Review For Beans Midtem Chaper 18

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Review For Beans Midtem Chaper 18 - Quiz


Chapter 18


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    All of the following measures expanded democracy during the Progressive era EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Literacy tests and residency requirements

    • B.

      The Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution.

    • C.

      The Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution

    • D.

      The popular election of judges.

    Correct Answer
    A. Literacy tests and residency requirements
    Explanation
    During the Progressive era, various measures were implemented to expand democracy and increase citizen participation in the political process. The Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution allowed for the direct election of senators by the people, enhancing democratic representation. The Nineteenth Amendment granted women the right to vote, further extending suffrage and promoting equality. The popular election of judges aimed to make the judicial system more accountable to the people. However, literacy tests and residency requirements were used to restrict voting rights and limit access to the electoral process, contradicting the goal of expanding democracy.

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  • 2. 

    The Triangle Shirtwaist fire:

    • A.

      Resulted in laws that banned all manufacturing in New York and

    • B.

      Occurred during the Uprising of the 20,000

    • C.

      brought in its wake increased union organizing among New York City garment workers and much-needed safety legislation

    • D.

      Was the worst fire in U.S. history

    Correct Answer
    C. brought in its wake increased union organizing among New York City garment workers and much-needed safety legislation
    Explanation
    The Triangle Shirtwaist fire led to increased union organizing among New York City garment workers and the implementation of safety legislation. This tragic event highlighted the unsafe working conditions and lack of regulations in the garment industry, prompting workers to unite and demand better treatment and protection. The fire served as a catalyst for the labor movement and led to significant improvements in worker rights and safety standards.

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  • 3. 

    Eugene V. Debs was:

    • A.

      An immigrant

    • B.

      A Social Darwinist

    • C.

      A Socialist candidate for president

    • D.

      a railroad tycoon.

    • E.

      Elected vice president in 1912

    Correct Answer
    C. A Socialist candidate for president
    Explanation
    Eugene V. Debs was a Socialist candidate for president. This means that he ran for the position of president as a member of the Socialist Party. Debs was a prominent figure in the American labor movement and a strong advocate for workers' rights. He believed in the redistribution of wealth and the establishment of a socialist society. Debs ran for president multiple times, with his most notable campaign being in 1912, where he received almost a million votes. He is considered one of the most influential socialist leaders in American history.

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  • 4. 

     In 1912, New Freedom

    • A.

      Was Eugene Debs's campaign pledge that government should abolish all private property

    • B.

      Was Theodore Roosevelt's campaign pledge that government should have a greater regulatory role

    • C.

      Was a term coined by Margaret Sanger for the birth-control movement

    • D.

      Was the campaign slogan of the women's suffrage movement

    • E.

      Was Woodrow Wilson's campaign pledge that government should renew economic competition with less government intervention

    Correct Answer
    E. Was Woodrow Wilson's campaign pledge that government should renew economic competition with less government intervention
    Explanation
    In 1912, New Freedom was Woodrow Wilson's campaign pledge that government should renew economic competition with less government intervention. This means that Wilson believed in reducing government regulations and allowing businesses to compete freely in the market. He believed that this would promote economic growth and create a more fair and equal society. This campaign pledge was a response to the increasing power of big businesses and monopolies during that time. Wilson aimed to promote competition and protect the interests of small businesses and consumers.

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  • 5. 

    Progressive governor of Wisconsin, Robert La Follette, instituted all of the following reforms EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Utilizing primary elections to select candidates

    • B.

      Taxing corporate wealth

    • C.

      Using political bosses to staff his administration

    • D.

      Drawing on nonpartisan university faculty

    • E.

      Regulating railroads and utilities

    Correct Answer
    C. Using political bosses to staff his administration
    Explanation
    Robert La Follette, as a progressive governor, implemented various reforms to address the issues of his time. One of these reforms was utilizing primary elections to select candidates, which aimed to increase democratic participation and reduce the influence of party bosses. He also implemented measures such as taxing corporate wealth, drawing on nonpartisan university faculty, and regulating railroads and utilities to promote fairness and accountability. However, he did not use political bosses to staff his administration, as this would have contradicted his goal of reducing the power of political machines and increasing transparency in government.

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  • 6. 

     The term “Fordism”:

    • A.

      Describes an economic system based on mass production and mass consumption

    • B.

      Was used by labor unions, who hailed Ford's innovative approach

    • C.

      Describes an economic system based on limited production of high-end goods

    • D.

