# NCIDQ Review #2 Sample Questions

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Chapters 5, 21, 23, 26 were my assigned Review Chapters for Review #2

• 1.

### When creating a drawings that will be used for reproduction in a magazine, it is best to use

• A.

An architectâ€™s scale

• B.

An engineerâ€™s scale

• C.

A graphic scale

• D.

A metric scale

C. A graphic scale
Explanation
When creating drawings that will be used for reproduction in a magazine, it is best to use a graphic scale. A graphic scale is a visual representation of measurement that is included in the drawing itself. It allows the reader to easily understand the size and proportions of the objects depicted in the drawing. This is particularly important in a magazine where the drawings may be reproduced at different sizes, and a graphic scale ensures that the proportions remain accurate regardless of the size of the reproduction.

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• 2.

### A quick-sketch perspective drawing could most easily be made by

• A.

Employing a computer model

• B.

Plotting the perspective

• C.

Tracing over a model photograph

• D.

Using a perspective grid

D. Using a perspective grid
Explanation
A perspective grid is a tool that helps artists create accurate perspective in their drawings. It consists of a series of intersecting lines that represent the vanishing points and horizon line. By using a perspective grid, an artist can easily establish the correct proportions and depth in their drawing. This method is particularly useful for quick-sketch perspective drawings as it provides a framework to guide the placement of objects and ensure accurate perspective representation.

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• 3.

### The primary advantage of an oblique drawing is that

• A.

It shows the most realistic view of an object

• B.

All three axes are drawn at the same scale

• C.

Existing orthographic drawings can be used as a starting point

• D.

It shows foreshortened lines and planes accurately

C. Existing orthographic drawings can be used as a starting point
Explanation
An oblique drawing has the primary advantage of being able to use existing orthographic drawings as a starting point. This means that the oblique drawing can be created based on the already established dimensions and proportions from the orthographic drawings, saving time and effort in the design process. By using the orthographic drawings as a reference, the oblique drawing can maintain accuracy and consistency with the original design.

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• 4.

• A.

An addendum is sent only to the contractor requesting the clarification

• B.

Addenda are only issued before the construction contract is signed

• C.

Addenda are used to modify or interpret the contract documents

• D.

An addendum must be issued four or five days before bid opening

A. An addendum is sent only to the contractor requesting the clarification
Explanation
The statement that an addendum is sent only to the contractor requesting clarification is false. Addenda can be sent to all parties involved in the construction project, including contractors, subcontractors, and architects. Addenda are used to provide additional information, clarify specifications, or make changes to the contract documents. They can be issued at any point during the project, not just before the construction contract is signed. The timing of when an addendum must be issued before bid opening can vary depending on the specific project and contract requirements.

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• 5.

### Bid openings are typically attended by the contractors and the

• A.

Owner

• B.

Interior designer

• C.

Owner and interior designer

• D.

Subcontractors, owner and interior designer

C. Owner and interior designer
Explanation
The correct answer is "Owner and interior designer". Bid openings are usually attended by the contractors who have submitted their bids, as well as the owner and interior designer who are responsible for selecting the winning bid. The owner and interior designer need to be present to review the bids, ask any clarifying questions, and ultimately make a decision on which contractor to hire for the project. The subcontractors may not be present at the bid opening, as they are typically hired by the selected contractor after the bidding process is complete.

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• 6.

### For a client who wants to hire the best contractor for a project a the best price and limit potentially nonqualified companies, the interior designer should suggest

• A.

An invitation to bid

• B.

• C.

Prequalification of bidders

• D.

A negotiated contract

C. Prequalification of bidders
Explanation
Prequalification of bidders is the suggested option for the interior designer to limit potentially nonqualified companies and ensure that the client hires the best contractor for the project at the best price. By prequalifying bidders, the interior designer can assess their qualifications, experience, and financial stability before inviting them to bid on the project. This process helps to filter out unqualified contractors and ensures that only the most suitable and capable ones are considered for the project.

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• 7.

### The requirements for how bidders should propose a substitution is found in the

• A.

• B.

Bidding procedures

• C.

Instructions to bidders

• D.

General conditions

C. Instructions to bidders
Explanation
The correct answer is "Instructions to bidders" because this document provides detailed guidelines and instructions to potential bidders on how to submit their proposals, including any substitutions they wish to propose. It outlines the specific requirements and procedures that bidders should follow when making substitutions, ensuring that all bids are submitted in a standardized and organized manner. The Instructions to bidders serve as a crucial reference for bidders to understand the expectations and requirements set by the contracting authority.

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• 8.

### Which of the following scales should NEVER be used for interior design construction drawings?

• A.

