Fundamentals Of Nursing NCLEX Quiz 26

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Fundamentals Of Nursing NCLEX Quiz 26 - Quiz

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Cultural competence is the process of:

    • A.

      Learning about vast cultures

    • B.

      Acquiring specific knowledge. skills. and attitudes

    • C.

      Influencing treatment and care of clients

    • D.

      Motivation and commitment to caring.

    Correct Answer
    B. Acquiring specific knowledge. skills. and attitudes
    Explanation
    Cultural competence is the process of acquiring specific knowledge. skills. and attitudes that ensure delivery of culturally congruent care.

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  • 2. 

    Ethnocentrism is the root of:

    • A.

      Biases and prejudices

    • B.

      Meanings by which people make sense of their experiences.

    • C.

      Cultural beliefs

    • D.

      Individualism and self-reliance in achieving and maintaining health.

    Correct Answer
    A. Biases and prejudices
    Explanation
    Ethnocentrism refers to the belief that one's own cultural group is superior to others, leading to a biased and prejudiced view of other cultures. This bias and prejudice can manifest in various forms, such as stereotypes, discrimination, and a lack of understanding or appreciation for cultural differences. Therefore, ethnocentrism is indeed the root of biases and prejudices.

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  • 3. 

    When action is taken on one’s prejudices:

    • A.

      Discrimination occurs

    • B.

      Sufficient comparative knowledge of diverse groups is obtained.

    • C.

      Delivery of culturally congruent care is ensured.

    • D.

      People think/know you are a dumbass for being prejudiced.

    Correct Answer
    A. Discrimination occurs
    Explanation
    When action is taken on one's prejudices, discrimination occurs. This means that when someone acts upon their biased beliefs and treats others unfairly based on their race, gender, or other characteristics, it results in discriminatory behavior. This behavior can manifest in various forms, such as denying opportunities, unequal treatment, or prejudiced attitudes towards certain individuals or groups. It is important to recognize and challenge our own prejudices in order to promote equality and fairness for all.

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  • 4. 

    The dominant value orientation in North American society is:

    • A.

      Use of rituals symbolizing the supernatural.

    • B.

      Group reliance and interdependence

    • C.

      Healing emphasizing naturalistic modalities

    • D.

      Individualism and self-reliance in achieving and maintaining health.

    Correct Answer
    D. Individualism and self-reliance in achieving and maintaining health.
    Explanation
    In North American society, there is a dominant value orientation towards individualism and self-reliance in achieving and maintaining health. This means that individuals are encouraged to take personal responsibility for their own health and well-being, and to rely on themselves rather than on others or external forces. This value is reflected in the emphasis on personal choices, self-care practices, and the belief that individuals have the ability to control and improve their own health outcomes.

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  • 5. 

    Disparities in health outcomes between the rich and the poor illustrates: a (an)

    • A.

      Illness attributed to natural. impersonal. and biological forces.

    • B.

      Creation of own interpretation and descriptions of biological and psychological malfunctions.

    • C.

      Influence of socioeconomic factors in morbidity and mortality.

    • D.

      Combination of naturalistic. religious. and supernatural modalities.

    Correct Answer
    C. Influence of socioeconomic factors in morbidity and mortality.
    Explanation
    Disparities in health outcomes between the rich and the poor illustrate the influence of socioeconomic factors in morbidity and mortality. Social factors such as poverty and lack of universal medical insurance compromise the health status of the poor and unemployed.

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  • 6. 

    Culture strongly influences pain expression and need for pain medication. However. cultural pain:

    • A.

      May be suffered by a client whose valued way of life is disregarded by practitioners.

    • B.

      Is more intense. thus necessitating more medication.

    • C.

      Is not expressed verbally or physically

    • D.

      Is expressed only to others of like culture.

    Correct Answer
    A. May be suffered by a client whose valued way of life is disregarded by practitioners.
    Explanation
    Nurses need not assume that pain relief is equally valued across groups. Cultural pain may be suffered by a client whose valued way of life is disregarded by practitioners.

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  • 7. 

    The dominant values in American society on individual autonomy and self-determination:

    • A.

      Rarely have an effect on other cultures

    • B.

      Do have an effect on health care

    • C.

      May hinder ability to get into a hospice program

    • D.

      May be in direct conflict with diverse groups.

    Correct Answer
    D. May be in direct conflict with diverse groups.
    Explanation
    The dominant value in American society of individual autonomy and self-determination may be in direct conflict with diverse groups. Advance directives. informed consent. and consent for hospice are examples of mandates that may violate client’s values.

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  • 8. 

    In the United States. access to health care usually depends on a client’s ability to pay for health care. either through insurance or by paying cash. The client the nurse is caring for needs a liver transplant to survive. This client has been out of work for several months and does not have insurance or enough cash. A discussion about the ethics of this situation would involve predominantly the principle of:

    • A.

      Accountability. because you as the nurse are accountable for the well being of this client.

    • B.

      Respect of autonomy. because this client’s autonomy will be violated if he does not receive the liver transplant.

    • C.

      Ethics of care. because the caring thing that a nurse could provide this patient is resources for a liver transplant.

    • D.

      Justice. because the first and greatest question in this situation is how to determine the just distribution of resources.

    Correct Answer
    D. Justice. because the first and greatest question in this situation is how to determine the just distribution of resources.
    Explanation
    Justice refers to fairness. Health care providers agree to strive for justice in health care. The term often is used during discussions about resources. Decisions about who should receive available organs are always difficult.

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  • 9. 

    The code of ethics for nurses is composed and published by:

    • A.

      The national league for Nursing

    • B.

      The American Nurses Association

    • C.

      The Medical American Association

    • D.

      The National Institutes of Health. Nursing division.

    Correct Answer
    B. The American Nurses Association
    Explanation
    The ANA has established widely accepted codes that professional nurses attempt to follow.

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  • 10. 

    Nurses agree to be advocates for their patients. Practice of advocacy calls for the nurse to:

    • A.

      Seek out the nursing supervisor in conflicting situations

    • B.

      Work to understand the law as it applies to the client’s clinical condition.

    • C.

      Assess the client’s point of view and prepare to articulate this point of view.

    • D.

      Document all clinical changes in the medical record in a timely manner.

    Correct Answer
    C. Assess the client’s point of view and prepare to articulate this point of view.
    Explanation
    Nurses strengthen their ability to advocate for a client when nurses are able to identify personal values and then accurately identify the values of the client and articulate the client’s point of view.

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