Geological History Of Earth! Trivia Questions Quiz

19 Questions

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Geological History Of Earth! Trivia Questions Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
        Which layer was formed first?
    • A. 

      Q

    • B. 

      P

    • C. 

      K

    • D. 

      M

  • 2. 
    Which layer formed last?
    • A. 

      K

    • B. 

      P

    • C. 

      Q

    • D. 

      M

  • 3. 
    Which is older, Layer M or Layer P
    • A. 

      Layer M

    • B. 

      Layer P

    • C. 

      Same Age

    • D. 

      Neither

  • 4. 
    What is located between rock layer "L" and "H"?  (what does the squiggly line represent?) 
    • A. 

      Cross-Bedding

    • B. 

      Intrusion

    • C. 

      Unconformity

    • D. 

      Extrusion

  • 5. 
    What is feature "P"?
    • A. 

      Intrusion

    • B. 

      Extrusion

    • C. 

      Cross-Bedding

    • D. 

      Unconformity

  • 6. 
    What is the feature at letter "E" called? 
    • A. 

      Tilting

    • B. 

      Intrusion

    • C. 

      Folding

    • D. 

      Fault

  • 7. 
    What principle of geology states that sedimentary rocks are deposited horizontally or nearly horizontally?  
    • A. 

      Cross-cutting relationships

    • B. 

      Original horizontality

    • C. 

      Uniformitarianism

    • D. 

      Superposition

  • 8. 
    The principle of _________ states that an intrusion or fault is younger than the rocks it cuts across.
    • A. 

      Superposition

    • B. 

      Uniformitarianism

    • C. 

      Cross-cutting relationships

    • D. 

      Original horizontality

  • 9. 
    What geologic principle states that in an undisturbed rock sequence, the oldest rocks are on the bottom and the youngest are on the top?
    • A. 

      Uniformitarianism

    • B. 

      Superposition

    • C. 

      Original horizontality

    • D. 

      Cross-cutting relationships

  • 10. 
    Unless a series of sedimentary rock layers have been overturned, the bottom rock layer usually
    • A. 

      Contains the greatest variety of minerals

    • B. 

      Contains fossils

    • C. 

      Has the finest texture

    • D. 

      is the oldest

  • 11. 
    Fossils are usually found in which type of rock?
    • A. 

      Metamorphic

    • B. 

      Extrusive Igneous

    • C. 

      Sedimentary

    • D. 

      Intrusive Igneous

  • 12. 
    Determinng whether an object of event is older or younger than other objects or events is called
    • A. 

      Absolute Date

    • B. 

      Carbon dating

    • C. 

      Radiometric Dating

    • D. 

      Relative Dating

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 13. 
    Consider a fault that cuts through all the layers of a rock-layer sequence.  Is the fault older or younger than the layers?
    • A. 

      Older

    • B. 

      Younger

  • 14. 
    Which two forms of life existed together on Earth during the same time period?
    • A. 

      Trilobites and mastodons

    • B. 

      Dinosaurs and trilobites

    • C. 

      Trilobites and birds

    • D. 

      dinosaurs and mastodons

  • 15. 
     According to the Earth Science Reference Tables, which radioactive substance has the longest half-life?
    • A. 

      Potassium-40

    • B. 

      Uranium-238

    • C. 

      Rubidium-87

    • D. 

      Carbon-14

  • 16. 
    If the amount of carbon-14 in the original sample had been 48 grams, about how much carbon-14 would have been left after 17,100 years?
    • A. 

      12 grams

    • B. 

      6 grams

    • C. 

      3 grams

    • D. 

      24 grams

  • 17. 
    A fossil of an organism that lived during a relatively short geological time and over a wide geographic area is called a 
    • A. 

      Trace fossil

    • B. 

      Phacops

    • C. 

      Index fossil

    • D. 

      Tropites

  • 18. 
    Which radioactive substance would probably be used in dating the recent remains of a plant found in sedimentary deposits?
    • A. 

      Potassium-40

    • B. 

      Uranium-238

    • C. 

      Carbon-14

    • D. 

      Thorium-232

  • 19. 
    Why are ancient volcanic ash deposits important to geologists?
    • A. 

      They form resistant rock layers containing fossils.

    • B. 

      They are easily dated using carbon-14.

    • C. 

      They serve as good geological time makers.

    • D. 

      They indicate major areas where earthquakes occurred.