NCIDQ - Ballast Sample Questions Section 2 (Quiz #1)

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NCIDQ Quizzes & Trivia

Sections 2.1 - 2.7


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following principles would be MOST useful in selecting office locations within a corporate headquarters

    • A.

      Hierarchy of needs

    • B.

      Status

    • C.

      Proxemics

    • D.

      Territoriality

    Correct Answer
    B. Status
    Explanation
    Status would be the most useful principle in selecting office locations within a corporate headquarters. The status of an employee or department within the organization determines their level of importance and influence. By considering status, the company can allocate prime office spaces to higher-ranking executives or departments that require more visibility and accessibility. This principle ensures that office locations align with the organizational hierarchy and promote a sense of prestige and authority for those occupying the spaces.

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  • 2. 

    MOST people in the United States typically conduct business and relate to strangers at a distance of between.

    • A.

      1.5 and 4ft

    • B.

      4 and 12ft

    • C.

      7 and 18ft

    • D.

      12 and 25ft

    Correct Answer
    B. 4 and 12ft
    Explanation
    People in the United States typically conduct business and relate to strangers at a distance of between 4 and 12ft. This distance is considered comfortable for most individuals in American culture when interacting with people they don't know well. It allows for personal space and avoids making others feel crowded or uncomfortable. This social norm of maintaining a moderate distance during interactions helps to establish boundaries and respect personal space.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is the MOST difficult to adopt into a general theory of design?

    • A.

      Environmental design research

    • B.

      Functionality

    • C.

      Historic precedent

    • D.

      Perception theory

    Correct Answer
    A. Environmental design research
    Explanation
    Environmental design research tends to study only one design variable at a time in a controlled environment. Human interact with their environment through a complex relationship of multiples variables.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following design principles would MOST appropriately govern the design of a hotel lobby?

    • A.

      Functionalism

    • B.

      Proxemics

    • C.

      Regionalism

    • D.

      Symbolism

    Correct Answer
    B. Proxemics
    Explanation
    Proxemics is the correct answer because it refers to the study of how people perceive and use space in relation to others. In the context of a hotel lobby, proxemics would be important in determining the layout, seating arrangements, and overall design to ensure that guests feel comfortable and have appropriate levels of personal space. It would involve considering factors such as the distance between seating areas, the arrangement of furniture, and the flow of foot traffic to create a welcoming and functional space for guests to interact and relax.

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  • 5. 

    The Prang System organizes colors according to

    • A.

      3 scales of hue, value, chroma. As arranged in a 3D solid.

    • B.

      Hue and value as arranged in a matrix system

    • C.

      3 primary and 3 secondary colors as arranged in a 2D Wheel

    • D.

      5 principal hues and their values as arranged in a 3D solid

    Correct Answer
    C. 3 primary and 3 secondary colors as arranged in a 2D Wheel
    Explanation
    The Prang System organizes colors according to 3 primary and 3 secondary colors as arranged in a 2D Wheel. This means that the system categorizes colors based on their relationship to these six specific colors. The primary colors (red, yellow, and blue) are the foundation for all other colors, while the secondary colors (orange, green, and violet) are created by mixing the primary colors. The 2D Wheel arrangement allows for a visual representation of how these colors interact and relate to each other in a circular format.

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  • 6. 

    Designers MOST commonly use wallpaper to create

    • A.

      Line

    • B.

      Texture

    • C.

      Scale

    • D.

      Pattern

    Correct Answer
    D. Pattern
    Explanation
    Designers most commonly use wallpaper to create patterns. Wallpaper is a popular choice for adding visual interest and decorative elements to a space. Patterns can include various motifs, such as geometric shapes, floral designs, or abstract patterns. Wallpaper allows designers to easily incorporate patterns into a room's design, whether it's a bold statement or a subtle addition. The use of patterns in wallpaper can help create a cohesive and visually appealing look in interior design.

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  • 7. 

    When 3 colors are next to each other on the standard color wheel, are used together, the scheme is called.

    • A.

      Monochromatic

    • B.

      Triadic

    • C.

      Complementary

    • D.

      Analogous

    Correct Answer
    D. Analogous
    Explanation
    Analogous color scheme refers to the use of colors that are next to each other on the color wheel. In this scheme, three colors are selected that are adjacent to each other, creating a harmonious and cohesive look. This color scheme is often used in design to create a sense of unity and balance.

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  • 8. 

