A Theory Of Architecture Book Quiz

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A Theory Of Architecture Book Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A School of design established in Germany called "Bauhaus" founded by

    • A.

      A. Walter Gropius

    • B.

      B. Peter Behrens

    • C.

      C. Auguste Perret

    • D.

      D. Louis Khan

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Walter Gropius
    Explanation
    Walter Gropius is the correct answer because he was the founder of the Bauhaus school of design in Germany. Bauhaus was a renowned art school that operated from 1919 to 1933 and had a significant influence on modernist design and architecture. Gropius, an architect himself, believed in the integration of art, craft, and technology, and he aimed to create a school that would combine these disciplines. Under his leadership, Bauhaus became a hub for innovative and experimental design, leaving a lasting impact on the field of design and architecture.

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  • 2. 

    Art Nouveau is known as International Style, in Germany it is also known as

    • A.

      A . Ecole des Beaux

    • B.

      B. Liberty

    • C.

      C. Chateaux

    • D.

      D. Jugendsstil

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Jugendsstil
    Explanation
    Art Nouveau, an artistic movement that emerged in the late 19th century, is indeed known as the International Style. However, in Germany, it is also referred to as Jugendsstil. Jugendsstil, meaning "youth style" in German, was the term used to describe the German variant of Art Nouveau. It was characterized by its organic forms, flowing lines, and intricate ornamentation. The term Jugendsstil was derived from the Munich-based magazine "Jugend" which played a significant role in promoting this artistic style in Germany.

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  • 3. 

    Whose famous dictum or axiom is "Less is More"?

    • A.

      A. Louis Khan

    • B.

      B. Mies Van der Rohe

    • C.

      C. Le Corbusier

    • D.

      D. Peter Behrens

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Mies Van der Rohe
    Explanation
    Mies Van der Rohe is famously known for the dictum "Less is More." This phrase encapsulates his minimalist design philosophy, which emphasized simplicity, clarity, and the elimination of unnecessary elements. Van der Rohe believed that by reducing design to its essential elements, it would create a sense of elegance and timelessness. His architectural works, such as the Barcelona Pavilion and the Farnsworth House, exemplify this philosophy with their clean lines, open spaces, and minimal ornamentation.

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  • 4. 

    It refers to the quality of surface treatment, associated with materials

    • A.

      A. Tone

    • B.

      B. Texture

    • C.

      C. Mass

    • D.

      D. Volume

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Texture
    Explanation
    Texture refers to the quality of surface treatment, associated with materials. It describes the feel, appearance, or consistency of a surface. It can be rough, smooth, bumpy, or any other tactile quality. Texture plays a crucial role in how we perceive and interact with objects and materials. It can affect our sensory experience, aesthetics, and functionality. Therefore, texture is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 5. 

    The Architect who is known to be the "Father of Fantastic Architecture"

    • A.

      A. Adolf Loos

    • B.

      B. Alvar Aalto

    • C.

      C. Antonio Gaudi

    • D.

      D. Louis Khan

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Antonio Gaudi
    Explanation
    Antonio Gaudi is known as the "Father of Fantastic Architecture" due to his unique and innovative architectural style. Gaudi's works, such as the famous Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, are characterized by their organic shapes, intricate details, and use of unconventional materials. His designs were ahead of their time and pushed the boundaries of traditional architecture, making him a pioneer in the field. Gaudi's influence can be seen in modern architecture, and his distinctive style continues to inspire architects around the world.

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  • 6. 

    One of the Principles of Composition which is also known as "Formal Architecture"

    • A.

      A. Scale

    • B.

      B. Balance

    • C.

      C. Proportion

    • D.

      D. Unity

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Balance
    Explanation
    Balance is one of the Principles of Composition that refers to the distribution of visual weight in a composition. It is also known as "Formal Architecture" as it creates a sense of stability and equilibrium in a design. Balance can be achieved through symmetrical or asymmetrical arrangements of elements, where the visual weight is evenly distributed. This principle helps to create harmony and coherence in a composition, ensuring that no single element overpowers the others. Therefore, balance is the correct answer in this case.

