Module 9 - TOA - Architect Philosophies - Annayazu

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Module 9 - TOA - Architect Philosophies - Annayazu - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    "Architecture must create bldgs. w/c are conceived as a total artistic expression." His buildings has always a touch of "emotion beyond sentimentality and human beyond whimsy"

    • A.

      Alvar Aalto

    • B.

      Peter Behrens

    • C.

      Marcel Bruer

    • D.

      Felix Candela

    • E.

      Wells Coates

    Correct Answer
    A. Alvar Aalto
    Explanation
    Alvar Aalto is the correct answer because the statement describes his approach to architecture. Aalto believed that buildings should be seen as a complete artistic expression, going beyond mere functionality. His designs often incorporated elements that evoked emotion without being overly sentimental or whimsical. Aalto's work is known for its humanistic approach, considering the needs and experiences of the people who would inhabit the spaces he created. Therefore, Aalto's architectural style aligns with the statement provided.

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  • 2. 

    When a time comes for a change, the outsider is needed because it has preserved the freshness of vision required to see what changes are necessary, whereas the specialist may prove to be too inflexible." Influenced Gropius and Mies Van Der Rohe "Master of Masters"

    • A.

      Alvar Aalto

    • B.

      Peter Behrens

    • C.

      Marcel Bruer

    • D.

      Felix Candela

    • E.

      Wells Coates

    Correct Answer
    B. Peter Behrens
    Explanation
    Peter Behrens is the correct answer because he was an outsider who brought a fresh vision to the field of architecture. He was a German architect and designer who was influential in the early 20th century. Behrens was known for his innovative approach to design and his ability to adapt to changing times. He was a mentor to influential architects such as Walter Gropius and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, who went on to become leaders in the modernist movement. Behrens' outsider perspective allowed him to see what changes were necessary in architecture, making him an important figure in the field.

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  • 3. 

    A building has straight geometrical lines, even when these lines are free, it must always be evident that they have been studied & that they did not spring up simultaneously.

    • A.

      Alvar Aalto

    • B.

      Peter Behrens

    • C.

      Marcel Bruer

    • D.

      Felix Candela

    • E.

      Wells Coates

    Correct Answer
    C. Marcel Bruer
    Explanation
    Marcel Bruer is the correct answer because his work is known for its emphasis on straight geometrical lines in building design. He believed that these lines should always be intentional and carefully considered, rather than appearing haphazard or unplanned. Bruer's approach to architecture involved a meticulous study of the lines and forms used in his designs, ensuring that they were purposeful and deliberate. This aligns with the statement given in the question about the importance of studying and designing straight geometrical lines in a building.

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  • 4. 

    Nature and Architecture are two different things.

    • A.

      Alvar Aalto

    • B.

      Peter Behrens

    • C.

      Marcel Bruer

    • D.

      Felix Candela

    • E.

      Wells Coates

    Correct Answer
    C. Marcel Bruer
    Explanation
    Marcel Bruer is the correct answer because he was an architect known for his innovative use of materials, particularly in his design of furniture. He is often associated with the Bauhaus movement and is known for his contributions to modernist architecture. The other options listed are also architects, but they may not be as closely associated with the intersection of nature and architecture as Marcel Bruer.

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  • 5. 

    Architecture is a social Art.

    • A.

      Alvar Aalto

    • B.

      Peter Behrens

    • C.

      Marcel Bruer

    • D.

      Felix Candela

    • E.

      Wells Coates

    Correct Answer
    C. Marcel Bruer
    Explanation
    Marcel Bruer is the correct answer because he was an architect known for his contributions to the modernist movement in architecture. He believed that architecture should serve the needs of society and be influenced by social factors. His designs focused on functionality and simplicity, with an emphasis on creating spaces that were accessible and beneficial to people. This aligns with the statement that architecture is a social art, as it suggests that architecture should not only be aesthetically pleasing but also serve a purpose in society.

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  • 6. 

    Father of Furniture architecture.

    • A.

      Alvar Aalto

    • B.

      Peter Behrens

    • C.

      Marcel Bruer

    • D.

      Felix Candela

    • E.

      Wells Coates

    Correct Answer
    C. Marcel Bruer
    Explanation
    Marcel Bruer is considered the father of furniture architecture because of his significant contributions to the development of modern furniture design. He is best known for his innovative use of tubular steel in furniture, particularly his iconic Wassily Chair. Bruer's designs revolutionized the industry by combining functionality, comfort, and aesthetic appeal. His work paved the way for the modernist movement in furniture design and continues to inspire designers today.

