Quiz 1 - Respiratory Disorder

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 2553

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Respiratory Quizzes & Trivia

Read each question carefully and consider all possible answer. Then select the most appropriate and best answer.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the cells is called
    • A. 

      Osmosis

    • B. 

      Cellular respiration

    • C. 

      External respiration

    • D. 

      Breathing

  • 2. 
    The cover of cartilage that automatically closes when you swallow to act as a protector of the larynx is the
    • A. 

      Epiglottis

    • B. 

      Glottis

    • C. 

      Trachea

    • D. 

      Pharynx

  • 3. 
    Protective mechanisms of the upper airway include all of the following except
    • A. 

      Cough reflex

    • B. 

      Cilia

    • C. 

      Swallow reflex

    • D. 

      Mucus

  • 4. 
    Which of the following structures has the responsibility ofwarming air as it enters the body?
    • A. 

      Cilia

    • B. 

      Turbinates

    • C. 

      Mucus

    • D. 

      Water

  • 5. 
    The surfactant's function is to
    • A. 

      Prevent alveolar walls from collapsing during inspiration and expiration

    • B. 

      Prevent the trachea's cartilaginous rings from closing during expiration

    • C. 

      Provide increased blood flow to the alveolar walls to enhance oxygenation of the body

    • D. 

      Provide more mucus to the lungs to allow bacteria to be trapped in this mucus and to be eliminated from the lower respiratory tract

  • 6. 
    Which portion of the respiratory tract is a more common site for aspiration of foreign objects?
    • A. 

      Trachea

    • B. 

      Left bronchus

    • C. 

      Right bronchus

    • D. 

      Bronchioles

  • 7. 
    How many lobes does the right lung have?
    • A. 

      One

    • B. 

      Two

    • C. 

      Three

    • D. 

      Four

  • 8. 
    The layer of serous membrane that covers the lung tissue is the
    • A. 

      Pleural cavity

    • B. 

      Visceral pleura

    • C. 

      Parietal pleura

    • D. 

      Respiratory pleura

  • 9. 
    The portion of the brain that controls respiration is the
    • A. 

      Cerebrum

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Pons

    • D. 

      Medulla

  • 10. 
    What term is defined as the amount of air inhaled or expired during normal respiration?
    • A. 

      Tidal volume

    • B. 

      Residual volume

    • C. 

      Total lung volume

    • D. 

      Minute ventilation

  • 11. 
    The elderly are more prone to respiratory infection because
    • A. 

      They have decreased elasticity ofthe lungs and bronchioles

    • B. 

      They have decreased elasticity ofthe lungs and bronchioles

    • C. 

      They have decreased ciliary action

    • D. 

      They have decreased secretions of mucus in the respiratory tract lining

    • E. 

      AU of the above

  • 12. 
    Interventions to assist the elderly person with decreased respiratory system function would include all ofthe following except
    • A. 

      Increased contact with children to enhance the elderly person's immunity against illness

    • B. 

      Changing the elderly person's position slowly to avoid orthostatic hypotension

    • C. 

      Encouraging the elderly person to perform daily exercises to promote good ventilation

    • D. 

      Teaching the elderly person the signs and symptoms for which to watch that are indicative of a respiratory infection

  • 13. 
    In an adult client, which of the following would be considered eupneic?
    • A. 

      A respiratory rate of 8 and labored

    • B. 

      A respiratory rate of 12 and shallow

    • C. 

      A respiratory rate of 16 and normal

    • D. 

      A respiratory rate of22 and normal

  • 14. 
    The major breathing stimulus in a healthy adult is
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Bicarbonate

    • D. 

      PH

  • 15. 
    In the elderly, there is a decline in the respiratory system. These functional changes would include all of the following except
    • A. 

      A decrease in the number of alveoli

    • B. 

      Decreased chest wall size

    • C. 

      Increased rigidity of the thorax

    • D. 

      Increased cough

  • 16. 
    Which is not a protective reflex of the respiratory system?
    • A. 

      Yawn

    • B. 

      Cough

    • C. 

      Sneeze

    • D. 

      Mucuz

  • 17. 
    A condition that can cause an increased total lung capacity, a decreased vital capacity, and an increased functional residual capacity is
    • A. 

      Pregnancy

    • B. 

      Chronic Obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

    • C. 

      ESRD

    • D. 

      Pneumonia

  • 18. 
    Most of the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the alveoli occurs via
    • A. 

      Filtration

    • B. 

      Diffusion

    • C. 

      Carbonic acid formation

    • D. 

      Osmosis

  • 19. 
    All of the following can cause decreased gas exchange in the lungs except
    • A. 

      Immobility

    • B. 

      Pneumonia

    • C. 

      Cough and deep breathing

    • D. 

      Smoking

  • 20. 
    After a bronchoscopy, the client can have liquids when
    • A. 

      He has regular eupneic respirations.

    • B. 

      He is oriented to time, place, and person.

    • C. 

      His gag reflex has returned.

    • D. 

      He can hold a glass.

  • 21. 
    You, the nurse, tests positive for a PPD tuberculin test. This result means that you most likely
    • A. 

      Have active TB

    • B. 

      Have been exposed to the bacillus

    • C. 

      Are allergic to the purified protein used in the test

    • D. 

      Have a suppressed immunte system

  • 22. 
    Puncture of the abdominal cavity to aspirate fluid is called
    • A. 

      Thoracentesis

    • B. 

      Paracentesis

    • C. 

      Thoracotomy

    • D. 

      Abdominoplasty

  • 23. 
    Mr. Henry is a 85-year-old man who comes in for a routine medical visit. He is at high risk for contracting influenza. Which of the following should the nurse encourage Mr. Henry to do to best prevent an occurrence of influenza?
    • A. 

      Wash his hands frequently when in public places.

    • B. 

      Visit healthcare facilities only during the morning hours.

    • C. 

      Obtain a flu vaccine every fall.

    • D. 

      Wear gloves when caring for sick children.

  • 24. 
    In a patient who is high risk for aspiration pneumonia, which of the following statement is most likely correct?
    • A. 

      The right trachea is shorter than the left.

    • B. 

      The left trachea is shorter than the right.

    • C. 

      The bronchial tree does not expand.

    • D. 

      Epiglottis is open when the patient is swallowing to facilitate breathing.

  • 25. 
    Biots respiration which is irregular with sudden periods of apnea is commonly seen in?
    • A. 

      Severe Brain Pathology

    • B. 

      Metabolic Acidosis

    • C. 

      Neurologic Disorders

    • D. 

      Empysema