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  • 7. 

    What do you call this concept in Architecture which is the result of intellectual, Social, Religious & Political conditions developed at a given place by a given people?

    • A.

      A. Architectural Legacy

    • B.

      B. History of Architecture

    • C.

      C. Historical Style

    • D.

      D. Architectural Character

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Architectural Character
    Explanation
    Architectural character refers to the unique qualities and features of a building or structure that are influenced by the intellectual, social, religious, and political conditions of a specific place and its people. It encompasses the overall aesthetic, design elements, and cultural significance of the architecture, reflecting the values and identity of the community or society that created it. The term "architectural character" captures the essence of how architecture is shaped by its historical, social, and cultural context.

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  • 8. 

    According to this Architect his philosophy is "Ornament equals Crime"

    • A.

      A. Le Corbusier

    • B.

      B. Victor Horta

    • C.

      C. Eric Mendelsohn

    • D.

      D. Adolf Loos

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Adolf Loos
    Explanation
    Adolf Loos is the correct answer because he is known for his philosophy that "Ornament equals Crime." Loos believed that unnecessary ornamentation in architecture was a waste and a distraction from the true purpose and function of a building. He advocated for simplicity and functionality in design, which aligned with the idea that ornamentation was unnecessary and even detrimental to the overall aesthetic and purpose of a building.

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  • 9. 

    Symmetry resulting from the arrangement of similar radiating parts about a center point or central axis

    • A.

      A. centralized symmetry

    • B.

      B. formal symmetry

    • C.

      C. radial symmetry

    • D.

      D. bilateral symmetry

    Correct Answer
    C. C. radial symmetry
    Explanation
    Radial symmetry refers to the arrangement of similar radiating parts around a central point or axis. In this case, the given explanation perfectly matches the definition of radial symmetry, as it mentions the arrangement of similar radiating parts around a center point or central axis. Therefore, the correct answer is c. radial symmetry.

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  • 10. 

    An architectural term which is known to be the free from any historical style

    • A.

      A. Futurism

    • B.

      B. Modernism

    • C.

      C. Art Noveau

    • D.

      D. De Stijl Architecture

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Art Noveau
    Explanation
    Art Nouveau is an architectural style that emerged in the late 19th century and is known for its organic and flowing forms inspired by nature. It is characterized by its emphasis on decorative elements, use of curved lines, and incorporation of new materials and techniques. Unlike other architectural styles, Art Nouveau is not rooted in any historical tradition or style, making it a unique and innovative approach to design. This style sought to break away from the past and create something new and original, making it the correct answer in this context.

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  • 11. 

    Architecture that combine new ideas with traditional forms

    • A.

      A. New Modernism

    • B.

      B. Modernism

    • C.

      C. Post-modernism

    • D.

      D. Metabolism

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Post-modernism
    Explanation
    Post-modernism in architecture refers to a style that emerged in the late 20th century, characterized by a combination of new ideas and traditional forms. It rejects the strict principles of modernism and embraces elements of historical architecture, often incorporating irony, humor, and playfulness. Post-modern architecture seeks to create buildings that are visually striking and unique, often using bold colors, decorative elements, and eclectic combinations of styles. This approach allows for a more diverse and inclusive architectural language, incorporating a range of influences and celebrating individuality.

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  • 12. 

    A movement founded by a group of Dutch painters & architects who abolish all styles & liberate art from representation & individual expression

    • A.

      A. Architectonic

    • B.

      B. CIAM

    • C.

      C. Jugendstijl

    • D.

      D. De Stijl Architecture

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Jugendstijl
    Explanation
    Jugendstijl is the correct answer because it refers to a movement founded by Dutch painters and architects who aimed to abolish all styles and liberate art from representation and individual expression. This movement, also known as the Dutch version of Art Nouveau, focused on creating a new aesthetic that incorporated clean lines, geometric shapes, and simplified forms. The term "Jugendstijl" translates to "youth style" in English, reflecting the movement's desire to break away from traditional artistic conventions and embrace a fresh, modern approach to art and design.