    When black is added to a color, the result is called a

    • A.

      Tint

    • B.

      Shade

    • C.

      Tone

    • D.

      Value

    Correct Answer
    B. Shade
    Explanation
    When black is added to a color, it creates a darker version of the original color. This darker version is called a shade. Shades are created by mixing a color with black, which reduces the brightness and intensity of the original color. Adding black to a color can create a range of shades, from slightly darker variations to deep, rich tones.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following statements concerning the balance of a composition is LEAST accurate?

    • A.

      A balanced composition drawn in a elevation can appear imbalanced when constructed in 3D.

    • B.

      A collection of small elements of various textured has more visual weight than a very large object with no texture.

    • C.

      The balance of a composition is affected more by an object's placement than by its visual weight.

    • D.

      Generally neutral colors have less weight than bright colors.

    Correct Answer
    C. The balance of a composition is affected more by an object's placement than by its visual weight.
    Explanation
    The balance of a composition is determined by the visual weight of objects within it, rather than their placement. The placement of objects can certainly influence the overall composition, but it is the visual weight that primarily affects the balance. Visual weight is determined by factors such as size, color, texture, and complexity. Objects with more visual weight tend to draw more attention and can create an imbalance if not properly distributed within the composition.

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  • 10. 

    A designer uses the principle of harmony in order to

    • A.

      Develop visual consistency

    • B.

      Elicit compositional unity from different elements

    • C.

      Establish 2 elements as more important than the others in a composition

    • D.

      Provide variation in the elements in a composition

    Correct Answer
    B. Elicit compositional unity from different elements
    Explanation
    Harmony is used to create a feeling of compositional unity from elements that are different from one another.

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  • 11. 

    A number of workstations, each surrounded by acoustic panels, are arranged in a row, All are identical except for the fabric that covers the panels. Each workstation's panels have a color of a lighter tint than those of the workstation in front of it. Which design principle does this BEST illustrate?

    • A.

      Gradation

    • B.

      Unity

    • C.

      Repetition

    • D.

      Rhythm

    Correct Answer
    A. Gradation
    Explanation
    The given scenario of workstations arranged in a row with panels of gradually lighter tint color illustrates the design principle of Gradation. Gradation involves a gradual change in size, color, or value. In this case, the panels' colors gradually change from darker to lighter as we move from one workstation to the next, creating a sense of progression and visual interest. This use of gradation adds depth and dimension to the design, making it the best illustration of this design principle.

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  • 12. 

    A composition of furniture and architectural elements is organized around 3 or 4 axes intersecting at a common point. What type of balance is BEST illustrated?

    • A.

      Bilateral

    • B.

      Asymmetrical

    • C.

      Symmetrical

    • D.

      Radial

    Correct Answer
    D. Radial
    Explanation
    The given question describes a composition that is organized around multiple axes intersecting at a common point. This arrangement is characteristic of radial balance, where elements radiate outwards from a central point. Radial balance creates a sense of harmony and equilibrium in the composition, with each element having equal visual weight and importance. This is the best illustration of the given composition.

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  • 13. 

    The first steps in gathering information about a clients's needs is to establish goals, what is the suggested order or the suggested order for the remaining steps.

    • A.

      Determine needs, collect data and analyze facts, uncover and test concepts, state the problem.

    • B.

      Collect and analyze facts, determine needs, state the problems,uncover and test concepts.

    • C.

      Uncover and test concepts, state the problem, determine needs, collect and analyze fact.

    • D.

      Collect and analyze facts, uncover and test concepts, determine needs, state the problem.

    Correct Answer
    D. Collect and analyze facts, uncover and test concepts, determine needs, state the problem.
    Explanation
    The suggested order for the remaining steps after establishing goals is to collect and analyze facts, uncover and test concepts, determine needs, and state the problem. This order allows for a systematic approach to gathering information about the client's needs, starting with collecting and analyzing data, then exploring different concepts, determining what the client truly needs, and finally stating the problem that needs to be addressed.

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  • 14. 

    All design problems can be stated in terms of form and which 3 other factors?

    • A.

      Analysis, synthesis, and function

    • B.

      Function, economy, and time

    • C.

      Goals, facts, and function

    • D.

      Economy, time, and synthesis

    Correct Answer
    B. Function, economy, and time
    Explanation
    The correct answer is function, economy, and time. When approaching a design problem, it is important to consider the function or purpose of the design, the economy or cost-effectiveness of the design, and the time required for design implementation. These three factors are crucial in ensuring that the design meets its intended goals, is efficient in terms of resources and cost, and can be executed within the desired timeframe.