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  • 7. 

    Famous for thin shell structures. He is one of the most notable concrete engineers of the age.

    • A.

      Alvar Aalto

    • B.

      Peter Behrens

    • C.

      Marcel Bruer

    • D.

      Felix Candela

    • E.

      Wells Coates

    Correct Answer
    D. Felix Candela
    Explanation
    Felix Candela is famous for his work with thin shell structures, making him one of the most notable concrete engineers of his time. His innovative designs and use of concrete created visually striking and structurally impressive buildings. Candela's work has had a lasting impact on the field of architecture and he is recognized as a pioneer in the use of concrete in construction.

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  • 8. 

    Simplicity & functionality is the essence of design.

    • A.

      Alvar Aalto

    • B.

      Peter Behrens

    • C.

      Marcel Bruer

    • D.

      Felix Candela

    • E.

      Wells Coates

    Correct Answer
    E. Wells Coates
    Explanation
    Wells Coates is the correct answer because he was known for his minimalist and functional approach to design. He believed in creating designs that were simple yet highly functional, focusing on the essence of the design rather than unnecessary embellishments. This aligns with the statement that simplicity and functionality are the essence of design, making Wells Coates the most suitable choice.

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  • 9. 

    Invented the geodesic dome based in principle: space frame in many different materials like timber, plywood, aluminum, paper board, pre-stressed concrete and even bamboo.

    • A.

      Buckminster Fuller

    • B.

      Antonio Gaudi

    • C.

      Cass Gilbert

    • D.

      Walter Gropius

    • E.

      Victor Horta

    Correct Answer
    A. Buckminster Fuller
    Explanation
    Buckminster Fuller is the correct answer because he is known for inventing the geodesic dome, which is a structure based on the principle of a space frame. This dome can be constructed using various materials such as timber, plywood, aluminum, paper board, pre-stressed concrete, and even bamboo.

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  • 10. 

    Function has today an increasing variety of forms to choose from.

    • A.

      Buckminster Fuller

    • B.

      Antonio Gaudi

    • C.

      Cass Gilbert

    • D.

      Walter Gropius

    • E.

      Victor Horta

    Correct Answer
    B. Antonio Gaudi
    Explanation
    Antonio Gaudi is included in the list of architects mentioned in the question. The question states that "Function has today an increasing variety of forms to choose from," implying that the architects listed are examples of those who have contributed to this variety. Therefore, Antonio Gaudi is the correct answer as he is known for his unique and innovative architectural designs that prioritize both functionality and aesthetic appeal.

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  • 11. 

    When you limit architecture to aesthetic experiment, you're making technology an end instead of means.

    • A.

      Buckminster Fuller

    • B.

      Antonio Gaudi

    • C.

      Cass Gilbert

    • D.

      Walter Gropius

    • E.

      Victor Horta

    Correct Answer
    B. Antonio Gaudi
    Explanation
    Antonio Gaudi is the correct answer because he believed that architecture should not be solely focused on aesthetics, but should also serve a functional purpose. Gaudi's designs were known for their innovative use of materials and structural techniques, incorporating nature and organic forms into his buildings. He believed that architecture should harmonize with its surroundings and serve the needs of its occupants, rather than being purely an aesthetic experiment. Therefore, Gaudi's approach aligns with the statement that limiting architecture to aesthetic experiment makes technology an end instead of means.

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  • 12. 

    Father of Fantastic Architecture

    • A.

      Buckminster Fuller

    • B.

      Antonio Gaudi

    • C.

      Cass Gilbert

    • D.

      Walter Gropius

    • E.

      Victor Horta

    Correct Answer
    B. Antonio Gaudi
    Explanation
    Antonio Gaudi is considered the father of Fantastic Architecture due to his unique and innovative architectural style. Gaudi's designs were characterized by their organic shapes, intricate details, and use of unconventional materials. His most famous work, the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, showcases his fantastical approach to architecture with its towering spires, elaborate facades, and imaginative use of light and color. Gaudi's distinctive style has had a lasting impact on the field of architecture and continues to inspire architects around the world.

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  • 13. 

    He loves to use hyperboloids and paraboloids because he asserted that the straight line belongs to man and the curved line belongs to god.

    • A.

      Buckminster Fuller

    • B.

      Antonio Gaudi

    • C.

      Cass Gilbert

    • D.

      Walter Gropius

    • E.