      Refers to Henry Ford's invention of the automobile

    Correct Answer
    A. Describes an economic system based on mass production and mass consumption
    Explanation
    The term "Fordism" refers to an economic system that is characterized by mass production and mass consumption. This means that goods are produced in large quantities using assembly line techniques, which allows for lower production costs. Additionally, the goods produced are then consumed by a large number of people. This model was pioneered by Henry Ford and became a significant factor in the growth of the American economy. Labor unions also appreciated Ford's innovative approach, but this answer focuses on the economic system rather than the perspective of labor unions.

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  • 7. 

    The Sixteenth Amendment:

    • A.

      Prohibited the use and sale of alcohol

    • B.

      Granted women the right to vote

    • C.

      Authorized Congress to implement a graduated income tax.

    • D.

      Instituted the initiative, referendum, and recall

    Correct Answer
    C. Authorized Congress to implement a graduated income tax.
    Explanation
    The Sixteenth Amendment authorized Congress to implement a graduated income tax. This means that Congress was given the power to impose taxes on individuals and businesses based on their income levels. This amendment was ratified in 1913 and has since been a key source of revenue for the federal government. The implementation of a graduated income tax allows for a more equitable distribution of the tax burden, as those with higher incomes are taxed at higher rates.

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  • 8. 

     The Industrial Workers of the World:

    • A.

      Was led by Eugene Debs.

    • B.

      Advocated a workers' revolution

    • C.

      Called for the direct election of senators

    • D.

      Granted women the right to vote

    Correct Answer
    B. Advocated a workers' revolution
    Explanation
    The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) advocated a workers' revolution. This means that they believed in the overthrow of the capitalist system and the establishment of a society where workers would have control over the means of production. The IWW was a radical labor union that aimed to unite all workers, regardless of skill or industry, in a global labor movement. They sought to achieve their goals through direct action, such as strikes and sabotage, rather than through traditional collective bargaining. The IWW's revolutionary stance set them apart from other labor unions of the time.

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  • 9. 

     Margaret Sanger was a:

    • A.

      Labor organizer

    • B.

      U.S. senator

    • C.

      Birth-control advocate.

    • D.

      Prison-reform advocate

    Correct Answer
    C. Birth-control advocate.
    Explanation
    Margaret Sanger was a birth-control advocate. She was a prominent figure in the early 20th century who fought for women's reproductive rights and access to contraception. Sanger believed that family planning and birth control were essential for women's autonomy and the overall well-being of families. She founded the American Birth Control League, which later became Planned Parenthood, and played a significant role in shaping the birth control movement in the United States. Sanger's advocacy and activism laid the foundation for the widespread availability and acceptance of birth control methods today.

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  • 10. 

     The writer whose work encouraged the passage of the Meat Inspection Act was

    • A.

      Theodore Dreiser

    • B.

      Ida Tarbell

    • C.

      Henry George

    • D.

      Upton Sinclair.

    Correct Answer
    D. Upton Sinclair.
    Explanation
    Upton Sinclair's work, specifically his novel "The Jungle," played a crucial role in the passage of the Meat Inspection Act. "The Jungle" exposed the unsanitary and dangerous conditions in the meatpacking industry, leading to public outrage and calls for reform. Sinclair's vivid descriptions of the industry's practices and the plight of its workers helped to galvanize support for the legislation, ultimately leading to its passage in 1906.

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  • 11. 

     The Progressive movement drew its strength from:

    • A.

      Farmers

    • B.

      Middle-class reformers.

    • C.

      Socialists

    • D.

      Big business

    Correct Answer
    B. Middle-class reformers.
    Explanation
    The Progressive movement drew its strength from middle-class reformers because they were motivated by a desire to address the social and economic problems that arose during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. These reformers believed in using government intervention and regulation to address issues such as poverty, corruption, and inequality. They advocated for reforms in areas such as labor rights, women's suffrage, and education. The middle-class reformers played a significant role in driving the Progressive movement forward and bringing about important social and political changes.

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  • 12. 

     The New Nationalism and New Freedom differed on the issue of:

    • A.

      Civil rights for blacks

    • B.

      immigration restrictions versus an open gate.

    • C.

      Regulating versus trust-busting.

    • D.

      The issue of free silver

    Correct Answer
    C. Regulating versus trust-busting.
    Explanation
    The New Nationalism and New Freedom differed on the issue of regulating versus trust-busting. The New Nationalism, advocated by Theodore Roosevelt, believed in strong government regulation of big businesses to ensure fair competition and protect consumers. On the other hand, the New Freedom, promoted by Woodrow Wilson, favored breaking up monopolies and trusts to promote economic competition and individual freedom. While both approaches aimed to address the concentration of economic power, they differed in their methods, with the New Nationalism supporting government regulation and the New Freedom favoring trust-busting.

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  • 13. 

     As a Progressive president, Theodore Roosevelt:

    • A.

      Supported the conservation movement.

    • B.

      Supported the interests of big business

    • C.

      Demanded less economic regulation

    • D.