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  • 15. 

    Which of these types of information regarding a new multipurpose room in an assisted living facility would be the LEAST important for the interior designer to give to the mechanical engineer.

    • A.

      The age of the residents in the facility.

    • B.

      The types of the activities the room will be used for.

    • C.

      The maximum number of residents using the room at the one time.

    • D.

      A copy of the reflected ceiling plan.

    Correct Answer
    A. The age of the residents in the facility.
    Explanation
    The age of the residents in the facility would be the least important information for the interior designer to give to the mechanical engineer. The mechanical engineer's main concern would be the technical aspects of the room, such as the HVAC system, lighting, and acoustics, which are not directly influenced by the age of the residents. The types of activities the room will be used for and the maximum number of residents using the room at one time would be more relevant for the mechanical engineer to ensure that the room is designed to accommodate the specific needs and requirements of the residents and the activities taking place. A copy of the reflected ceiling plan would also be important for the mechanical engineer to understand the layout and positioning of the mechanical components.

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  • 16. 

    Apart from being decorative the primary advantage of using tapestries in Gothic and Renaissance castles was that they

    • A.

      Reduced sound reflection

    • B.

      Minimized drafts

    • C.

      Raised mean radiant temperatures

    • D.

      Reduced condensation on walls

    Correct Answer
    C. Raised mean radiant temperatures
    Explanation
    Tapestries in Gothic and Renaissance castles were primarily used for their decorative purposes. However, one of the advantages of using tapestries was that they raised the mean radiant temperatures in the castle. This means that the tapestries helped to retain heat within the castle, making it warmer and more comfortable for the inhabitants. By hanging tapestries on the walls, they acted as insulation, preventing heat from escaping and thus raising the overall temperature of the castle.

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  • 17. 

    Interior spaces often need to be multi functional or flexible.  What are the 3 components of flexibility as a programmatic design concept?

    • A.

      Versatility, convertibility, and grouping

    • B.

      Expandability, hierarchy, flow

    • C.

      Flow, hierarchy, convertibility

    • D.

      Convertibility, expandability, versatility

    Correct Answer
    D. Convertibility, expandability, versatility
    Explanation
    The three components of flexibility as a programmatic design concept are convertibility, expandability, and versatility. Convertibility refers to the ability of a space to be transformed or adapted for different uses. Expandability means that the space can be easily expanded or modified to accommodate changing needs. Versatility implies that the space can be used for multiple functions or activities. These three components work together to create interior spaces that can adapt and accommodate various activities and requirements.

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  • 18. 

    An interior designer is researching ergonomic chairs for an office. Which of the following design criteria is LEAST important to consider?

    • A.

      Durability

    • B.

      Lumbar support

    • C.

      Height adjustment

    • D.

      Foam construction

    Correct Answer
    A. Durability
    Explanation
    When researching ergonomic chairs for an office, durability is the least important design criteria to consider. While durability is important to ensure the chair lasts long, other factors like lumbar support, height adjustment, and foam construction directly impact the comfort and well-being of the users. A chair with proper lumbar support ensures good posture, height adjustment allows customization for different individuals, and foam construction provides comfort. Therefore, while durability is important, it is not as crucial as the other criteria in promoting ergonomic and comfortable seating.

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  • 19. 

    An interior designer would be MOST likely to suggest to a mechanical engineer that additional ventilation or exhaust be provided in

    • A.

      Private toilet room

    • B.

      Commercial kitchen

    • C.

      Corporation conference room

    • D.

      Exercise room in a community recreation center

    Correct Answer
    C. Corporation conference room
    Explanation
    An interior designer would be most likely to suggest additional ventilation or exhaust in a corporation conference room because these spaces are often used for meetings and presentations where a large number of people gather. The additional ventilation would help to improve air quality and prevent stuffiness in the room, ensuring a comfortable environment for the occupants. It would also help to remove any odors or pollutants that may be present, creating a more pleasant and inviting atmosphere for meetings.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following statments regarding programmatic interviews is FALSE?

    • A.

      They can establish the accuracy of questionnaires.

    • B.

      They minimize inaccurate results from ambiguous questions.

    • C.

      They allow for the revelation of information that the programmer may not have considered.

    • D.

      They make efficient use of the interviewers time.

