Mortgage Industry Trivia Questions Quiz

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Mortgage Industry Trivia Questions Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What does GSE stand for?

    • A.

      Government Sponsored Equality

    • B.

      Ginnie Sponsored Equity

    • C.

      Government Sponsored Enterprises

    Correct Answer
    C. Government Sponsored Enterprises
    Explanation
    GSE stands for Government Sponsored Enterprises. This term refers to financial institutions that are created by the government but operate independently. These entities are typically involved in sectors such as housing, agriculture, and education. They are established to provide stability and support to these industries, often by providing funding or guarantees for loans. Examples of GSEs include Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in the United States.

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  • 2. 

    What is a Primary Market?

    • A.

      The market is made up of those who create and Market mortgages. Banks, Mortgage banking lenders, Mortgage brokers, and loan originators.

    • B.

      The market is made up of the entities that insure, guarantee and purchase the mortgages.

    • C.

      Market are not made up of entities that insure, guarantee and purchase the mortgages.

    • D.

      The market is not made up of those who create and market mortgages. Banks, Mortgage banking lenders, Mortgage brokers, and their loan originators.

    Correct Answer
    A. The market is made up of those who create and Market mortgages. Banks, Mortgage banking lenders, Mortgage brokers, and loan originators.
    Explanation
    The primary market refers to the market where mortgages are created and marketed by entities such as banks, mortgage banking lenders, mortgage brokers, and loan originators. These entities play a crucial role in the origination and distribution of mortgages to borrowers.

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  • 3. 

    The __________________ Market is made up of the entities that insure, guarantee and purchase the mortgages.

    Correct Answer
    Secondary
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Secondary". In the context of the question, the term "Secondary Market" refers to the market where mortgages are bought, sold, and traded by entities such as investors, banks, and other financial institutions. This market provides liquidity to the mortgage industry by allowing lenders to sell their mortgage loans, thereby replenishing their funds and enabling them to issue new loans. The secondary market also plays a role in determining mortgage interest rates and overall availability of mortgage financing.

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  • 4. 

    ____________ pays 100 cents on the dollar to purchase.

    • A.

      Par Rate

    • B.

      YSP

    • C.

      Prime Rate

    • D.

      Market Rate

    • E.

      Interest Rate

    • F.

      Secondary Market

    Correct Answer
    A. Par Rate
    Explanation
    Par Rate is the correct answer because it refers to the interest rate at which a bond or loan is issued or traded at its face value, without any discount or premium. This means that when an entity purchases a bond or loan at par rate, they pay the full principal amount without any additional cost or discount.

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  • 5. 

    YSP stands for ____________________________________.

    • A.

      Yearly Sales Percentage

    • B.

      Yield Spread Premium

    • C.

      Yearly Spread Prime

    • D.

      Yearly Sales Premium

    Correct Answer
    B. Yield Spread Premium
    Explanation
    YSP stands for Yield Spread Premium. This term is commonly used in the mortgage industry to refer to the additional compensation received by a mortgage broker or loan officer for originating a loan with a higher interest rate than the borrower qualifies for. The Yield Spread Premium is the difference between the interest rate the borrower actually pays and the rate the borrower could have obtained based on their creditworthiness. It is essentially a commission paid to the broker for bringing in a higher-interest loan.

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  • 6. 

    A Premium sale actually generates a profit to the lender and gives him/her more money than he/she loans out.  That premium is called _________________ .

    • A.

      Discount

    • B.

      Par

    • C.

      YSP

    • D.

      Revenue

    Correct Answer
    C. YSP
    Explanation
    A Premium sale generates a profit for the lender because the borrower pays more money than the loan amount. This additional amount is known as Yield Spread Premium (YSP). It is a fee or commission paid by the borrower to the lender or mortgage broker for providing a loan with a higher interest rate than the market rate. The YSP increases the lender's overall earnings from the loan transaction.

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  • 7. 

    Rates sold above par is considered trading at a  __________________.

    Correct Answer
    Premium
    Explanation
    When rates are sold above par, it means that they are being sold at a higher price than their face value. This is considered trading at a premium because the buyer is paying more than the nominal value of the rates. This premium reflects the market demand for the rates and can be influenced by factors such as interest rates, creditworthiness, and market conditions.

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  • 8. 

    ___________________ is a claim against property held by one who is not the legal owner of the property that affect the physical condition of the property may be imposed on a parcel of land but do not prevent the owner from using, selling or otherwise transferring the estate.

