Clinical Chapter 4-2: Quiz 4 Multiple Choice

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Quizzes Created: 42 | Total Attempts: 13,563
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The ___ plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions.

    • A.

      Midsagittal

    • B.

      Frontal

    • C.

      Coronal

    • D.

      Transverse

    Correct Answer
    D. Transverse
    Explanation
    The transverse plane is a horizontal plane that divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions. This plane is perpendicular to the sagittal and frontal planes, and it is commonly used in medical imaging to obtain cross-sectional views of the body. The midsagittal plane divides the body into left and right halves, the frontal plane divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions, and the coronal plane is another term for the frontal plane.

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  • 2. 

    The ___ cavity is the space in the skull containing the brain.

    • A.

      Cranial

    • B.

      Thoracic

    • C.

      Abdominal

    • D.

      Spinal

    Correct Answer
    A. Cranial
    Explanation
    The correct answer is cranial because the cranial cavity is the space in the skull that houses the brain. This cavity provides protection to the brain and is surrounded by the bones of the skull. The cranial cavity also contains other structures such as the meninges and cerebrospinal fluid, which further support and protect the brain.

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  • 3. 

    In the anatomical position, the palms are ___.

    • A.

      To the middle

    • B.

      To the front

    • C.

      To the back

    • D.

      To the side

    Correct Answer
    B. To the front
    Explanation
    In the anatomical position, the palms are facing forward. This means that when the body is in the standard anatomical position, with the arms at the sides and the palms facing forward, the palms are oriented towards the front of the body. This position is commonly used as a reference point in anatomy and allows for consistent descriptions and understanding of the body's structures and movements.

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  • 4. 

    The ___, or frontal, plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions.

    • A.

      Horizontal

    • B.

      Midsagittal

    • C.

      Coronal

    • D.

      Transverse

    Correct Answer
    C. Coronal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is coronal. The coronal plane, also known as the frontal plane, is a vertical plane that divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions. This plane is perpendicular to both the sagittal and transverse planes.

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  • 5. 

    The ___ plane vertically divides the body as it passes through the midline, to form a right and left half.

    • A.

      Transverse

    • B.

      Midsagittal

    • C.

      Coronal

    • D.

      Horizontal

    Correct Answer
    B. Midsagittal
    Explanation
    The midsagittal plane is the correct answer because it is the plane that divides the body into equal right and left halves as it passes through the midline. This plane is also known as the median plane or midline plane. It is important in anatomical and medical studies as it allows for the examination and analysis of structures and organs in relation to their symmetry and midline position.

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  • 6. 

    Which term means towards the back?

    • A.

      Anterior

    • B.

      Ventral

    • C.

      Posterior

    • D.

      Distal

    Correct Answer
    C. Posterior
    Explanation
    The term "posterior" means towards the back. It is the opposite of "anterior," which means towards the front. "Ventral" refers to the belly or underside of an organism, and "distal" means further away from the point of reference. Therefore, the correct answer is "posterior" as it specifically indicates the direction towards the back.

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  • 7. 

    Which term means pertaining to the front side of the body, abdomen, and belly surface?

    • A.

      Distal

    • B.

      Posterior

    • C.

      Dorsal

    • D.

      Ventral

    Correct Answer
    D. Ventral
    Explanation
    The term "ventral" means pertaining to the front side of the body, abdomen, and belly surface. It is the opposite of "dorsal," which refers to the back side of the body. "Distal" refers to a location away from the center of the body or a point of reference, while "posterior" refers to the back side of the body or a structure. Therefore, the correct answer is "ventral" as it specifically describes the front side of the body, abdomen, and belly surface.

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  • 8. 

    In the term medial, the root "medi" means ___.

    • A.

      Medical

    • B.

      Toward the middle

    • C.

      Organic

    • D.

      Internal

    Correct Answer
    B. Toward the middle
    Explanation
    The term "medial" refers to something that is positioned or directed towards the middle. The root "medi" in this term means "middle" or "center". Therefore, the correct answer is "toward the middle".

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  • 9. 

    A transverse plane divides the body into ___.

    • A.

      Lateral and medial

    • B.

      Anterior and posterior

    • C.

      Right and left halves

    • D.

      Superior and inferior

    Correct Answer
    D. Superior and inferior
    Explanation
    A transverse plane is a horizontal plane that divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions. This means that the correct answer is "superior and inferior."

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  • 10. 

    In the thoracic cavity, the space containing the heart is known as the ___

    • A.

      Abdominal cavity

    • B.

      Pleural cavity

    • C.

      Ventral cavity

    • D.

      Pericardial cavity

    Correct Answer
    D. Pericardial cavity
    Explanation
    The pericardial cavity is the correct answer because it is the space within the thoracic cavity that contains the heart. It is a small, fluid-filled space that surrounds the heart and protects it from friction and trauma. The other options, such as the abdominal cavity, pleural cavity, and ventral cavity, do not specifically refer to the space containing the heart in the thoracic cavity.

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  • 11. 

    The term used to describe being the farthest from the center is ___.

    • A.

      Supine

    • B.

      Distal

    • C.

      Dorsal

    • D.

      Proximal

    Correct Answer
    B. Distal
    Explanation
    The term "distal" is used to describe being the farthest from the center. It is commonly used in medical and anatomical contexts to indicate the position of a body part or structure that is located away from the point of reference or origin. In this case, "distal" refers to being farthest from the center, suggesting that it is the correct answer for the given question.

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  • 12. 

    The upper right region at the level of the ninth rib cartilage is known as the ___.

    • A.

      Hypogastric

    • B.

      Right hypochondriac

    • C.

      Right lumbar

    • D.

