Natural Selection - Cells - Organelles

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| By Amoquamveho
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Amoquamveho
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 591
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 348

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Cell Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz will determine how much Metro students know about biology, ecology, geology, and other great things.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The engine that drives evolution is called

    • A.

      Artificial selection

    • B.

      Natural selection

    • C.

      Artificial intelligence

    • D.

      Natural adaptation

    • E.

      Selection criteria

    Correct Answer
    B. Natural selection
    Explanation
    Natural selection is the correct answer because it is the process by which certain traits become more or less common in a population over time, based on their ability to help individuals survive and reproduce. It is driven by the environment and the selective pressures it imposes on organisms. Through natural selection, advantageous traits are passed on to future generations, leading to the evolution of species. Artificial selection, on the other hand, involves human intervention in selecting and breeding specific traits in domesticated plants and animals. Artificial intelligence, natural adaptation, and selection criteria are not accurate descriptions of the engine that drives evolution.

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  • 2. 

    A beneficial genetic mutation is one that increases an organism's

    • A.

      Volume

    • B.

      Chance of survival

    • C.

      Food selection

    • D.

      Habitat

    • E.

      Heart rate

    Correct Answer
    B. Chance of survival
    Explanation
    A beneficial genetic mutation is one that increases an organism's chance of survival. This means that the mutation provides an advantage to the organism, allowing it to better adapt to its environment and increase its likelihood of surviving and reproducing. This could include mutations that enhance the organism's ability to find food, escape from predators, resist diseases, or thrive in its habitat. By increasing the chance of survival, these mutations can be passed on to future generations, leading to the evolution of a species over time.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is most consistent with the modern theory of evolution?

    • A.

      Parents pass their physical traits to their offspring; those offspring with traits that help them survive in the environment are able to reproduce.

    • B.

      Parents change their physical traits in order to survive in the environment, then those parental traits are passed to their offspring.

    • C.

      Life on this planet came from another planet far out in space.

    • D.

      Living organisms have not changed for hundreds of millions of years.

    Correct Answer
    A. Parents pass their physical traits to their offspring; those offspring with traits that help them survive in the environment are able to reproduce.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that parents pass their physical traits to their offspring; those offspring with traits that help them survive in the environment are able to reproduce. This answer aligns with the principles of natural selection, which is a key concept in the modern theory of evolution. According to natural selection, individuals with advantageous traits are more likely to survive and reproduce, passing on those traits to future generations. This process leads to the gradual change and adaptation of species over time.

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  • 4. 

    What type of organelle exists in animal cells but not plant cells?

    • A.

      Mitochondria

    • B.

      Ribosomes

    • C.

      Lysosomes

    • D.

      Chromosomes

    • E.

      Golgi body

    Correct Answer
    C. Lysosomes
    Explanation
    Lysosomes are organelles that exist in animal cells but not in plant cells. Lysosomes are responsible for breaking down waste materials and cellular debris. They contain digestive enzymes that help in the process of digestion and recycling of cellular components. Plant cells do not have lysosomes because they have other structures such as vacuoles that perform similar functions.

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  • 5. 

    A cell membrane allows materials to pass in and out of the cell through a process called...

    • A.

      Mitosis

    • B.

      Dismosis

    • C.

      Osmosis

    • D.

      Mamosas

    • E.

      Halitosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Osmosis
    Explanation
    A cell membrane allows materials to pass in and out of the cell through a process called osmosis. Osmosis is the movement of water molecules from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration across a semipermeable membrane. This process is important for maintaining the balance of water and solutes inside the cell and regulating the cell's internal environment.

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  • 6. 

    What is a eukaryotic cell?

    • A.

      Any cell that has cytoplasm

    • B.

      Any cell that has a mitochondria

    • C.

      Any cell that has a nucleus

    • D.

      Any cell that has a cell wall

    • E.

