NCIDQ - Ballast Practice Exam Section 2 (Quiz #2)

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NCIDQ Quizzes & Trivia

Questions taken from the practice exam booklet 2010


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A rational approach to design that emphasizes human-environment interaction would MOST likely be based on

    • A.

      Environmental Research

    • B.

      Functional Requirements

    • C.

      Gestalt psychology

    • D.

      Social Influences

    Correct Answer
    A. Environmental Research
    Explanation
    A rational approach to design that emphasizes human-environment interaction would most likely be based on environmental research. This is because environmental research focuses on understanding the impact of the environment on human behavior and well-being. By conducting research on factors such as lighting, temperature, acoustics, and spatial layout, designers can create spaces that are conducive to human comfort and productivity. This approach ensures that the design is informed by scientific knowledge and evidence, leading to more effective and user-centered design solutions.

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  • 2. 

    Organic, humanistic interior design of houses is BEST represented by the work of

    • A.

      Frank Lloyd Wright

    • B.

      Le Corbusier

    • C.

      Mies van der Rohe

    • D.

      Walter Gropius

    Correct Answer
    A. Frank Lloyd Wright
    Explanation
    Frank Lloyd Wright is considered the best representation of organic, humanistic interior design of houses. He was known for his philosophy of creating harmony between the natural environment and the built environment. Wright's designs incorporated natural materials, open floor plans, and a seamless integration of indoor and outdoor spaces. His use of organic forms and his belief in designing spaces that enhance the well-being of the occupants align with the principles of organic, humanistic interior design.

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  • 3. 

    A college dormitory room shared by two people contains two identical sets of furnishings, symmetrically positioned. Which of the following psychological needs is this arrangement attempting to satisfy?

    • A.

      Person Space

    • B.

      Territoriality

    • C.

      Group Interaction

    • D.

      Personalization

    Correct Answer
    B. Territoriality
    Explanation
    Territoriality is the correct answer because the arrangement of two identical sets of furnishings in a college dormitory room shared by two people suggests the need for each person to have their own personal space and territory within the room. This arrangement allows each individual to have a sense of ownership and control over their own area, promoting a feeling of privacy and personalization.

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  • 4. 

    An interior designer talking with a client could justify the use of bright colors in an elderly care facility by referring to

    • A.

      Design theory

    • B.

      Evidence from research

    • C.

      Gestalt psychology

    • D.

      Historic precedent

    Correct Answer
    B. Evidence from research
    Explanation
    The use of bright colors in an elderly care facility can be justified by referring to evidence from research. This means that there are studies or findings that support the idea that bright colors can have a positive impact on the well-being and mood of elderly individuals. Research may have shown that bright colors can help stimulate cognitive function, improve mood, and create a more vibrant and engaging environment for the elderly. By using evidence from research, the interior designer can provide a logical and scientifically-backed justification for incorporating bright colors in the facility's design.

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  • 5. 

    Functionalism emphasizes the use of all the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      Simplicity

    • B.

      Painted surfaces

    • C.

      Neutral colors

    • D.

      Rational solutions

    Correct Answer
    C. Neutral colors
    Explanation
    Functionalism is a design philosophy that prioritizes simplicity, painted surfaces, and rational solutions. These elements are considered essential in creating functional and efficient designs. However, the use of neutral colors is not emphasized in functionalism. Instead, functionalist designs often focus on practicality and functionality rather than the aesthetic appeal of colors.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following should an interior designer FIRST take into account when designing a church interior?

    • A.

      Cultural attitudes

    • B.

      Proxemics

    • C.

      Regionalism

    • D.

      Symbolism

    Correct Answer
    D. Symbolism
    Explanation
    When designing a church interior, an interior designer should first take into account symbolism. This is because symbolism plays a crucial role in creating a meaningful and spiritually uplifting environment. Symbols can include religious icons, colors, and architectural elements that hold specific meanings and significance within the context of the church. By understanding the symbolism associated with different elements, the designer can create a space that resonates with the religious beliefs and practices of the congregation, fostering a sense of reverence and spiritual connection. Cultural attitudes, proxemics, and regionalism are also important considerations but may be secondary to the primary importance of symbolism in a church interior design.

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  • 7. 

    Proxemics would be most helpful to a designer who is deciding on the

    • A.

      Size of a doctor’s examination room

    • B.

      Location of the office of the president within an office suite

    • C.

      Size and shape of a conference table

    • D.

