NCLEX Pharmacology Quiz 16 Cardiovascular Drugs

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1969

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Cardiovascular Drug Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    As a knowledgeable nurse. you know that the action of nitrates is:
    • A. 

      Smooth muscle contraction

    • B. 

      Vasoconstriction

    • C. 

      Smooth muscle relaxation

    • D. 

      Increase preload

  • 2. 
    A 50-year-old client is prescribed to take nitrate each day for his condition. As a competent nurse. you know the result of nitrate administration is:
    • A. 

      Decreased myocardial oxygen demand

    • B. 

      Increased myocardial oxygen demand

    • C. 

      Increased left ventricular end-diastolic volume

    • D. 

      Increased atrial pressure

  • 3. 
    A student nurse is asked to give an example of a long-acting nitrate. He is correct by saying:
    • A. 

      Nitroglycerin sublingual

    • B. 

      Nitroglycerin IV

    • C. 

      Isosorbide PO

    • D. 

      Nitroglycerin transmucosal

  • 4. 
    When nitrates are administered early to the acute MI client. the effect is:
    • A. 

      Hypotension

    • B. 

      Bradycardia

    • C. 

      Reduced mortality

    • D. 

      Reduced morbidity

  • 5. 
    When teaching about nitrate administration. the nurse should instruct the client to:
    • A. 

      Change position slowly.

    • B. 

      Take pulse daily.

    • C. 

      Reduce salt intake.

    • D. 

      Chew the sustained-release tablets.

  • 6. 
    ACEs participate in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system to have which of the following physiologic effects?
    • A. 

      Inhibit conversion of angiotensin II to angiotensin I

    • B. 

      Vasoconstriction and sodium depletion

    • C. 

      Promote sodium and water retention

    • D. 

      Stimulate vasodilation and inhibit sodium depletion

  • 7. 
    Nurse Margie just administered an ACE inhibitor to her client. Before ambulating the client for the first time after administration. the nurse should monitor for:
    • A. 

      Hypokalemia

    • B. 

      Irregular heartbeat

    • C. 

      Edema

    • D. 

      Hypotension

  • 8. 
    Mira is managing her hypertension with an ACE inhibitor. Which of the following statements stated by her indicates a need for further instruction?
    • A. 

      “I should not take my pills with food.”

    • B. 

      “I need to increase my intake of orange juice. bananas. and green vegetables.”

    • C. 

      “I will avoid coffee. tea. and colas.”

    • D. 

      “I will use salt substitutes that are not high in potassium.”

  • 9. 
    Pepito is a hypertensive client who has been placed on captopril (Capoten). He states. “Dr. del Mundo keeps changing my pills and none are working. I feel like a guinea pig.” Which of the following responses by the nurse would be most appropriate?
    • A. 

      “It often takes a while before the right medication is found.”

    • B. 

      “The doctor is just trying to help you control your blood pressure.”

    • C. 

      “The action of this drug is to work on both the arteries and to remove excess fluids.”

    • D. 

      “This drug is used when other drugs have failed.”

  • 10. 
    The action of an ACE inhibitor interrupts the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone mechanism. thereby producing which of the following?
    • A. 

      Reduced renal blood flow

    • B. 

      Reduced sodium and water excretion

    • C. 

      Increased peripheral vascular resistance

    • D. 

      Increased sodium excretion and potassium reabsorption