      Any cell with DNA

    Correct Answer
    C. Any cell that has a nucleus
    Explanation
    A eukaryotic cell is a type of cell that has a nucleus. The nucleus is a membrane-bound organelle that contains the cell's genetic material, DNA. This distinguishes eukaryotic cells from prokaryotic cells, which do not have a nucleus. Eukaryotic cells also typically have other membrane-bound organelles, such as mitochondria, and a complex internal structure. The presence of a nucleus allows eukaryotic cells to carry out more complex functions and processes compared to prokaryotic cells.

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  • 7. 

    Where are the proteins created in the cell?

    • A.

      Ribosomes

    • B.

      Mitochondria

    • C.

      Lysosomes

    • D.

      Nucleus

    • E.

      Nucleolus

    Correct Answer
    A. Ribosomes
    Explanation
    Proteins are created in the cell at ribosomes. Ribosomes are small organelles found in the cytoplasm of the cell. They are responsible for protein synthesis, where they read the instructions from the mRNA and assemble amino acids into a polypeptide chain. This process is known as translation. Therefore, ribosomes play a crucial role in the production of proteins within the cell.

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  • 8. 

    All cells require certain chemicals to survive, which of the following is not always required?

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Oxygen

    • C.

      Sugars (carbohydrates)

    • D.

      Proteins

    • E.

      Nucleic acids

    Correct Answer
    B. Oxygen
    Explanation
    Oxygen is not always required for all cells to survive. While many cells do require oxygen for respiration, there are some cells, such as anaerobic bacteria, that can survive without it. These cells are able to obtain energy through alternative metabolic pathways that do not rely on oxygen. Therefore, oxygen is not an essential requirement for the survival of all cells.

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  • 9. 

    You evolve throughout your life

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that you do not evolve throughout your life. This implies that personal growth and development do not occur over time. However, it is widely accepted that individuals go through various experiences and learn from them, leading to personal growth and evolution. Therefore, the statement is incorrect, and the correct answer is False.

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  • 10. 

    Cells often reproduce by copying the _____________ in the nucleus into two identical sets.  The cell then divides into two cells in a process called _____________.

    • A.

      Ribosomes, osmosis

    • B.

      Chromosomes, mitosis

    • C.

      Lysosomes, osmosis

    • D.

      Ribosomes, mitosis

    • E.

      Proteins, osmosis

    Correct Answer
    B. Chromosomes, mitosis
    Explanation
    Cells reproduce by copying the chromosomes in the nucleus into two identical sets. This process is called mitosis, where the cell divides into two cells.

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  • 11. 

    Where do plant and animal cells store their food, water, and waste?

    • A.

      The endoplasmic reticulum

    • B.

      The nucleolus

    • C.

      The chloroplasts

    • D.

      The vacuole

    • E.

      The vesicle

    Correct Answer
    D. The vacuole
    Explanation
    Plant and animal cells store their food, water, and waste in the vacuole. The vacuole is a membrane-bound organelle that is responsible for storing various substances. It plays a crucial role in regulating the cell's internal environment, maintaining turgor pressure, and storing nutrients and waste products. In plant cells, the vacuole is typically larger and more prominent, occupying a significant portion of the cell's volume. It acts as a storage container for water, ions, sugars, pigments, and other molecules. Animal cells also have vacuoles, although they are smaller and less prominent compared to plant cells.

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  • 12. 

    Chloroplasts convert _______________________

    • A.

      Pesos into dollars.

    • B.

      Kinetic energy into electrical energy.

    • C.

      CO2 and H20 into sugar using sunlight.

    • D.

      Nutrients from food into useable energy.

    • E.

      .mp3s into .wavs

    Correct Answer
    C. CO2 and H20 into sugar using sunlight.
    Explanation
    Chloroplasts are organelles found in plant cells that are responsible for photosynthesis. During photosynthesis, chloroplasts convert carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O) into sugar (glucose) using sunlight as the energy source. This process is essential for plants to produce their own food and release oxygen as a byproduct.