      Victor Horta

    Correct Answer
    B. Antonio Gaudi
    Explanation
    Antonio Gaudi is the correct answer because he is known for his extensive use of hyperboloids and paraboloids in his architectural designs. Gaudi believed that straight lines belonged to man and curved lines belonged to God, which is why he incorporated these curved shapes into his buildings. Gaudi's unique and innovative use of hyperboloids and paraboloids is a defining characteristic of his work and sets him apart from the other architects listed.

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  • 14. 

    He follow beaux arts mode which  refers to historical and eclectic design on a monumental decade.

    • A.

      Buckminster Fuller

    • B.

      Antonio Gaudi

    • C.

      Cass Gilbert

    • D.

      Walter Gropius

    • E.

      Victor Horta

    Correct Answer
    C. Cass Gilbert
    Explanation
    Cass Gilbert is the correct answer because he followed the beaux arts mode, which refers to historical and eclectic design on a monumental scale. This style was popular during the late 19th and early 20th centuries and emphasized classical architectural elements and grandeur. Gilbert, an American architect, was known for his designs of numerous notable buildings, including the Woolworth Building in New York City, which exemplifies the beaux arts style with its ornate detailing and grand proportions.

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  • 15. 

    Art & Architecture, the new unity.

    • A.

      Buckminster Fuller

    • B.

      Antonio Gaudi

    • C.

      Cass Gilbert

    • D.

      Walter Gropius

    • E.

      Victor Horta

    Correct Answer
    D. Walter Gropius
    Explanation
    Walter Gropius is the correct answer because he was a prominent architect and one of the pioneers of modernist architecture. He was the founder of the Bauhaus school of design, which aimed to unite art and architecture. Gropius believed that architecture should be functional, efficient, and accessible to all, and he incorporated these principles into his designs. His work had a significant impact on the development of modern architecture, making him a key figure in the field.

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  • 16. 

    Founded the Bauhaus and assembled "The Architect Collaborate" which was made up of young architects, to put into effect his cherished concept of group practice.

    • A.

      Buckminster Fuller

    • B.

      Antonio Gaudi

    • C.

      Cass Gilbert

    • D.

      Walter Gropius

    • E.

      Victor Horta

    Correct Answer
    D. Walter Gropius
    Explanation
    Walter Gropius is the correct answer because he founded the Bauhaus, a renowned art school in Germany. He also assembled "The Architect Collaborate," a group of young architects, to implement his idea of group practice in architecture. Gropius was a key figure in the development of modernist architecture and his ideas had a significant impact on the field.

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  • 17. 

    His career reflects the movement of art nouveau

    • A.

      Buckminster Fuller

    • B.

      Antonio Gaudi

    • C.

      Cass Gilbert

    • D.

      Walter Gropius

    • E.

      Victor Horta

    Correct Answer
    E. Victor Horta
    Explanation
    Victor Horta is the correct answer because his career is closely associated with the movement of art nouveau. Art nouveau was a popular art style in the late 19th and early 20th centuries characterized by its organic forms and decorative elements. Horta, a Belgian architect, was one of the leading figures of the art nouveau movement, known for his innovative use of materials and his integration of art into architecture. His works, such as the Hôtel Tassel and the Hôtel Solvay in Brussels, exemplify the art nouveau style with their intricate ironwork, flowing lines, and natural motifs.

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  • 18. 

    You can not know history.

    • A.

      Philip Johnson

    • B.

      Louis Khan

    • C.

      Kusho Kurokawa

    • D.

      Benjamin Latrobe

    • E.

      Le Corbusier

    Correct Answer
    A. Philip Johnson
  • 19. 

    Coined the term "international style."

    • A.

      Philip Johnson

    • B.

      Louis Khan

    • C.

      Kusho Kurokawa

    • D.

      Benjamin Latrobe

    • E.

      Le Corbusier

    Correct Answer
    A. Philip Johnson
    Explanation
    Philip Johnson is the correct answer because he is credited with coining the term "international style." This term refers to a modern architectural style that emerged in the 1920s and 1930s, characterized by the use of simple geometric forms, clean lines, and the absence of ornamentation. Johnson popularized this term through his writings and exhibitions, helping to define and promote the international style as a significant architectural movement.

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  • 20. 

    What the building wanted to be, man lives to express

    • A.

      Philip Johnson

    • B.

      Louis Khan

    • C.

      Kusho Kurokawa

    • D.

      Benjamin Latrobe

    • E.

