Research Methods Exam 1

52 Questions | Total Attempts: 237

Research Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Describe two important characteristics of the scientific method
  • 2. 
    Provide an example of (1) how social and cultural factors may influence psychologists' choice of research topics and (2) how social-cultural factors may influence society's acceptance of research findings
  • 3. 
    Describe how ethnocentric bias can be a problem in research and suggest one way in which researchers can prevent this bias
  • 4. 
    What does it mean that research is conducted in a "moral context?"
  • 5. 
    Explain why researchers are skeptical about research findings, and explain.
  • 6. 
    Identify three reasons you would give another person as to why he or she should critically evaluate the results of the research reported in the media (e.g., self-help books, televisions, magazines).
  • 7. 
    Describe the multimethod approach to research and identify its main advantage.
  • 8. 
    For each of the following characteristics, distinguish between the scientific approach and everyday approaches to knowledge: general approach and attitude, observation, concepts, reporting, instruments, measurement, and hypothesis.
  • 9. 
    Differentiate between an independent variable and a dependent variable, and provide an example of each that could be used in an experiment
  • 10. 
    What is the major advantage of using operational definitions in psychology? In what two ways has the use of operational definitions been criticized?
  • 11. 
    Distinguish between the accuracy and the precision of a measuring instrument
  • 12. 
    What is the difference between the validity of a measure and the reliability of a measure?
  • 13. 
    Identify the four goals of the scientific method and briefly describe what each goal is intended to accomplish.
  • 14. 
    Distinguish between the nomothetic approach and the idiographic approach in terms of who is studied and the nature of the generalizations that are sought
  • 15. 
    What are researchers able to do when they know that two variables are correlated?
  • 16. 
    What is the difference between basic and applied research?
  • 17. 
    Explain why researchers submit research proposals to Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) or Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs) before beginning a research project, and briefly describe the functions of these committees in the research process
  • 18. 
    Explain how the risk/benefit ratio is used in making ethical decisions. What factors contribute to judging the potential benefits of a research project?
  • 19. 
    Explain why research cannot be risk free and describe the standard that researchers use to determine whether research participants are "at risk." Describe briefly how characteristics of the participants in the research can affect the assessment of risk.
  • 20. 
    Differentiate among the three possible types of risk that can be present in psychological research: physical, psychological, social. How do researchers typically safeguard against the possibility of social risk?
  • 21. 
    What are three important ethical issues raised by online research?
  • 22. 
    What information does the researcher have an ethical obligation to make clear to the participant in order to ensure the participant's informed consent? Under what conditions does the APA Ethics Code indicate that informed consent may not be necessary?
  • 23. 
    What three dimensions should researchers consider when they attempt to decide whether information is public or private?
  • 24. 
    Explain why deception may sometimes be necessary in psychological research. Describe briefly the questions researchers should ask before using deception and describe the conditions under which it is always unethical to deceive participants.
  • 25. 
    In what ways can debriefing benefit the participant? In what ways can debriefing benefit the researcher?
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