Fundamentals Of Nursing NCLEX Quiz 27

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Fundamentals Of Nursing NCLEX Quiz 27 - Quiz

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Successful ethical discussion depends on people who have a clear sense of personal values. When many people share the same values it may be possible to identify a philosophy of utilitarianism. with proposes that:

    • A.

      The value of people is determined solely by leaders in the Unitarian church.

    • B.

      The decision to perform a liver transplant depends on a measure of the moral life that the client has led so far.

    • C.

      The best way to determine the solution to an ethical dilemma is to refer the case to the attending physician.

    • D.

      The value of something is determined by its usefulness to society.

    Correct Answer
    D. The value of something is determined by its usefulness to society.
    Explanation
    A utilitarian system of ethics proposes that the value of something is determined by its usefulness.

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  • 2. 

    The philosophy sometimes called the code of ethics of care suggests that ethical dilemmas can best be solved by attention to:

    • A.

      Relationships

    • B.

      Ethical principles

    • C.

      Clients

    • D.

      Code of ethics for nurses.

    Correct Answer
    A. Relationships
    Explanation
    The ethic of care explores the notion of care as a central activity of human behavior. Those who write about the ethics of care advocate a more female biased theory that is based on understanding relationships. especially personal narratives.

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  • 3. 

    In most ethical dilemmas. the solution to the dilemma requires negotiation among members of the health care team. The nurse’s point of view is valuable because:

    • A.

      Nurses have a legal license that encourages their presence during ethical discussions.

    • B.

      The principle of autonomy guides all participants to respect their own self-worth.

    • C.

      Nurses develop a relationship to the client that is unique among all professional health care providers.

    • D.

      The nurse’s code of ethics recommends that a nurse be present at any ethical discussion about client care.

    Correct Answer
    C. Nurses develop a relationship to the client that is unique among all professional health care providers.
    Explanation
    When ethical dilemmas arise. the nurses point of view unique and critical. The nurse usually interacts with clients over longer time intervals than do other disciples.

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  • 4. 

    Ethical dilemmas often arise over a conflict of opinion. Once the nurse has determined that the dilemma is ethical. a critical first step in negotiating the difference of opinion would be to:

    • A.

      Consult a professional ethicist to ensure that the steps of the process occur in full.

    • B.

      Gather all relevant information regarding the clinical. social. and spiritual aspects of the dilemma.

    • C.

      List the ethical principles that inform the dilemma so that negotiations agree on the language of the discussion.

    • D.

      Ensure that the attending physician has written an order for an ethics consultation to support the ethics process.

    Correct Answer
    B. Gather all relevant information regarding the clinical. social. and spiritual aspects of the dilemma.
    Explanation
    Each step in the processing of an ethical dilemma resembles steps in critical thinking. The nurse begins by gathering information and moves through assessment. identification of the problem. planning. implementation. and evaluation.

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  • 5. 

    The nurse practice acts are an example of:

    • A.

      Statutory law

    • B.

      Common law

    • C.

      Civil law

    • D.

      Criminal law

    Correct Answer
    A. Statutory law
    Explanation
    The nurse practice acts are regulations that govern the practice of nursing. These acts are established by state legislatures and are considered statutory law. Statutory law refers to laws that are passed by a legislative body and are enforceable by the government. In the case of nurse practice acts, they outline the scope of practice, licensing requirements, and standards of care for nurses. Therefore, the correct answer is statutory law.

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  • 6. 

    The scope of Nursing Practice. the established educational requirements for nurses. and the distinction between nursing and medical practice is defined by:

    • A.

      Statutory law

    • B.

      Common law

    • C.

      Civil law

    • D.

      Nurse practice acts

    Correct Answer
    D. Nurse practice acts
    Explanation
    Nurse practice acts define the scope of nursing practice, the educational requirements for nurses, and the distinction between nursing and medical practice. These acts are laws specifically enacted to regulate the practice of nursing and ensure patient safety. They outline the qualifications, duties, and responsibilities of nurses, as well as the legal boundaries within which they must operate. Nurse practice acts vary from state to state and are designed to protect the public by setting standards for nursing education, licensure, and practice.

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  • 7. 

    The client’s right to refuse treatment is an example of:

    • A.

      Statutory law

    • B.

      Common law

    • C.

      Civil laws

    • D.

      Nurse practice acts

    Correct Answer
    B. Common law
    Explanation
    The client's right to refuse treatment is an example of common law. Common law refers to the body of law that is derived from judicial decisions and precedents, rather than from statutes or regulations. In this case, the right to refuse treatment has been established through legal precedents and court decisions over time, rather than being explicitly outlined in a statute or legislation. This right is based on the principle of individual autonomy and the recognition of a patient's right to make decisions about their own healthcare.

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  • 8. 

    Even though the nurse may obtain the client’s signature on a form. obtaining informed consent is the responsibility of the:

    • A.

      Client

    • B.

      Physician

    • C.

      Student nurse

    • D.

      Supervising nurse.

    Correct Answer
    B. Physician
    Explanation
    Informed consent is a process in which the healthcare provider explains the risks, benefits, and alternatives of a medical procedure to the patient, and the patient gives their voluntary agreement to undergo the procedure. While the nurse may assist in obtaining the client's signature on the consent form, it is ultimately the responsibility of the physician to ensure that the patient fully understands the information provided and gives their informed consent. The physician is the one who has the medical knowledge and expertise to explain the procedure and answer any questions the patient may have.

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  • 9. 

    The nurse is obligated to follow a physician’s order unless:

    • A.

      The order is a verbal order

    • B.

      The physician’s order is illegible

    • C.

      The order has not been transcribed

    • D.

      The order is an error. violates hospital policy. or would be detrimental to the client.

    Correct Answer
    D. The order is an error. violates hospital policy. or would be detrimental to the client.
    Explanation
    The nurse is obligated to follow a physician's order unless it is an error, violates hospital policy, or would be detrimental to the client. This means that if the order is incorrect, goes against the policies of the hospital, or would harm the patient, the nurse should not follow it. The nurse's primary responsibility is to prioritize the well-being and safety of the patient, so any order that could potentially harm the patient or goes against established protocols should not be followed.

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  • 10. 

    The nursing theorist who developed transcultural nursing theory is

    • A.

      Dorothea Orem

    • B.

      Madeleine Leininger

    • C.

      Betty Newman

    • D.

      Sr. Callista Roy

    Correct Answer
    B. Madeleine Leininger
    Explanation
    Madeleine Leininger developed the theory on transcultural theory based on her observations on the behavior of selected people within a culture.

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