NCLEX Pharmacology Quiz 17 Cardiovascular Drugs

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1886

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NCLEX Pharmacology Quiz 17 Cardiovascular Drugs

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Raymund is reviewing on cardiovascular drugs for his upcoming exam. For a well-prepared student. he should know that vasodilators are agents that:
    • A. 

      Relax smooth muscles

    • B. 

      Are used to treat hypotension

    • C. 

      Stimulate the adrenergic receptors of peripheral sympathetic nerves

    • D. 

      Cause respiratory depression

  • 2. 
    As a competent nurse. you are aware that vasodilators are used mainly to treat:
    • A. 

      Diabetes

    • B. 

      Hypertension

    • C. 

      Atrial fibrillation

    • D. 

      Hypotension

  • 3. 
    The drug/drugs used most commonly to treat peripheral or cerebral vascular obstructive disease is/are:
    • A. 

      Pentoxifylline (Trental)

    • B. 

      Cyclandelate (Cyclan)

    • C. 

      Isoxsuprine (Vasodilan)

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    In a 50-year-old widower who had a transient ischemic attack. what is the most common vasodilator used for his treatment?
    • A. 

      Norepinephrine

    • B. 

      Dopamine (Intropin)

    • C. 

      Papaverine (Pavabid)

    • D. 

      Nitroprusside (Nitropress)

  • 5. 
    For a client taking drugs to treat peripheral vascular disease. it is important to provide health education about:
    • A. 

      Smoking cessation

    • B. 

      Developing a proper balance between rest and activity

    • C. 

      Proper foot care

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
    A clinical instructor asks a nursing student about aldosterone antagonist. The student is correct by saying that aldosterone antagonists:
    • A. 

      Create an osmotic gradient

    • B. 

      Inhibit the exchange of sodium for potassium

    • C. 

      Cause metabolic acidosis

    • D. 

      Work poorly in the presence of endogenous aldosterone

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is a potential side effect of IV furosemide (Lasix)?
    • A. 

      Drowsiness

    • B. 

      Diarrhea

    • C. 

      Cystitis

    • D. 

      Hearing loss

  • 8. 
    A 68-year-old client with a history of mild CHF and glaucoma is receiving IV mannitol (Osmitrol) to decrease intraocular pressure. The nurse would monitor the client for signs and symptoms of:
    • A. 

      Fluid volume excess

    • B. 

      Fluid volume deficit

    • C. 

      Hyperkalemia

    • D. 

      Hypernatremia

  • 9. 
    All potassium-sparing diuretics:
    • A. 

      Are required supplements during blood transfusion

    • B. 

      Enhance aldosterone action

    • C. 

      Cause hypokalemia

    • D. 

      Are weak diuretics

  • 10. 
    Which of the following clients is most likely to experience adverse effects from treatment with diuretics?
    • A. 

      A 21-year-old student

    • B. 

      A 40-year-old unmarried man

    • C. 

      A 60-year-old widower

    • D. 

      A 75-year-old man

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