    Correct Answer
    D. They make efficient use of the interviewers time.
    Explanation
    Programmatic interviews do not necessarily make efficient use of the interviewers' time. While they can establish the accuracy of questionnaires, minimize inaccurate results from ambiguous questions, and allow for the revelation of information that the programmer may not have considered, they may also require more time and effort from the interviewer. Programmatic interviews often involve more complex and in-depth questioning techniques, which can take longer to conduct and analyze compared to traditional interviews. Therefore, the statement that they make efficient use of the interviewers' time is false.

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  • 21. 

    As a part of ergonomic design, how high should a keyboard be from the floor?

    • A.

      26" - 28-1/2"

    • B.

      28" - 31"

    • C.

      29" - 30"

    • D.

      30" - 32"

    Correct Answer
    A. 26" - 28-1/2"
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 26" - 28-1/2". This range is considered the optimal height for a keyboard from the floor in terms of ergonomic design. It allows for comfortable typing posture and reduces strain on the wrists, arms, and shoulders. This height range ensures that the user's arms are at a neutral position and their elbows are at a 90-degree angle. It promotes better ergonomics and helps prevent repetitive strain injuries.

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  • 22. 

    An interior designer has been hired to redesign a large Victorian house into a Bed and Breakfast Inn. During and intial interview, the client says that he want to restore the interior to an authentic Vitorian look, as well as enlarge some the bedrooms into suites so that the inn will be the best in town. After hearing these comments, what should be the designer's FIRST course of action?

    • A.

      Retain and architect

    • B.

      Suggest a feasibility study

    • C.

      Define what is meant by "best in town"

    • D.

      Begin field measuring and research

    Correct Answer
    B. Suggest a feasibility study
    Explanation
    The designer's first course of action should be to suggest a feasibility study. This is because the client's request to restore the interior to an authentic Victorian look and enlarge the bedrooms into suites may require structural changes and renovations. A feasibility study will help determine the practicality and viability of these changes, taking into consideration factors such as budget, time constraints, and any potential challenges that may arise.

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  • 23. 

    A residential design in a rural area involves the addition of 2 bedrooms and 2 bathrooms. Which of the following should be the 2 greatest concerns during the home's due diligence investigation?

    • A.

      Neighborhood character and zoning setbacks

    • B.

      Zoning setbacks and septic capacity

    • C.

      Heating system capacity, and septic capacity

    • D.

      Zoning height limitations and heating system capacity

    Correct Answer
    C. Heating system capacity, and septic capacity
    Explanation
    During a residential design in a rural area, the addition of 2 bedrooms and 2 bathrooms would require careful consideration of the heating system capacity and septic capacity. The heating system capacity is important to ensure that the existing heating system can handle the additional load from the new bedrooms and bathrooms. The septic capacity is crucial as it determines whether the current septic system can accommodate the increased wastewater flow from the additional bedrooms and bathrooms. Both factors are essential for the functionality and comfort of the home, making them the two greatest concerns during the due diligence investigation.

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  • 24. 

    A new office suite is planned for the 5th floor of a building. Which of the following existing characteristics would MOST affect egress planning?

    • A.

      Location of stairs and present sprinkler system?

    • B.

      Size of existing building and fire rating of the existing corridors?

    • C.

      Area and shape of the 5th floor and location of stairs

    • D.

      Location of the elevators ans area of the 5th floor

    Correct Answer
    C. Area and shape of the 5th floor and location of stairs
    Explanation
    The area and shape of the 5th floor and the location of the stairs would have the most impact on egress planning. The size and layout of the floor, as well as the placement of the stairs, would determine how easily and efficiently people can exit the building in case of an emergency. The location of the stairs ensures that there are accessible routes for people to evacuate, while the area and shape of the floor determine the capacity and flow of people during an evacuation.

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  • 25. 

    An interior designer is qualified to investigate all of the following during site analysis EXCEPT the

    • A.

      Condition of existing non-load-bearing partitions

    • B.

      Existing support of a suspended ceiling system

    • C.

      Adequacy of the HVAC system air diffusers

    • D.

      Location and number of plumbing fixtures

    Correct Answer
    C. Adequacy of the HVAC system air diffusers
    Explanation
    During site analysis, an interior designer is responsible for assessing various aspects of the space. This includes evaluating the condition of existing non-load-bearing partitions, examining the existing support of a suspended ceiling system, and determining the location and number of plumbing fixtures. However, the adequacy of the HVAC system air diffusers is not within the scope of an interior designer's responsibilities during site analysis. This task is typically handled by HVAC specialists or engineers who are specifically trained in assessing and designing HVAC systems.