      Le Corbusier

    Correct Answer
    B. Louis Khan
    Explanation
    Louis Khan is the correct answer because he was an architect known for his philosophy of architecture and his focus on the expression of the building's purpose and function. He believed that architecture should be a reflection of the human experience and sought to create spaces that were meaningful and poetic. His designs often incorporated natural light, geometric forms, and a sense of monumentality. Khan's works, such as the Salk Institute and the Kimbell Art Museum, demonstrate his commitment to expressing the purpose and essence of a building through architectural design.

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  • 21. 

    The architect is only a vehicle for what has always been.

    • A.

      Philip Johnson

    • B.

      Louis Khan

    • C.

      Kusho Kurokawa

    • D.

      Benjamin Latrobe

    • E.

      Le Corbusier

    Correct Answer
    B. Louis Khan
    Explanation
    Louis Khan is the correct answer because he believed that the architect's role is not to impose their own ideas onto a project, but rather to channel and express the inherent qualities and essence of the space and materials. He saw the architect as a conduit for the timeless principles of architecture, rather than an individual creator. This aligns with the statement that the architect is only a vehicle for what has always been, suggesting that the true essence of architecture exists independently of the architect.

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  • 22. 

    Man's first sense must have been beauty, a sense of total harmony.

    • A.

      Philip Johnson

    • B.

      Louis Khan

    • C.

      Kusho Kurokawa

    • D.

      Benjamin Latrobe

    • E.

      Le Corbusier

    Correct Answer
    B. Louis Khan
    Explanation
    Louis Khan is the correct answer because he was known for his focus on creating architecture that embodied a sense of beauty and harmony. His designs often incorporated natural light and materials, as well as a sense of balance and proportion. Khan believed that architecture should evoke a spiritual and emotional response in people, and his work reflects this belief. His famous buildings, such as the Kimbell Art Museum and the Salk Institute, are renowned for their timeless beauty and ability to create a sense of total harmony.

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  • 23. 

    Architecture should have the element of growth and change.

    • A.

      Philip Johnson

    • B.

      Louis Khan

    • C.

      Kusho Kurokawa

    • D.

      Benjamin Latrobe

    • E.

      Le Corbusier

    Correct Answer
    C. Kusho Kurokawa
    Explanation
    Kusho Kurokawa is the correct answer because he was a Japanese architect who believed in the concept of "Metabolism" in architecture. This concept emphasized the idea that buildings should be designed to accommodate growth and change over time. Kurokawa believed that architecture should be adaptable and flexible, allowing for modifications and additions as needed. This aligns with the statement that architecture should have the element of growth and change, making Kurokawa the most suitable choice among the given options.

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  • 24. 

    Architecture should not be a world to be thought of as an end to itself. It should be considered as a theater stage setting where the leading actors were the people opened to the technique of designing.

    • A.

      Philip Johnson

    • B.

      Louis Khan

    • C.

      Kusho Kurokawa

    • D.

      Benjamin Latrobe

    • E.

      Le Corbusier

    Correct Answer
    C. Kusho Kurokawa
    Explanation
    Kusho Kurokawa is the correct answer because the quote suggests that architecture should not be seen as an isolated entity, but rather as a backdrop for human activity. Kurokawa's architectural philosophy aligns with this idea as he believed in creating spaces that were responsive to the needs and desires of the people who would inhabit them. He emphasized the importance of designing buildings that would enhance the human experience and create a harmonious relationship between people and their environment.

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  • 25. 

    A building is the combination of different geometric figures.

    • A.

      Philip Johnson

    • B.

      Louis Khan

    • C.

      Kusho Kurokawa

    • D.

      Benjamin Latrobe

    • E.

      Le Corbusier

    Correct Answer
    D. Benjamin Latrobe
    Explanation
    Benjamin Latrobe was an architect known for his work in the United States during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. He is considered one of the first professional architects in America. Latrobe was known for his innovative designs and use of different geometric figures in his buildings. He combined various shapes and forms to create unique and aesthetically pleasing structures. Therefore, the statement "A building is the combination of different geometric figures" aligns with Benjamin Latrobe's architectural style and approach.

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  • 26. 

    Architecture form proceed from the character of the institution it was intended to house rather than from books of design.

    • A.

      Philip Johnson

    • B.

      Louis Khan

    • C.

      Kusho Kurokawa

    • D.

      Benjamin Latrobe

    • E.

