US History - Progressive Era, 1920s, And Great Depression Quiz

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 198

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US History - Progressive Era, 1920s, And Great Depression Quiz - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    1. Information in the cartoon below  most clearly supports the conclusion that by 1914 
    • A. 

      Most states had approved at least some voting rights for women 

    • B. 

      States along the East Coast had granted full voting rights to women 

    • C. 

      Women could vote only in state elections

    • D. 

      Complete national suffrage for women had been achieved

  • 2. 
    The term muckraker was used during the Progressive Era to describe 
    • A. 

      Dissatisfied workers who went on strike 

    • B. 

      Northerners who went South following the Civil War

    • C. 

      Investigative journalists who exposed societal problems

    • D. 

      Women who supported the Prohibition movement

  • 3. 
    Which Progressive Era muckraker’s book led to the passage of the Meat Inspection Act?
    • A. 

      Jacob Riis’s How the Other Half Lives

    • B. 

      Lincoln Steffens’s The Shame of the Cities

    • C. 

      Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle

    • D. 

      Frank Norris’s The Octopus

  • 4. 
    “…We therefore formulate, and for ourselves adopt the following pledge, asking our sisters and brothers of a common danger and a common hope, to make common cause with us, in working its reasonable and helpful precepts [principles] into the practice of everyday life. I hereby solemnly promise, God helping me, to abstain from all distilled, fermented and malt liquors, including wine, beer and cider, and to employ all proper means to discourage the use of and traffic in the same.…” — National Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, 1908 (adapted)    According to this passage, those who adopted this pledge believed that 
    • A. 

      Religion had no place in national politics

    • B. 

      Congress should repeal Prohibition

    • C. 

      Alcohol consumption was damaging to society

    • D. 

      Only the government can solve social problems

  • 5. 
    One major goal of the Progressive movement was to
    • A. 

      Balance the federal budget by decreasing spending

    • B. 

      Provide unemployment insurance to workers

    • C. 

      Limit direct citizen control over government

    • D. 

      Pass laws to help solve economic and social problems

  • 6. 
    Base your answer to questions 6 on the cartoon below & your knowledge of social studies.     Based on the information provided by the cartoon, President Theodore Roosevelt’s goal was to 
    • A. 

      Establish worker safety regulations in factories 

    • B. 

      Persuade businesses to accept nationalization

    • C. 

      Assist businesses in resisting interference by investors

    • D. 

      Use federal power to control monopolies

  • 7. 
    President Woodrow Wilson’s policy of strict neutrality during the early years of World War I was challenged by 
    • A. 

      German violations of freedom of the seas

    • B. 

      British disrespect for the Roosevelt corollary

    • C. 

      Attacks by Mexicans on United States border towns

    • D. 

      The refusal of the League of Nations to supply peacekeepers

  • 8. 
    During World War I, what was President Woodrow Wilson’s purpose in outlining the Fourteen Points?
    • A. 

      Asking Congress for additional funding for the war effort

    • B. 

      Suggesting a peace plan to prevent future wars

    • C. 

      Proposing war crimes trials for leaders of enemy nations

    • D. 

      Calling for military alliances against aggressor nations

  • 9. 
    The “clear and present danger” principle stated by the Supreme Court in Schenck v. United States (1919) had the effect of 
    • A. 

      Prohibiting the president from implementing a military draft

    • B. 

      Preventing the wartime internment of citizens

    • C. 

      Restricting the formation of defense alliances

    • D. 

      Limiting freedom of speech during wartime

  • 10. 
    We intend to begin on the first of February unrestricted submarine warfare. We shall endeavor in spite of this to keep the United States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we make Mexico a proposal or alliance on the following basis: make war together, make peace together, generous financial support and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.…    — Zimmerman telegram, 1917    The disclosure of this document contributed to 
    • A. 

      A declaration of war against Mexico

    • B. 

      The entry of the United States into World War I

    • C. 

      The passage of the Treaty of Versailles

    • D. 

      A restriction on immigration from Latin America

  • 11. 
    The Great Migration during World War I refers to the movement of
    • A. 

      Factory workers from the Northeast to the Sun Belt

    • B. 

      Communists deported to Russia as undesirable aliens

    • C. 

      African Americans to northern cities to find work

    • D. 

      Refugees fleeing from eastern Europe to the United States

  • 12. 
    What was the major cause of African American migration from the rural South to northern cities during World War I? 
    • A. 

      Offers of free public education

    • B. 