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  • 26. 

    Due diligence requires the investigation and documentation of the

    • A.

      Adequacy of the mechanical and electrical systems

    • B.

      Structural capacity and existing egress in the building

    • C.

      Elements related to the condition of the existing space

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". Due diligence refers to the process of thoroughly investigating and documenting various aspects of a property before making a decision. In this case, it involves investigating and documenting the adequacy of the mechanical and electrical systems, the structural capacity and existing egress in the building, as well as elements related to the condition of the existing space. By considering all of these factors, one can make an informed decision about the property and assess any potential risks or issues that may need to be addressed.

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  • 27. 

    Which of the following will NOT contribute to certification under the LEED for Commercial Interiors rating system?

    • A.

      Addition of bicycle storage and shower facilities.

    • B.

      Prevention of construction activity pollution.

    • C.

      Installation of underground parking.

    • D.

      Reduction in use of municipal potable water in restrooms.

    Correct Answer
    B. Prevention of construction activity pollution.
    Explanation
    The LEED for Commercial Interiors rating system focuses on sustainable practices in the design and construction of commercial interior spaces. It encourages the use of environmentally friendly materials, energy efficiency, and water conservation. The addition of bicycle storage and shower facilities promotes alternative transportation methods, reducing the use of cars and promoting sustainability. The installation of underground parking does not directly contribute to certification, but it does not contradict the principles of LEED. The reduction in the use of municipal potable water in restrooms promotes water conservation. However, prevention of construction activity pollution is not directly related to the design and construction of the interior space, and therefore does not contribute to certification under the LEED for Commercial Interiors rating system.

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  • 28. 

    Who is responsible for determining the condition of an existing floor as a part of a due dilligence investigation?

    • A.

      Flooring subcontractor

    • B.

      General contractor

    • C.

      Interior designer

    • D.

      Structural engineer

    Correct Answer
    C. Interior designer
    Explanation
    The interior designer is responsible for determining the condition of an existing floor as a part of a due diligence investigation. This is because the interior designer is involved in the planning and design of the space, and they need to assess the condition of the floor in order to make appropriate design decisions. The flooring subcontractor may be involved in the installation of the floor, but they would not typically be responsible for assessing its condition. The general contractor is responsible for overseeing the construction process, but may not have the expertise to evaluate the floor's condition. The structural engineer is primarily concerned with the structural integrity of the building, rather than the condition of the floor specifically.

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  • 29. 

    Which type of plan is always needed to begin spacing planning?

    • A.

      Base plan

    • B.

      Circulation plan

    • C.

      Exiting plan

    • D.

      Reflected ceiling plan

    Correct Answer
    A. Base plan
    Explanation
    A base plan is always needed to begin space planning because it provides a detailed and accurate representation of the existing conditions of the space. It includes information such as the dimensions, layout, and location of walls, doors, windows, and other architectural features. This information is crucial for designers and planners to understand the constraints and possibilities of the space and to develop an effective space plan that meets the desired objectives. Without a base plan, it would be challenging to create an accurate and functional space plan.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following corridor elements must be finalized with floor plan during design development?

    • A.

      Floor surface material, turnaround space, and recesses for drinking fountains.

    • B.

      Corridor width, handrail projection, and exit sign locations.

    • C.

      Door swings, recesses for drinking fountains, and corridor widths.

    • D.

      Location of visual fire alarms, turnaround space, and door swings.

    Correct Answer
    C. Door swings, recesses for drinking fountains, and corridor widths.
    Explanation
    During the design development phase, it is important to finalize the door swings, recesses for drinking fountains, and corridor widths. Door swings need to be determined in order to ensure proper placement of doors and to avoid any obstructions. Recesses for drinking fountains should be finalized to ensure that they are appropriately located and easily accessible. Corridor widths need to be determined to ensure that there is enough space for people to move through the corridor comfortably and safely. These elements are crucial for the overall functionality and accessibility of the corridor design.

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  • 31. 

    A restaurant in an old building is undergoing remodeling. Which of the following exisitng building elements would have the MOST influence over the space plan for the proposed dining area?

    • A.

      Load bearing columns and interior walls

    • B.

      Building dimensions

    • C.