      Right illiac

    Correct Answer
    B. Right hypochondriac
    Explanation
    The upper right region at the level of the ninth rib cartilage is known as the right hypochondriac region. This region is located below the right rib cage and is part of the abdominal area.

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  • 13. 

    Which term is the MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the term “dorsal”?

    • A.

      Anterior

    • B.

      Ventral

    • C.

      Posterior

    • D.

      Inferior

    Correct Answer
    C. Posterior
    Explanation
    The term "dorsal" refers to the back or upper side of an organism. Similarly, the term "posterior" refers to the back or rear side of an organism. Therefore, "posterior" is the most similar in meaning to "dorsal".

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  • 14. 

    Which pair of terms is the MOST SIMILAR in meaning?

    • A.

      Inferior; superior

    • B.

      Bilateral; ambilateral

    • C.

      Proximal; lateral

    • D.

      Topical; superficial

    Correct Answer
    B. Bilateral; ambilateral
    Explanation
    The terms "bilateral" and "ambilateral" are the most similar in meaning as they both refer to something that occurs on or affects both sides. "Bilateral" specifically means occurring on or involving both sides, while "ambilateral" means capable of occurring on either side. Therefore, both terms convey the idea of something being present or happening on both sides.

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  • 15. 

    If a patient complains of a pulled groin muscle, how would this location be described in a medical chart?

    • A.

      Inguinal

    • B.

      Dorsal

    • C.

      Proximal

    • D.

      Visceral

    Correct Answer
    A. Inguinal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "inguinal" because the term "inguinal" refers to the groin area in medical terminology. The groin is the area between the abdomen and thigh, and a pulled groin muscle typically occurs in this region. Therefore, if a patient complains of a pulled groin muscle, this location would be described as "inguinal" in a medical chart.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is NOT true of dissection?

    • A.

      It is a useful tool for students and specialists in anatomy

    • B.

      A lot can be learned about the structure of the human body

    • C.

      It is the process of cutting the body apart

    • D.

      It is the process of taking samples for analysis

    Correct Answer
    D. It is the process of taking samples for analysis
    Explanation
    Dissection is a useful tool for students and specialists in anatomy as it allows them to learn about the structure of the human body by cutting it apart. However, it is not the process of taking samples for analysis. Dissection involves the systematic cutting and examination of the body, whereas taking samples for analysis refers to the process of collecting small portions of tissue or fluid for further investigation.

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  • 17. 

    Which terms are MOST SIMILAR in meaning?

    • A.

      Internal; center

    • B.

      Dorsal; ventral

    • C.

      Ambilateral; topical

    • D.

      Inferior; posterior

    Correct Answer
    A. Internal; center
    Explanation
    The terms "internal" and "center" are most similar in meaning because they both refer to something being located or situated inside or at the middle of something. "Internal" refers to the inside or inner part of something, while "center" refers to the middle or central point of something. Therefore, these terms share a similar concept of being positioned within or at the middle of something.

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  • 18. 

    Which term is LEAST related to the others in meaning?

    • A.

      Apex

    • B.

      Base

    • C.

      Vertex

    • D.

      Horizontal

    Correct Answer
    D. Horizontal
    Explanation
    The terms apex, base, and vertex are all related to geometry and refer to different points or positions in a shape or object. However, the term horizontal is unrelated to geometry and refers to a direction or position that is parallel to the horizon or perpendicular to the vertical. Therefore, horizontal is the least related term in meaning to the others.

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  • 19. 

    If a person fractures the coccyx, which is commonly referred to as the “tail bone,” which term would BEST describe the location of the fracture?

    • A.

      Proximal

    • B.

      Anterior

    • C.

      Caudal

    • D.

      Ventral

    Correct Answer
    C. Caudal
    Explanation
    The term "caudal" refers to the direction towards the tail or the lower end of the spine. Therefore, if a person fractures their coccyx, which is commonly known as the "tail bone," the term "caudal" would best describe the location of the fracture.

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  • 20. 

    A rash is typically found on the surface of the skin. What term would BEST describe the location?

    • A.

      Superficial

    • B.

      Superior

    • C.

      Topical

    • D.

      Inguinal

    Correct Answer
    A. Superficial
    Explanation
    The term "superficial" best describes the location of a rash because it refers to something that is located on or near the surface of the skin. The other options, "superior," "topical," and "inguinal," do not specifically relate to the location of a rash on the skin.

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  • 21. 

    If a disease is labeled as systemic, what does that mean?

    • A.

      It pertains to the surface

    • B.

      It pertains to a place as a whole

    • C.

      It pertains to one side

    • D.

      It pertains to the back part of a structure

    Correct Answer
    B. It pertains to a place as a whole
    Explanation
    If a disease is labeled as systemic, it means that it pertains to a place as a whole. Systemic diseases affect the entire body or multiple organs rather than being localized to a specific area or surface. These diseases often involve the circulatory or immune systems and can have widespread effects on various parts of the body.

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  • 22. 

    If a patient was complaining of pain within the organs on both sides of the abdomen, which pair of terms would be MOST appropriate to describe the location of the pain?

    • A.

      Topical inguinal

    • B.

      Ambilateral visceral

    • C.

      Bilateral inguinal

    • D.

      Medial visceral

    Correct Answer
    B. Ambilateral visceral
    Explanation
    The term "ambilateral" means affecting both sides, while "visceral" refers to the organs within the body. Therefore, the term "ambilateral visceral" would be the most appropriate to describe the location of the pain in this case, as it indicates that the pain is affecting both sides of the abdomen and is related to the organs. The other options, "topical inguinal," "bilateral inguinal," and "medial visceral," do not accurately describe the location or nature of the pain.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 13, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Awest
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