What Do You Know About Biology

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Tunde1995
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What Do You Know About Biology - Quiz

The word or term Biology is derived from Greek word "bios" meaning "life" and the suffix "logia" which means "study of", Biology that studies or observe life and living organisms including their development, molecular interactions, physiological mechanisms, chemical processes, physical structure and development, what did you think you know about Biology.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What did Biology recognize as the basic unit of life?

    • A.

      Breathe

    • B.

      Heart

    • C.

      Cell

    • D.

      Vain

    Correct Answer
    C. Cell
    Explanation
    Biology recognizes the cell as the basic unit of life. Cells are the smallest structural and functional units of living organisms, capable of carrying out all the necessary processes for life. They are responsible for the organization and functioning of all living organisms, serving as the building blocks of tissues, organs, and systems. Cells contain genetic material, perform metabolic activities, and have the ability to reproduce and adapt to their environment. Therefore, the cell is considered the fundamental unit of life in biology.

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  • 2. 

    Which year did the swedish scientist use the word "biologi" in his Bibliotheca botanical.

    • A.

      1746

    • B.

      1726

    • C.

      1756

    • D.

      1736

    Correct Answer
    D. 1736
    Explanation
    In 1736, the Swedish scientist used the word "biologi" in his Bibliotheca Botanica.

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  • 3. 

    What was the name of the swedish scientist that use the word "biologi"? 

    • A.

      Karl Friedrich

    • B.

      Carl Linnaeus

    • C.

      Aristotle William

    • D.

      Matt Phillip

    Correct Answer
    B. Carl Linnaeus
    Explanation
    Carl Linnaeus is the correct answer because he was a Swedish scientist who is known as the father of modern taxonomy. He developed a system for classifying and naming organisms, and he is credited with coining the term "biologi" (biology in Swedish) to describe the study of living organisms. Linnaeus made significant contributions to the field of biology and his work laid the foundation for the modern understanding of the natural world.

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  • 4. 

    The origin of the modern biology can be trace back to ancient ......................?

    • A.

      Greece

    • B.

      Germany

    • C.

      Egypt

    • D.

      Rome

    Correct Answer
    A. Greece
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Greece because ancient Greece is considered the birthplace of modern biology. The ancient Greeks, particularly philosophers like Aristotle and Hippocrates, made significant contributions to the field of biology through their observations, theories, and classification systems. They were among the first to study and document various aspects of the natural world, including anatomy, physiology, and botany. Their works laid the foundation for the development of modern biological sciences, making Greece a crucial origin for the field.

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  • 5. 

    Which project was lunch in 1990 with the goal of mapping general human genome?

    • A.

      Human Genome

    • B.

      Human Cell

    • C.

      Human Brain

    • D.

      Human Boby

    Correct Answer
    A. Human Genome
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Human Genome. The project that was launched in 1990 with the goal of mapping the general human genome is the Human Genome Project. This international scientific research project aimed to determine the sequence of nucleotide base pairs that make up human DNA and identify and map all of the genes of the human genome. The project was completed in 2003 and provided a significant advancement in our understanding of human genetics and its implications for medicine and biotechnology.

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  • 6. 

    ............................. states that cell is the fundamentals unit of life? ​​

    • A.

      Blood Theory

    • B.

      Cell Theory

    • C.

      Brain Theory

    • D.

      System Theory

    Correct Answer
    B. Cell Theory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cell Theory. Cell Theory is a fundamental concept in biology that states that the cell is the basic structural and functional unit of all living organisms. It proposes that all living things are composed of cells, cells are the smallest units of life, and that all cells come from pre-existing cells through cell division. This theory revolutionized the field of biology and laid the foundation for our understanding of the organization and functioning of living organisms.

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  • 7. 

    The cell is also considered to be the basic unit in many ............................. processes?

    • A.

      Cell membrane

    • B.

      Respiratory system

    • C.

      Pathological

    • D.

      Boby regulations

    Correct Answer
    C. Pathological
    Explanation
    The cell is also considered to be the basic unit in many pathological processes. Pathological processes refer to any abnormal changes or diseases that occur in the body. Since cells are the building blocks of the body, they play a crucial role in the development and progression of pathological conditions. Understanding the cellular mechanisms involved in these processes is essential for diagnosing and treating various diseases.

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  • 8. 

    Who introduced the term "evolution" in scientific lexicon?

    • A.

      Michael Christoph Hanov,

    • B.

      Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus

    • C.

      Alfred Russel Wallace

    • D.

      Jean Baptiste de Lamarck

    Correct Answer
    D. Jean Baptiste de Lamarck
    Explanation
    Jean Baptiste de Lamarck is credited with introducing the term "evolution" in the scientific lexicon. Lamarck was a French biologist who proposed the theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics, which suggested that organisms can change and adapt to their environment over time. He used the term "evolution" to describe this process of gradual change and development in living organisms. Lamarck's ideas laid the foundation for later theories of evolution, including Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection.

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  • 9. 

    ........................ are the primary unit of inheritance in all organisms?

    • A.

      Geney

    • B.

      Genes

    • C.

      Genesis

    • D.

      Genoty

    Correct Answer
    B. Genes
    Explanation
    Genes are the primary unit of inheritance in all organisms. They are segments of DNA that contain the instructions for building and maintaining an organism. Genes determine the traits and characteristics of an organism, such as eye color, height, and susceptibility to certain diseases. They are passed down from parents to offspring and play a crucial role in the transmission of genetic information from one generation to the next.

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  • 10. 

    The translation code from .............. codon to amino acid is the same for most organisms?

    • A.

      DAN

    • B.

      ADN

    • C.

      RNA

    • D.

      DNA

    Correct Answer
    C. RNA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is RNA because RNA is involved in the process of translation, where it carries the genetic information from DNA to the ribosomes. During translation, the RNA codons are read by the ribosomes and matched with the corresponding amino acids to form a protein. This process is universal among most organisms, meaning that the translation code from RNA codon to amino acid is the same for them.

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