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  • 13. 

    Architect of Petronas Towers in Malaysia which is the worlds tallest building in 2001

    • A.

      A. Norman Foster

    • B.

      B. SOM

    • C.

      C. Cesar Pelli

    • D.

      D. KPF

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Cesar Pelli
    Explanation
    Cesar Pelli is the correct answer because he was the architect of the Petronas Towers in Malaysia, which held the title of the world's tallest building in 2001. Norman Foster, SOM, and KPF are all prominent architectural firms, but they were not directly involved in the design and construction of the Petronas Towers.

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  • 14. 

    Different historical styles combined and termed as

    • A.

      A. Classicism

    • B.

      B. Realism

    • C.

      C. Eclecticism

    • D.

      D. Romanticism

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Eclecticism
    Explanation
    Eclecticism refers to the practice of combining elements from different historical styles. In this context, the different historical styles mentioned in the question, such as classicism, realism, and romanticism, are combined and termed as eclecticism. Eclecticism allows for a diverse range of influences and aesthetics to be incorporated into a single design or artistic expression, resulting in a unique and varied composition.

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  • 15. 

    Who wrote “Treatise de Architectura”

    • A.

      A. Vitruvius

    • B.

      B. Palladio

    • C.

      C. Calatrava

    • D.

      D. Moneo

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Vitruvius
    Explanation
    Vitruvius is the correct answer because he is the author of the book "Treatise de Architectura". This book, also known as "Ten Books on Architecture", is a comprehensive guide on architecture and engineering, written during the Roman Empire. Vitruvius' work had a significant influence on Western architecture and is still studied and referenced by architects and historians today. Palladio, Calatrava, and Moneo are all renowned architects in their own right, but they did not write the "Treatise de Architectura".

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  • 16. 

    He termed the "International Style" as "flat chested," because of lack of depth in their facades

    • A.

      A. LeCorbusier

    • B.

      B. Mies van der Rohe

    • C.

      C. Louis Sullivan

    • D.

      D. Frank Lloyd Wright

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Frank Lloyd Wright
    Explanation
    Frank Lloyd Wright is the correct answer because he was known for his criticism of the International Style of architecture. He famously referred to it as "flat chested," suggesting that the facades lacked depth and were lacking in artistic and architectural qualities. This comment reflects Wright's own architectural style, which focused on organic design principles and the integration of buildings with their natural surroundings.

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  • 17. 

    Form that is generated using two or more geometric systems

    • A.

      A. Pragmatic designb

    • B.

      B. Pragmatic design

    • C.

      C. Analogical design

    • D.

      D. Canonic design

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Canonic design
  • 18. 

    Who said “Beauty grows from necessity, not from repetition of formulas”

    • A.

      A. Eero Saarinen

    • B.

      B. Eric Mendelsohn

    • C.

      C. Eliel Saarinen

    • D.

      D. Marcel Breuer

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Eliel Saarinen
    Explanation
    Eliel Saarinen said, "Beauty grows from necessity, not from repetition of formulas." This quote suggests that true beauty in design comes from understanding the needs and purpose of a space or object, rather than simply following established rules or formulas. Saarinen believed that design should be driven by functionality and purpose, allowing for unique and innovative solutions that go beyond traditional conventions.

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  • 19. 

    A concept for the form, structure and features of building or other construction, represented graphically by diagrams plans or other drawings

    • A.

      A. idea

    • B.

      B. concept

    • C.

      C. scheme

    • D.

      D. design concept

    Correct Answer
    D. D. design concept
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "d. design concept" because it accurately describes the representation of a building or construction through graphical diagrams, plans, or drawings. This term encompasses the overall form, structure, and features of the design, indicating a more specific and comprehensive understanding compared to the other options.