    Correct Answer
    Encumbrance
    Explanation
    An encumbrance is a claim or burden on a property that is held by someone other than the legal owner. It can affect the physical condition of the property but does not prevent the owner from using, selling, or transferring the property. This means that even though there may be some restrictions or obligations associated with the property, the owner still has the freedom to do what they want with it.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following describes Encumbrances?

    • A.

      Easements

    • B.

      Public and Private restrictions

    • C.

      Encroachments

    • D.

      Utility Easements

    • E.

      Financial Encumbrance called lien

    • F.

      Your home computer

    • G.

      Your home sterio

    • H.

      Your TV

    • I.

      Mailbox

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Easements
    B. Public and Private restrictions
    C. Encroachments
    D. Utility Easements
    E. Financial Encumbrance called lien
    Explanation
    Encumbrances refer to various types of limitations or restrictions on a property. These can include easements, which grant someone else the right to use a portion of the property, public and private restrictions that dictate how the property can be used, encroachments where a neighboring property extends onto the subject property, utility easements for utility companies to access and maintain their infrastructure, and financial encumbrances like liens that restrict the property owner's ability to sell or transfer the property. The other options listed (home computer, home stereo, TV, mailbox) do not relate to encumbrances and are therefore not correct.

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  • 10. 

    A ________ is defined as a right of property, either real or personal, being held by one party for the benefit of another.  The parties to trust include a trustor, who is the person that grants the rights to real estate to a trustee, who then holds the property in trust for a beneficiary.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Trust
    Explanation
    A trust is a legal arrangement where one party, known as the trustor, transfers their property rights to another party called the trustee. The trustee then holds the property in trust for the benefit of a third party known as the beneficiary. In this arrangement, the trustor grants the rights to real estate to the trustee, who is responsible for managing and safeguarding the property for the beneficiary's benefit. This allows for the efficient management and protection of assets while ensuring that they are used for the intended purpose or benefit.

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  • 11. 

    In Real estate financing, when a trust deed is used, it is called a _______ or _________.  The beneficiary (lender) selects the trustee who secures title from the trustor (borrower) along with the ability to foreclose if needed.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Deed
    Trust
    Explanation
    When a trust deed is used in real estate financing, it is called a deed of trust. The beneficiary, who is the lender, selects a trustee to hold the title of the property on behalf of the trustor, who is the borrower. This arrangement allows the trustee to foreclose on the property if necessary to protect the interests of the lender.

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  • 12. 

    ___________ transfers ownership or interest in real property from one person to another by a document, such as a deed, lease, or mortgage.

    • A.

      Conveyancing

    • B.

      Reconveyance

    Correct Answer
    A. Conveyancing
    Explanation
    Conveyancing is the process of transferring ownership or interest in real property from one person to another through the use of legal documents such as a deed, lease, or mortgage. This process ensures that the transfer is legally valid and properly recorded. Reconveyance, on the other hand, refers specifically to the transfer of property back to the original owner after a debt or mortgage has been fully paid off. Therefore, the correct answer is Conveyancing.

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  • 13. 

    When someone has satisfied their lien on their property it is then considered a _________________________.

    • A.

      Conveyancing

    • B.

      ReConveyance

    Correct Answer
    B. ReConveyance
    Explanation
    When someone has satisfied their lien on their property, it is then considered a ReConveyance. ReConveyance refers to the process of transferring the title of a property back to the original owner after a lien has been paid off or satisfied. It signifies the completion of the lien and the restoration of full ownership rights to the property owner.

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  • 14. 

    A __________________ is a promise to repay a debt.

    Correct Answer
    Note
    Explanation
    A note is a written agreement that serves as a promise to repay a debt. It outlines the terms and conditions of the loan, including the amount borrowed, the interest rate, and the repayment schedule. By signing a note, the borrower acknowledges their obligation to repay the debt according to the agreed-upon terms. Notes are commonly used in various financial transactions, such as personal loans, mortgages, and business loans.

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  • 15. 

    A ________________ is the pledge of collateral to secure the loan.

    Correct Answer
    Mortgage
    Explanation
    A mortgage is a type of loan where the borrower pledges collateral, typically their property, to secure the loan. This means that if the borrower fails to repay the loan, the lender has the right to take possession of the property and sell it to recover their money. Therefore, a mortgage is a form of security for the lender, ensuring that they have a means to recoup their funds if the borrower defaults on the loan.

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  • 16. 

    The contract for Deed is what below

    • A.

      Land Contract

    • B.

      Real Estate Contract

    • C.

      Contract for Sale

    • D.

      Agreement For Deed

    • E.

      Encumbrance for deed

    • F.

      Installment Sale

    • G.

      Property Auction

    • H.

      Articles of Agreement

    • I.