      Type and spacing of seating in a an audiovisual presentation room

    Correct Answer
    D. Type and spacing of seating in a an audiovisual presentation room
    Explanation
    Proxemics is the study of how people perceive and use space, particularly in relation to communication and social interactions. In the context of a designer deciding on the type and spacing of seating in an audiovisual presentation room, understanding proxemics would be most helpful. By considering the distance between seats, the arrangement of seating, and the comfort level of individuals in close proximity, the designer can create a space that promotes effective communication and engagement during presentations.

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  • 8. 

    An interior designer is creating the design concept for a home. In addition to satisfying the program and meeting the specific needs of the client, the designer would typically be MOST responsive to the influence of

    • A.

      Economic conditions

    • B.

      Cultural attitudes

    • C.

      Regionalism

    • D.

      Symbolism

    Correct Answer
    C. Regionalism
    Explanation
    An interior designer creating a design concept for a home would typically be most responsive to the influence of regionalism. Regionalism refers to the unique characteristics, styles, and preferences associated with a specific geographic region. Considering regionalism allows the designer to incorporate elements that are representative of the local culture, climate, and architectural traditions. This ensures that the design concept aligns with the surrounding environment and creates a sense of harmony and authenticity in the space. By being responsive to regionalism, the designer can create a design that is both functional and aesthetically pleasing to the client while also respecting and reflecting the local context.

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  • 9. 

    A client has asked a designer to create an intimate seating area for a hospital waiting room. Which of the following will be MOST important in achieving the client’s goal?

    • A.

      Pattern

    • B.

      Scale

    • C.

      Texture

    • D.

      Color

    Correct Answer
    B. Scale
    Explanation
    Scale will be the most important factor in achieving the client's goal of creating an intimate seating area for a hospital waiting room. Scale refers to the size and proportion of objects in relation to each other and the space they occupy. By using appropriately scaled furniture and accessories, the designer can create a cozy and comfortable seating area that promotes a sense of intimacy and privacy.

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  • 10. 

    A designer wants to give visual weight to a sofa. Which of the following color combinations would be the BEST choice for the sofa and the surround walls?

    • A.

      A hue with a dark value for the sofa and surrounding walls

    • B.

      Any light-colored hue for the sofa and a color with a dark value for the walls

    • C.

      A color with a warm hue and a dark value for the sofa and a much lighter color for the walls

    • D.

      A light, cool color for the sofa and a color of similar value and hue for the walls

    Correct Answer
    C. A color with a warm hue and a dark value for the sofa and a much lighter color for the walls
    Explanation
    The designer wants to give visual weight to the sofa, which means making it stand out and be the focal point in the room. Choosing a color with a warm hue and a dark value for the sofa will help achieve this goal. Warm hues, such as reds, oranges, or yellows, tend to be more visually stimulating and attention-grabbing. Additionally, using a dark value for the sofa will make it appear heavier and more substantial. On the other hand, selecting a much lighter color for the walls will create contrast and make the sofa pop even more.

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  • 11. 

    What type of lighting would BEST enhance the appearance of a rough, plastered wall?

    • A.

      Fluorescent cove up lighting on all four sides of the room

    • B.

      Decorative chandeliers near the wall

    • C.

      Track lighting near the cent of the room, aimed at the wall

    • D.

      Recessed incandescents close to the wall

    Correct Answer
    D. Recessed incandescents close to the wall
    Explanation
    Recessed incandescents close to the wall would best enhance the appearance of a rough, plastered wall because they provide a focused and direct light source. The recessed design helps to create a seamless and clean look, while the incandescent bulbs emit a warm and soft light that can highlight the texture and details of the wall. This type of lighting placement allows for shadows and highlights to be created, adding depth and visual interest to the rough surface of the plastered wall.

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  • 12. 

    Which pair of design elements does a Parsons table primarily make use of?

    • A.

      Volume and plane

    • B.

      Line and Plane

    • C.

      Plane and point

    • D.

      Volume and line

    Correct Answer
    A. Volume and plane
    Explanation
    A Parsons table primarily makes use of the design elements of volume and plane. The table is known for its simple and clean lines, with a solid rectangular top (plane) and four straight legs that create a sense of volume. The combination of these two elements gives the Parsons table its distinctive and timeless design.

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  • 13. 

    An interior designer is creating a color-coding system for use in a housing facility for the elderly. Which of the following combinations would be the MOST vivid and easily perceived?

    • A.

      A bright color against a background of a non- complementary color

    • B.

      Complementary colors of high saturation

    • C.

