Biology II 1st Quarter Final Exam

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 40

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Biology Exam Quizzes & Trivia

Biology, as complex as many students find it to be has a lot of significance in the knowledge foundation. Continued practice and revision will make the subject easy for you. All the best as you attempt the quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What invention played the biggest role in the discovery of cells by early scientists?
    • A. 

      Magnifying glass

    • B. 

      Lens

    • C. 

      Eyeglasses

    • D. 

      Microscope

  • 2. 
    The cell theory states that all organisms are made of cells, cells are the most basic unit of structure and function in all living things, and...
    • A. 

      All existing cells form by free-cell formation

    • B. 

      All cells are eukaryotic.

    • C. 

      All existing cells are produced by other living cells.

    • D. 

      All cells have a nucleus.

  • 3. 
    What is the term for the jellylike substance that is contained inside the cell membrane?
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      Organelle

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 4. 
    Unlike a eukaryotic cell, a prokaryotic cell does not have
    • A. 

      DNA.

    • B. 

      A cell membrane.

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm.

    • D. 

      A nucleus.

  • 5. 
    Specialized structures that work together inside a cell are called
    • A. 

      Organelles.

    • B. 

      Prokaryotes.

    • C. 

      Eukaryotes.

    • D. 

      Nuclei.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is a network of proteins that supports and gives shape to a cell?
    • A. 

      Vesicles

    • B. 

      Vacuole

    • C. 

      Cytoskeleton

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm

  • 7. 
    Which of the following organelles can be found in the cytoplasm and on the surface of the endoplasmic reticulum?
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Centrosomes

    • C. 

      Ribosomes

    • D. 

      Centrioles

  • 8. 
    Which organelle contains enzymes that break down damaged cell parts?
    • A. 

      Centriole

    • B. 

      Lysosomes

    • C. 

      Vacuole

    • D. 

      Mitochondria

  • 9. 
    What are the main differences between plant and animal cells?
    • A. 

      Animal cells are eukaryotes and plant cells are not.

    • B. 

      Plant cells are eukaryotes and animal cells are not.

    • C. 

      Animal cells have cell walls and chloroplasts; plant cells do not.

    • D. 

      Plant cells have cell walls and chloroplasts; animal cells do not.

  • 10. 
    What is a phospholipid composed of?
    • A. 

      A polar head and a nonpolar tail

    • B. 

      A nonpolar head and a polar tail

    • C. 

      A polar head and tail

    • D. 

      A nonpolar head and tail

  • 11. 
    Which phrase best describes the property of selective permeability?
    • A. 

      Some molecules pass

    • B. 

      All ions pass

    • C. 

      Large molecules pass

    • D. 

      All molecules pass

  • 12. 
    Which phrase best describes passive transport?
    • A. 

      Requires transport proteins

    • B. 

      Requires no energy from the cell

    • C. 

      Requires an isotonic solution

    • D. 

      Requires facilitation by enzymes

  • 13. 
    This is a single strand of DNA. Identify the nucleotide sequence of the other DNA strand. CCGTACT
  • 14. 
    Which organelles are involved in the process called endocytosis?
  • 15. 
    Name one type of cellular transport that uses transport proteins.
  • 16. 
    Water moves into a cell when the solution surrounding the cell is
    • A. 

      Hypertonic.

    • B. 

      Hypotonic.

    • C. 

      Isotonic.

    • D. 

      Platonic.

  • 17. 
    What is the term for the diffusion of water across a semipermeable membrane?
    • A. 

      Osmosis

    • B. 

      Equilibrium

    • C. 

      Transport

    • D. 

      Isotonic

  • 18. 
    The movement of molecules down a concentration gradient through transport proteins in the cell membrane is a type of
    • A. 

      Selective transport.

    • B. 

      Osmosis.

    • C. 

      Energy expenditure.

    • D. 

      Facilitated diffusion.

  • 19. 
    Unlike passive transport, active transport requires
    • A. 

      Concentration gradients.

    • B. 

      Diffusion.

    • C. 

      Energy from the cell.

    • D. 

      Vesicles.

  • 20. 
    Which process uses proteins to move molecules against a concentration gradient?
    • A. 

      Active transport

    • B. 

      Passive transport

    • C. 

      Endocytosis

    • D. 

      Phagocytosis

  • 21. 
    A membrane-bound sac used to transport substances into and out of cells is a
    • A. 

      Pump.

    • B. 

      Macrophage

    • C. 

      Lysosome

    • D. 

      Vesicle

  • 22. 
    In which stage of the cell cycle do the nucleus and its contents divide?
    • A. 

      Mitosis

    • B. 

      Cytokinesis

    • C. 

      Gap 0

    • D. 

      Synthesis phase

  • 23. 
    Which of the following phrases best describes cytokinesis?
    • A. 

      Division of the cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Division of the nucleus

    • C. 

      Division of DNA

    • D. 

      Division of surface area

  • 24. 
    The processes of mitosis and cytokinesis produce two identical
    • A. 

      Daughter cells.

    • B. 

      Strands

    • C. 

      Chromosomes.

    • D. 

      Chromatids.

  • 25. 
    The process of organizing and condensing DNA into its compact form takes place at the start of
    • A. 

      Interphase

    • B. 

      Metaphase

    • C. 

      Mitosis

    • D. 

      Prophase

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