      Established the Federal Reserve system

    Correct Answer
    A. Supported the conservation movement.
    Explanation
    Theodore Roosevelt, as a Progressive president, supported the conservation movement. This means that he advocated for the protection and preservation of natural resources and the environment. Roosevelt believed in the importance of conserving natural resources for future generations and took significant steps to protect public lands, establish national parks, and regulate industries to prevent environmental degradation. His support for the conservation movement was a key aspect of his presidency and reflected his commitment to progressive ideals.

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  • 14. 

    The Progressive presidents were:

    • A.

      Benjamin Harrison, Grover Cleveland, and William McKinley

    • B.

      Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, and Rutherford B. Hayes

    • C.

      Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson.

    • D.

      Grover Cleveland, William McKinley, and Theodore Roosevelt

    Correct Answer
    C. Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson. These three presidents are commonly referred to as the Progressive presidents because they implemented various reforms and policies aimed at addressing social and economic issues during the Progressive Era in the early 20th century. Theodore Roosevelt focused on trust-busting and conservation, Taft continued with trust-busting and implemented labor reforms, and Wilson pushed for antitrust legislation and banking reforms. Together, they played a significant role in shaping the modern presidency and advancing progressive ideals.

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  • 15. 

    All of the following statements about Jane Addams and Hull House are true EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Addams established employment bureaus and health clinics

    • B.

      Hull House was modeled on a settlement house in London.

    • C.

      Addams believed that reformers needed to aid the poor from afar

    • D.

      Addams built kindergartens for immigrant children

    Correct Answer
    C. Addams believed that reformers needed to aid the poor from afar
  • 16. 

    Newspaper and magazine writers, who exposed the ills of industrial and urban life, fueling the progressive movement, were known as:

    • A.

      Muckrakers

    • B.

      Freelancers

    • C.

      Yellow journalists.

    • D.

      Trustees

    Correct Answer
    A. Muckrakers
    Explanation
    Muckrakers were newspaper and magazine writers who played a crucial role in the progressive movement by exposing the negative aspects of industrial and urban life. They were investigative journalists who aimed to bring about social and political change by uncovering corruption, inequality, and other societal problems. Their work shed light on issues such as child labor, unsafe working conditions, and political corruption, which helped fuel the push for reform during the progressive era.

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  • 17. 

     Jane Addams:

    • A.

      Supported anti-immigrant legislation

    • B.

      Believed in Social Darwinism

    • C.

      Was an economist

    • D.

      Advocated for the working poor

    Correct Answer
    D. Advocated for the working poor
    Explanation
    Jane Addams advocated for the working poor. This means that she supported and fought for the rights and well-being of individuals who were economically disadvantaged. She believed in addressing the social and economic inequalities faced by the working class and worked towards improving their living conditions and providing them with opportunities for a better life.

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  • 18. 

    In the early twentieth century, the Socialist Party advocated for all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      National health insurance.

    • B.

      Free college education

    • C.

      Legislation to improve the condition of laborers

    • D.

      Public ownership of railroads

    Correct Answer
    A. National health insurance.
    Explanation
    The Socialist Party in the early twentieth century advocated for free college education, legislation to improve the condition of laborers, and public ownership of railroads. However, they did not advocate for national health insurance. This means that while they supported various social and economic reforms, they did not specifically advocate for a government-run healthcare system.

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  • 19. 

       All of the following statements about Urban Progressives are true EXCEPT:

    • A.

      They worked with political machines.

    • B.

      They sought to improve public transportation

    • C.

      They sought to establish public control of gas and water works

    • D.

      They raised taxes to increase spending on schools and parks

    Correct Answer
    A. They worked with political machines.
    Explanation
    Urban Progressives were a reform movement in the late 19th and early 20th centuries that aimed to address social and political issues in cities. They sought to improve public transportation, establish public control of gas and water works, and raise taxes to increase spending on schools and parks. However, they did not work with political machines, as they viewed them as corrupt and opposed their influence in politics.

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  • 20. 

     The program that sought to streamline production and boost profits by systematically controlling costs and work practices was called:

    • A.

      Laissez-faire

    • B.

      Vertical integration

    • C.

      Scientific management.

    • D.

      Free-market practices

    Correct Answer
    C. Scientific management.
    Explanation
    Scientific management is the correct answer because it refers to a program that aimed to improve efficiency and productivity by applying scientific principles to work processes. It involved analyzing tasks, standardizing procedures, and training workers to perform tasks in the most efficient way possible. This approach was developed by Frederick Taylor and sought to optimize production and increase profits by controlling costs and work practices. Laissez-faire, vertical integration, and free-market practices do not specifically relate to the program described.

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  • Jun 24, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 25, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Verdun
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