Test B- 24 Qs From EPPP Collection With An Intro

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Test B- 24 Qs From EPPP Collection With An Intro - Quiz

Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology Practice Quiz A
Welcome to the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology Practice Quiz by The EPPP Study Guy!
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  • 1. 

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  • 2. 

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  • 3. 

    _____ developed the theory of id, ego, and superego.

    • A.

      Sigmund Freud

    • B.

      B F Skinner

    • C.

      Carl Rogers

    • D.

      William James

    Correct Answer
    A. Sigmund Freud
    Explanation
    Sigmund Freud developed the theory of id, ego, and superego. He was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis. According to Freud's theory, the id represents the unconscious and instinctual drives, the ego represents the conscious and rational part of the mind, and the superego represents the internalized moral and societal values. Freud's theory had a significant impact on the field of psychology and continues to be influential in understanding human behavior and personality development.

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  • 4. 

    Carl Rogers is associated with _____ therapy.

    • A.

      Psychoanalysis

    • B.

      Behavior

    • C.

      Behavioral activation

    • D.

      Client centered

    Correct Answer
    D. Client centered
    Explanation
    Carl Rogers is associated with client-centered therapy. This approach, also known as person-centered therapy, emphasizes the importance of the therapeutic relationship and the client's subjective experience. Rogers believed that individuals have the capacity for self-understanding and personal growth, and that the therapist's role is to provide a supportive and nonjudgmental environment for clients to explore their feelings and experiences. In client-centered therapy, the focus is on the client's own goals and self-direction, rather than the therapist's interpretation or analysis.

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  • 5. 

    B F Skinner is associated with _____ therapy.

    • A.

      Client centered

    • B.

      Psychoanalysis

    • C.

      Behavior

    • D.

      Behavioral activation

    Correct Answer
    C. Behavior
    Explanation
    B.F. Skinner is associated with behavior therapy. Skinner was a psychologist known for his work in behaviorism, which emphasizes the importance of observable behaviors and the role of the environment in shaping those behaviors. Behavior therapy focuses on identifying and modifying maladaptive behaviors through techniques such as reinforcement, punishment, and conditioning. Skinner's research and theories greatly influenced the development of behavior therapy as a psychological treatment approach.

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  • 6. 

    Manifest coding is ...

    • A.

      When a researcher reads into the meaning of the content he is analyzing to get data.

    • B.

      When coding content is based on face-value rather the meaning.

    • C.

      When trying to prove causation, levels of data are mismatched and statistics are applied at one level to infer data of another level.

    • D.

      A logic error based on circular reasoning, i.e., something is true by definition, or true because the dependent variable is merely a restatement of the independent variable.

    Correct Answer
    B. When coding content is based on face-value rather the meaning.
    Explanation
    Manifest coding is when coding content is based on face-value rather than the meaning. This means that the researcher is only looking at the surface-level information and not trying to interpret or analyze the deeper meaning behind the content. This approach may result in missing important insights or nuances that can be found by delving deeper into the content. It is important for researchers to go beyond the surface and consider the underlying meaning of the data they are analyzing in order to obtain accurate and meaningful results.

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  • 7. 

    As opposed to industrial psychology, the approach of engineering psychology is to fit the _____ to the _____ .

    • A.

      Job, worker

    • B.

      Worker, job

    • C.

      Job, organization

    • D.

      Worker, organization

    Correct Answer
    A. Job, worker
    Explanation
    The approach of engineering psychology is to fit the job to the worker. This means that engineering psychology focuses on designing and adapting job tasks, environments, and technologies to match the abilities, skills, and characteristics of the individual worker. This approach aims to optimize worker performance, satisfaction, and well-being by ensuring that the job requirements are compatible with the worker's capabilities and needs.

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  • 8. 

    What is the key difference between facticious disorder and malingering?

    • A.

      Malingering is a subconscious process.

    • B.

      In malingering the person has something to gain.