      Le Corbusier

    Correct Answer
    D. Benjamin Latrobe
    Explanation
    Benjamin Latrobe is the correct answer because he believed that the design of architecture should be influenced by the purpose and character of the institution it was meant to house, rather than relying solely on design principles from books. Latrobe was known for his innovative and contextual approach to architecture, often adapting his designs to suit the specific needs and functions of the buildings he worked on. This philosophy aligns with the statement provided in the question, making Latrobe the most fitting choice among the listed architects.

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  • 27. 

    Form and space were conceived as being situated in a landscape and most instances in a specific landscape.

    • A.

      Philip Johnson

    • B.

      Louis Khan

    • C.

      Kusho Kurokawa

    • D.

      Benjamin Latrobe

    • E.

      Le Corbusier

    Correct Answer
    D. Benjamin Latrobe
    Explanation
    Benjamin Latrobe is the correct answer because he was an architect who was known for his innovative designs and his focus on integrating buildings with their surrounding landscapes. Latrobe believed that architecture should harmonize with nature and that buildings should be designed to fit seamlessly into their environment. This aligns with the statement in the question that form and space were conceived as being situated in a landscape and most instances in a specific landscape.

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  • 28. 

    The house is a machine for living in.

    • A.

      Philip Johnson

    • B.

      Louis Khan

    • C.

      Kusho Kurokawa

    • D.

      Benjamin Latrobe

    • E.

      Le Corbusier

    Correct Answer
    E. Le Corbusier
    Explanation
    Le Corbusier is the correct answer because he is known for his statement "The house is a machine for living in." This quote reflects his belief that architecture should be functional and efficient, treating buildings as machines that cater to the needs of its inhabitants. Le Corbusier's modernist approach to design and his emphasis on the relationship between architecture and human comfort make him the most fitting choice among the given options.

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  • 29. 

    Architecture is masterly, correct, & magnificent play of masses brought together into light.

    • A.

      Philip Johnson

    • B.

      Louis Khan

    • C.

      Kusho Kurokawa

    • D.

      Benjamin Latrobe

    • E.

      Le Corbusier

    Correct Answer
    E. Le Corbusier
    Explanation
    Le Corbusier is the correct answer because he was a renowned architect known for his mastery in designing buildings with a focus on the arrangement and interaction of masses, light, and space. His works were characterized by their grandeur and precision, making him a significant figure in modern architecture.

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  • 30. 

    Ornament equals crime

    • A.

      Adolf Loos

    • B.

      Charles Rennie Mackintosh

    • C.

      Robert Maillart

    • D.

      Erich Mendelsohn

    • E.

      Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

    Correct Answer
    A. Adolf Loos
    Explanation
    Adolf Loos is the correct answer because he was an influential architect and critic who believed that ornamentation in architecture was unnecessary and even detrimental. He argued that ornamentation was a waste of resources and a distraction from the true purpose of architecture, which was to provide functional and efficient spaces. Loos advocated for simplicity and a focus on the essential elements of design, which later became a key principle of modernist architecture. His ideas had a significant impact on the development of architectural theory and practice in the 20th century.

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  • 31. 

    He was against the idea of fanciful designs. He was an anti-ornamentalist, a believer of engineering and plumbing. He was an adherent of monumentalism, thus, when he joined the competition for the design of the Chicago tribune tower, he designed it in the form of a huge Doric column.

    • A.

      Adolf Loos

    • B.

      Charles Rennie Mackintosh

    • C.

      Robert Maillart

    • D.

      Erich Mendelsohn

    • E.

      Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

    Correct Answer
    A. Adolf Loos
    Explanation
    Adolf Loos is the correct answer because the passage states that he was against fanciful designs and believed in engineering and plumbing. This aligns with his architectural philosophy of functionalism and his rejection of ornamentation. Additionally, the passage mentions his adherence to monumentalism, which is reflected in his design of the Chicago Tribune Tower as a massive Doric column.

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  • 32. 

    Principal exponent of British Art Nouveau. He believed in absence of external decoration & subtlety of proportion in structures.

    • A.

      Adolf Loos

    • B.

      Charles Rennie Mackintosh

    • C.

      Robert Maillart

    • D.

      Erich Mendelsohn

    • E.

      Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

    Correct Answer
    B. Charles Rennie Mackintosh
    Explanation
    Charles Rennie Mackintosh is the correct answer because he is known as the principal exponent of British Art Nouveau. He believed in the absence of external decoration and the subtlety of proportion in structures. Mackintosh's designs were characterized by clean lines, geometric shapes, and a focus on functionality. He was a prominent figure in the Glasgow School movement and his work greatly influenced the development of modern architecture and design.

