Nursing Quiz: NCLEX Questions On Respiratory System Disorder

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 2265

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Nursing Quiz: NCLEX Questions On Respiratory System Disorder

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Dr. Jones prescribes albuterol sulfate (Proventil) for a patient with newly diagnose asthma. When teaching the patient about this drug. the nurse should explain that it may cause:
    • A. 

      Nasal congestion

    • B. 

      Nervousness

    • C. 

      Lethargy

    • D. 

      Hyperkalemia

  • 2. 
    Miriam. a college student with acute rhinitis sees the campus nurse because of excessive nasal drainage. The nurse asks the patient about the color of the drainage. In acute rhinitis. nasal drainage normally is:
    • A. 

      Yellow

    • B. 

      Green

    • C. 

      Clear

    • D. 

      Gray

  • 3. 
    A male adult patient hospitalized for treatment of a pulmonary embolism develops respiratory alkalosis. Which clinical findings commonly accompany respiratory alkalosis?
    • A. 

      Nausea or vomiting

    • B. 

      Abdominal pain or diarrhea

    • C. 

      Hallucinations or tinnitus

    • D. 

      Lightheadedness or paresthesia

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Patients with an acute asthma attack

    • B. 

      Patients with narcolepsy

    • C. 

      Patients under age 6

    • D. 

      Elderly patients

  • 5. 
    A female patient suffers adult respiratory distress syndrome as a consequence of shock. The patient’s condition deteriorates rapidly. and endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation are initiated. When the high-pressure alarm on the mechanical ventilator. alarm sounds. the nurse starts to check for the cause. Which condition triggers the high-pressure alarm?
    • A. 

      Kinking of the ventilator tubing

    • B. 

      A disconnected ventilator tube

    • C. 

      An endotracheal cuff leak

    • D. 

      A change in the oxygen concentration without resetting the oxygen level alarm

  • 6. 
    A male adult patient on mechanical ventilation is receiving pancuronium bromide (Pavulon). 0.01 mg/kg I.V. as needed. Which assessment finding indicates that the patient needs another pancuronium dose?
    • A. 

      Leg movement

    • B. 

      Finger movement

    • C. 

      Lip movement

    • D. 

      Fighting the ventilator

  • 7. 
    On auscultation. which finding suggests a right pneumothorax?
    • A. 

      Bilateral inspiratory and expiratory crackles

    • B. 

      Absence of breaths sound in the right thorax

    • C. 

      Inspiratory wheezes in the right thorax

    • D. 

      Bilateral pleural friction rub.

  • 8. 
    Rhea. confused and short breath. is brought to the emergency department by a family member. The medical history reveals chronic bronchitis and hypertension. To learn more about the current respiratory problem. the doctor orders a chest x-ray and arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis. When reviewing the ABG report. the nurses sees many abbreviations. What does a lowercase “a” in ABG value present?
    • A. 

      Acid-base balance

    • B. 

      Arterial Blood

    • C. 

      Arterial oxygen saturation

    • D. 

      Alveoli

  • 9. 
    A male patient is admitted to the healthcare facility for treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Which nursing diagnosis is most important for this patient?
    • A. 

      Activity intolerance related to fatigue

    • B. 

      Anxiety related to actual threat to health status

    • C. 

      Risk for infection related to retained secretions

    • D. 

      Impaired gas exchange related to airflow obstruction

  • 10. 
    Nurse Ruth assessing a patient for tracheal displacement should know that the trachea will deviate toward the:
    • A. 

      Contralateral side in a simple pneumothorax

    • B. 

      Affected side in a hemothorax

    • C. 

      Affected side in a tension pneumothorax

    • D. 

      Contralateral side in hemothorax