      Seller held Mortgage

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Land Contract
    B. Real Estate Contract
    C. Contract for Sale
    D. Agreement For Deed
    F. Installment Sale
    H. Articles of Agreement
    I. Seller held Mortgage
  • 17. 

    A_______________ comes in many different forms.  A contract for deed is a complete financing and sales contract agreed upon and executed by a buyer and a seller.  This means that the contract for deed does not have a an attached note.

    • A.

      Contract for deed

    • B.

      Deed in lieu

    • C.

      Property deed

    Correct Answer
    A. Contract for deed
    Explanation
    A contract for deed is a type of agreement between a buyer and a seller that serves as both a financing and sales contract. Unlike other forms such as a deed in lieu or property deed, a contract for deed does not have an attached note. This means that the buyer and seller have agreed to a complete financing and sales arrangement without the need for a separate promissory note.

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  • 18. 

    _____________________________ the seller is financing the sale of the property.  The buyer agrees to take and maintain possession of the property as long as the terms of the agreement are being met.

    • A.

      Land Contract

    • B.

      Contract for deed

    • C.

      Deed of Contract

    • D.

      Contract for deed arrangement

    Correct Answer
    D. Contract for deed arrangement
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Contract for deed arrangement." In a contract for deed arrangement, the seller finances the sale of the property and the buyer agrees to take and maintain possession of the property as long as the terms of the agreement are being met. This type of arrangement allows the buyer to make payments directly to the seller over a specified period of time, typically without involving a traditional mortgage lender. It is a common method of financing real estate transactions, particularly when the buyer may not qualify for a traditional mortgage loan.

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  • 19. 

    _________ penalty means the borrower would be liable for a penalty during the set timeframe for prohibited prepayment on Mortgaged Property and the property cannot be sold or refinanced during that time period.

    • A.

      Hard

    • B.

      Soft

    • C.

      Medieum

    Correct Answer
    A. Hard
    Explanation
    A "hard" penalty means that the borrower would be liable for a penalty if they attempt to prepay the mortgage on the property within a specified timeframe. This penalty would prohibit the borrower from selling or refinancing the property during that time period.

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  • 20. 

    ________ penalty means the mortgaged property cannot be refinanced during the prohibited - prepayment timeframe.  But, it can be sold any time without becoming liable for a penalty.

    • A.

      Hard

    • B.

      Soft

    • C.

      Medium

    Correct Answer
    A. Hard
    Explanation
    A hard penalty refers to a penalty that restricts the refinancing of a mortgaged property during a specific timeframe, but allows the property to be sold without incurring any penalty. This means that if the borrower wants to refinance the mortgage before the prepayment timeframe is over, they will face a penalty. However, if they decide to sell the property, they can do so at any time without being liable for any penalty.

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  • 21. 

    ____________________ Clause states that the entire balance of a mortgage/deed of trust may be called due and payable upon the sale or the transfer of property ownership on the property in which the mortgage is placed.  If the borrower violates this provision, the lender has the ability to call the loan due and payable immediately.

    • A.

      Acceleration Clause

    • B.

      Santa Clause

    • C.

      Due-on-Sale Clause

    • D.

      Defeasance Clause

    Correct Answer
    C. Due-on-Sale Clause
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Due-on-Sale Clause. This clause allows the lender to demand full repayment of the mortgage if the property is sold or ownership is transferred. If the borrower violates this clause, the lender can require immediate payment of the loan.

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  • 22. 

    ____________________ Clause states that the entire balance of a mortgage/deed of trust may be called due and payable upon the sale or the transfer of property ownership on the property in which the mortgage is placed.  If the borrower violates this provision, the lender has the ability to call the loan due and payable immediately.

    • A.

      Acceleration Clause

    • B.

      Santa Clause

    • C.

      Due-on-Sale Clause

    • D.

      Defeasance Clause

    Correct Answer
    C. Due-on-Sale Clause
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Due-on-Sale Clause". This clause allows the lender to demand the full repayment of a mortgage or deed of trust if the property is sold or transferred to a new owner. If the borrower violates this clause, the lender can require immediate payment of the loan. This clause is commonly included in mortgage agreements to protect the lender's interests and ensure that they can recover their funds in the event of a property transfer.

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  • 23. 

     ____________________________ Clause means the lender has the right to ask for all the funds to be due at a certain date if a payment is missed.  All defaults has its right.  For example FNMA/FHLMC states there has to be the following ___________, _____________, _____________,____________, ______________.

    • A.

      Acceleration Clause, Default, action cure default, 30-day notice to cure, Statement that failure to cure will cause acceleration or foreclosure, right to reinstate.

    • B.