      Highly saturated warm or cool colors next to a neutral gray

    • D.

      The primary colors and white

    Correct Answer
    B. Complementary colors of high saturation
    Explanation
    Complementary colors are colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel. When these colors are used together, they create a strong contrast and make each other appear more vibrant. High saturation means that the colors are intense and pure, without any added gray or dullness. Therefore, using complementary colors of high saturation would create the most vivid and easily perceived color-coding system for the elderly housing facility.

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  • 14. 

    Which design element could be used to make a ceiling appear lower?

    • A.

      A dark highly textured ceiling

    • B.

      Strong horizontal lines on the ceiling and dark walls

    • C.

      Fine grain patterns on the ceiling and dark walls

    • D.

      A light ceiling and textured walls

    Correct Answer
    A. A dark highly textured ceiling
    Explanation
    A dark highly textured ceiling can make a ceiling appear lower because the dark color creates a visual illusion of the ceiling being closer to the viewer. Additionally, the texture on the ceiling adds depth and dimension, further enhancing the perception of a lower ceiling height.

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  • 15. 

    In interior design, the MOST difficult element of form to convey is the

    • A.

      Plane

    • B.

      Point

    • C.

      Volume

    • D.

      Line

    Correct Answer
    B. Point
    Explanation
    In interior design, the most difficult element of form to convey is the point. Unlike other elements such as plane, volume, and line, which can be easily represented and manipulated in a physical space, a point is more abstract and elusive. It is a singular, infinitesimally small entity that lacks dimension and can be challenging to incorporate into a design concept. While planes, volumes, and lines can be visually and physically experienced, a point requires more creativity and imagination to effectively communicate its presence and significance within a space.

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  • 16. 

    In an art gallery, an interior designer has provided space for hanging art by using partitions that are completely separate from one another, never meeting at interior or exterior corners. What element of design has the designer utilized?

    • A.

      Form

    • B.

      Pattern

    • C.

      Scale

    • D.

      Volume

    Correct Answer
    A. Form
    Explanation
    The designer has utilized the element of form in the art gallery. Form refers to the three-dimensional shape and structure of an object, and in this case, the partitions used by the designer create separate spaces for hanging art. The partitions have distinct shapes and structures, adding to the overall aesthetic and functionality of the gallery.

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  • 17. 

    Colors that are three hues equidistant on the color wheel are called

    • A.

      Analogous colors

    • B.

      Complementary colors

    • C.

      Monochromatic colors

    • D.

      Triad colors

    Correct Answer
    D. Triad colors
    Explanation
    Triad colors are colors that are three hues equidistant on the color wheel. This means that they are evenly spaced apart from each other, forming an equilateral triangle on the color wheel. Triad colors create a vibrant and balanced color scheme when used together, as they provide a high contrast while still maintaining harmony.

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  • 18. 

    Architectural mesh is MOST commonly used to create

    • A.

      Texture

    • B.

      Line

    • C.

      Scale

    • D.

      Pattern

    Correct Answer
    A. Texture
    Explanation
    Architectural mesh is most commonly used to create texture. This is because architectural mesh, with its unique patterns and designs, can add depth and visual interest to a surface. It can create a tactile experience and enhance the overall aesthetic appeal of a building or structure. The use of architectural mesh allows for the creation of different textures, whether it be a smooth and sleek appearance or a more rugged and organic feel. Thus, texture is the primary purpose and effect of using architectural mesh in design and construction.

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  • 19. 

    A designer wants to emphasize on particular item in a client’s retail store. Which of the following design features would BEST achieve this goal?

    • A.

      Location the item on a main circulation axis and highlighting it

    • B.

      Arranging a grouping of several of the items among single pieces of the other items

    • C.

      Having an oversized model of the item made for display near the entrance

    • D.

      Putting the item on a brightly colored pedestal in its usual place in the store

    Correct Answer
    A. Location the item on a main circulation axis and highlighting it
    Explanation
    Placing the item on a main circulation axis and highlighting it would best achieve the goal of emphasizing a particular item in a client's retail store. This design feature ensures that the item is positioned in a prominent and easily accessible location, attracting the attention of customers as they move through the store. By highlighting the item, such as using lighting or signage, it further draws attention to it and sets it apart from the other items in the store. This combination of strategic placement and emphasis helps to effectively highlight and promote the item to customers.

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  • 20. 

