erosional agent, therefore composition is different from the bedrock

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  • 33. 

    What factor doesn't have an affect on the rate of weathering?

    • A.

      Climate

    • B.

      Exposure to the elements

    • C.

      Strength of the minerals

    • D.

      Amount of surface area exposed

    • E.

      Colour

    Correct Answer
    E. Colour
    Explanation
    The color of a rock or mineral does not have an effect on the rate of weathering. Weathering is the process of breaking down rocks and minerals into smaller pieces through physical, chemical, or biological means. Factors such as climate, exposure to the elements, strength of the minerals, and amount of surface area exposed all play a role in the rate of weathering. However, the color of the rock or mineral does not impact this process.

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  • 34. 

    Which Erosional agent can crack a stone table?

    • A.

      Running Water

    • B.

      Wind

    • C.

      Glaciers

    • D.

      Gravity

    • E.

      Aslan

    Correct Answer
    E. Aslan
    Explanation
    Yeahhhh I really like Narnia incase you missed that memo

    Rate this question:

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 28, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Iamadinosaur
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