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  • 20. 

    What is the psychological significance of color red?

    • A.

      A. richness, splendor

    • B.

      B. stimulation

    • C.

      C. coldness, tranquility

    • D.

      D. relaxation, sheer

    Correct Answer
    B. B. stimulation
    Explanation
    The color red has a psychological significance of stimulation. It is known to increase heart rate and blood pressure, as well as evoke strong emotions such as passion, excitement, and energy. Red is often used to grab attention and create a sense of urgency. It can also stimulate appetite and encourage action.

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  • 21. 

    The building which was known as "The Falling Water" designed by FL Wright

    • A.

      A. Robie House

    • B.

      B. Guggenheim Museum

    • C.

      C. Kaufman House

    • D.

      D. Johnson Building

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Kaufman House
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. Kaufman House. The given information states that the building is known as "The Falling Water" and was designed by FL Wright. The only option that matches this description is the Kaufman House, which is a famous residential building designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and is commonly referred to as Fallingwater. The other options, Robie House, Guggenheim Museum, and Johnson Building, do not match the given description.

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  • 22. 

    Architect of "Notre Dame du Haut, Ronchamp

    • A.

      A. Mies van der Rohe

    • B.

      B. Le Corbusier

    • C.

      C. Louis Khan

    • D.

      D. Eero Saarinen

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Le Corbusier
    Explanation
    Le Corbusier is the correct answer because he was the architect of "Notre Dame du Haut" in Ronchamp, France. This iconic building is known for its unique design and innovative use of materials. Le Corbusier was a prominent figure in modern architecture and his work often featured bold forms and a combination of traditional and modern elements. "Notre Dame du Haut" is considered one of his most important and influential works, showcasing his distinctive style and architectural vision.

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  • 23. 

    Fort Santiago is also known as "Shrine of Freedom" designed by Engr. Diego Jordan &

    • A.

      A. Melchor de Vera

    • B.

      B. Roque Roano

    • C.

      C. Antonio Sedeňo

    • D.

      D. Miguel Narro

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Antonio Sedeňo
    Explanation
    Fort Santiago, also known as the "Shrine of Freedom," was designed by Engr. Diego Jordan and Antonio Sedeňo. The given answer, c. Antonio Sedeňo, correctly identifies one of the architects involved in the design of Fort Santiago.

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  • 24. 

    The Architect who said that "Modern Architecture need not be Western"

    • A.

      A. Minoru Yamasaki

    • B.

      B. Kenzo Tange

    • C.

      C. Toyo Ito

    • D.

      D. Fumihiko Maki

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Kenzo Tange
    Explanation
    Kenzo Tange is the correct answer because he was a prominent Japanese architect who believed that modern architecture did not have to be limited to Western influences. He was known for incorporating traditional Japanese elements into his designs and for his innovative approach to urban planning. Tange's work reflected a fusion of modernism and Japanese aesthetics, challenging the notion that modern architecture had to be exclusively Western in nature.

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  • 25. 

    The Architect who designed the World Trade Center, New Yorka) Minoru Yamasaki b) Kenzo Tangec) Toyo Itod) Fumihiko Maki

    • A.

      A. Minoru Yamasaki

    • B.

      B. Kenzo Tange

    • C.

      C. Toyo Ito

    • D.

      D. Fumihiko Maki

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Minoru Yamasaki
    Explanation
    Minoru Yamasaki is the correct answer because he was the architect who designed the World Trade Center in New York. He was chosen for this project due to his innovative design ideas and his ability to create a unique and iconic structure. Yamasaki's design for the Twin Towers featured a sleek and modern aesthetic, with a focus on creating a sense of unity and harmony within the complex. His design included the iconic steel-framed towers, as well as the surrounding plaza and other buildings within the complex. Yamasaki's design for the World Trade Center has had a lasting impact on the architectural world and remains an important part of New York City's skyline.

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  • 26. 

