Muscular/Nervous System Disorders Quiz

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| By Mrs Timbo
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Mrs Timbo
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Quizzes Created: 10 | Total Attempts: 33,711
Questions: 13 | Attempts: 578

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Muscular System Quizzes & Trivia

The combination of the nervous system and muscles allowing movement is called the neuromuscular system. The neuromuscular disorder symptoms are muscular weakness, muscle wastage, cramps, or spasticity (stiffness), which causes joint or skeletal deformities. This quiz has been created to test your knowledge and make you aware of the Nervous and Muscular system's disorder. So let's try!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    These symptoms describe Rigidity Hypokinesia resting tremors freezing during movement visuoperceptive impairments.

    • A.

      Parkinson's

    • B.

      Multiple Sclerosis

    • C.

      Muscular Dystrophy

    Correct Answer
    A. Parkinson's
    Explanation
    The given symptoms, including rigidity, hypokinesia (reduced movement), resting tremors, freezing during movement, and visuoperceptive impairments, are characteristic of Parkinson's disease. Parkinson's is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects the dopamine-producing cells in the brain, leading to movement difficulties and other motor and non-motor symptoms. Multiple sclerosis and muscular dystrophy may also present with some overlapping symptoms, but the combination of these specific symptoms points towards Parkinson's as the most likely explanation.

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  • 2. 

    Cognitive impairment with preservation of sensory-motor Function cellular ataxia, sever vibrator kinesthetic loss and brainstem mobility dysfunction exacerbation by emotional stress, concurrent systemic illness, prolong bed rest yields cognitive, cranial nerve impairment sensory-motor dysfunction

    • A.

      Muscular Dystrophy

    • B.

      Multiple sclerosis

    • C.

      Parkinsons

    Correct Answer
    B. Multiple sclerosis
    Explanation
    The symptoms described in the question, such as cognitive impairment, sensory-motor dysfunction, and brainstem mobility dysfunction, are characteristic of multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system, leading to the destruction of the protective covering of nerve fibers. This can result in a wide range of symptoms, including cognitive difficulties, loss of coordination, and sensory impairments. The exacerbation of symptoms by emotional stress, systemic illness, and prolonged bed rest is also consistent with the unpredictable nature of multiple sclerosis.

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  • 3. 

    These symptoms describe: Two types Beckers: late childhood, muscle weakness not significant until midlife, death by 40 - 50 years of age Duchenne's Dystrophy: Severe muscle wasting begins in utero, presents in early infancy, confined in w/c by school age marked skeletal deformities of the body due to wasting death by late teens Marked by respiratory failure

    • A.

      Multiple sclerosis

    • B.

      Parkinson

    • C.

      Muscular dystrophy

    Correct Answer
    C. Muscular dystrophy
    Explanation
    The given symptoms describe muscular dystrophy. It is characterized by muscle weakness that is not significant until midlife in the case of Becker's type, and severe muscle wasting that begins in utero and presents in early infancy in the case of Duchenne's Dystrophy. The disease is marked by skeletal deformities due to wasting and can lead to death by the late teens or 40-50 years of age. Respiratory failure is also a common feature of muscular dystrophy.

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  • 4. 

    Medical treatment include: drugs to replace L-dopa hallucinations, delusions, psychosis, dyskinesia (involuntary movement) dystonia: involuntary sustained postures or repetitive movements Physical therapy for gait retraining Surgical procedures: interruption of the basal ganglia/transplant of fetal tissue

    • A.

      Muscular Dystophy

    • B.

      Parkinson

    • C.

      Multiple sclerosis

    Correct Answer
    B. Parkinson
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Parkinson's disease. Parkinson's disease is a neurological disorder that affects movement. The symptoms of Parkinson's disease include tremors, rigidity, bradykinesia (slowness of movement), and postural instability. The treatment for Parkinson's disease involves the use of drugs to replace dopamine, which is lacking in the brain of Parkinson's patients. These drugs help to alleviate symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, psychosis, dyskinesia, and dystonia. Physical therapy can also be beneficial for gait retraining, and in some cases, surgical procedures like interruption of the basal ganglia or transplant of fetal tissue may be considered.

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  • 5. 

    Medical treatment: Prevention and remediation of secondary diagnosis Laboratory testing for diagnostics genetic testing referral to Pt for LE strengthening/bracing St for dysphasia/dysarthria DME for environmental modifications

    • A.

      Multiple sclerosis

    • B.

      Muscular dystrophy

    • C.

      Parkinson

    Correct Answer
    B. Muscular dystrophy
    Explanation
    Muscular dystrophy is the correct answer because the given list of medical treatments and interventions aligns with the management of this condition. Muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder that affects the muscles, causing progressive weakness and degeneration. The mentioned interventions such as laboratory testing for diagnostics, genetic testing, referral to physical therapy for strengthening and bracing, and referral to speech therapy for dysphasia/dysarthria are all commonly used in the management of muscular dystrophy. Additionally, the provision of durable medical equipment (DME) for environmental modifications is also a common intervention for individuals with muscular dystrophy to improve their mobility and independence.

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  • 6. 

    These four types are synonymous with: Relapsing readmitting chronic progressive benign fulminant

    • A.

      Muscular Dystrophy

    • B.

      Multiple sclerosis

    • C.