    • C.

      Factitious disorder involves deception.

    • D.

      Factitious disorder involves secondary gain.

    Correct Answer
    B. In malingering the person has something to gain.
    Explanation
    The key difference between factitious disorder and malingering is that malingering involves a conscious process where the person feigns or exaggerates symptoms for personal gain. This could include avoiding work or legal responsibilities, obtaining financial compensation, or seeking drugs. On the other hand, factitious disorder involves a subconscious process where the person intentionally produces or feigns physical or psychological symptoms without any apparent external incentives. The motivation behind factitious disorder is to assume the sick role and receive attention or sympathy from others, known as secondary gain.

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  • 9. 

    According to Piaget, magical thinking, which is the belief that thinking about something will actually cause it to occur, is characteristic of the _____ stage of development.

    • A.

      Concrete operational

    • B.

      Sensorimotor

    • C.

      Preoperational

    • D.

      Formal operational

    Correct Answer
    C. Preoperational
    Explanation
    According to Piaget, magical thinking, which is the belief that thinking about something will actually cause it to occur, is characteristic of the preoperational stage of development. In this stage, children are not yet capable of logical reasoning and often rely on their imagination and perception to understand the world around them. They may believe that their thoughts and wishes have the power to make things happen, leading to magical thinking. This stage typically occurs between the ages of 2 and 7.

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  • 10. 

    An individual you come across says the following to you: “You know that smoodle pinkered and that I want to get him round and take care of him like you want before.” What disorder does he/she most likely have?

    • A.

      Wernicke's aphasia

    • B.

      Broca's aphasia

    • C.

      Expressive aphasia

    • D.

      Global aphasia

    Correct Answer
    A. Wernicke's aphasia
    Explanation
    The individual's statement is nonsensical and does not convey a clear message. This is a characteristic symptom of Wernicke's aphasia, which is a language disorder caused by damage to the Wernicke's area in the brain. People with Wernicke's aphasia often have difficulty understanding and producing meaningful speech, resulting in fluent but incomprehensible language.

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  • 11. 

    The statement, "If you clean your room, you will be able to go outside and play" is an example of which psychological principle?

    • A.

      Zeigarnik Effect

    • B.

      Premack Principle

    • C.

      Pleasure Principle

    • D.

      Reality Principle

    Correct Answer
    B. Premack Principle
    Explanation
    The Premack Principle suggests that if a person wants to perform a given activity, the person will perform a less desirable activity to get the more desirable activity. Essentially, activities become reinforcers. For example, a child will be more motivated to perform a particular activity if he/she knows that he/she will be able to partake of a more desirable activity as a consequence. If high-probability behaviors (e.g., playing) are made contingent upon lower-probability behaviors (e.g., cleaning), then the lower-probability behaviors are more likely to occur.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is not an antipyramidal symptom?

    • A.

      Parkinsonism

    • B.

      Tardive Dyskenesia

    • C.

      Blurred Vision

    • D.

      Acute Dystonia

    Correct Answer
    C. Blurred Vision
    Explanation
    Blurred vision is not an antipyramidal symptom. Antipyramidal symptoms are side effects of certain medications that affect the extrapyramidal system, which is responsible for motor control. Parkinsonism, Tardive Dyskinesia, and Acute Dystonia are all examples of antipyramidal symptoms characterized by movement disorders such as tremors, muscle stiffness, and involuntary movements. Blurred vision, on the other hand, is not directly related to motor control and is not typically associated with antipyramidal symptoms.

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  • 13. 

    Vision is processed in the _____ lobe, while problem solving is regulated by the _____ lobe.

    • A.

      Temporal, parietal

    • B.

      Frontal, occipital

    • C.

      Parietal, temporal

    • D.