    At a casual restaurant, the dining tables have identical bases, but the tabletops are in different shapes and colors. The tables are equally spaced and distributed even within a square space. Which design principle does this configuration BEST illustrate?

    • A.

      Symmetrical balance

    • B.

      Variety

    • C.

      Harmony

    • D.

      Rhythm

    Correct Answer
    C. Harmony
    Explanation
    The given configuration of dining tables in a casual restaurant, with identical bases but different shapes and colors for the tabletops, best illustrates the design principle of harmony. Harmony refers to the visual agreement and compatibility between different elements in a design. In this case, the identical bases provide a sense of unity and coherence, while the different shapes and colors of the tabletops add variety and interest. The overall arrangement of the tables creates a balanced and harmonious visual composition within the space.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following represents the golden proportion?

    • A.

      A : B :: B : (A+B)

    • B.

      A : B :: A : (A+B)

    • C.

      A+B) : : B : A

    • D.

      A : B :: B : 2A

    Correct Answer
    A. A : B :: B : (A+B)
    Explanation
    The golden proportion, also known as the golden ratio, is a mathematical ratio that is approximately equal to 1.618. It is often found in nature and is considered aesthetically pleasing. In the given options, the correct representation of the golden proportion is A : B :: B : (A+B), where the ratio of A to B is equal to the ratio of B to the sum of A and B.

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  • 22. 

    Which architect developed the Modular system?

    • A.

      Frank Lloyd Wright

    • B.

      Le Corbusier

    • C.

      Mies van der Rohe

    • D.

      Walter Gropius

    Correct Answer
    B. Le Corbusier
    Explanation
    Le Corbusier is the correct answer because he was a renowned architect who developed the Modular system, also known as the Modulor. This system was based on human proportions and used a series of measurements to create harmonious and efficient designs. Le Corbusier believed that the Modular system could be applied to architecture, furniture, and even urban planning, and he used it extensively in his own work. His innovative approach to design and his emphasis on functionality and aesthetics made him a key figure in modern architecture.

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  • 23. 

    Thirteen black and white photos, all in frames of different styles and colors, are grouped on a wall that is painted a light, cool gray. Which design principle does this illustrate?

    • A.

      Variety

    • B.

      Rhythm

    • C.

      Contrast

    • D.

      Focus

    Correct Answer
    A. Variety
    Explanation
    The given scenario of having thirteen black and white photos, each framed differently and placed on a light, cool gray wall, demonstrates the design principle of variety. Variety refers to the use of different elements or objects to create visual interest and diversity. In this case, the different styles and colors of the frames, along with the contrast of black and white photos, contribute to a visually stimulating and diverse composition.

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  • 24. 

    Most church planes are based on the design principle of

    • A.

      Balance

    • B.

      Rhythm

    • C.

      Variety

    • D.

      Proportion

    Correct Answer
    A. Balance
    Explanation
    Most church planes are based on the design principle of balance. This means that the elements within the church, such as the layout, furniture, and decorations, are arranged in a way that creates a sense of equilibrium and harmony. The symmetry and proportion of the building's architecture, as well as the arrangement of pews and altars, contribute to this balance. This design principle helps to create a calm and serene atmosphere within the church, allowing worshippers to focus on their spiritual experience.

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  • 25. 

    The Parthenon, as it originally stood, was an excellent example of the design principle of

    • A.

      Emphasis

    • B.

      Gradation

    • C.

      Form

    • D.

      Proportion

    Correct Answer
    D. Proportion
    Explanation
    The Parthenon, as it originally stood, was an excellent example of the design principle of proportion. Proportion refers to the relationship between different elements in a design, ensuring that they are harmoniously balanced and visually pleasing. The Parthenon's architects carefully calculated the proportions of its columns, pediments, and other architectural elements to create a sense of balance and elegance. This attention to proportion is evident in the building's symmetrical design and the way its elements relate to each other in size and scale.

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  • 26. 

    The principle of design that is usually MOST difficult to achieve is

    • A.

      Balance

    • B.

      Focus

    • C.

      Harmony

    • D.

      Rhythm

    Correct Answer
    C. Harmony
    Explanation
    Harmony is the principle of design that is usually the most difficult to achieve. Achieving harmony in design means creating a sense of unity and coherence among all the elements and components. It involves ensuring that all the different elements work together in a visually pleasing and balanced way. Achieving harmony requires careful consideration of color, texture, scale, and proportion, among other factors. It can be challenging to strike the right balance and create a harmonious design that is visually appealing and aesthetically pleasing to the viewer.

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  • 27. 

