List Of Ecologists Quiz Questions

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Questions: 20 | Attempts: 110

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List Of Ecologists Quiz Questions - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Day to day conditions in Earth's atmosphere, such as "sunny and humid," describe

    • A.

      Biome

    • B.

      Climate

    • C.

      Weather

    • D.

      Climatograph

    Correct Answer
    C. Weather
    Explanation
    The given answer is "Weather." Weather refers to the day-to-day conditions in the Earth's atmosphere, such as temperature, humidity, precipitation, wind speed, and cloud cover. It describes the current state of the atmosphere at a specific time and place. Unlike climate, which refers to long-term patterns of weather over a region, weather is more immediate and can change rapidly.

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  • 2. 

    Which biome would have the highest net primary production?

    • A.

      Coral Reefs

    • B.

      Boreal Forest

    • C.

      Desert

    • D.

      Savanna

    Correct Answer
    A. Coral Reefs
    Explanation
    Coral reefs would have the highest net primary production because they are highly productive ecosystems that support a diverse range of organisms. Coral reefs have a symbiotic relationship with algae called zooxanthellae, which provide them with nutrients through photosynthesis. This allows coral reefs to have a high rate of primary production, contributing to their overall productivity. In contrast, boreal forests, deserts, and savannas have lower net primary production due to factors such as limited water availability, extreme temperatures, or nutrient-poor soils.

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  • 3. 

    A __________ is a group of ecosystems that share similar abiotic and biotic conditions.

    • A.

      Canopy

    • B.

      Biome

    • C.

      Benthic Zone

    • D.

      Estuary

    Correct Answer
    B. Biome
    Explanation
    A biome is a group of ecosystems that share similar abiotic and biotic conditions. This means that within a biome, there are similar environmental factors such as climate, temperature, precipitation, and soil type, as well as similar types of plants and animals. Biomes can be found in different regions around the world and can include deserts, forests, grasslands, tundra, and aquatic ecosystems. The concept of a biome helps to categorize and understand the different types of ecosystems on Earth based on their shared characteristics.

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  • 4. 

    What characteristics are used to characterize different biomes?

    • A.

      Climate

    • B.

      Plant Life

    • C.

      Animal Life

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Different biomes are characterized by a combination of climate, plant life, and animal life. Climate plays a crucial role in determining the type of vegetation and animal species that can survive in a particular biome. Plant life, such as forests, grasslands, or deserts, is a key indicator of the biome. Similarly, the presence of specific animal species, adapted to the environmental conditions of a biome, further helps in characterizing it. Therefore, all of these factors, climate, plant life, and animal life, are used to characterize different biomes.

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  • 5. 

    In temperate forests, some animals avoid winter by going into ______________, a deep, sleeplike state that an animal enters for most of the winter.

    • A.

      Deciduous

    • B.

      Coniferous

    • C.

      Hibernation

    • D.

      Estivation

    Correct Answer
    C. Hibernation
    Explanation
    In temperate forests, some animals avoid winter by going into hibernation, a deep, sleeplike state that an animal enters for most of the winter. Hibernation allows animals to conserve energy and survive the harsh conditions of winter when food and resources are scarce. During hibernation, an animal's body temperature drops significantly, their metabolic rate slows down, and they enter a state of dormancy. This enables them to survive without needing to actively search for food or maintain their normal body functions.

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  • 6. 

    Most trees in tropical dry forests are ____________. which means they lose their leaves and stop photosynthesis during part of the year.

    • A.

      Canopy

    • B.

      Deciduous

    • C.

      Coniferous

    • D.

      Hibernation

    Correct Answer
    B. Deciduous
    Explanation
    Tropical dry forests experience a distinct dry season, during which water availability is limited. To conserve water, most trees in these forests have adapted to become deciduous. This means that they shed their leaves and enter a period of dormancy, stopping photosynthesis, during the driest part of the year. This adaptation allows the trees to conserve energy and reduce water loss, increasing their chances of survival in the harsh conditions of the dry season.

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  • 7. 

    Ecologists use similarities between ecosystems to classify them into broad categories called

    • A.

      Littoral Zones

    • B.

      Biomes

    • C.

      Estuaries

    • D.

      Benthic Zones

    Correct Answer
    B. Biomes
    Explanation
    Ecologists use similarities between ecosystems to classify them into broad categories called biomes. Biomes are large geographical areas that have similar climate, vegetation, and animal life. They are characterized by distinct types of plants and animals that have adapted to the specific environmental conditions of the biome. This classification helps ecologists study and understand the different ecosystems and the interactions between organisms and their environment in a broader context.

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  • 8. 

    Which biome would have the lowest net primary productivity?

    • A.

      Tropical rain forest

    • B.

      Temperate Grassland

    • C.

      Coral Reef

    • D.

      Desert

    Correct Answer
    D. Desert
    Explanation
    Deserts have the lowest net primary productivity because they receive very little rainfall, resulting in limited water availability for plant growth. The extreme temperatures and arid conditions further hinder plant growth and reduce the overall productivity of the biome. As a result, deserts have sparse vegetation and low biomass, leading to the lowest net primary productivity compared to other biomes like tropical rainforests, temperate grasslands, and coral reefs.

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  • 9. 