1/8 in = 1 ft

• B.

3/16 in = 1 ft

• C.

Â¾ in = 1 ft

• D.

1 in = 1 ft

B. 3/16 in = 1 ft
Explanation
The scale 3/16 in = 1 ft should never be used for interior design construction drawings because it is not a commonly used scale in the field. Standard scales for interior design construction drawings typically include 1/8 in = 1 ft, 1/4 in = 1 ft, and 1/2 in = 1 ft. The scale 3/16 in = 1 ft is not a standard scale and may cause confusion or inaccuracies in the drawings.

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• 9.

### The final responsibility of awarding a contract rests with the

• A.

Interior designer

• B.

Construction manager

• C.

Owner

• D.

Ownerâ€™s legal counsel

C. Owner
Explanation
The final responsibility of awarding a contract rests with the owner. As the owner of a project, they have the ultimate authority to make decisions regarding the contract and who will be awarded the project. While an interior designer may have input on the selection process, the final decision lies with the owner. The construction manager may assist in the evaluation and recommendation of potential contractors, but they do not have the final say. The owner's legal counsel may provide guidance and advice on the legal aspects of the contract, but they do not have the authority to award the contract.

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• 10.

### Wood chips and sawdust made into panel products are examples of

• A.

Post-consumer materials

• B.

Post-industrial materials

• C.

Recycled products

• D.

Renewable products

B. Post-industrial materials
Explanation
Wood chips and sawdust made into panel products are considered post-industrial materials because they are generated as waste or byproducts during the manufacturing process of wood products. These materials are not sourced from consumer use or post-consumer waste, but rather from the industrial production of wood products. Therefore, they are classified as post-industrial materials rather than post-consumer materials.

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• 11.

### Which of the following agricultural products is NOT used in the production of panel products?

• A.

Bagasse

• B.

Poplar

• C.

Rice straw

• D.

Wheat straw

B. Poplar
Explanation
Poplar is not used in the production of panel products. Panel products are typically made from agricultural residues such as bagasse, rice straw, and wheat straw. Poplar, on the other hand, is a type of hardwood tree commonly used for furniture, construction, and paper production, but not typically used in the production of panel products.

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• 12.

### The absolute minimum fresh air ventilation rate recommended by ASHRAE Standard 62 is

• A.

5 cfm/person (3 L/s/person)

• B.

10 cfm/person (5 L/s/person)

• C.

15 cfm/person (8 L/s/person)

• D.

20 cfm/person (10 L/s/person)

C. 15 cfm/person (8 L/s/person)
Explanation
The correct answer is 15 cfm/person (8 L/s/person). ASHRAE Standard 62 recommends a minimum fresh air ventilation rate of 15 cfm/person (8 L/s/person) to maintain good indoor air quality. This rate ensures an adequate supply of fresh air for occupants and helps remove pollutants, odors, and excess moisture from the space. It is important to provide sufficient ventilation to prevent the buildup of contaminants and maintain a healthy and comfortable indoor environment.

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• 13.

### The building commissioning of an interior design project seeking LEED credit is the responsibility

• A.

Building architect

• B.

Independent commissioning team

• C.

Projectâ€™s interior designer

• D.

Projectâ€™s mechanical engineer

B. Independent commissioning team
Explanation
The correct answer is an independent commissioning team. When a building commissioning is required for an interior design project seeking LEED credit, an independent commissioning team is responsible for ensuring that all systems and components of the project are designed, installed, and functioning correctly. This team is independent from the other professionals involved in the project, such as the building architect, project's interior designer, and project's mechanical engineer, and their role is to verify that the project meets the necessary standards and requirements for LEED certification.

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• 14.

### An interior designer is evaluating various alternatives for a particular building product as they relate to sustainability. The interior designer would most likely use

• A.

An environmental impact study

• B.

A life-cycle assessment

• C.

An impact assessment

• D.

A matrix comparison chart

B. A life-cycle assessment
Explanation
An interior designer evaluating various alternatives for a building product in terms of sustainability would most likely use a life-cycle assessment. This assessment considers the environmental impact of a product throughout its entire life cycle, from raw material extraction to disposal. It takes into account factors such as energy consumption, waste generation, and emissions, allowing the designer to make informed decisions about the most sustainable option. An environmental impact study and an impact assessment may focus on specific aspects of sustainability, while a matrix comparison chart may provide a general overview but may not consider the entire life cycle of the product.

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• 15.

### A building can receive LEED credit if the carpet used meets the requirements of the

• A.

CRI IAQ program

• B.

Green guard registry

• C.

Green Seal product standards

• D.