      Due on Sale, Default, action cure default, 30-day notice to cure, Statement that failure to cure will cause acceleration or foreclosure, right to reinstate.

    • C.

      Acceleration Clause, Default, action cure default, 30-day notice to cure, Statement that failure to cure will cause acceleration or foreclosure, right to reinstate.

    • D.

      Exculpatory Clause, Default, action cure default, 30-day notice to cure, Statement that failure to cure will cause acceleration or foreclosure, right to reinstate.

    Correct Answer
    C. Acceleration Clause, Default, action cure default, 30-day notice to cure, Statement that failure to cure will cause acceleration or foreclosure, right to reinstate.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Acceleration Clause, Default, action cure default, 30-day notice to cure, Statement that failure to cure will cause acceleration or foreclosure, right to reinstate." This is because the given clause states that the lender has the right to ask for all the funds to be due at a certain date if a payment is missed. The other options do not mention an acceleration clause, which is the key component of the given clause.

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  • 24. 

    _____________________ Mortgage established to create lien on title for creditors.  When the debt is paid off or canceled the owner gains full control over it.  Some states don't allow for a lien on the title.

    • A.

      Acceleration Clause

    • B.

      Due on Sale Clause

    • C.

      Defeasance Clause

    • D.

      ExCulpatory Clause

    Correct Answer
    C. Defeasance Clause
    Explanation
    A defeasance clause is a provision in a mortgage that states that once the debt is fully paid off or cancelled, the lien on the title is removed and the owner gains full control over the property. This clause protects the borrower's rights and ensures that the mortgage is fully satisfied once the debt is repaid. It is important to note that some states do not allow for a lien on the title, which means that a defeasance clause may not be applicable in those jurisdictions.

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  • 25. 

    ________________________________ Clause is that part of a written agreement that relieves one party to the agreement of liability as a result of actions performed in the course of executing the terms of the contract.  In a trust agreement, an exculpatory clause relieves the trustee of liability resulting from any act performed in good faith under the trust agreement.  Example landlord is relieved of personal injury to a tenant.

    • A.

      Due on Sale

    • B.

      Exculpatory

    • C.

      Acceleration

    • D.

      Defeasance

    Correct Answer
    B. Exculpatory
    Explanation
    An exculpatory clause is a part of a written agreement that relieves one party of liability for any actions performed in good faith under the terms of the contract. In the context of a trust agreement, an exculpatory clause relieves the trustee of liability for any acts performed in good faith under the agreement. This means that the trustee will not be held responsible for any damages or harm that may occur as a result of their actions, as long as they were acting in good faith. In the given example, the exculpatory clause would relieve the landlord of liability for any personal injury to a tenant.

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  • 26. 

    Conventional Loans

    • A.

      Lender agreement thats not guranteed or insured by VA or FHA

    • B.

      Loan Programs to help establish credit to borrows.

    • C.

      Can follow guidelines of government sponsored Enterprises

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Lender agreement thats not guranteed or insured by VA or FHA
    C. Can follow guidelines of government sponsored Enterprises
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Lender agreement that's not guaranteed or insured by VA or FHA, can follow guidelines of government-sponsored Enterprises." This answer accurately describes conventional loans as being agreements between a lender and borrower that are not backed or insured by the Veterans Administration (VA) or Federal Housing Administration (FHA). Additionally, it highlights that conventional loans can still adhere to the guidelines set by government-sponsored Enterprises, such as Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac.

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  • 27. 

    ___________________ loan is a loan that has a maximum limit of $417,000 and meet the guidelines for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.

    • A.

      Conforming

    • B.

      Non Conforming

    • C.

      Convent

    • D.

      Conforming Second

    Correct Answer
    A. Conforming
    Explanation
    A conforming loan is a loan that meets the guidelines set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and has a maximum limit of $417,000. These guidelines include factors such as the borrower's credit score, income, and the property's value. Conforming loans are considered less risky for lenders because they can be sold to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, which helps to ensure liquidity in the mortgage market. This allows borrowers to obtain lower interest rates and down payment requirements compared to non-conforming loans.

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  • 28. 

    ________________________ don't meet guidelines of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, but still considered conventional.  An example are Jumbo Loans exceeding the maximum loan amount by Fannie and Freddie.

    • A.

      Non-Confroming

    • B.

      Conforming

    • C.

      Conventional

    • D.

      Conforming Example

    Correct Answer
    A. Non-Confroming
    Explanation
    Non-Conforming loans do not meet the guidelines set by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, but they are still considered conventional loans. An example of a non-conforming loan is a Jumbo Loan, which exceeds the maximum loan amount set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 16, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    2bfn
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