    A description of average conditions like temperature and precipitation over long periods of time in a given area is the

    • A.

      Climate

    • B.

      Climatograph

    • C.

      Weather

    • D.

      Biome

    Correct Answer
    A. Climate
    Explanation
    Climate refers to the average conditions of temperature and precipitation over long periods of time in a specific area. It is a measure of the typical weather patterns that occur in a region, taking into account factors such as temperature, rainfall, humidity, wind patterns, and seasonal variations. Climate is different from weather, which refers to the short-term fluctuations in atmospheric conditions. A climatograph is a graphical representation of the climate data for a particular location, showing the average temperature and precipitation for each month of the year. A biome, on the other hand, refers to a large-scale ecological region characterized by distinct climate, vegetation, and animal life.

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  • 10. 

    The amount of organic matter, or biomass, that remains after cellular respiration is known as

    • A.

      Salinity

    • B.

      Natural Selection

    • C.

      Estivation

    • D.

      Net Primary Productivity

    Correct Answer
    D. Net Primary Productivity
    Explanation
    Net Primary Productivity refers to the amount of organic matter that remains after cellular respiration. It represents the energy that is available to support higher trophic levels in an ecosystem. This measure takes into account the energy that is used by primary producers, such as plants, during respiration and subtracts it from the total amount of energy captured through photosynthesis. The remaining biomass is then available to be consumed by herbivores and transferred up the food chain. Therefore, Net Primary Productivity is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 11. 

    On a biome map, patches representing the same biome tend to occur at similar longitudes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Latitudes!

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  • 12. 

    Hot and wet biomes have the highest net primary production.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hot and wet biomes, such as tropical rainforests, have the highest net primary production. This is because these biomes have high temperatures and abundant rainfall, which provide optimal conditions for plant growth. The warm temperatures accelerate photosynthesis, while the ample water supply ensures that plants have sufficient moisture for growth. As a result, hot and wet biomes support a diverse range of plant species and have a high rate of biomass production, leading to the highest net primary production compared to other biomes.

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  • 13. 

    A climatograph is a diagram that shows an area's average temperature and precipitation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A climatograph is a graphical representation that displays the average temperature and precipitation of a specific area. It provides a visual representation of the climate patterns in that area, allowing for a better understanding of its climatic conditions. By showing both temperature and precipitation data, a climatograph provides a comprehensive overview of the climate in a particular region. Therefore, the statement that a climatograph shows an area's average temperature and precipitation is true.

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  • 14. 

    Estivation is the deep sleeplike state that an animal enters when conditions are cold.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Dry!

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  • 15. 

    A plant that grows on other plants instead of in soil is a(n)

    • A.

      Canopy

    • B.

      Epiphyte

    • C.

      Buttress

    • D.

      Gila Monster

    Correct Answer
    B. Epiphyte
    Explanation
    An epiphyte is a plant that grows on other plants instead of in soil. It obtains nutrients and water from the air and rain, and uses the host plant for support. This strategy allows epiphytes to thrive in environments where soil may be limited or inaccessible. Canopy refers to the uppermost layer of trees in a forest. Buttress is a structural support found in some tree species. Gila Monster is a venomous lizard found in the southwestern United States and Mexico.

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  • 16. 

    An example of an adaptation to the environment would be

    • A.

      Heavy precipitation

    • B.

      Squirrel

    • C.

      Bark that contains chloryphyll

    • D.

      Temperature

    Correct Answer
    C. Bark that contains chloryphyll
    Explanation
    An example of an adaptation to the environment would be bark that contains chlorophyll. This adaptation allows certain organisms, such as lichens, to photosynthesize and produce their own food even in low-light environments, such as the forest floor. The chlorophyll in the bark enables these organisms to capture sunlight and convert it into energy, which is essential for their survival and growth. This adaptation helps them thrive in areas with limited access to direct sunlight and provides them with a competitive advantage in their environment.

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  • 17. 

    An monkeys adaptation to the environment would include

    • A.

      Concentrated Urine

    • B.

      Big ears and small extremities

    • C.

      Living off of stored fat

    • D.

      Long limbs and a prehensile tail

    Correct Answer
    D. Long limbs and a prehensile tail
    Explanation
    Long limbs and a prehensile tail are adaptations that enable monkeys to navigate and move efficiently in their environment. Long limbs help them to swing from tree to tree, climb, and jump, allowing them to access food sources and escape predators. A prehensile tail provides additional support and balance, acting as a fifth limb that can grasp and hold onto branches. These adaptations are advantageous for monkeys living in arboreal habitats, allowing them to thrive and survive in their specific ecological niche.

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  • 18. 

    Permafrost is permanently frozen soil.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Permafrost refers to soil, rock, or sediment that remains frozen for at least two consecutive years. It is typically found in polar regions and high mountainous areas. The freezing of permafrost is due to the low temperatures in these regions, which prevent the soil from thawing. Therefore, the statement "Permafrost is permanently frozen soil" is true, as permafrost remains frozen year-round.

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  • 19. 

    The emergent layer is the few tall trees that extend above the understory in a rain forest.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    canopy!

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  • 20. 

    A deciduous tree is a tree that bears cones and typically does not lose its leaves.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Coniferous

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