Cardiovascular And Some Muscular

92 Questions | Total Attempts: 148

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Cardiovascular Quizzes & Trivia

For physiology-Palomar College


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Normal Blood pressure is...
    • A. 

      Less than < 100/80

    • B. 

      Less than < 95/60

    • C. 

      Less than 140< 90

    • D. 

      Less than < 149/80

  • 2. 
    Hypertension is a BP of
    • A. 

      SBP >139 or DBP >89

    • B. 

      SBP > 100 DBP >80

    • C. 

      SBP >120 DBP > 40

    • D. 

      SBP >130 DBP >60

  • 3. 
    Malignant Hypertension is a SBP or DBP of...
    • A. 

      SBP >200 or DBP >100

    • B. 

      SBP >220 or DBP > 180

    • C. 

      SBP >100 or DBP > 130

    • D. 

      SBP > 250 or DBP >200

  • 4. 
    What are the steps of making heme after ALA dehydrase up to heme production?
    • A. 

      Porphobilinogen, multiple steps, coproporphyrinogen III, protoporohobinlin III, Protophophyrin IX, Fe2, Ferrochelatase, Heme

    • B. 

      Coproporphyrinogen III, multiple steps, Porphobilinogen, Protophophyrin III, Protophyrin IX, Fe2, Ferrochelatase, heme

    • C. 

      Porphobilinogen, multiple steps, Protophophyrin III, Protophyrin IX, Coproporphyrinogen III, fe2, Ferrochelatase, Heme

    • D. 

      Lead, porphobilinogen, multiple steps, coproporphyrinogen III, protoporohobinlin III, Protophophyrin IX, Fe2, Ferrochelatase, Heme

  • 5. 
    What are the steps in making a stable fibrin clot? (Intrinsic pathway)
    • A. 

      Fibrin monomer, fibrin polymer, I (fibrinogen), II(prothrombin), IIa( thrombin), X-Xa+V, VII, IX-IXa, XI-XIa, XII-XIIa, XIII-XIIIa, Stable fibrin blood clot

    • B. 

      XII-XIIa, XI-XIa, IX-IXa, VII, X- Xa +V, II(prothrombin), IIa (thrombin), I (fibrinogen), Fibrin monomer, fibrin polymer, XIII-XIIIa, Stable fibrin blood clot

    • C. 

      EEEEEEE

  • 6. 
    What is angiogenesis?
    • A. 

      Gas exchange between blood cells and capillaries

    • B. 

      Refractory period

    • C. 

      Involved in killing foreign objects and pathogens as well as maintaining a healthy body

    • D. 

      Process of developing new blood vessels

  • 7. 
    The innate immune system is composed of what?
    • A. 

      Cells that produce antibodies

    • B. 

      Cells that will immediately destroy a pathogen (neutrophils, macrophages, Natural Killer (NK) cells).

    • C. 

      Cells that eliminate a target through pinocytosis

    • D. 

      Cells that are highly specific highly effective

  • 8. 
    What cells turn into plasma cells and produce antibodies
    • A. 

      B lymphocytes

    • B. 

      T lymphocytes

    • C. 

      Plasma cells

    • D. 

      CD8

  • 9. 
    Which immune system produces antibodies?
    • A. 

      Adaptive

    • B. 

      Innate

    • C. 

      Monocytes

    • D. 

      Lymphocytes

  • 10. 
    Which T lymphocytes directly kill the cell thats infected?
    • A. 

      CD4

    • B. 

      CD8

    • C. 

      B lymphocytes

    • D. 

      Plasma Cells

  • 11. 
    Name the immune system that uses NK, Macrophages, and neutrophils
    • A. 

      Basophils

    • B. 

      Adaptive

    • C. 

      Innate

  • 12. 
    What is the first heart beat sound?
    • A. 

      Shutting of aortic and pulmonary valves

    • B. 

      Ventricles contracting

    • C. 

      Shutting of tricuspid and mitral valves

    • D. 

      Atrium contracting

  • 13. 
    What do bundle of HIS do?
    • A. 

      Branch off bundle branches and dive into the muscle tissue

    • B. 

      Diverts AP to left and right bundle branches

    • C. 

      Travel down atrium to pacemaker cells

    • D. 

      Delay the AP

  • 14. 
    Which node is in the atrium?
    • A. 

      Purkinje

    • B. 

      AV

    • C. 

      SAN

    • D. 

      HIS

  • 15. 
    Most smooth muscle are single unit _______
    • A. 

      Multi unit

    • B. 

      Visceral

    • C. 

      Tonic

    • D. 

      Phasic

  • 16. 
    Which system controls smooth muscle
    • A. 

      ANS

    • B. 

      CNS

  • 17. 
    What substrates make 5 ALA in heme production?
    • A. 

      ALA Synthase, ferrochelatase, and glycine

    • B. 

      Succinyl-CoA, Glycine and ALA Synthase

    • C. 

      Succinyl-CoA, ALA Synthase, and porphobilinogen

    • D. 

      Glycine, Succinyl-CoA, and Coprophophyrigen III

  • 18. 
    What causes Porphyria Cutanea Tarda (PCT)?
    • A. 

      Defect in Uropophyrinogen III Decarboxylase

    • B. 

      Defect in Coproporphyrinogen III (CP-III)

    • C. 

      Defect in Ferrochelatase

    • D. 

      Defect in 5 ALA conversion to Porphobilinogen caused by lead

  • 19. 
    What are the class of diseases called in which the pathways to making heme are altered?
    • A. 

      Bad heme production

    • B. 

      Thalassemia

    • C. 

      Porphyrias

    • D. 

      Sickle cell anemia

  • 20. 
    What is defected in Sickle cell anemia?
    • A. 

      A single gene defect in Beta Globin chain

    • B. 

      Absent production of a particular chain

    • C. 

      Complete absence of Beta Chains

    • D. 

      Malaria

  • 21. 
    How are antibodies produced?
    • A. 

      The mitochondria

    • B. 

      Plasma cells

    • C. 

      Red blood cells

    • D. 

      By antigens

  • 22. 
    What do CD4 helper T lymphocytes do?
    • A. 

      Helper T cells, facilitate immune responce

    • B. 

      Cytotoxic T cells, directly kill infection

    • C. 

      Produce antibodies

    • D. 

      Pinocytosis

  • 23. 
    What do neutrophils do?
    • A. 

      Adaptive immune system- they kill pathogens

    • B. 

      Innate immune system- flood infection to eliminate pathogens by exocytosing enzymes (dead="pus")

    • C. 

      Innate immune system- eliminate targets through pinocytosis and destroys them by merging vesicles containing proteolytic enzymes

    • D. 

      Something to do with enzymes and killing foreign invaders

  • 24. 
    Which immune response is highly specific, highly effective?
    • A. 

      CD8

    • B. 

      CD4

    • C. 

      Neutrophils

    • D. 

      Macrophages

  • 25. 
    Diastolic BP is?
    • A. 

      Residual pressure in vessel during relaxation

    • B. 

      Residual pressure in a vessel during contraction

    • C. 

      Maximum pressure at peek of ventricular contraction

    • D. 

      Maximum pressure at peek of atrial contraction

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