Mock Test -1 Child Development & Pedagogy (Team Vidhyapeetom)

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| By RENJISH RAJU
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RENJISH RAJU
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 2,274
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 2,274

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Mock Test -1 Child Development & Pedagogy (Team Vidhyapeetom) - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1. “Socialization” means

    • A.

      Following the social norms strictly

    • B.

      Adjusting in  society 

    • C.

      Revolting against norms

    • D.

      Understanding social diversity

    Correct Answer
    B. Adjusting in  society 
    Explanation
    Socialism is a populist economic and political system based on public ownership (also known as collective or common ownership) of the means of production. ... Socialists contend that shared ownership of resources and central planning provide a more equal distribution of goods and services and a more equitable society.

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  • 2. 

    2. “Thought not only determines language, but also precedes it” was an idea put forward by

    • A.

      J e an P i a g et

    • B.

      Kohlberg

    • C.

      Vygotsky

    • D.

      Pavlov

    Correct Answer
    A. J e an P i a g et
    Explanation
    Jean Piaget proposed the idea that thought not only determines language, but also precedes it. Piaget was a Swiss psychologist known for his work on child development and cognitive theories. He believed that children's cognitive development occurs through a series of stages, and that language development is closely tied to the development of thinking and understanding. Piaget's theory emphasized the importance of children's active engagement with their environment in shaping their cognitive abilities.

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  • 3. 

    3. Which of the following statements is correct in relation to ‘concept formation’ by a child?

    • A.

      Concepts are emotionally ordered

    • B.

      There is a set pattern of concepts development

    • C.

      Concepts are not hierarchialy in nature

    • D.

      Concepts are not individual

    Correct Answer
    B. There is a set pattern of concepts development
    Explanation
    Concept formation refers to the process by which a child develops and organizes their understanding of various concepts. The correct statement in relation to concept formation is that there is a set pattern of concept development. This means that children tend to follow a predictable sequence or pattern in acquiring and understanding different concepts. This pattern may vary from one concept to another, but overall, there is a general order in which concepts are developed by children.

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  • 4. 

    4.Main characteristic of the ‘emotionally motivated children’ is their

    • A.

      Over reactive in nature

    • B.

      Introvert nature

    • C.

      Balanced way of presenting

    • D.

      Non of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Balanced way of presenting
    Explanation
    The main characteristic of emotionally motivated children is their balanced way of presenting. This means that they are able to express their emotions in a controlled and appropriate manner. They are not overreactive or introverted, but rather they are able to present their emotions in a balanced and measured way.

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  • 5. 

    5.An important characteristic of ‘formal operational stage of mental development’ is

    • A.

      Abstract thinking

    • B.

      Concentrate thinking

    • C.

      Social Thinking

    • D.

      Egocentric

    Correct Answer
    A. Abstract thinking
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Abstract thinking. The formal operational stage of mental development is characterized by the ability to think abstractly, meaning that individuals can think beyond concrete objects and situations and understand concepts, hypothetical situations, and possibilities. This stage marks a significant cognitive milestone where individuals can engage in hypothetical and deductive reasoning, solve complex problems, and think critically. Abstract thinking allows individuals to consider multiple perspectives, analyze information, and make logical connections, which are essential skills for higher-level cognitive tasks and academic success.

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  • 6. 

    6. Principle of reinforcement is related to ?

    • A.

      Thorndike

    • B.

      Kohlberg

    • C.

      S kin n er

    • D.

      Pavlov

    Correct Answer
    C. S kin n er
    Explanation
    The principle of reinforcement is related to S kin n er. B.F. Skinner was a psychologist who developed the theory of operant conditioning, which focuses on how behavior is influenced by its consequences. Skinner believed that behavior is shaped through reinforcement, which can be positive (rewarding) or negative (removing something unpleasant). This principle suggests that when behavior is reinforced, it is more likely to be repeated in the future.

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  • 7. 

    7. Child-centered education was advocated by which of the following thinkers?

    • A.

      S kin n er

    • B.

      John Dewey

    • C.

      Eric Erikson

    • D.

      C h a r le s D a r win

    Correct Answer
    B. John Dewey
    Explanation
    John Dewey advocated for child-centered education. This approach emphasizes the importance of tailoring education to the individual needs and interests of each child. Dewey believed that education should be a hands-on and experiential process, where students actively participate in their own learning. He believed that children learn best when they are engaged in meaningful activities and when their natural curiosity is nurtured. Dewey's ideas have had a significant impact on modern educational practices, influencing the development of progressive education and student-centered pedagogies.

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  • 8. 

    8. While teaching a single parent-child, a teacher should

    • A.

      Treat such child differently

    • B.

      Assign lesser home work

    • C.