      Availability of factory jobs

    • C. 

      Desire to live in integrated neighborhoods

    • D. 

      Opportunity to gain religious freedom

  • 13. 
    Base your answers to questions 13 and 14 on the photograph below & your knowledge of social studies.      The conditions shown in the photograph were mainly the result of 
    • A. 

      Government subsidies to increase crop production

    • B. 

      Migrations from farms to cities

    • C. 

      Poor farming methods and sustained drought

    • D. 

      Reduced tariffs on farm machinery and crops

  • 14. 
    Base your answers to questions 13 and 14 on the photograph below & your knowledge of social studies.    In which geographic region of the nation was this 1935 photograph taken?
    • A. 

      New England

    • B. 

      Pacific Northwest

    • C. 

      Southeast

    • D. 

      Great Plains

  • 15. 
    Duke Ellington, Langston Hughes, and Bessie Smith are most closely associated with efforts to 
    • A. 

      Expand the Back to Africa movement

    • B. 

      Fight discrimination through the judicial system

    • C. 

      Promote the cultural identity of African Americans through the arts

    • D. 

      Establish the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

  • 16. 
    Base your answer to question 16 on the chart below and your knowledge of social studies.  Which conclusion is most clearly supported by the information in the chart? 
    • A. 

      President Herbert Hoover’s economic policies expanded job opportunities

    • B. 

      The United States unemployment rate reached its highest level in 1938

    • C. 

      President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal programs failed to address the   unemployment crisis

    • D. 

      World War II ended the high unemployment rates of the Great Depression.

  • 17. 
    The Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s expanded the influence of African Americans by 
    • A. 

      Financing the construction of apartments in New York City

    • B. 

      Gaining passage of civil rights legislation

    • C. 

      Helping elect African Americans to high political offices 

    • D. 

      Promoting the artistic contributions of African Americans

  • 18. 
    Which of the following statements comes closer to FDR’s meaning of the “New Deal”?
    • A. 

      “These times call for policies that will achieve three things: reform of capitalism, recovery of the economy, and improvement of policies that regulate the economy” 

    • B. 

      “It is time for a change, a change that will bring forth lots of money to turn the wheels of industry in America”

    • C. 

      “What America needs is reform of American capitalism, a government that will recover the economy, and programs that provide relief for the needy” 

    • D. 

      “Capital and labor go hand in hand” 

  • 19. 
    During the 1920s, installment buying, income inequality, and stock market speculation contributed to the
    • A. 

       introduction of supply-side economics

    • B. 

      Return of laissez-faire economic principles

    • C. 

      Economic weaknesses that helped bring about the Great Depression

    • D. 

      Decision to lower tariff rates

  • 20. 
    Which federal agency, created during the New Deal, was intended to prevent serious problems in the stock market? 
    • A. 

      Social Security Administration

    • B. 

      Works Progress Administration

    • C. 

      Agricultural Adjustment Administration

    • D. 

      Securities and Exchange Commission

  • 21. 
    A major difference between the philosophies of President Herbert Hoover and President Franklin D. Roosevelt in responding to the Great Depression is that Roosevelt 
    • A. 

      Wanted to rely on private charities to provide assistance

    • B. 

      Stressed the need for individual self-reliance

    • C. 

      Supported direct relief to people out of work

    • D. 

      Thought the government should not be involved in economic reform

  • 22. 
    The term Harlem Renaissance best describes
    • A. 

      State and federal laws passed to end racial discrimination 

    • B. 

      Urban renewal efforts in New York City

    • C. 

      Government programs to promote African American businesses

    • D. 

      A period of African American cultural achievements

  • 23. 
    Base your answer to question 23 on the image below and on your knowledge of social studies.  Which New Deal agency was created to provide employment for individuals such as the man in the photograph? 
    • A. 

      Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)

    • B. 

      Social Security Administration (SSA)

    • C. 

      Works Progress Administration (WPA)

    • D. 

      Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

  • 24. 
    The Federal Reserve System and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) were both established to 
    • A. 

       fund retirement pensions

    • B. 

      Promote economic stability

    • C. 

      Break up business monopolies

    • D. 

      Create public jobs

  • 25. 
    A lasting result of the New Deal in the United States has been
    • A. 

      Reduction of the national debt

    • B. 

      Control of stock prices by the federal government

    • C. 

      Joint effort of businesses and labor to strengthen the presidency

    • D. 

      Assumption by the federal government of greater responsibility for the nation’s well-being

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