    The culmination of all the elements of design which suggests harmony

    • A.

      A. Theory

    • B.

      B. Character

    • C.

      C. Unity

    • D.

      D. Rhythm

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Unity
    Explanation
    Unity is the correct answer because it refers to the culmination of all the elements of design suggesting harmony. Unity is achieved when all the elements and principles of design work together cohesively to create a sense of completeness and harmony in the overall composition. It brings a sense of visual consistency and balance to the design, ensuring that all the elements and components relate to each other and contribute to the overall message or aesthetic of the design.

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  • 27. 

    Architect of the TWA or the John F Kennedy Airport

    • A.

      A. Eero Saarinen

    • B.

      B. Eric Mendelsohn

    • C.

      C. Eliel Saarinen

    • D.

      D. John Utzon

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Eero Saarinen
    Explanation
    Eero Saarinen is the correct answer because he was the architect of the TWA Flight Center, which is now known as the TWA Hotel, located at John F. Kennedy Airport in New York. Saarinen's design for the terminal, completed in 1962, is considered an iconic example of mid-century modern architecture. His innovative use of curves and sweeping lines created a visually striking and functional space that became a symbol of the Jet Age.

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  • 28. 

    What is referred to as the origin of architecture?

    • A.

      A. practical usefulness of space

    • B.

      B. system of ornamentation or decoration

    • C.

      C. expression of structural systems

    • D.

      D. protection from inclemency of the seasons

    Correct Answer
    A. A. practical usefulness of space
    Explanation
    The origin of architecture is referred to as the practical usefulness of space. This means that the primary purpose of architecture is to create functional and practical spaces that can be used by people. The design and construction of buildings and structures are driven by the need to provide shelter, accommodate human activities, and fulfill specific functional requirements. This practical aspect of architecture is considered the foundation and starting point for the development of architectural design and construction techniques.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following indicates the brightness or dullness of a color?

    • A.

      A. chroma

    • B.

      B. hue

    • C.

      C. value

    • D.

      D. intensity

    Correct Answer
    D. D. intensity
    Explanation
    Intensity refers to the brightness or dullness of a color. It describes how vivid or strong a color appears. Higher intensity colors are brighter and more vibrant, while lower intensity colors are duller and more muted. Intensity is determined by the amount of light or pigment present in a color.

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  • 30. 

    What is the purpose of the disks found on the tree trunks where the Ifugao house stands

    • A.

      A. Weeding out evil spirits

    • B.

      B. Protection against rats

    • C.

      C. Structural purpose

    • D.

      D. Decoration/ornamentation

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Protection against rats
    Explanation
    The purpose of the disks found on the tree trunks where the Ifugao house stands is to provide protection against rats. These disks act as a deterrent for rats, preventing them from climbing up the tree trunks and entering the house. The disks create a slippery surface that rats find difficult to climb, thus protecting the house from potential damage or infestation.

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  • 31. 

    To whom are coated tension structures attributed as a contribution to architecture

    • A.

      A. Frei Otto

    • B.

      B. Robert Maillart

    • C.

      C. Pier Luigi Nervi

    • D.

      D. Eugene Freyssinet

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Frei Otto
    Explanation
    Coated tension structures are attributed as a contribution to architecture by Frei Otto. Frei Otto was a German architect and structural engineer who specialized in lightweight and tensile structures. He is known for his innovative use of materials and his exploration of the relationship between architecture and nature. Coated tension structures, which utilize tensioned membranes or fabrics to create lightweight and flexible buildings, were a significant area of focus in Frei Otto's work. His research and designs in this field have had a lasting impact on the field of architecture.

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  • 32. 

    The merging of juxtaposed dots or strokes of pure colors when seen from a distance to produce a hue often more luminous than that available from premixed pigment

    • A.

      A. pigment color mixing

    • B.

      B. light color mixing

    • C.

      C. optical color mixing

    • D.