South Coast Air Quality Management District

A. CRI IAQ program
Explanation
The correct answer is the CRI IAQ program. The CRI IAQ program, or the Carpet and Rug Institute Indoor Air Quality program, is a certification program that ensures carpet products meet strict standards for low emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). By using carpet that meets the requirements of the CRI IAQ program, a building can contribute to better indoor air quality, which aligns with the goals of the LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification. The Green Guard registry, Green Seal product standards, and South Coast Air Quality Management District may also have their own criteria for carpet products, but the CRI IAQ program is specifically mentioned as a requirement for LEED credit.

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• 16.

### Buildings constructed prior to which year is likely to contain spray-on fireproofing and insulation containing asbestos?

• A.

1968

• B.

1970

• C.

1973

• D.

1978

C. 1973
Explanation
Buildings constructed prior to 1973 are likely to contain spray-on fireproofing and insulation containing asbestos. Asbestos was commonly used in construction materials until the 1970s when its health risks became well-known. After 1973, regulations and awareness increased, leading to a decline in the use of asbestos in building materials. Therefore, buildings constructed before this year are more likely to have asbestos-containing materials, including spray-on fireproofing and insulation.

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• 17.

### The primary advantage of an oblique drawing is that

• A.

It shows the most realistic view of an object

• B.

All three axes are drawn at the same scale

• C.

Existing orthographic drawings can be used as a starting point

• D.

It shows foreshortened lines and planes accurately

C. Existing orthographic drawings can be used as a starting point
Explanation
The primary advantage of an oblique drawing is that existing orthographic drawings can be used as a starting point. This means that the oblique drawing can be created based on the already existing orthographic views, saving time and effort in the design process. By using the orthographic drawings as a reference, the oblique drawing can accurately represent the object's proportions and dimensions. This advantage allows for easier visualization and understanding of the object's appearance in a three-dimensional space.

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• 18.

### Certified contractors are required to abate all of the following hazardous materials EXCEPT

• A.

Asbestos

• B.

• C.

PCBs

• D.

Explanation
Certified contractors are required to abate hazardous materials such as asbestos, lead, and PCBs, as these substances pose significant health risks. However, radon is not typically included in the list of hazardous materials that contractors are required to abate. Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas that can seep into buildings and accumulate to dangerous levels, but its abatement is usually handled by specialized radon mitigation professionals rather than general contractors. Therefore, radon is the correct answer as it is not included in the list of hazardous materials that certified contractors are required to abate.

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• 19.

### An interior design project that carried a gold rating has been designed and certified under which of the following systems?

• A.

Greenguard

• B.

Green Seal

• C.

ISO 14000

• D.

LEED

D. LEED
Explanation
LEED stands for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, which is a widely recognized green building certification system. It provides a framework for designing, constructing, operating, and maintaining buildings in an environmentally sustainable way. The gold rating mentioned in the question indicates that the interior design project has achieved a high level of sustainability and environmental performance, meeting the criteria set by LEED. Therefore, LEED is the correct answer for this question.

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• 20.

### Which of the following is the LEAST effective for maximizing indoor air quality?

• A.

Conducting a post-occupancy evaluation

• B.

Developing a maintenance manual

• C.

Planning separate rooms for large copiers

• D.

Specifying materials with low VOCs

A. Conducting a post-occupancy evaluation
Explanation
Conducting a post-occupancy evaluation is the least effective for maximizing indoor air quality because it is a process that occurs after the building is already occupied. While it can provide valuable feedback and insights into the performance of the building, it does not directly address the prevention or improvement of indoor air quality. The other options, such as developing a maintenance manual, planning separate rooms for large copiers, and specifying materials with low VOCs, are proactive measures that can be taken to minimize indoor air pollutants and promote better air quality.

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• 21.

### The two most important factors in determining the number of exits required for a particular room or space are

• A.

Occupancy and the distance from the room exit to the building exit

• B.

The exit widths and common path of egress travel

• C.

The occupant load and building size

• D.

The occupancy and the occupant load

D. The occupancy and the occupant load
Explanation
The number of exits required for a particular room or space is determined by the occupancy and the occupant load. Occupancy refers to the type of activity or use of the space, while the occupant load refers to the number of people expected to occupy the space. These factors are important because they determine the potential number of people who may need to evacuate the space in case of an emergency. The higher the occupancy and occupant load, the more exits are required to ensure a safe and efficient evacuation.

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• 22.

### A perspective is the best drawing type to use when presenting to a client because it

• A.

Is the quickest method of rendering space

• B.

Most accurately shows vertical dimensions relative to the viewer

• C.