    The Greek letter Φ, or phi, when used to stand for the irrational number  1.618…, represents the

    • A.

      Conversion factor from centimeters from centimeters to inches

    • B.

      Value of π/2

    • C.

      Golden ratio

    • D.

      Scale used in isometric drawings

    Correct Answer
    C. Golden ratio
    Explanation
    The Greek letter Phi, or phi, is commonly used to represent the Golden ratio, which is approximately 1.618. The Golden ratio is a mathematical concept that is often found in nature and art. It is believed to have aesthetically pleasing proportions and has been used in architecture, design, and other creative fields. Therefore, the correct answer is the Golden ratio.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following would be the MOST important consideration in the design of ergonomically correct chairs for air traffic controllers?

    • A.

      Adjustability

    • B.

      Firm cushions

    • C.

      Lumbar support

    • D.

      Tilt & swivel capability

    Correct Answer
    A. Adjustability
    Explanation
    Adjustability is the most important consideration in the design of ergonomically correct chairs for air traffic controllers because it allows for customization and flexibility. Air traffic controllers spend long hours sitting and need to maintain a comfortable and healthy posture. With adjustable chairs, they can easily modify the height, seat depth, and armrests to suit their individual needs. This helps prevent musculoskeletal disorders and promotes better concentration and productivity. Additionally, adjustability ensures that the chair can accommodate different body types and preferences, making it suitable for a diverse group of air traffic controllers.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following factors is LEAST important in the design of a computer workstation?

    • A.

      Keyboard height

    • B.

      VDT angle

    • C.

      Screen glare

    • D.

      Work-surface depth

    Correct Answer
    C. Screen glare
    Explanation
    Screen glare is the least important factor in the design of a computer workstation because it does not directly affect the functionality or ergonomics of the workstation. While screen glare can be annoying and cause discomfort for the user, it can typically be mitigated by adjusting the position of the screen or using anti-glare filters. On the other hand, factors like keyboard height, VDT angle, and work-surface depth have a more significant impact on the user's comfort, productivity, and overall ergonomics of the workstation.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following is a true statement about the difference between a programmatic concept and a design concept.

    • A.

      A design concept specifies a particular way to achieve the programmatic concept

    • B.

      There are many more programmatic concepts for a problem than there are design concepts

    • C.

      A design concept is a performance requirement

    • D.

      Design concepts are developed before programmatic concepts

    Correct Answer
    A. A design concept specifies a particular way to achieve the programmatic concept
    Explanation
    A design concept specifies a particular way to achieve the programmatic concept. This means that a design concept provides a specific approach or method to implement or realize the programmatic concept. It outlines the details, techniques, and strategies that can be used to achieve the desired functionality or behavior described by the programmatic concept. In other words, the design concept focuses on the implementation aspect, while the programmatic concept defines the desired outcome or functionality.

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  • 31. 

    An interior designer is conducting a programming interview with a client for a small clothing boutique. Which of the following questions is the LEAST important for the designer to ask?

    • A.

      Which items are most frequently purchased on impulse?

    • B.

      Will restrooms be available to the customers?

    • C.

      What amount of merchandise will be on display?

    • D.

      What is the relationship between the cash/wrap counter and the dressing rooms?

    Correct Answer
    B. Will restrooms be available to the customers?
    Explanation
    The question about whether restrooms will be available to customers is the least important for the designer to ask because it does not directly relate to the design and layout of the clothing boutique. While restrooms are important for customer convenience, they do not impact the overall design and functionality of the space. The other questions, such as which items are frequently purchased on impulse, the amount of merchandise on display, and the relationship between the cash/wrap counter and dressing rooms, are more relevant to the designer's task of creating an effective and efficient layout for the boutique.

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  • 32. 

    A client complains that her office is too hot. The interior designer could MOST easily and economically improve the situation by suggesting an accessory that affects

    • A.

      Convection

    • B.

      Ventilation

    • C.

      Evaporation

    • D.

      Conduction

    Correct Answer
    C. Evaporation
    Explanation
    The interior designer could suggest an accessory that affects evaporation in order to improve the client's complaint about the office being too hot. Evaporation is the process of converting liquid into vapor, and it helps in cooling down the surrounding area by absorbing heat from the environment. By suggesting an accessory that promotes evaporation, such as a humidifier or a fan, the interior designer can effectively reduce the temperature in the office without the need for expensive cooling systems.

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  • 33. 

    An interior designer would MOST likely use anthropometric information to

    • A.

