Quiz 9: Progressive Era Politics

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Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 5,270
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Quiz 9: Progressive Era Politics - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which President was the first Progressive President?

    • A.

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • B.

      William Howard Taft

    • C.

      William McKinley

    • D.

      Woodrow Wilson

    Correct Answer
    A. Theodore Roosevelt
    Explanation
    Theodore Roosevelt was the first Progressive President because he actively pursued progressive policies during his time in office. He advocated for social and political reforms, such as regulating big business, protecting consumers, and conserving natural resources. He also pushed for labor reforms and worked to improve living and working conditions for the American people. Roosevelt's progressive agenda set the stage for future presidents, like Woodrow Wilson, to continue the progressive movement in the United States.

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  • 2. 

    How did Theodore Roosevelt become the President of the United States?

    • A.

      He was the Vice-President when the President, William McKinley, was assassinated by an anarchist.

    • B.

      He won the election...duh!

    • C.

      He was appointed by the Senate after the President was impeached.

    Correct Answer
    A. He was the Vice-President when the President, William McKinley, was assassinated by an anarchist.
    Explanation
    Roosevelt was elected in 1906, but originally took over after McKinley's death. The third choice is not Constitutionally possible.

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  • 3. 

    President Theodore Roosevelt portrayed himself as a very manly and macho President, despite his severe asthma and bad eyesight.  What are some of the activities he is known for?

    • A.

      Hunting thousands of animals in the west and in the African safari.

    • B.

      Boxing.

    • C.

      Fighting in the Spanish-American War as the leader of the Rough Riders.

    • D.

      Horseback riding.

    • E.

      Flying in airplanes.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Hunting thousands of animals in the west and in the African safari.
    B. Boxing.
    C. Fighting in the Spanish-American War as the leader of the Rough Riders.
    D. Horseback riding.
    Explanation
    President Theodore Roosevelt is known for engaging in various activities that showcased his masculinity and toughness. He hunted thousands of animals in the west and in the African safari, demonstrating his adventurous spirit and love for the outdoors. He also participated in boxing matches, further highlighting his physical strength and competitiveness. As the leader of the Rough Riders, he fought in the Spanish-American War, demonstrating his bravery and leadership skills. Additionally, he enjoyed horseback riding, which symbolized his love for horses and his active lifestyle. However, there is no evidence to suggest that he flew in airplanes.

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  • 4. 

    Roosevelt's Progressive program was called the __________________________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    The Square Deal
    the square deal
    square deal
    Explanation
    Roosevelt's Progressive program was referred to as the Square Deal. This term was used to describe his approach to addressing social and economic issues, aiming to create a fair and balanced society. The Square Deal aimed to protect the interests of the common people by regulating big businesses, promoting conservation, and advocating for workers' rights. Roosevelt believed in a level playing field for all, where everyone had an equal opportunity to succeed. The Square Deal became a significant part of Roosevelt's presidency and his efforts to bring about progressive reforms.

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  • 5. 

    What is a "trust?"

    • A.

      A law.

    • B.

      A union.

    • C.

      A monopoly.

    Correct Answer
    C. A monopoly.
    Explanation
    A "trust" refers to a monopoly. In business terms, a trust is a large company or organization that has gained control over a specific industry by eliminating competition and dominating the market. This control allows the trust to set prices, dictate terms, and exert significant influence over the industry. Trusts were particularly prevalent in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the United States, where they were eventually regulated and restricted by antitrust laws.

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  • 6. 

    What does it mean that President Roosevelt and President Taft were "trust-busting" Presidents?

    • A.

      The Presidents lost the trust of the American people.

    • B.

      The Presidents broke up monopolies in order to create more fair business competition.

    • C.

      The Presidents created workplace safety laws to build trust among workers and businesses.

    • D.

      The Presidents shut down labor unions for destroying competition.

    Correct Answer
    B. The Presidents broke up monopolies in order to create more fair business competition.
    Explanation
    President Roosevelt and President Taft were considered "trust-busting" Presidents because they actively worked to break up monopolies. By doing so, they aimed to promote fair business competition and prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a few wealthy individuals or corporations. This approach was seen as a way to protect the interests of consumers and smaller businesses, ensuring a more level playing field in the economy.

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  • 7. 

    Another law Theodore Roosevelt created was the Hepburn Act.  What did this law allow the US government to do?

    • A.

      To take over the railroads.

    • B.

      To create a railroad tax.

    • C.

      To set a maximum price the railroads could charge.

    • D.

      To demand that railroads use electricity rather than coal.

    Correct Answer
    C. To set a maximum price the railroads could charge.
    Explanation
    The Hepburn Act allowed the US government to set a maximum price that the railroads could charge. This was an important step in regulating the railroad industry and preventing unfair pricing practices. By setting a maximum price, the government aimed to ensure that railroads did not take advantage of their monopoly power and charge excessive rates. This helped to protect consumers and promote fair competition within the industry.

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  • 8. 

    The President who took over after Theodore Roosevelt was __________________________.

    Correct Answer
    William Howard Taft
    Taft
    Explanation
    After Theodore Roosevelt, the President who took over was William Howard Taft. Taft served as the 27th President of the United States from 1909 to 1913. He was handpicked by Roosevelt as his successor and continued many of his policies, including trust-busting and conservation efforts. However, Taft's presidency was marked by conflicts within the Republican Party and a split between the progressive and conservative factions. Despite his accomplishments, Taft lost his bid for re-election to Woodrow Wilson in 1912.

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  • 9. 

    In the election of 1912, three different national parties ran for office.  These three parties were the Democratic Party, the Republican Party, and the _____________________________.

    • A.

      The Progressive Party, AKA the Bull Moose Party.

    • B.

      The Socialist Party

    • C.

      The Communist Party

    • D.

      The Know-Nothings, or anti-immigrant party.

    Correct Answer
    A. The Progressive Party, AKA the Bull Moose Party.
    Explanation
    In the election of 1912, besides the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, the third national party that ran for office was the Progressive Party, also known as the Bull Moose Party. This party was formed by former President Theodore Roosevelt after he split from the Republican Party. The party advocated for progressive reforms such as women's suffrage, workers' rights, and regulation of big business. Despite its short existence, the Bull Moose Party had a significant impact on the election by drawing votes away from the Republican Party and ultimately helping the Democratic candidate, Woodrow Wilson, win the presidency.

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  • 10. 

    Which Progressive Era law made food companies label every ingredient included in their products?

    • A.

      The Pure Food and Drug Act

    • B.

      The Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    • C.

      The NY Tenement Housing Law

    • D.

      Antiquities Act

    Correct Answer
    A. The Pure Food and Drug Act
    Explanation
    The Pure Food and Drug Act is the correct answer because it was a law passed during the Progressive Era that aimed to protect consumers by regulating the labeling and safety of food and drugs. This act required food companies to label every ingredient included in their products, providing transparency and ensuring that consumers were aware of what they were consuming. The act was a response to the growing concerns about the adulteration and mislabeling of food products, and it marked an important step towards consumer protection and food safety in the United States.

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  • 11. 

    What was the name of President who won the 1912 election?

    Correct Answer
    Woodrow Wilson
    Wilson
    Explanation
    Woodrow Wilson was the President who won the 1912 election. The name "Wilson" alone does not provide enough information as there have been multiple individuals with the last name Wilson who have held political positions. However, the full name "Woodrow Wilson" specifically refers to the 28th President of the United States, who was elected in 1912.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 09, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Greiner
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