      Plumbing fixtures

    • D.

      Decorative millwork and ornate lighting

    Correct Answer
    B. Building dimensions
    Explanation
    Building dimensions would actually determine if the proposed dining area would even fit within the space available.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the following is generally NOT a critical planning concern for a commercial office space?

    • A.

      Adjacency

    • B.

      Plan type

    • C.

      Daylighting

    • D.

      Egress

    Correct Answer
    B. Plan type
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Plan type". When planning a commercial office space, factors such as adjacency (the arrangement of different spaces), daylighting (the use of natural light), and egress (the means of exiting the space) are typically critical concerns. However, the specific type of plan, such as an open plan or closed plan, is not usually considered a critical planning concern as it can vary depending on the specific needs and preferences of the office space occupants.

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  • 33. 

    A building interior is being planned that will include an atrium. Which of the following organizational schemes does this most strongly suggest?

    • A.

      Axial

    • B.

      Grid

    • C.

      Radial

    • D.

      Central

    Correct Answer
    D. Central
    Explanation
    The inclusion of an atrium in a building interior suggests a central organizational scheme. This implies that the atrium will be the focal point of the design and will serve as a central gathering space. The other organizational schemes - axial, grid, and radial - may not necessarily have a central focal point and may prioritize different design elements or layouts.

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  • 34. 

    Typically the most effective action an interior designer can take to maximize daylighting is to

    • A.

      Change the type of glazing

    • B.

      Increase the head height of glazing

    • C.

      Install a light shelf

    • D.

      Specify a high-reflectance paint

    Correct Answer
    D. Specify a high-reflectance paint
    Explanation
    To maximize daylighting, interior designers can specify a high-reflectance paint. This type of paint has a higher level of reflectivity, which allows it to bounce more natural light around the room. By using high-reflectance paint on walls and ceilings, the designer can enhance the overall brightness and illumination in the space, making it feel more open and airy. This is a cost-effective and efficient way to maximize daylighting without making major structural changes or additions to the space.

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  • 35. 

    The location of a new toilet room in an existing building would be MOST limited by the?

    • A.

      Location of cold water pipes

    • B.

      Position of existing vent stacks

    • C.

      Location of an existing overhead structural beam

    • D.

      Distance from the nearest soil stack

    Correct Answer
    D. Distance from the nearest soil stack
    Explanation
    The location of a new toilet room in an existing building would be most limited by the distance from the nearest soil stack. This is because the toilet needs to be connected to the soil stack in order to properly dispose of waste. If the distance is too far, it may be difficult or impractical to connect the toilet to the soil stack, resulting in plumbing issues. Therefore, the distance from the nearest soil stack is the most crucial factor in determining the location of the new toilet room.

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  • 36. 

    Under the LEED for new construction, rating system, certification is NOT achievable unless

    • A.

      An area for recyclables is provided

    • B.

      Bicycle storage is provided

    • C.

      Existing partitions are used

    • D.

      Recycled ceiling tiles are used

    Correct Answer
    A. An area for recyclables is provided
    Explanation
    Under the LEED for new construction rating system, certification is not achievable unless an area for recyclables is provided. This requirement is in line with the sustainable practices promoted by LEED, as it encourages the proper management and disposal of waste materials. By providing an area for recyclables, the building demonstrates its commitment to reducing its environmental impact and promoting recycling. This requirement ensures that the building meets the criteria set by LEED for waste management and contributes to a more sustainable built environment.

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  • 37. 

    For most planning problems, the MOST efficient type of circulation system is a 

    • A.

      Radial system

    • B.

      Single loaded corridor system

    • C.

      Double loaded corridor system

    • D.

      Grid system

    Correct Answer
    C. Double loaded corridor system
    Explanation
    A double loaded corridor system is the most efficient type of circulation system for most planning problems. In this system, corridors are placed on both sides of a central space, allowing for a higher density of movement and better flow of people. This design also provides more opportunities for interaction and access to different areas, making it efficient for both pedestrian and vehicular circulation. It allows for easy navigation and minimizes congestion, making it the preferred choice for most planning scenarios.

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  • 38. 

    A programming report for a clinic in a stand-alone building states that controlling noise transmission is of critical importance. In designing the space plan, the interior designer can MOST effectively control noise by

    • A.

      Locating noise sensitive spaces away from the mechanical room.

    • B.

      Providing corridors between as many rooms as possible.

    • C.

