Neurotransmitters Trivia Quiz Questions!

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Neurotransmitters Trivia Quiz Questions! - Quiz

1. Acetylchlorine (Ach)- Voluntary motor control, memory, regulation of attention, learning, and sleeping2. Dopamine (DA)- motor behavior, motivation, pleasure, and emotional arousal3. Serotonin (5-HT)- Sleep and wakefulness, eating, and aggressive behavior4. Norepinephrine (NE)- mood and arousal5. Glutamate- Major excitatory neurotransmitter6. GABA- major inhibitory neurotransmitter7. Endorphins- Chemicals that act within pain pathways Read moreand emotion centers of the brain


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is one of the functions of Acetylchlorine? 

    • A.

      Memory

    • B.

      Major inhibitory neurotransmitter

    • C.

      Mood

    • D.

      Chemicals that act within pain pathways and emotion centers of the brain

    • E.

      motivation

    Correct Answer
    A. Memory
    Explanation
    Acetylcholine is one of the neurotransmitters in the brain that plays a crucial role in memory formation and retrieval. It is involved in the communication between neurons and is particularly important for learning and memory processes. Acetylcholine helps in the consolidation of information and the formation of new memories, as well as in the retrieval of previously stored memories. Therefore, one of the functions of acetylcholine is indeed related to memory.

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  • 2. 

    What is one of the functions of Dopamine? 

    • A.

      Major excitatory neurotransmitter

    • B.

      Arousal

    • C.

      Sleeping

    • D.

      Motor behavior

    • E.

      Learning

    Correct Answer
    D. Motor behavior
    Explanation
    Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that plays a crucial role in regulating motor behavior. It is involved in coordinating and controlling movements, such as voluntary movements and muscle contractions. Dopamine helps transmit signals between nerve cells in the brain that are responsible for initiating and controlling motor actions. Dysfunction in the dopamine system can lead to movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, where there is a decrease in dopamine levels. Therefore, motor behavior is one of the functions of dopamine.

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  • 3. 

    What is one of the functions of Endorphin? 

    • A.

      Major excitatory neurotransmitter

    • B.

      Motivation

    • C.

      Arousal

    • D.

      Chemicals that act within pain pathways

    • E.

      regulation of attention

    Correct Answer
    D. Chemicals that act within pain pathways
    Explanation
    Endorphins are chemicals that act within pain pathways. They are neurotransmitters produced by the body that help to alleviate pain and promote feelings of pleasure and well-being. When released, endorphins bind to opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord, blocking pain signals and reducing discomfort. This function of endorphins is essential for the body's natural pain management system and is why they are often referred to as the body's natural painkillers.

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  • 4. 

    What is one of the functions of GABA? 

    • A.

      Chemicals that act within pain pathways and emotion centers of the brain

    • B.

      Aggressive behavior

    • C.

      Wakefulness

    • D.

      Major excitatory neurotransmitter

    • E.

      Major inhibitory neurotransmitter

    Correct Answer
    E. Major inhibitory neurotransmitter
    Explanation
    GABA is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. It functions by reducing the activity of neurons and inhibiting their ability to send signals. This helps to regulate and balance the overall excitability of the brain, preventing excessive neuronal activity and promoting relaxation. GABA is involved in various processes such as reducing anxiety, promoting sleep, and regulating muscle tone. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the overall balance and stability of the brain's activity.

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  • 5. 

    What is one of the functions of Serotonin?

    • A.

      Learning

    • B.

      Major excitatory neurotransmitter

    • C.

      Major inhibitory neurotransmitter

    • D.

      Sleep and wakefulness

    • E.

      Chemicals that act within pain pathways and emotion centers of the brain

    Correct Answer
    D. Sleep and wakefulness
    Explanation
    Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is involved in regulating sleep and wakefulness. It helps to regulate the sleep-wake cycle by promoting wakefulness during the day and inducing sleep at night. Serotonin levels tend to be higher during wakefulness and lower during sleep. Therefore, one of the functions of serotonin is to play a role in the regulation of sleep and wakefulness patterns.

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  • 6. 

