NCLEX Pharmacology Quiz 37 Antineoplastic Medications

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1548

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
NCLEX Pharmacology Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The nurse is evaluating the medical history of a client who will be receiving Asparaginase (Elspar). The nurse contacts the health care provider if which of the following is noted in the history?
    • A. 

      Diabetes Mellitus type II.

    • B. 

      Pancreatitis.

    • C. 

      Asthma.

    • D. 

      Ischemic heart disease.

  • 2. 
    Megestrol acetate (Megace) is prescribed for a client with advanced breast cancer. The nurse reviews the client’s history and contacts the physician if which of the following is documented in the client’s history?
    • A. 

      Pulmonary embolism.

    • B. 

      Gouty arthritis.

    • C. 

      Bronchial asthma.

    • D. 

      Ischemic heart disease.

  • 3. 
    The cliet with non-hodgkins lymphoma is receiving Idarubucin (Idamycin). Which of the following would indicate to the nurse that the client is experiencing an adverse effect related to the medication?
    • A. 

      Dysrhythmia.

    • B. 

      Weight loss.

    • C. 

      Nausea and vomiting.

    • D. 

      Peripheral neuropathy.

  • 4. 
    The client is receiving Cisplatin (Platinol-AQ). Which of the following side effect is related to the medication?
    • A. 

      Depressed tendon reflexes.

    • B. 

      Photosensitivity.

    • C. 

      Tinnitus.

    • D. 

      Ptosis.

  • 5. 
    The nurse is monitoring the laboratory results of a male client receiving antineoplastic medications. The nurse plans to initiate bleeding precautions if which laboratory is value is noted?
    • A. 

      White blood cell count of 6.000/mm3.

    • B. 

      Platelet count of 45.000 cells/mm3

    • C. 

      Clotting time of 8 minutes.

    • D. 

      Hemoglobin count of 15g/dl.

  • 6. 
    A client is receiving Methotrexate (Rheumatrex) for a series of chemotherapy. Which of the following medication should be readily available to avoid toxicity?
    • A. 

      Mesna (Mesnex).

    • B. 

      Vigabatrin (Sabril).

    • C. 

      Leucovorin (Folinic acid).

    • D. 

      Oseltamivir (Tamiflu).

  • 7. 
    The nurse is providing teachings to a client receiving cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan). The nurse tells the client to which of the following?
    • A. 

      Eat foods rich in potassium.

    • B. 

      Increase fluid intake to 2-3 liters per day.

    • C. 

      Take the medication with food.

    • D. 

      Eat foods rich in purine.

  • 8. 
    The nurse is monitoring a patient receiving an Iv infusion of an antineoplastic medication. During the infusion. the patient complains of pain and redness at the insertion site. The nurse should take which actions? Select all that apply.
    • A. 

      Reinsert the IV at a distal part of the same vein.

    • B. 

      Increase the flow rate of the medication.

    • C. 

      Notify the physician.

    • D. 

      Apply a heat or ice compress to the site.

    • E. 

      Administer an antidote as prescribed.

  • 9. 
    The nurse is caring for a client receiving chemotherapy when an anaphylactic reaction occurs from the medication.  The nurse should take which actions? Select all that apply.
    • A. 

      Stop the medication.

    • B. 

      Remove the IV line.

    • C. 

      Administer Oxygen.

    • D. 

      Administer epinephrine.

    • E. 

      Positioned the client in a reverse Trendelenburg position.

  • 10. 
    The nurse is caring for a client who is receiving Fluorouracil (Adrucil). Which of the following symptoms would necessitate the nurse to immediate discontinuation of the medication?
    • A. 

      Palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia.

    • B. 

      Ataxia.

    • C. 

      Constipation.

    • D. 

      Insomnia.

Back to Top Back to top