      Putting buffer rooms between noisy spaces and quiet spaces

    • D.

      Separating noisy ans quiet space with concrete block partitions

    Correct Answer
    C. Putting buffer rooms between noisy spaces and quiet spaces
    Explanation
    Putting buffer rooms between noisy spaces and quiet spaces is the most effective way to control noise transmission in a clinic. Buffer rooms act as a barrier between the noisy areas and the quiet areas, reducing the amount of noise that can travel between them. This helps to create a more peaceful and comfortable environment for patients and staff. Locating noise sensitive spaces away from the mechanical room can also help, but it may not be as effective as using buffer rooms. Providing corridors between rooms and separating noisy and quiet spaces with concrete block partitions may help to some extent, but they may not be as efficient in controlling noise transmission as buffer rooms.

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  • 39. 

    A interior designer can MOST improve the the safety of a restaurant's design by

    • A.

      Making exits highly visible

    • B.

      Maintain adequate spacing between tables

    • C.

      Avoiding a level of change of one or two steps

    • D.

      Keeping the entrance to the kitchen away from the seating

    Correct Answer
    C. Avoiding a level of change of one or two steps
    Explanation
    Avoiding a level change of one or two steps can improve the safety of a restaurant's design because it reduces the risk of tripping and falling. This is especially important in a restaurant setting where there may be a high volume of foot traffic and potential hazards such as spills or obstacles. By eliminating or minimizing level changes, the interior designer can create a more accessible and safer environment for both customers and staff.

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  • 40. 

    When selecting a sofa for a residential family room, an interior designer is generally least concerned with the sofa's

    • A.

      Cushion density

    • B.

      Flame retardant composition

    • C.

      Tufting pattern

    • D.

      Fabric type

    Correct Answer
    C. Tufting pattern
    Explanation
    When selecting a sofa for a residential family room, an interior designer is generally least concerned with the tufting pattern. While cushion density, flame retardant composition, and fabric type are important factors to consider for comfort, safety, and durability, the tufting pattern is primarily a decorative feature that does not significantly impact the functionality or practicality of the sofa.

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  • 41. 

    Which of the following would be the BEST resource for an interior designer looking for independent, 3rd party material on the sustainability of architectural woodwork material.

    • A.

      Architectural woodwork institute

    • B.

      BuildingGreen

    • C.

      Forest stewardship council

    • D.

      U.S. green building council

    Correct Answer
    B. BuildingGreen
    Explanation
    BuildingGreen would be the best resource for an interior designer looking for independent, 3rd party material on the sustainability of architectural woodwork material. BuildingGreen is a reputable organization that provides information and resources on sustainable building practices. They offer comprehensive and unbiased information on various building materials, including woodwork, and their sustainability. Their resources can help interior designers make informed decisions about using environmentally friendly materials in their projects. The other options, such as the Architectural Woodwork Institute, Forest Stewardship Council, and U.S. Green Building Council, may also provide valuable information, but BuildingGreen is specifically focused on providing independent, third-party material on sustainability.

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  • 42. 

    Which of the following is a searchable, internet-based database that can be used to find interior finish standards?

    • A.

      ANSI

    • B.

      NSSN

    • C.

      ASHRE

    • D.

      IESNA

    Correct Answer
    B. NSSN
    Explanation
    A national resource for global standards, allows retrieval of title and numbers for thousands of global standards.

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  • 43. 

    A manufacturer claims that its product meets an ASTM standard, but refers to the standard only by number and title. The interior designer can BEST review the standard by

    • A.

      Calling the trade association representing the type of product in question.

    • B.

      Getting the standard from the manufacturer.

    • C.

      Ordering the standard directly from ASTM or from a third-party seller.

    • D.

      Searching a university or research library.

    Correct Answer
    C. Ordering the standard directly from ASTM or from a third-party seller.
    Explanation
    The interior designer can best review the standard by ordering it directly from ASTM or from a third-party seller. This is because the manufacturer only refers to the standard by number and title, without providing any further details. By obtaining the standard directly from ASTM or a third-party seller, the interior designer can ensure they have access to the complete and accurate information regarding the standard in question. Calling the trade association representing the type of product or searching a university or research library may not provide the specific standard needed for review.

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  • 44. 

    To research the design of specialty hotel products, what would be the BEST resource for an interior designer.

    • A.

      Sweets Catalog

    • B.

      Books on hospitality design

    • C.

      Journals that cover the hospitality industry

    • D.