      D. subtractive mixing

    Correct Answer
    C. C. optical color mixing
    Explanation
    Optical color mixing refers to the merging of juxtaposed dots or strokes of pure colors when seen from a distance to produce a hue that is more luminous than what can be achieved through premixed pigment. This phenomenon occurs due to the way our eyes perceive and blend colors. It is different from pigment color mixing, which involves physically mixing pigments together, and light color mixing, which occurs when different colored lights are combined. Subtractive mixing, on the other hand, refers to the mixing of pigments in a subtractive color model.

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  • 33. 

    In perception of space, which sense affects placement of rooms which could limit unpleasant odors

    • A.

      A. auditory

    • B.

      B. olfactory

    • C.

      C. visual

    • D.

      D. thermal

    Correct Answer
    B. B. olfactory
    Explanation
    The sense of olfactory, or smell, affects the placement of rooms in the perception of space in order to limit unpleasant odors. This means that when designing a space, consideration is given to the placement of rooms in order to minimize the spread of odors and create a more pleasant environment.

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  • 34. 

    A royal house used for political & social ceremonies of the Datu

    • A.

      A. Maranao House

    • B.

      B. Badjao House

    • C.

      C. Ancient Tagala

    • D.

      D. Moro House

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Maranao House
    Explanation
    The Maranao House is a royal house that is used for political and social ceremonies of the Datu. The Maranao people are an ethnic group in the Philippines, specifically in the region of Lanao del Sur. Their traditional house, known as the Torogan, is a symbol of their social status and is used for important events and gatherings. It is characterized by its intricate designs and elevated structure, reflecting the rich cultural heritage of the Maranao people.

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  • 35. 

    Whose famous dictum or axiom is "Design as if you were a child"?

    • A.

      A. Alvar Aalto

    • B.

      B. Robert Venturi

    • C.

      C. Renzo Piano

    • D.

      D. Michael Graves

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Michael Graves
    Explanation
    Michael Graves is the correct answer because he was an American architect and designer known for his postmodern designs. He believed in designing with a childlike curiosity and imagination, encouraging a sense of playfulness and wonder in his work. By approaching design as if he were a child, Graves aimed to create innovative and unexpected solutions that challenged conventional norms and sparked joy and creativity in users.

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  • 36. 

    Color harmony that is equidistant to each other on the color wheel

    • A.

      A. Analogous

    • B.

      B. Complementary

    • C.

      C. Split Complementary

    • D.

      D. Triad

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Triad
    Explanation
    Triad color harmony refers to a combination of three colors that are evenly spaced from each other on the color wheel. This creates a balanced and visually pleasing effect. Each color in the triad stands out while complementing the other two. In contrast, analogous colors are adjacent on the color wheel, complementary colors are opposite each other, and split complementary colors involve a base color and two colors adjacent to its complement. Therefore, the equidistant arrangement of colors on the color wheel is characteristic of a triad color harmony.

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  • 37. 

    What type of architectural elements provide protection for users from inclement of seasons or enemies

    • A.

      A. decorative

    • B.

      B. protective

    • C.

      C. structural

    • D.

      D. need-specific

    Correct Answer
    B. B. protective
    Explanation
    Protective architectural elements are designed to provide safety and security to users from external threats such as harsh weather conditions or enemies. These elements include features like walls, fences, gates, and barriers that act as a shield against the elements or potential harm. They are essential in ensuring the well-being and comfort of the occupants by creating a barrier between them and the outside environment.

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  • 38. 

    Whose famous dictum/philosophy is this: A house is a machine for living

    • A.

      A. Robert Venturi

    • B.

      B. Buckminster Fuller

    • C.

      C. Victor Gruen

    • D.

      D. Frank Lloyd Wright

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Buckminster Fuller
    Explanation
    Buckminster Fuller is famous for his dictum "A house is a machine for living." This statement reflects Fuller's belief that a house should be designed as a functional and efficient living space, similar to a well-designed machine. He emphasized the importance of incorporating technology and innovative design principles to create homes that meet the needs of their inhabitants. Fuller's philosophy had a significant influence on modern architecture and design.