      Design countertops for a public restroom

    • B.

      Determine the % of children who would be comfortable on custom design benches in a puppet theater

    • C.

      Develop the best position for multiple VDT screens in a stock trader’s workstation

    • D.

      Evaluate a new chair design that has just come on the market

    Correct Answer
    B. Determine the % of children who would be comfortable on custom design benches in a puppet theater
    Explanation
    Anthropometric information refers to the measurements and proportions of the human body. In this context, an interior designer would use anthropometric information to determine the percentage of children who would be comfortable on custom design benches in a puppet theater. By considering the average height, leg length, and seating dimensions of children, the designer can ensure that the benches are appropriately sized and ergonomically suitable for their target audience. This would contribute to the overall comfort and satisfaction of the children attending the puppet theater.

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  • 34. 

    In the 5 step programming process outlined by the book, Problem Seeking, The 5th step is to state the problem. What is the order of the first 4 steps?

    • A.

      Determine needs, collect and analyze facts, uncover test concepts, establish goals

    • B.

      Collect and analyze facts, determine needs, establish goals, uncover and test concepts

    • C.

      Uncover and test concepts, establish goals, determine needs, collect and analyze facts

    • D.

      Establish goals, collect and analyze facts, uncover and test concepts, determine needs

    Correct Answer
    D. Establish goals, collect and analyze facts, uncover and test concepts, determine needs
    Explanation
    The correct order of the first 4 steps in the 5 step programming process outlined by the book, Problem Seeking, is to first establish goals, then collect and analyze facts, followed by uncovering and testing concepts, and finally determining needs. This order ensures that the programmer first defines the objectives and purpose of the program, then gathers relevant information and data, explores potential solutions and ideas, and finally identifies the specific requirements and constraints of the problem at hand.

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  • 35. 

    In addition to function, the book, Problem Seeking, names 3 other considerations for design problems, which are

    • A.

      Analysis, synthesis, and form

    • B.

      Form, economy, and time

    • C.

      Goals, facts, and forms

    • D.

      Economy, time and synthesis

    Correct Answer
    B. Form, economy, and time
    Explanation
    The book "Problem Seeking" identifies three additional considerations for design problems: form, economy, and time. These factors are crucial when making design decisions. Form refers to the physical appearance and aesthetic qualities of the design. Economy refers to the efficient use of resources and cost-effectiveness. Time refers to the schedule and timeline for completing the design project. Considering these three aspects alongside the function of the design helps ensure a comprehensive and successful design solution.

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  • 36. 

    Which of the following does NOT need to be included in a projects programming document?

    • A.

      Required spaces and their areas

    • B.

      Required adjacencies and furniture and equipment

    • C.

      Expansion requirements and scheduling constraints

    • D.

      Project goals and objectives

    Correct Answer
    C. Expansion requirements and scheduling constraints
    Explanation
    Expansion requirements and scheduling constraints do not need to be included in a project's programming document. This document typically outlines the project's goals, objectives, required spaces and their areas, as well as required adjacencies and furniture and equipment. While expansion requirements and scheduling constraints may be important considerations in the project planning and execution phases, they are not directly related to the programming document, which focuses on defining the project's scope and requirements.

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  • 37. 

    When selecting an ergonomically correct chair for a laboratory bench, the interior designer should be MOST concerned with its

    • A.

      Adjustability, strength, and lumbar support

    • B.

      Adjustability, Lumbar support, and footrest support

    • C.

      Thoracic support, firm cushioning, and six prong-base

    • D.

      Backrest adjustability, firm cushioning, and thoracic support

    Correct Answer
    B. Adjustability, Lumbar support, and footrest support
    Explanation
    The interior designer should be most concerned with the adjustability of the chair because it needs to be able to accommodate different users and their individual preferences and needs. Lumbar support is also important to ensure proper posture and reduce the risk of back pain. Footrest support is necessary to provide comfort and prevent strain on the legs and feet during long periods of sitting.

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  • 38. 

    The height of a desk work surface used for writing and other manual activities should be

    • A.

      26 in to 28-1/2 in

    • B.

      28 in to 31 in

    • C.

      29 in to 30 in

    • D.

      30 in to 32 in

    Correct Answer
    C. 29 in to 30 in
    Explanation
    The height of a desk work surface used for writing and other manual activities should be between 29 inches to 30 inches. This range allows for a comfortable working position, where the user can rest their arms and hands on the surface without straining their shoulders or back. It also ensures that the user's elbows are at a 90-degree angle, promoting good posture and reducing the risk of musculoskeletal discomfort or injury.