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  • 13. 

    Simply stated, evolutionary theory says that...

    • A.

      All species change over time.

    • B.

      We are descended from monkeys.

    • C.

      Some animals with stripes and long necks and sharp teeth have adapted.

    • D.

      There is no God.

    • E.

      If you have a spoon bill you will be the winner.

    Correct Answer
    A. All species change over time.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is all species change over time. This statement aligns with the fundamental concept of evolutionary theory, which states that species undergo changes in their genetic makeup over successive generations. These changes can occur due to various factors such as natural selection, genetic mutation, and genetic drift. Over time, these changes can lead to the formation of new species or the extinction of existing ones. This process of gradual change and adaptation is a central principle of evolutionary theory.

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  • 14. 

    Oregon can be geologically described as lying over a ____________

    • A.

      Dead Zone

    • B.

      Subduction Zone

    • C.

      Convection Zone

    • D.

      Twilight Zone

    • E.

      Volcanic Zone

    Correct Answer
    B. Subduction Zone
    Explanation
    Oregon can be geologically described as lying over a subduction zone. A subduction zone is a tectonic boundary where two plates collide, and one plate is forced beneath the other into the Earth's mantle. This process can lead to the formation of volcanic activity, as the subducting plate melts and rises to the surface, creating a volcanic zone. Given that Oregon is known for its volcanic activity, such as the Cascade Range, it aligns with the description of lying over a subduction zone.

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  • 15. 

    A cell wall is made from a substance called

    • A.

      Chitin

    • B.

      Lichen

    • C.

      Cellulose

    • D.

      Krachen

    Correct Answer
    C. Cellulose
    Explanation
    Cellulose is a substance that makes up the cell wall. It is a complex carbohydrate that provides structural support and protection to plant cells. Chitin is a substance found in the exoskeletons of insects and crustaceans, while lichen is a mutualistic association between a fungus and an alga or cyanobacterium. Krachen is not a known substance. Therefore, the correct answer is cellulose.

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  • 16. 

    A lysosome is most like which of the following?

    • A.

      Cafeteria

    • B.

      Bathroom

    • C.

      Recycling center

    • D.

      Power plant

    Correct Answer
    C. Recycling center
    Explanation
    A lysosome is most like a recycling center because lysosomes are responsible for breaking down and recycling waste materials within cells. Just like a recycling center processes and breaks down different materials for reuse, lysosomes contain enzymes that break down cellular waste and recycle the components back into the cell for further use. This analogy helps to understand the role of lysosomes in maintaining cellular health and function.

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  • 17. 

    Cells were first discovered

    • A.

      In onions.

    • B.

      In cork.

    • C.

      In blood.

    • D.

      In water.

    • E.

      In your mouth.

    Correct Answer
    B. In cork.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is in cork. Cells were first discovered in cork by Robert Hooke in 1665. He observed thin slices of cork under a microscope and noticed small compartments that he named "cells" due to their resemblance to monk's cells. This discovery marked the beginning of cell biology and revolutionized our understanding of the microscopic world.

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  • 18. 

    Each cell in your body contains your entire genetic code.  However, individual cells have specialized jobs.  Where is the cell's function or job decided?

    • A.

      The brain

    • B.

      The nucleus

    • C.

      The mitochondria

    • D.

      Mt. Olympus

    • E.

      The nucleolus

    Correct Answer
    B. The nucleus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the nucleus. The nucleus is the control center of the cell and contains the cell's genetic information in the form of DNA. It regulates all cellular activities and determines the cell's function or job. The DNA in the nucleus provides instructions for the synthesis of proteins, which are essential for carrying out specific functions in the cell. The nucleus also plays a role in cell division and replication of genetic material.

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  • 19. 

    Habitat does not include which of the following?

    • A.

      Food

    • B.

      Water

    • C.

      Shelter

    • D.

      Space

    • E.

      Family

    Correct Answer
    E. Family
    Explanation
    three or four hands are also good answers

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  • 20. 