    What is one of the functions of Norepinephrine?

    • A.

      Sleeping

    • B.

      Eating

    • C.

      Major inhibitory neurotransmitter

    • D.

      Mood

    • E.

      Major excitatory neurotransmitter

    Correct Answer
    D. Mood
    Explanation
    Norepinephrine is a neurotransmitter that plays a significant role in regulating mood. It is involved in the body's stress response and helps to regulate emotions, motivation, and attention. Norepinephrine levels can impact mood disorders such as depression and anxiety. Therefore, one of the functions of norepinephrine is to regulate mood.

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  • 7. 

    What is one of the functions of Serotonin?

    • A.

      Aggressive behavior

    • B.

      Chemicals that act within pain pathways and emotion centers of the brain

    • C.

      Pleasure

    • D.

      Major excitatory neurotransmitter

    • E.

      Sleeping

    Correct Answer
    A. Aggressive behavior
    Explanation
    Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that plays a role in regulating mood, emotions, and behavior. It is known to have an inhibitory effect on aggression and is often referred to as the "feel-good" neurotransmitter. Low levels of serotonin have been linked to increased aggression and impulsive behavior, while higher levels are associated with a more calm and content state. Therefore, one of the functions of serotonin is to regulate aggressive behavior.

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  • 8. 

    What is one of the functions of Glutemate?

    • A.

      Sleeping

    • B.

      Major excitatory neurotransmitter

    • C.

      Chemicals that act within pain pathways and emotion centers of the brain

    • D.

      Eating

    • E.

      Pleasure

    Correct Answer
    B. Major excitatory neurotransmitter
    Explanation
    Glutamate is one of the major excitatory neurotransmitters in the brain. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that transmit signals between nerve cells, and glutamate specifically plays a crucial role in promoting communication between neurons. It is involved in various physiological processes, such as learning, memory, and cognition. Glutamate also plays a role in pain pathways and emotion centers of the brain, as well as regulating appetite and pleasure.

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  • 9. 

    What is one of the functions of Dopamine?

    • A.

      Major inhibitory neurotransmitter

    • B.

      Sleeping

    • C.

      Motivation

    • D.

      Major excitatory neurotransmitter

    • E.

      Emotional arousal

    Correct Answer
    E. Emotional arousal
    Explanation
    Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that plays a crucial role in regulating emotional arousal. It is involved in the brain's reward and pleasure centers, influencing motivation, and reinforcing certain behaviors. Dopamine release is linked to feelings of pleasure, excitement, and anticipation, which are all aspects of emotional arousal. Therefore, emotional arousal is one of the functions of dopamine.

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  • 10. 

    What is one of the functions of Norepinephrine?

    • A.

      Arousal

    • B.

      Chemicals that act within pain pathways and emotion centers of the brain

    • C.

      Pleasure

    • D.

      Memory

    • E.

      Sleeping

    Correct Answer
    A. Arousal
    Explanation
    Norepinephrine is a neurotransmitter that plays a crucial role in the body's stress response and alertness. It is involved in regulating arousal, which refers to a state of heightened alertness, wakefulness, and attention. Norepinephrine helps to increase heart rate, blood pressure, and blood flow to muscles, preparing the body for action. Therefore, arousal is one of the functions of norepinephrine.

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  • 11. 

    What is one of the functions of Acetychlorine?

    • A.

      Learning

    • B.

      Arousal

    • C.

      Chemicals that act within pain pathways

    • D.

      Major inhibitory neurotransmitter

    • E.

      Pleasure

    Correct Answer
    A. Learning
    Explanation
    Acetylcholine is one of the key neurotransmitters involved in learning and memory processes. It plays a crucial role in facilitating the formation and consolidation of new memories, as well as in the retrieval of previously stored information. Acetylcholine is released in various brain regions, including the hippocampus, which is known to be important for learning and memory. Therefore, its function in the brain is closely associated with the process of learning.

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  • 12. 

    What is one of the functions of Acetychlorine?

    • A.

      Motivation

    • B.

      Voluntary motor control

    • C.

      Arousal

    • D.