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  • 39. 

    Thermal comfort for a person sitting in a classroom depends on

    • A.

      Air temperature and humidity only

    • B.

      Clothing type, air temperature, and air movement

    • C.

      Air movement, convection, radiation, and conduction

    • D.

      Air movement, air temperature, radiation, and humidity

    Correct Answer
    D. Air movement, air temperature, radiation, and humidity
    Explanation
    Thermal comfort for a person sitting in a classroom depends on air movement, air temperature, radiation, and humidity. This means that in order for a person to feel comfortable in a classroom, there should be proper air circulation, the temperature should be at a comfortable level, there should be minimal heat transfer through radiation, and the humidity should be within a comfortable range. All of these factors play a role in determining the thermal comfort of an individual in a classroom setting.

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  • 40. 

    When developing adjacency requirements the interior designer must consider

    • A.

      Contacts between people, transfer of objects, and electronic information

    • B.

      Outside contacts with service people and visitors, as well as internal contacts

    • C.

      Shared equipment and transfer of objects between people

    • D.

      Frequency of required contacts between people and transfer of objects

    Correct Answer
    A. Contacts between people, transfer of objects, and electronic information
    Explanation
    When developing adjacency requirements, the interior designer must consider contacts between people, transfer of objects, and electronic information. This means that the designer needs to think about how people will interact with each other, how objects will be moved or shared, and how electronic information will be transmitted or accessed within the space. This is important for creating an efficient and functional design that meets the needs of the users. Additionally, considering outside contacts with service people and visitors, as well as internal contacts, is also crucial as it helps in determining the flow of people and resources in and out of the space.

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  • 41. 

    Spacing between people seated at a table, as measured from the center of one person to the center of another, should be at LEAST

    • A.

      26 in

    • B.

      30 in

    • C.

      33 in

    • D.

      36 in

    Correct Answer
    B. 30 in
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 30 in. This spacing ensures that there is enough room for people to sit comfortably and have adequate personal space. It allows for easy movement and prevents individuals from feeling crowded or cramped. A spacing of 30 inches provides a reasonable distance between individuals at a table, promoting a comfortable and enjoyable dining experience.

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  • 42. 

    The BEST way to gather programming information from workers in a large office is through 

    • A.

      Observation

    • B.

      Questionnaires

    • C.

      Interviews

    • D.

      Benchmarks

    Correct Answer
    C. Interviews
    Explanation
    Interviews would be the best way to gather programming information from workers in a large office because they allow for direct interaction and conversation. Through interviews, employers can ask specific questions and receive detailed responses, gaining insights into the workers' programming knowledge, skills, and experiences. This method also allows for clarification and follow-up questions, ensuring a comprehensive understanding of the information being gathered. Additionally, interviews provide an opportunity for employers to assess the workers' communication and problem-solving abilities, which are important in the programming field.

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  • 43. 

    A library is being designed to occupy only one portion of a building, and a complete set of drawings is available for the building. What information would be the MOST important to obtain from the field survey?

    • A.

      Locations of structural elements

    • B.

      Existing Natural light sources

    • C.

      Sources of noise within the building

    • D.

      Locations and capacities of electrical power

    Correct Answer
    C. Sources of noise within the building
    Explanation
    In order to design a library that occupies only one portion of a building, it is important to obtain information about the sources of noise within the building. This is crucial because a library requires a quiet environment for studying and reading. By identifying the sources of noise, the library can be designed in a way that minimizes the impact of noise and ensures a peaceful atmosphere for its users.

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  • 44. 

    A residential design involves a bedroom, bath, and garage addition, at a minimum, the due diligence site investigation should include

    • A.

      Neighborhood character and zoning setbacks

    • B.

      Zoning setbacks and septic capacities

    • C.

      Heating system capacity and neighborhood traffic

    • D.

      Zoning height limitations and street characteristics

    Correct Answer
    B. Zoning setbacks and septic capacities
    Explanation
    In a residential design involving a bedroom, bath, and garage addition, it is important to consider zoning setbacks and septic capacities during the due diligence site investigation. Zoning setbacks refer to the minimum distance required between the building and property lines, which ensures compliance with local regulations. Septic capacities need to be assessed to determine if the existing septic system can handle the additional load from the new addition. These factors are crucial in determining the feasibility and compliance of the proposed residential design.

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  • 45. 