    Two animals have a relationship with one another in which both find benefit.  This relationship can best be described by which term?

    • A.

      Commensalism

    • B.

      Mutualism

    • C.

      Parasitism

    • D.

      Predation

    Correct Answer
    B. Mutualism
    Explanation
    Mutualism refers to a relationship between two organisms where both parties benefit. In this type of symbiotic relationship, both animals gain advantages and resources from each other. This can include sharing food, protection, or assistance in reproduction. It is a cooperative and mutually beneficial interaction, making it the best term to describe the relationship between two animals in which both find benefit.

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  • 21. 

    Latitude are also known as ____________

    • A.

      Criss-cross lines

    • B.

      Neat lines

    • C.

      Meridian lines

    • D.

      Parallels

    Correct Answer
    D. Parallels
    Explanation
    Latitude refers to the imaginary lines that run parallel to the Equator on the Earth's surface. These lines are called parallels because they never intersect or cross each other. They are used to measure the distance north or south of the Equator and are essential for navigation and determining specific locations on the globe. Therefore, the term "parallels" is the correct answer as it accurately describes the nature and purpose of latitude lines.

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  • 22. 

    A tree is an example of _________

    • A.

      An abiotic factor

    • B.

      A limiting factor

    • C.

      A biotic factor

    • D.

      A greatest common factor

    Correct Answer
    C. A biotic factor
    Explanation
    A tree is an example of a biotic factor because it is a living organism that plays a role in an ecosystem. Biotic factors are all the living components of an ecosystem, including plants, animals, and microorganisms. Trees provide habitat for other organisms, contribute to the oxygen cycle, and interact with other biotic factors such as animals and fungi. They are an essential part of the ecological balance and have a significant impact on the overall functioning of an ecosystem.

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  • 23. 

    Soils and aquifers are rated by their ___________

    • A.

      Porosity and permeability

    • B.

      Quality and quantity

    • C.

      Ebb and flow

    • D.

      Pride and prejudice

    Correct Answer
    A. Porosity and permeability
    Explanation
    Soils and aquifers are rated by their porosity and permeability. Porosity refers to the amount of empty space within a soil or aquifer, which determines its ability to hold and transmit water. Permeability, on the other hand, refers to the ease with which water can flow through the soil or aquifer. These two factors are crucial in determining the quality and quantity of water that can be stored and accessed within a soil or aquifer.

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  • 24. 

    Binomial Nomenclature states that organisms are referred to by their ___________

    • A.

      Nickname

    • B.

      Common name

    • C.

      Kingdom and phylum

    • D.

      Genus and species

    Correct Answer
    D. Genus and species
    Explanation
    Binomial Nomenclature is a system developed by Carl Linnaeus to name and classify organisms. According to this system, each organism is referred to by a two-part scientific name, which consists of the genus and species. This naming convention helps to provide a standardized and universal way of identifying and categorizing different species, ensuring clarity and consistency in scientific communication. The use of the genus and species in the scientific name allows scientists to understand the evolutionary relationships and characteristics of organisms more accurately.

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  • 25. 

    Oregon lies closest to which of these tectonic zone?

    • A.

      The Cascadia Subduction zone

    • B.

      The San Andreas transfer zone

    • C.

      The twilight zone

    • D.

      The Pacific Divergent zone

    • E.

      The Knope passing zone

    Correct Answer
    A. The Cascadia Subduction zone
    Explanation
    Oregon lies closest to the Cascadia Subduction zone. This tectonic zone is located off the coast of the Pacific Northwest, stretching from northern California to southern British Columbia. It is characterized by the subduction of the Juan de Fuca Plate beneath the North American Plate, resulting in frequent earthquakes and potential for large-scale seismic events. Given Oregon's proximity to the Pacific Northwest, it is geographically closest to the Cascadia Subduction zone compared to the other options listed.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 01, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Amoquamveho
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