      Occipital, frontal

    Correct Answer
    D. Occipital, frontal
    Explanation
    Vision is processed in the occipital lobe, which is located at the back of the brain. This lobe is responsible for receiving and interpreting visual information from the eyes. On the other hand, problem solving is regulated by the frontal lobe, which is located at the front of the brain. This lobe is involved in higher cognitive functions such as decision making, planning, and problem solving.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is not true about schizophrenia?

    • A.

      The onset is from 18 to 25 years of age for males.

    • B.

      The onset is from 25 to 35 years of age for females.

    • C.

      Females are slightly more likely to develop the disorder.

    • D.

      An afflicted individual is unlikely to have insight into his or her own condition.

    Correct Answer
    C. Females are slightly more likely to develop the disorder.
    Explanation
    Males are slightly more likely to develop the disorder.

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  • 15. 

    Which drug can be used to treat bipolar disorder?

    • A.

      Xanax

    • B.

      Risperdal

    • C.

      Seroquel

    • D.

      Lithium

    Correct Answer
    D. Lithium
    Explanation
    Lithium is the correct answer because it is a mood stabilizer commonly used to treat bipolar disorder. It helps to control the extreme shifts in mood, energy, and activity levels that are characteristic of bipolar disorder. Xanax is not typically used to treat bipolar disorder, as it is a medication primarily prescribed for anxiety disorders. Risperdal is an antipsychotic medication that may be used in some cases of bipolar disorder, but it is not the first-line treatment. Seroquel is another antipsychotic medication that may be used to treat bipolar disorder, but again, it is not the first-line treatment like lithium.

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  • 16. 

    A psychologist living in a rural area is approached by his child's dentist who states she is interested in beginning therapy to deal with the death of her husband. How should the psychologist proceed, while ensuring that he is acting in accordance with the APA ethics code?

    • A.

      The psychologist may choose to provide psychotherapy to the dentist as long as the multiple relationship that is created is not "reasonably expected to impair the psychologist's objectivity, competence, or effectiveness."

    • B.

      The psychologist may provide psychotherapy for the dentist, and also may suggest that they barter dental services for his child for psychotherapy services.

    • C.

      The psychologist has always liked the dentist, so he should provide psychotherapy services to her.

    • D.

      The psychologist should not provide psychotherapy services to the dentist because they have a prior business relationship.

    Correct Answer
    A. The psychologist may choose to provide psychotherapy to the dentist as long as the multiple relationship that is created is not "reasonably expected to impair the psychologist's objectivity, competence, or effectiveness."
    Explanation
    According to APA ethical standard 3.05(a), a psychologist may enter into a multiple relationship if the relationship is not "reasonably expected to impair the psychologist's objectivity, competence, or effectiveness in performing his or her functions as a psychologist..."

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  • 17. 

    Wernicke's aphasia is due to damage in which lobe?

    • A.

      Right Temporal

    • B.

      Left Temporal

    • C.

      Right Parietal

    • D.

      Left Parietal

    Correct Answer
    B. Left Temporal
    Explanation
    Receptive aphasia (Wernicke's) is associated with damage to the medial temporal lobe and underlying white matter of the dominant hemisphere (for most people, this is the left hemisphere).

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  • 18. 

    An advantage of using MANOVA over multiple one-way ANOVA is that it reduces the ___ .

    • A.

      Experiment-wise error rate

    • B.

      Dependent variable

    • C.

      Level of significance

    • D.

      Mean

    Correct Answer
    A. Experiment-wise error rate
    Explanation
    Unlike ANOVA, MANOVA uses the variance-covariance between variables in testing the statistical significance of the mean differences.

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  • 19. 

    There are three ways to measure Central Tendency: the Mean, the Median and the Mode. The median is ...

    • A.

      Less sensitive to extreme scores than the mean.

    • B.

      The middle number when scores are ordered.

    • C.

      Sensitive to extreme values and highly skewed distributions.

    • D.

      The most frequently occurring number.

    Correct Answer
    B. The middle number when scores are ordered.
    Explanation
    The Median is the middle number in a set of ordered numbers.