      Eating

    • E.

      Chemicals that act within pain pathways

    Correct Answer
    B. Voluntary motor control
    Explanation
    Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter that plays a crucial role in the central and peripheral nervous systems. One of its functions is to regulate voluntary motor control. It is responsible for transmitting signals from motor neurons to muscles, allowing us to consciously control our movements. Without acetylcholine, our ability to perform voluntary actions, such as walking or talking, would be impaired. Therefore, voluntary motor control is one of the functions of acetylcholine.

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  • 13. 

    What is one of the functions of Acetychlorine?

    • A.

      Chemicals that act within pain pathways and emotion centers of the brain

    • B.

      Pleasure

    • C.

      Mood

    • D.

      Sleeping

    Correct Answer
    D. Sleeping
    Explanation
    Acetychlorine is a neurotransmitter that plays a crucial role in regulating sleep. It helps in promoting the transition from wakefulness to sleep by inhibiting the activity of certain brain regions responsible for arousal and wakefulness. Therefore, one of the functions of Acetychlorine is to facilitate and regulate the process of sleeping.

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  • 14. 

    What is one of the functions of Serotonin?

    • A.

      Sleeping

    • B.

      Eating

    • C.

      Motivation

    • D.

      Major excitatory neurotransmitter

    • E.

      Memory

    Correct Answer
    B. Eating
    Explanation
    Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that regulates various bodily functions, including appetite and digestion. It plays a role in signaling feelings of fullness and satisfaction after eating, thus influencing eating behavior. Serotonin also helps to regulate mood and emotions, which can indirectly affect eating habits. Therefore, one of the functions of serotonin is to regulate eating.

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  • 15. 

    What is one of the functions of Dopamine?

    • A.

      Mood

    • B.

      Chemicals that act within pain pathways and emotion centers of the brain

    • C.

      Major excitatory neurotransmitter

    • D.

      Motivation

    • E.

      Sleeping

    Correct Answer
    D. Motivation
    Explanation
    Dopamine is one of the neurotransmitters in the brain that plays a role in motivation. It is involved in the brain's reward system and helps to regulate and drive behavior related to seeking rewards and achieving goals. Dopamine is released when we experience pleasure or receive a reward, and it motivates us to repeat those behaviors. Therefore, one of the functions of dopamine is to regulate motivation.

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  • 16. 

    What is one of the functions of Dopamine?

    • A.

      Eating

    • B.

      Memory

    • C.

      Pleasure

    • D.

      Sleeping

    • E.

      Arousal

    Correct Answer
    C. Pleasure
    Explanation
    One of the primary functions of dopamine, a neurotransmitter in the brain, is related to pleasure. Dopamine plays a crucial role in the brain's reward system; it is released during pleasurable situations and stimulates one to seek out the pleasurable activity or occupation. This neurotransmitter helps regulate movement, attention, learning, and emotional responses. It also enables us not only to see rewards but to take action to move toward them.

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  • 17. 

    What is one of the functions of Endorphins?

    • A.

      Regulating body temperature

    • B.

      Enhancing memory function

    • C.

      Sleeping

    • D.

      Emotion centers of the brain

    • E.

      Controlling blood sugar levels

    Correct Answer
    D. Emotion centers of the brain
    Explanation
    Endorphins are chemicals produced by the body that act as natural painkillers and mood boosters. They are primarily known for their role in regulating emotions and are often referred to as the "feel-good" neurotransmitters. Endorphins bind to specific receptors in the brain, particularly in the emotion centers, and help to reduce stress, improve mood, and promote feelings of pleasure and well-being.

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  • 18. 

    What neurotransmitter is associated with Parkinson's disease?

    • A.

      Norepinephrine

    • B.

      Serotonin

    • C.

      Dopamine

    • D.

      Endorphins

    • E.

      GABA

    Correct Answer
    C. Dopamine
    Explanation
    Dopamine is the correct answer because it is the neurotransmitter that is primarily associated with Parkinson's disease. Parkinson's disease is characterized by a loss of dopamine-producing cells in the brain, leading to a decrease in dopamine levels. Dopamine is involved in controlling movement and coordination, and its deficiency in Parkinson's disease results in the motor symptoms associated with the condition, such as tremors, stiffness, and difficulty with balance and coordination.

