The child should have been trained by age 2 and may have a psychological problem that is responsible for his “accidents.”
Bladder control is usually achieved before bowel control. and the child should be required to sit on the potty seat until he passes urine.
Bowel control is usually achieved before bladder control. and the average age for completion of toilet training varies widely from 24 to 36 months.
The child should be told “no” each time he wets so that he learns the behavior is unacceptable.
Allow the child to have the bottle at bedtime. but withhold the one later in the night.
Put juice in the bottle instead of milk.
Give only a bottle of water at bedtime.
Do not allow bottles in the crib.
Place the infant on her back for naps and bedtime.
Allow the infant to cry for 5 minutes before responding if she wakes during the night as she may fall back asleep.
Talk to the infant frequently and make eye contact to encourage language development.
Wait until at least 4 months to add infant cereals and strained fruits to the diet.
Get moderate exercise for at least 30 minutes each day.
Drink 6-8 glasses of water each day.
Eat a diet high in fiber.
Take a mild laxative if you don’t have a bowel movement every day.
A reddened rash visible over the trunk and extremities.
A history of sore throat that was self-limited in the past month.
A negative antistreptolysin O titer.
An unexplained fever.
Ask the patient to lie down on the exam table.
Draw blood for chemistry panel and arterial blood gas (ABG).
Send the patient for a chest x-ray.
Check blood pressure.
“Stop taking the nitroglycerin and see if the headaches improve.”
“Go to the emergency department to be checked because nitroglycerin can cause bleeding in the brain.”
“Headaches are a frequent side effect of nitroglycerine because it causes vasodilation.”
“The headaches are unlikely to be related to the nitroglycerin. so you should see your doctor for further investigation.”
The symptoms may be the result of anemia caused by chemotherapy.
The patient may be immunosuppressed.
The patient may be depressed.
The patient may be dehydrated.
The diet is providing adequate sources of iron and requires no changes.
The patient should add meat to her diet; a vegetarian diet is not advised.
The patient should use iron cookware to prepare foods. such as dark green. leafy vegetables and legumes. which are high in iron.
A cup of coffee or tea should be added to every meal.
Transfusion reaction is most likely immediately after the infusion is completed.
PRBCs are best infused slowly through a 20g. IV catheter.
PRBCs should be flushed with a 5% dextrose solution.
A nurse should remain in the room during the first 15 minutes of infusion.