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  • 33. 

    A bridge is like a house. Each bridge & house is a special case; each must be constructed & shaped & shaped according to the environment with which it must cope & the function it is to have.

    • A.

      Adolf Loos

    • B.

      Charles Rennie Mackintosh

    • C.

      Robert Maillart

    • D.

      Erich Mendelsohn

    • E.

      Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

    Correct Answer
    C. Robert Maillart
    Explanation
    Robert Maillart is the correct answer because his work in bridge engineering exemplifies the idea that bridges, like houses, need to be carefully designed and constructed to fit their specific environment and purpose. Maillart was known for his innovative use of reinforced concrete and his ability to create elegant and efficient bridge designs that harmonized with their surroundings. This quote suggests that a bridge should be tailored to its environment and function, just like a house, and Maillart's work embodies this principle.

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  • 34. 

    Developed concrete mushroom construction.

    • A.

      Adolf Loos

    • B.

      Charles Rennie Mackintosh

    • C.

      Robert Maillart

    • D.

      Erich Mendelsohn

    • E.

      Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

    Correct Answer
    C. Robert Maillart
    Explanation
    Robert Maillart is the correct answer because he was a Swiss structural engineer who revolutionized concrete construction techniques. He developed the concept of "concrete mushrooms," which refers to the use of reinforced concrete arches and vaults in bridge and building construction. Maillart's innovative designs combined aesthetics with structural efficiency, and his work greatly influenced modern architecture.

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  • 35. 

    Architecture is the only tangible expression of space, of which the human mind is capable.

    • A.

      Adolf Loos

    • B.

      Charles Rennie Mackintosh

    • C.

      Robert Maillart

    • D.

      Erich Mendelsohn

    • E.

      Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

    Correct Answer
    D. Erich Mendelsohn
    Explanation
    Erich Mendelsohn is the correct answer because he was an architect known for his innovative and expressive designs. His works, such as the Einstein Tower and the Schocken Department Store, showcase his ability to create tangible expressions of space that reflect the capabilities of the human mind. Mendelsohn's designs often incorporated dynamic forms and modern materials, demonstrating his understanding of the relationship between architecture and the human experience.

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  • 36. 

    Architecture seizes upon space, encompasses space & is space itself.

    • A.

      Adolf Loos

    • B.

      Charles Rennie Mackintosh

    • C.

      Robert Maillart

    • D.

      Erich Mendelsohn

    • E.

      Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

    Correct Answer
    D. Erich Mendelsohn
    Explanation
    Erich Mendelsohn is the correct answer because his architectural style and philosophy align with the statement provided. Mendelsohn believed that architecture should not only occupy physical space but also capture the essence and atmosphere of a space. His designs often integrated with the surrounding environment, creating a harmonious relationship between the building and its surroundings. Mendelsohn's approach to architecture emphasizes the importance of space and how it can be utilized to enhance the overall experience of a building.

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  • 37. 

    Architecture depends on the sensous seizure by means of touch and sight.

    • A.

      Adolf Loos

    • B.

      Charles Rennie Mackintosh

    • C.

      Robert Maillart

    • D.

      Erich Mendelsohn

    • E.

      Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

    Correct Answer
    D. Erich Mendelsohn
    Explanation
    Erich Mendelsohn is the correct answer because his architecture is known for its emphasis on the sensory experience through touch and sight. Mendelsohn believed that architecture should engage the senses and create a strong emotional impact on the viewer. His designs often incorporated innovative use of materials, light, and form to create dynamic and expressive spaces. Mendelsohn's buildings, such as the Einstein Tower and the Schocken Department Store, are characterized by their sculptural quality and the way they interact with their surroundings, inviting the viewer to engage with them both visually and physically.

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  • 38. 

    Fluid Mass Theory

    • A.

      Adolf Loos

    • B.

      Charles Rennie Mackintosh

    • C.

      Robert Maillart

    • D.

      Erich Mendelsohn

    • E.

      Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

    Correct Answer
    D. Erich Mendelsohn
    Explanation
    Erich Mendelsohn was a German architect known for his expressionist style and innovative use of materials. His designs often featured dynamic and flowing forms, which can be seen in his most famous work, the Einstein Tower in Potsdam, Germany. Mendelsohn's work was influenced by the fluid mass theory, which emphasized the importance of movement and organic shapes in architecture. This theory rejected the rigid and static forms of traditional architecture and instead embraced a more dynamic and fluid approach. Mendelsohn's inclusion in this list suggests that he was a proponent of the fluid mass theory and his work exemplified its principles.

