Are important to use in nursing practice
Use an ordered series of steps
Are patient-specific processes
Were developed specifically for nursing
Identify personal biases that may affect his thinking and actions
Identify the most effective interventions for a patient
Communicate more efficiently with colleagues. patients. and families
Learn and remember new procedures and techniques
E. B. A. D. C
A. B. C. D. E
A. E. C. D. B
D. A. B. E. C
Influences on the nurse’s problem solving and decision making
Like feelings rather than cognitive activities
Cognitive activities rather than feelings
Applicable in all aspects of a person’s life
Using reliable resources
Use of the nursing process
American Nurses Association (ANA)
State nurse practice acts
National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN)
The Joint Commission
The urinalysis report indicates there are white blood cells in the urine.
The client states she feels feverish; you measure the oral temperature at 98°F.
The client has clear breath sounds; you count a respiratory rate of 18.
The chest x-ray report indicates the client has pneumonia in the right lower lobe.
Recording all the information on the agency-approved form during the interview
Asking the client. “Why did you think it was necessary to seek health care at this time?”
Using precise medical terminology when asking the client questions
Sitting. facing the client in a chair at the client’s bedside. using active listening