      Parkinson's

    Correct Answer
    B. Multiple sclerosis
    Explanation
    Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease that affects the central nervous system. It is characterized by relapsing and remitting symptoms, meaning that symptoms may come and go over time. This matches the first term "Relapsing" in the given list. Additionally, multiple sclerosis is a progressive disease, meaning that it worsens over time, which corresponds to the term "chronic progressive" in the list. Therefore, the correct answer is Multiple sclerosis.

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  • 7. 

    Which type of Multiple sclerosis is this: Most common, 60-70% population onset, rapid, abrupt deterioration with variable degrees of recovery

    • A.

      Fulminant

    • B.

      Relapsing readmitting

    • C.

      Chronic progessive

    • D.

      Benign

    Correct Answer
    B. Relapsing readmitting
    Explanation
    The given description of the type of Multiple sclerosis matches with the characteristics of Relapsing remitting MS. This type is the most common, affecting 60-70% of the population. It is characterized by sudden and rapid deterioration of symptoms, followed by periods of recovery. These relapses can vary in severity and duration, and the disease typically does not progress steadily over time. Therefore, the correct answer is Relapsing remitting.

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  • 8. 

    More males approx 15% of population at onset

    • A.

      Chronic progessive

    • B.

      Relapsing readmitting

    • C.

      Benign

    • D.

      Fulminant

    Correct Answer
    A. Chronic progessive
    Explanation
    The given answer, chronic progressive, is the most appropriate choice because it accurately reflects the information provided. The statement "More males approx 15% of population at onset" suggests that the condition is more common in males and that it starts at a certain point in time. The terms "relapsing readmitting," "benign," and "fulminant" do not align with this information and are therefore not the correct answer choices.

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  • 9. 

    A5 - 20% of pop, Patient remains fully functional 15 years post diagnosis

    • A.

      Relapsing readmitting

    • B.

      Chronic progessive

    • C.

      Benign

    • D.

      Fulminant

    Correct Answer
    C. Benign
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "benign". This term is used to describe a condition or disease that is not harmful or life-threatening. In the given context, it suggests that the patient's condition remains stable and they are able to function normally even 15 years after being diagnosed. This implies that the disease is not progressive or severe, and the patient's health is not significantly impacted.

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  • 10. 

    Rapid progressive Early severe disability and death

    • A.

      Fulminant

    • B.

      Relapsing readmitting

    • C.

      Chronic progessive

    • D.

      Benign

    Correct Answer
    A. Fulminant
    Explanation
    Fulminant refers to a sudden and severe onset of a disease or condition. In the context of the given options, fulminant would be the most appropriate term to describe the rapid progressive early severe disability and death. It suggests that the disease progresses rapidly and leads to severe disability and death in a short period of time.

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  • 11. 

    OT treatment for this condition includes: Decreased functional mobility Safety issues Environmental Barriers Tremors Impaired cognition Decreased strength

    • A.

      Parkinson

    • B.

      Multiple sclerosis

    • C.

      Muscular Dystophy

    Correct Answer
    A. Parkinson
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Parkinson. Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects movement and is characterized by symptoms such as tremors, decreased functional mobility, impaired cognition, and decreased strength. Occupational therapy (OT) is often used as a treatment approach for individuals with Parkinson's to address these symptoms and improve their overall quality of life. OT interventions may focus on improving functional mobility, addressing safety issues, modifying the environment to reduce barriers, and implementing strategies to manage tremors and cognitive impairments.

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  • 12. 

    Intensive restorative approaches in acute phase Treatment of Secondary Diagnosis Family/patient education Environmental barriers Increase Fatigue abnormal tone Decrease strength Skin Sensitivity Decreased function; mobility Dependence in ADL, IADL, Work and/or leisure Psychiatric symptoms

    • A.

      Parkinson's

    • B.

      Muscular dystophy

    • C.

      Multiple sclerosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Multiple sclerosis
    Explanation
    The given symptoms are consistent with multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is a neurological disorder that affects the central nervous system. It can cause a variety of symptoms including abnormal tone, decreased strength, skin sensitivity, decreased function and mobility, dependence in activities of daily living, and psychiatric symptoms. The mention of "intensive restorative approaches" suggests that the treatment is focused on rehabilitation and restoring function, which is commonly used in the acute phase of multiple sclerosis. Additionally, the mention of "family/patient education" indicates the importance of educating both the patient and their family about the condition, which is often done in multiple sclerosis management.

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  • 13. 

    Decreased ROM Strength Positioning challenges Decreased skin integrity dependence for ADL, IADL, Work and Leisure Increase fatigue C/O pain dysphasia decreased functional; mobility environmental barriers patient/family education psychiatric issues due to adjustment/progressive nature of disease

    • A.

      Multiple sclerosis

    • B.

      Muscular Dystophy

    • C.

      Parkinson

    Correct Answer
    B. Muscular Dystophy
    Explanation
    Muscular Dystrophy is the correct answer because the symptoms described in the given explanation align with the characteristics of this condition. Muscular Dystrophy is a progressive genetic disorder that leads to muscle weakness and decreased muscle function. The decreased range of motion, strength, and mobility described in the explanation are all common symptoms of Muscular Dystrophy. Additionally, the mention of decreased skin integrity, fatigue, and pain are also associated with this condition. The other options, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's, may have some overlapping symptoms but do not fully match the symptoms described in the explanation.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2022
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 18, 2007
    Quiz Created by
    Mrs Timbo
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