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  • 39. 

    Reason is the first principles of all human work.

    • A.

      Adolf Loos

    • B.

      Charles Rennie Mackintosh

    • C.

      Robert Maillart

    • D.

      Erich Mendelsohn

    • E.

      Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

    Correct Answer
    E. Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe
    Explanation
    Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe is the correct answer because he is known for his philosophy of "less is more" and his emphasis on simplicity and functionality in architecture. He believed in designing buildings based on their essential elements and eliminating any unnecessary ornamentation. This principle of starting from first principles and stripping away anything unnecessary is what makes Mies Van Der Rohe's work significant and influential in the field of architecture.

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  • 40. 

    Less is more.

    • A.

      Adolf Loos

    • B.

      Charles Rennie Mackintosh

    • C.

      Robert Maillart

    • D.

      Erich Mendelsohn

    • E.

      Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

    Correct Answer
    E. Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe
    Explanation
    Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe is the correct answer because the phrase "less is more" is often attributed to him. He was a German-American architect known for his minimalist approach and belief in simplicity and functionality in design. This phrase encapsulates his philosophy of using minimal elements to create maximum impact and beauty in architecture.

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  • 41. 

    God is in the details.

    • A.

      Adolf Loos

    • B.

      Charles Rennie Mackintosh

    • C.

      Robert Maillart

    • D.

      Erich Mendelsohn

    • E.

      Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

    Correct Answer
    E. Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe
    Explanation
    Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe is the correct answer because he is known for his minimalist architectural style and his famous quote "God is in the details." This quote emphasizes the importance of paying attention to the smallest details in design and architecture, as they can have a significant impact on the overall quality and success of a project. Van Der Rohe's work reflects this philosophy, as he believed that every element of a building should be carefully considered and executed to create a harmonious and functional whole.

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  • 42. 

    "Pure form." He believed that truth is beauty, expressed by the clarity of straight lines reflecting surfaces.

    • A.

      Adolf Loos

    • B.

      Charles Rennie Mackintosh

    • C.

      Robert Maillart

    • D.

      Erich Mendelsohn

    • E.

      Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

    Correct Answer
    E. Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe
    Explanation
    Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe is the correct answer because he believed in the concept of "pure form" and the idea that truth is beauty. He expressed this belief through his architectural designs, which featured straight lines and reflective surfaces that emphasized clarity and simplicity. Van Der Rohe's work is often associated with the modernist movement and is known for its minimalist aesthetic.

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  • 43. 

    Structural correctness which is identical with functional, technical, and economic is a necessary and sufficient condition of satisfactory aesthetic result.

    • A.

      Pierre Luigi Nervi

    • B.

      Oscar Niemeyer

    • C.

      Ieoh Ming Pei

    • D.

      Auguste Perret

    • E.

      Henry  H. Richardson

    Correct Answer
    A. Pierre Luigi Nervi
    Explanation
    Pierre Luigi Nervi is the correct answer because he believed that structural correctness is essential for achieving a satisfactory aesthetic result in architecture. He believed that the functional, technical, and economic aspects of a structure are interconnected with its aesthetic qualities. Nervi's approach to architecture focused on creating structures that were not only visually pleasing but also structurally sound and efficient. His designs often showcased the inherent beauty of the structural elements, such as exposed concrete, and he believed that the integration of these elements was crucial for achieving a successful architectural outcome.

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  • 44. 

    Architecture is not merely a matter of engineering but an expression of the spirit of the imagination of the poetry.

    • A.

      Pierre Luigi Nervi

    • B.

      Oscar Niemeyer

    • C.

      Ieoh Ming Pei

    • D.

      Auguste Perret

    • E.

      Henry  H. Richardson

    Correct Answer
    B. Oscar Niemeyer
    Explanation
    Oscar Niemeyer is the correct answer because he was a Brazilian architect known for his unique and innovative designs that blended functionality with artistic expression. He believed that architecture should not only serve practical purposes but also evoke emotions and inspire the imagination. Niemeyer's works often featured curved lines and organic shapes, reflecting his belief in the poetic and imaginative aspects of architecture. His designs, such as the Brasília Cathedral and the National Congress of Brazil, showcased his ability to create structures that were both functional and visually striking.

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  • 45. 

    To avoid repetition of already known forms and solutions, an architectural work must contain basically a minimum of creative ability and must convey a personal contribution of the architect.