      Internet websites specializing in interior design products

    Correct Answer
    D. Internet websites specializing in interior design products
    Explanation
    The best resource for an interior designer to research the design of specialty hotel products would be internet websites specializing in interior design products. These websites would provide a wide range of options and information specifically tailored to the needs of interior designers. They would offer a variety of products, styles, and trends relevant to the hospitality industry, making them a valuable resource for gathering inspiration and sourcing the necessary products for hotel design projects.

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  • 45. 

    To confirm that a particular project meets material flammability requirements, an interior designer should

    • A.

      Contact each manufacturer whose materials are used

    • B.

      Refer to state flammability regulations

    • C.

      Contact the authority having jurisdiction

    • D.

      Review the international building code

    Correct Answer
    C. Contact the authority having jurisdiction
    Explanation
    To confirm that a particular project meets material flammability requirements, an interior designer should contact the authority having jurisdiction. This is because the authority having jurisdiction is responsible for enforcing and interpreting the building codes and regulations in a specific area. They have the expertise and knowledge to determine whether a project complies with the material flammability requirements set by the local regulations. By contacting the authority having jurisdiction, the interior designer can ensure that the project meets the necessary safety standards.

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  • 46. 

    A drawing that shows the top view of a building and its surroundings is called a

    • A.

      Floor plan

    • B.

      Site plan

    • C.

      Roof plan

    • D.

      Horizontal section

    Correct Answer
    B. Site plan
    Explanation
    A drawing that shows the top view of a building and its surroundings is called a site plan. This type of plan provides an overview of the entire site, including the building, landscape elements, parking areas, and other features. It helps in understanding the relationship between the building and its surroundings, such as roads, walkways, and neighboring structures. A site plan is commonly used in architectural and urban planning projects to guide the design and development of a site.

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  • 47. 

    What does VP stand for in perspective drawing?

    • A.

      Visual perspective

    • B.

      Vanishing point

    • C.

      Vista Point

    • D.

      Virtual Plane

    Correct Answer
    B. Vanishing point
    Explanation
    In perspective drawing, VP stands for Vanishing Point. This is the point on the horizon line where parallel lines appear to converge or meet. It is an important concept in creating realistic and accurate three-dimensional representations on a two-dimensional surface. The vanishing point helps to create depth and the illusion of distance in a drawing by determining the direction and convergence of lines.

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  • 48. 

    Which 2 scales are most commonly used for floor plans using customary U.S. units

    • A.

      1/16", 1/8"

    • B.

      1/8", 3/16"

    • C.

      1/8", 1/4"

    • D.

      1/4", 1/2"

    Correct Answer
    C. 1/8", 1/4"
    Explanation
    The most commonly used scales for floor plans using customary U.S. units are 1/8" and 1/4". These scales allow for accurate representation of measurements on the floor plan while still maintaining a manageable size. The 1/8" scale is often used for larger floor plans or spaces, while the 1/4" scale is used for smaller or more detailed floor plans.

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  • 49. 

    An orthographic drawing is an unreal view of an object primarily because

    • A.

      More than one drawing is needed to describe and object.

    • B.

      The point of view is simultaneously directly in front of very point on the object's face.

    • C.

      A transparent plane has to be imagined.

    • D.

      Some planes may be foreshortened.

    Correct Answer
    B. The point of view is simultaneously directly in front of very point on the object's face.
    Explanation
    An orthographic drawing is an unreal view of an object primarily because the point of view is simultaneously directly in front of every point on the object's face. In reality, it is impossible to view an object from every point on its face at the same time. Orthographic drawings are used to represent objects in a simplified and standardized manner, providing a clear and accurate representation of its shape and dimensions.

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  • 50. 

    What kind of scale is best used to measure the size of a drawn feature in feet and decimal fractions of a foot?

    • A.

      Architect's scale

    • B.

      Engineer's scale

    • C.

      Metric scale

    • D.

      Graphic scale

    Correct Answer
    B. Engineer's scale
    Explanation
    An engineer's scale is the best scale to use when measuring the size of a drawn feature in feet and decimal fractions of a foot. This scale is specifically designed for engineering and construction purposes, and it allows for precise measurements in both imperial and metric units. The architect's scale is more commonly used for measuring dimensions in architectural drawings, while the metric scale is used for measurements in the metric system. The graphic scale is a visual representation of a scale and is not typically used for precise measurements.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 07, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Spreston

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