Is most like the way space and objects are perceived

• D.

Offers the widest choice of view points

C. Is most like the way space and objects are perceived
Explanation
A perspective drawing is the best drawing type to use when presenting to a client because it is most like the way space and objects are perceived. Perspective drawings provide a realistic representation of how objects appear in three-dimensional space, taking into account the viewer's point of view. This allows the client to better understand and visualize the design concept, as it closely resembles how they would see the space in real life.

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• 23.

### For a client who wants to hire the best contractor for a project at the best price and limit potentially nonqualified companies, the interior designer should suggest

• A.

An invitation to bid

• B.

• C.

Prequalification of bidders

• D.

A negotiated contract

C. Prequalification of bidders
Explanation
Prequalification of bidders is the suggested option because it allows the client to limit potentially nonqualified companies from bidding on the project. By prequalifying bidders, the client can ensure that only contractors who meet certain criteria and qualifications are considered for the project. This helps in hiring the best contractor for the job and ensures that the client gets the best price and quality for their project. An invitation to bid and advertisement to bid do not provide the same level of control over the qualifications of the bidders. A negotiated contract may not necessarily limit nonqualified companies from bidding.

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• 24.

### The designer for the interior furnishings of a large public hospital project financed with bond money has assisted the city government in preparing the bidding documents. When the bids from five qualified contractors are open, they are all over budget, ranging from 4% to 10% over the approved costs. What should the designer do?

• A.

Recommend that the city accept the lowest bid and obtain the extra 4% from other sources

• B.

Begin to study ways to reduce the project scope so it meets the budget

• C.

Suggest that the project be rebid because the lowest bid is so close to the budget

• D.

Wait for the city to tell the designer how it wants to proceed

B. Begin to study ways to reduce the project scope so it meets the budget
Explanation
The correct answer is to begin studying ways to reduce the project scope so it meets the budget. This is the most appropriate action for the designer to take in order to address the issue of the bids being over budget. By studying ways to reduce the project scope, the designer can identify areas where costs can be cut or alternative solutions can be found, without compromising the overall quality or functionality of the project. This proactive approach allows the designer to find a solution that aligns with the approved costs and ensures the successful completion of the project within budget constraints.

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• 25.

### Bid openings are typically attended by the contractors and the

• A.

Owner

• B.

Interior Designer

• C.

Owner and Interior Designer

• D.

Subcontractors, Owner, Interior designer

C. Owner and Interior Designer
Explanation
The correct answer is Owner and Interior Designer. Bid openings are important events in the construction industry where contractors submit their bids for a project. The owner and interior designer are typically present during bid openings to evaluate the bids and select the most suitable contractor for the project. The owner's presence is crucial as they have the ultimate decision-making authority, while the interior designer's presence is important to ensure that the contractor's bid aligns with the design requirements of the project.

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• 26.

### When the owner wants to make sure some amount of money is included in the bid for as-yet known materials, the designer should use

• A.

An allowance

• B.

• C.

A material bond

• D.

A unit price

A. An allowance
Explanation
When the owner wants to make sure some amount of money is included in the bid for as-yet known materials, the designer should use an allowance. An allowance is a specific amount of money that is set aside in the bid to cover the cost of materials that are not yet known or specified. This allows the owner to ensure that there is a budget for these materials without having to determine the exact cost upfront. It provides flexibility and allows for adjustments to be made as the project progresses and the actual materials are selected.

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• 27.

### The most accurate representation of materials can best be shown with

• A.

Computer renderings

• B.

Full-size mock ups

• C.

Presentation models

• D.

Study models

B. Full-size mock ups
Explanation
Full-size mock ups provide the most accurate representation of materials because they allow for a realistic and tangible experience. With full-size mock ups, one can physically interact with the materials, observe their texture, color, and other physical properties. This provides a more comprehensive understanding of how the materials will look and feel in real life. Computer renderings can be visually appealing but may not accurately represent the actual materials. Presentation models and study models may be smaller in scale, limiting the ability to accurately assess the materials.

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• 28.

### When the owner wants to make sure some amount of money is included in the bid for as-yet unknown materials, the interior designer should use

• A.

An allowance

• B.

• C.

A material bond

• D.

A unit price

A. An allowance
Explanation
When the owner wants to ensure that a certain amount of money is allocated for materials that are not yet known, the interior designer should use an allowance. An allowance is a predetermined amount of money that is set aside in the budget for specific items or materials that have not been selected or specified at the time of bidding. This allows flexibility for the designer to choose and purchase materials within the allocated budget.

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• Current Version
• Sep 01, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Aug 18, 2009
Quiz Created by
Karolab9

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