    • A.

      Pierre Luigi Nervi

    • B.

      Oscar Niemeyer

    • C.

      Ieoh Ming Pei

    • D.

      Auguste Perret

    • E.

      Henry  H. Richardson

    Correct Answer
    B. Oscar Niemeyer
    Explanation
    Oscar Niemeyer is the correct answer because his architectural works demonstrate a high level of creative ability and convey a personal contribution. Niemeyer is renowned for his innovative and unique designs, characterized by curved forms and the use of reinforced concrete. His works, such as the Brasília Cathedral and the Niterói Contemporary Art Museum, showcase his distinctive style and artistic vision. Niemeyer's contributions to architecture reflect his creative abilities and personal touch, making him a fitting choice based on the given explanation.

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  • 46. 

    Notable for urban renewal

    • A.

      Pierre Luigi Nervi

    • B.

      Oscar Niemeyer

    • C.

      Ieoh Ming Pei

    • D.

      Auguste Perret

    • E.

      Henry  H. Richardson

    Correct Answer
    C. Ieoh Ming Pei
    Explanation
    Ieoh Ming Pei is notable for urban renewal because he was an architect known for his modernist designs that revitalized urban areas. His works often incorporated innovative and functional designs that transformed and revitalized the urban landscape. Some of his notable projects include the Louvre Pyramid in Paris and the Bank of China Tower in Hong Kong. Pei's architectural contributions have had a significant impact on urban renewal and have helped shape the modern cityscape.

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  • 47. 

    Any project is bad if it is more complicated to construct than necessary.

    • A.

      Pierre Luigi Nervi

    • B.

      Oscar Niemeyer

    • C.

      Ieoh Ming Pei

    • D.

      Auguste Perret

    • E.

      Henry  H. Richardson

    Correct Answer
    D. Auguste Perret
    Explanation
    Auguste Perret is the correct answer because he believed that a project is considered bad if it is more complicated to construct than necessary. This suggests that Perret valued simplicity and efficiency in construction, and believed that unnecessary complexity can be detrimental to a project.

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  • 48. 

    Truth is indespensible to architecture and architectural lie concepts.

    • A.

      Pierre Luigi Nervi

    • B.

      Oscar Niemeyer

    • C.

      Ieoh Ming Pei

    • D.

      Auguste Perret

    • E.

      Henry  H. Richardson

    Correct Answer
    D. Auguste Perret
    Explanation
    Auguste Perret is the correct answer because he was a French architect known for his pioneering work in reinforced concrete construction. Perret believed in the importance of truth in architecture, meaning that the materials and construction techniques used should be expressed honestly and not hidden or disguised. He believed that architecture should be functional, rational, and honest in its expression. Perret's designs often showcased the use of concrete, which he saw as a modern and honest material. His philosophy aligns with the statement in the question that truth is indispensable to architecture, making him the most suitable answer.

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  • 49. 

    He believes in monumentability because this gave 3 things: Continuity, permanence, & power of a building to embody a heroic attitude.

    • A.

      Pierre Luigi Nervi

    • B.

      Oscar Niemeyer

    • C.

      Ieoh Ming Pei

    • D.

      Auguste Perret

    • E.

      Henry  H. Richardson

    Correct Answer
    E. Henry  H. Richardson
    Explanation
    Henry H. Richardson believes in monumentability because he values the qualities that a building can possess. He sees continuity as important, as it allows a building to stand the test of time and remain relevant throughout history. Permanence is also valued by Richardson, as he sees a building's ability to endure as a testament to its significance. Lastly, he believes that a building should have the power to embody a heroic attitude, suggesting that it should inspire and evoke a sense of greatness. Overall, Richardson sees monumentability as a way for a building to have a lasting impact and convey important messages.

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  • 50. 

    Former dean of Architecture in Yale University.

    • A.

      Paul Rudolph

    • B.

      Eero Saarinen

    • C.

      Eliel Saarinen

    • D.

      Louis Sullivan

    • E.

      Kenzo Tange

    Correct Answer
    A. Paul Rudolph
    Explanation
    Paul Rudolph is the correct answer because he was the former dean of Architecture at Yale University. This indicates that he held a prestigious position in the field of architecture and had a significant influence on architectural education at Yale University. Rudolph was known for his modernist designs and his contributions to the Brutalist architectural movement. His notable works include the Yale Art and Architecture Building and the Sarasota High School.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jan 13, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 13, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Ninoyabut
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