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  • 39. 

    The state or quality of being a whole composed of complicated, intricate or interconnected parts

    • A.

      A. complexity

    • B.

      B. opposition

    • C.

      C. contradiction

    • D.

      D. chaos

    Correct Answer
    A. A. complexity
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a. complexity" because complexity refers to the state or quality of being a whole composed of complicated, intricate, or interconnected parts. It implies that there are multiple elements or factors involved, making the situation or concept difficult to understand or analyze. The other options (opposition, contradiction, chaos) do not accurately capture the idea of something being composed of intricate parts.

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  • 40. 

    With regards to relationships of structure to architecture, which of the following describes adequate structure

    • A.

      A. exaggerated elements

    • B.

      B. materials used below maximum load bearing capacity

    • C.

      C. uses least amount of material

    • D.

      D. focuses on novelty of form

    Correct Answer
    A. A. exaggerated elements
    Explanation
    Exaggerated elements in architecture refer to the intentional use of larger or more prominent structural elements than what is typically necessary for support or function. This can be done for aesthetic purposes, to create a sense of grandeur or drama, or to make a bold architectural statement. By choosing exaggerated elements, architects can add visual interest and impact to a building's design, creating a unique and memorable structure.

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  • 41. 

    What type of distance is that which is psychological and is indicated by a hidden band that contains two or more individuals in a group

    • A.

      A. flight distance

    • B.

      B. social distance

    • C.

      C. critical distance

    • D.

      D. personal distance

    Correct Answer
    B. B. social distance
    Explanation
    Social distance refers to the psychological distance between individuals in a group. It is indicated by a hidden band, meaning that it is not physically measurable but rather exists in the minds of the individuals. This type of distance is different from physical distances like flight distance or personal distance, as it specifically pertains to the psychological and social dynamics within a group.

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  • 42. 

    What do you call the doctrine that has two extremes: One is that a building can not be beautiful unless it answers its function in the best simple and direct way -and that, if a building answers its function in the most simple and direct way, it will automatically be beautiful

    • A.

      A. aesthetics

    • B.

      B. sensitivity

    • C.

      C. functionalism

    • D.

      D. durability

    Correct Answer
    C. C. functionalism
    Explanation
    Functionalism is the correct answer because it refers to the doctrine that states a building can only be considered beautiful if it fulfills its function in the most simple and direct manner. This means that if a building successfully serves its purpose in a straightforward way, it will automatically be deemed beautiful. Aesthetics, sensitivity, and durability are not the correct answers as they do not specifically address this doctrine of combining functionality and beauty in architecture.

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  • 43. 

    What type of art outlines the crude realities of life, like filthy dustbins, mud, dirty works and vulgar situations?

    • A.

      A. dirty

    • B.

      B. modern

    • C.

      C. free

    • D.

      D. pop

    Correct Answer
    D. D. pop
    Explanation
    Pop art is a type of art that emerged in the 1950s and 1960s, characterized by its focus on popular culture and everyday objects. It often incorporates images from advertising, mass media, and consumer products. Pop art seeks to depict the realities of life, including mundane and sometimes vulgar aspects, in a bold and provocative manner. It aims to challenge traditional notions of what is considered "high art" by incorporating elements of popular culture. Therefore, the correct answer is d. pop.

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  • 44. 

    The state or quality of being combined into one as the ordering of elements in a composition that constitutes a harmonious whole or promotes a singleness of effect

    • A.

      A. rhythm

    • B.

      B. monotony

    • C.

      C. unity

    • D.

      D. uniformity

    Correct Answer
    C. C. unity
    Explanation
    Unity refers to the state or quality of being combined into one. It is the ordering of elements in a composition that creates a harmonious whole or promotes a singleness of effect. In other words, unity is the sense of coherence and completeness in a work of art or design. It involves the arrangement and organization of elements to create a sense of oneness and wholeness.