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  • 20. 

    The _____ principle states that a behavior that occurs frequently can be used to reinforce and thereby increase the occurrence of a low-frequency behavior.

    • A.

      Contingency

    • B.

      Avoidance

    • C.

      Reinforcement

    • D.

      Premack

    Correct Answer
    D. Premack
    Explanation
    The Premack Principle (i.e., relativity theory of reinforcement) states that more probable behaviors reinforce less probable behaviors.

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  • 21. 

    Which neurotransmitter is implicated in both Tourette's Syndrome and Parkinson's Disease?

    • A.

      Serotonin

    • B.

      Norepinephrine

    • C.

      Dopamine

    • D.

      GABA

    Correct Answer
    C. Dopamine
    Explanation
    A depletion of dopamine in the substantia nigra is implicated in the motor symptoms (tremor, loss of balance, etc.) associated with Parkinson's Disease. An excess of dopamine is implicated in the involutary motor symptoms (i.e., tics) in Tourette's Syndrome.

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  • 22. 

    A 29-year old client of yours is currently the defendant in a court case. The client's attorney contacts you, requesting that you provide her with some information about the client from your files and states that the information will be helpful in preparing the client's defense. What should you do?

    • A.

      You should help your client by sending the client's file to her attorney.

    • B.

      You should refuse to send the information from your client's file to her attorney.

    • C.

      You should provide the information to the attorney verbally "off the record."

    • D.

      You should discuss a release of information with your client before taking any additional action.

    Correct Answer
    D. You should discuss a release of information with your client before taking any additional action.
    Explanation
    It is possible that privilege is waived in the situation, but even so, you should discuss the release of this confidential information with your client. Most likely, you should obtain a release of information in order to provide the information to the client's attorney.

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  • 23. 

    Who was the founder of behaviorism?

    • A.

      John Watson

    • B.

      B F Skinner

    • C.

      Sigmund Freud

    • D.

      Carl Rogers

    Correct Answer
    A. John Watson
    Explanation
    John Watson is considered the founder of behaviorism. He believed that psychology should focus on observable behaviors rather than subjective experiences. Watson conducted the famous "Little Albert" experiment, which demonstrated that fear could be conditioned in humans through classical conditioning. He emphasized the importance of environmental factors in shaping behavior and believed that behavior could be predicted and controlled through scientific principles. Watson's ideas had a significant influence on the field of psychology and laid the foundation for behaviorism as a major school of thought.

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  • 24. 

    Which system would include a child's family in Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory?

    • A.

      Chronosystem

    • B.

      Mesosystem

    • C.

      Microsystem

    • D.

      Exosystem

    Correct Answer
    C. Microsystem
    Explanation
    Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory emphasizes the importance of the microsystem, which refers to the immediate environment in which a child lives and interacts daily. This includes the child's family, friends, school, and other significant relationships. The microsystem plays a crucial role in shaping the child's development and provides the most direct and immediate influence on their life. Therefore, including a child's family in Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory aligns with the concept of the microsystem.

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  • 25. 

    A girl asks her mother for help reading piano music. The mother replies "Sure, I'd be happy to help you." According to the theory of transactional analysis, what type of communication exchange is this?

    • A.

      Complementary

    • B.

      Scripted

    • C.

      Ulterior

    • D.

      Crossed

    Correct Answer
    A. Complementary
    Explanation
    According to Transactional Analysis, transactions refer to communication exchanges between people. Complementary transactions involve the original communication (in this case the girl asking her mother for help) being met with an appropiate response (the mother agreeing to help her daughter).

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  • 26. 

    Women are at higher risk for divorce if they bear a child within _____ of marriage.

    • A.

      One year

    • B.

      One month

    • C.

      Seven months

    • D.

      Five years

    Correct Answer
    C. Seven months
    Explanation
    Rigid boundaries act to clearly establish boundaries and roles in an system that has previous lacked clarity of roles and boundaries.

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