    Understanding a client’s sustainability goals will help the interior designer

    • A.

      Determine if the project can be LEED certified

    • B.

      Review the energy conservation of the mechanical system

    • C.

      Determine if the building can be located in a brownfield site

    • D.

      Focus site analyses on features that support sustainable design

    Correct Answer
    D. Focus site analyses on features that support sustainable design
    Explanation
    Understanding a client's sustainability goals is important for an interior designer because it allows them to focus their site analyses on features that support sustainable design. By understanding the client's goals, the designer can identify specific elements and strategies that align with sustainable design principles, such as energy efficiency, water conservation, and use of renewable materials. This knowledge will help the designer make informed decisions throughout the design process and ensure that the project meets the client's sustainability objectives.

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  • 46. 

    What existing condition in a building would MOST affect the cost of a new interior design?

    • A.

      Locations of exits

    • B.

      Limited views and daylight

    • C.

      Lack of a sprinkler system

    • D.

      Remote location of an electrical closet

    Correct Answer
    C. Lack of a sprinkler system
    Explanation
    The lack of a sprinkler system in a building would most affect the cost of a new interior design. This is because the absence of a sprinkler system poses a significant safety risk in case of a fire, which would require additional measures to be taken to ensure the safety of occupants and protect the interior design elements. This could include the installation of fire-resistant materials, additional fire suppression systems, and compliance with strict fire codes and regulations, all of which would increase the overall cost of the interior design project.

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  • 47. 

    Which of the following constitutes due diligence in the field of interior design?

    • A.

      Thoroughly understanding and documenting the space in which a client’s project will be located and its surrounding context

    • B.

      Reviewing the legal and regulatory components of a new project before design begins

    • C.

      Using qualified structural, engineering, and fire protection consultants to investigate and existing space before design begins

    • D.

      Reviewing and verifying site conditions that the client has reported to the interior designer

    Correct Answer
    A. Thoroughly understanding and documenting the space in which a client’s project will be located and its surrounding context
    Explanation
    Due diligence in the field of interior design involves thoroughly understanding and documenting the space in which a client's project will be located and its surrounding context. This includes conducting a thorough analysis of the space, taking measurements, and documenting any existing conditions or constraints that may impact the design process. By doing so, the interior designer can ensure that their design is well-informed and tailored to the specific needs and requirements of the space.

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  • 48. 

    Who is responsible for determining the location and general condition of existing light fixtures as part of a due diligence investigation?

    • A.

      Electrical engineer

    • B.

      Electrical contractor

    • C.

      General contractor

    • D.

      Interior designer

    Correct Answer
    D. Interior designer
    Explanation
    The interior designer is responsible for determining the location and general condition of existing light fixtures as part of a due diligence investigation. They are knowledgeable about the design and layout of a space, including the placement of light fixtures. They work closely with the client to understand their lighting needs and preferences, and they assess the existing fixtures to determine if they meet the requirements or need to be replaced or relocated. The interior designer's expertise in lighting design makes them the most suitable professional for this task.

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  • 49. 

    In determining whether a concrete floor slab in a multi-story building can be penetrated easily for electrical and data outlets, the interior designer should consult with the

    • A.

      Building owner

    • B.

      Contractor

    • C.

      Electrical engineer

    • D.

      Structural engineer

    Correct Answer
    D. Structural engineer
    Explanation
    The structural engineer is the correct person to consult with in determining whether a concrete floor slab can be easily penetrated for electrical and data outlets. They have expertise in the design and construction of the building's structure, including the floor slabs. They will be able to assess the structural integrity of the slab and determine if it can safely accommodate the penetrations without compromising the overall stability of the building. The interior designer, building owner, and contractor may have some knowledge in this area, but the structural engineer is the most qualified professional for this specific task.

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  • 50. 

    Which of the following is an interior designer NOT qualified to investigate?

    • A.

      Location and number of plumbing fixtures

    • B.

      Existing support of a suspended ceiling system

    • C.

      Fire-resistant rating of stairways

    • D.

      Condition of existing non load bearing partitions

    Correct Answer
    C. Fire-resistant rating of stairways
    Explanation
    An interior designer is not qualified to investigate the fire-resistant rating of stairways. This is typically the responsibility of fire safety professionals or architects who specialize in building codes and regulations. While an interior designer may consider the aesthetics and functionality of stairways in their designs, determining the fire-resistant rating involves specific knowledge and expertise in fire safety standards and materials.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Sep 12, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 09, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Spreston

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