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  • 45. 

    What is referred to as a Chinese geomancy originally called "under the canopy of heaven"?

    • A.

      A. Si Chi

    • B.

      B. Ba-Gua

    • C.

      C. Sheng Chi

    • D.

      D. Feng Shui

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Feng Shui
    Explanation
    Feng Shui is referred to as a Chinese geomancy originally called "under the canopy of heaven". Feng Shui is the ancient Chinese practice of arranging objects and buildings in a way that harmonizes with the natural flow of energy or "Chi". It is believed to bring good luck, prosperity, and harmony to one's life.

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  • 46. 

    Which sensual type enables one to identify materials at a distance?

    • A.

      A. thermal

    • B.

      B. kinesthetic

    • C.

      C. visual

    • D.

      D. auditory

    Correct Answer
    C. C. visual
    Explanation
    The visual sensory type enables one to identify materials at a distance because it involves the sense of sight. With visual perception, one can observe and analyze the appearance, color, texture, and other visual characteristics of materials from a distance, allowing them to identify and differentiate between different materials without needing physical contact or close proximity.

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  • 47. 

    Whose famous dictum is this: Unity disguised as chaos -complexity and contradiction are often what make works of art both exciting and profound

    • A.

      A. Robert Venturi

    • B.

      B. Philip Johnson

    • C.

      C. Michael Graves

    • D.

      D. Kenzo Tange

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Robert Venturi
    Explanation
    Robert Venturi is known for his architectural theories that challenge the modernist approach to design. He believed that complexity and contradiction in architecture can create more interesting and meaningful works of art. Venturi's famous dictum, "Unity disguised as chaos," suggests that although a work of art may appear chaotic or complex, there is an underlying unity and purpose to it. This idea aligns with his postmodernist philosophy, which celebrates diversity and rejects the notion of a single, universal truth in architecture.

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  • 48. 

    A relatively dark value of color, produced by adding black to it

    • A.

      A. tint

    • B.

      B. tone

    • C.

      C. shade

    • D.

      D. gray

    Correct Answer
    C. C. shade
    Explanation
    A shade refers to a relatively dark value of color that is achieved by adding black to it. Tints, on the other hand, are created by adding white to a color, resulting in a lighter value. Tones are created by adding gray to a color, resulting in a desaturated or muted version. Gray, as mentioned in the question, is a neutral color that does not involve the addition of any other color. Therefore, the correct answer is c. shade.

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  • 49. 

    Which of the following explains the mechanism by which the concept of territoriality operates, particularly in animals?

    • A.

      A. Prevents communication with each other

    • B.

      B. Coordinates individual activities and separates them (individuals) in groups

    • C.

      C. Provides a frame in which things are done -places to learn, play or hide

    • D.

      D. insures propagation of species by controlling density

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Provides a frame in which things are done -places to learn, play or hide
    Explanation
    Territoriality in animals refers to the behavior of individuals defending and occupying a specific area or territory. Option c explains the mechanism by which territoriality operates by stating that it provides a frame in which things are done, such as places to learn, play, or hide. This means that animals establish territories to create a structured environment where they can engage in various activities and fulfill their needs, such as finding food, mating, and raising offspring. By having designated areas for specific behaviors, territoriality helps to organize and regulate interactions among individuals within a population.

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  • 50. 

    The measurement and study of the size and proportion of the human body

    • A.

      A. ergonomics

    • B.

      B. human scale

    • C.

      C. anthropometry

    • D.

      D. proxemics

    Correct Answer
    C. C. anthropometry
    Explanation
    Anthropometry is the correct answer because it refers to the measurement and study of the size and proportion of the human body. It involves collecting data on various body measurements such as height, weight, and body proportions, and analyzing this data to understand human physical characteristics and variations. This information is used in various fields such as ergonomics, design, and healthcare to ensure that products, environments, and services are tailored to fit the human body and optimize comfort, safety, and efficiency.

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