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  • 19. 

    What neurotransmitter is associated with Alzheimer's disease?

    • A.

      Acetylcholine

    • B.

      Serotonin

    • C.

      GABA

    • D.

      Dopamine

    • E.

      Glutamate

    Correct Answer
    A. Acetylcholine
    Explanation
    Acetylcholine is the correct answer because it has been found that Alzheimer's disease is associated with a deficiency of this neurotransmitter in the brain. Acetylcholine is involved in various cognitive functions such as memory and learning, and its decrease in Alzheimer's patients contributes to the cognitive decline and memory loss characteristic of the disease. This neurotransmitter is targeted by medications used to treat Alzheimer's disease, aiming to increase its levels and improve cognitive function.

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  • 20. 

    What neurotransmitter is associated with mood disorders?

    • A.

      Acetychlorine

    • B.

      GABA

    • C.

      Serotonin

    • D.

      Dopamine

    • E.

      Norepinephrine

    Correct Answer
    E. Norepinephrine
    Explanation
    Norepinephrine is associated with mood disorders. It is a neurotransmitter that plays a role in regulating mood, stress response, and arousal. Imbalances in norepinephrine levels have been linked to conditions such as depression and anxiety.

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  • 21. 

    What neurotransmitter is associated with runner's high?

    • A.

      GABA

    • B.

      Dopamine

    • C.

      Endorphins

    • D.

      Acetychlorine

    • E.

      Norepinephrine

    Correct Answer
    C. Endorphins
    Explanation
    Endorphins are the neurotransmitters associated with runner's high. During intense exercise, endorphins are released in the brain, creating a feeling of euphoria and reducing pain perception. This natural high is often experienced by long-distance runners or individuals engaged in rigorous physical activities. GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that helps regulate brain activity, dopamine is associated with pleasure and reward, acetylcholine is involved in muscle movement and cognitive function, and norepinephrine is responsible for the body's fight-or-flight response. However, endorphins are specifically linked to the phenomenon of runner's high.

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  • 22. 

    What neurotransmitter is associated with anxiety disorders?

    • A.

      GABA

    • B.

      Dopamine

    • C.

      Glutemate

    • D.

      Acetychlorine

    • E.

      Serotonin

    Correct Answer
    A. GABA
    Explanation
    GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) is the correct answer because it is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that helps to regulate and reduce brain activity. Low levels of GABA have been associated with anxiety disorders, as it plays a role in calming the nervous system. Therefore, an imbalance or deficiency of GABA can contribute to the development of anxiety disorders.

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  • 23. 

    What neurotransmitter is associated with insominia?

    • A.

      Dopamine

    • B.

      Norepinephrine

    • C.

      GABA

    • D.

      Glutemate

    • E.

      Serotonin

    Correct Answer
    E. Serotonin
    Explanation
    Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that regulates sleep, mood, and appetite. It plays a crucial role in promoting sleep and regulating the sleep-wake cycle. Low levels of serotonin have been associated with insomnia, a sleep disorder characterized by difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. Therefore, serotonin is the neurotransmitter associated with insomnia.

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  • 24. 

    What neurotransmitter is associated with seizures?

    • A.

      Serotonin

    • B.

      Acetylcholine

    • C.

      Dopamine

    • D.

      Glutamate

    • E.

      GABA

    Correct Answer
    D. Glutamate
    Explanation
    Glutamate is the correct answer because it is the primary excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain. It plays a crucial role in the communication between neurons and is involved in various brain functions, including learning, memory, and the regulation of seizures. Excessive glutamate activity can lead to an imbalance between excitation and inhibition, which can trigger seizures. Therefore, glutamate is closely associated with seizures. It's worth noting that GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that counteracts the effects of excitatory neurotransmitters like glutamate. Imbalances between excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters, including decreased GABA activity, are also associated with seizures.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • May 24, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 15, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Dpoon33
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