      Provide stable and consistent environment

    Correct Answer
    C. Provide stable and consistent environment
    Explanation
    provide a stable and consistent environment. Single parent-child may face unique challenges and may require additional support. By providing a stable and consistent environment, the teacher can create a sense of security and routine for the child, which can help them focus on their studies and feel supported in their learning journey.

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  • 9. 

    9. Which one of the following could be an end stage of a child possessing bodily-kinesthetic intelligence?

    • A.

      Orator

    • B.

      Political leader

    • C.

      Surgeon

    • D.

      Poet

    Correct Answer
    C. Surgeon
    Explanation
    An end stage of a child possessing bodily-kinesthetic intelligence could be becoming a surgeon. Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence refers to the ability to use one's body effectively for various activities, such as sports, dance, or surgery. Surgeons require precise hand-eye coordination, dexterity, and control over their movements to perform intricate surgical procedures. Therefore, a child with a strong bodily-kinesthetic intelligence may excel in developing the necessary skills and abilities to become a surgeon.

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  • 10. 

    10. The news of ‘ a woman selling her child to obtain food’may be understood best on the basis of

    • A.

      Psychoanalytical theory

    • B.

      Theory of hierarchical needs

    • C.

      Psychosocial theory

    • D.

      Theory of reinforced contingencies

    Correct Answer
    B. Theory of hierarchical needs
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Theory of hierarchical needs. This theory, proposed by Abraham Maslow, suggests that human behavior is motivated by a hierarchy of needs. According to this theory, individuals strive to fulfill their basic physiological needs such as food, water, and shelter before moving on to higher-level needs such as safety, love and belonging, esteem, and self-actualization. In the given scenario, the woman's action of selling her child can be understood as an extreme measure to fulfill her basic physiological need for food.

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  • 11. 

    11. Classification of students in different groups on the basis of their IQ tends to ………………… their self-esteem and …………………… their academic performance.

    • A.

      Increase; decrease

    • B.

      Increase; increase

    • C.

      Decrease; decrease

    • D.

      Decrease; has no effect on

    Correct Answer
    D. Decrease; has no effect on
    Explanation
    Classification of students in different groups on the basis of their IQ tends to decrease their self-esteem and has no effect on their academic performance. This means that when students are categorized based on their intelligence, it can negatively impact their confidence and self-worth. However, it does not necessarily affect their academic abilities or performance.

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  • 12. 

    12. Classrooms after the implementation of RTE Act 2009 are

    • A.

      Age-wise more homogeneous

    • B.

      Unaffected, as RTE does not affect the average age of a class in a school

    • C.

      Age-wise more heterogeneous

    • D.

      Gender-wise more homogeneous

    Correct Answer
    A. Age-wise more homogeneous
    Explanation
    After the implementation of the RTE Act 2009, classrooms are age-wise more homogeneous. This means that the students in a classroom are more likely to be of similar ages. The RTE Act aims to provide free and compulsory education to children between the ages of 6 and 14. By ensuring that all children within this age range have access to education, the Act has resulted in classrooms having students who are closer in age to each other, leading to a more homogeneous age distribution within the classroom.

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  • 13. 

    13. Assessment ____ learning influences learning by reinforcing the _____ between assessment and instruction.

    • A.

      For; connections

    • B.

      For; difference

    • C.

      Of; difference

    • D.

      Of; variance

    Correct Answer
    A. For; connections
    Explanation
    Assessment for learning refers to the use of assessment to support and enhance student learning. By providing feedback and identifying areas of strength and weakness, assessment for learning helps students make connections between their learning and the assessment process. This promotes a deeper understanding of the subject matter and encourages students to take ownership of their learning. Therefore, the correct answer is "For; connections".

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  • 14. 

    14. The ‘Lab schools’ advocated by John Dewey were examples of

    • A.

      Factory schools

    • B.

      Progressive schools

    • C.

      Public schools

    • D.

      Common schools

    Correct Answer
    B. Progressive schools
    Explanation
    The 'Lab schools' advocated by John Dewey were examples of progressive schools. Progressive schools focus on hands-on learning, student-centered approaches, and real-world applications. They emphasize the development of critical thinking, problem-solving skills, and creativity. The Lab schools, also known as experimental schools, were designed to provide a practical and experimental environment where students could actively engage in their learning and apply their knowledge in practical situations. These schools aimed to foster active learning, collaboration, and the development of social skills, preparing students for active participation in democratic societies.

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  • 15. 

    15. Group project activity as prescribed by CBSE is a powerful means

    • A.

      Of facilitating social participation

    • B.

      Of alleviating the burden of teachers

    • C.

      Of relieving the stress caused due to routine teaching

    • D.

      Concept of unity in diversity 

    Correct Answer
    A. Of facilitating social participation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Of facilitating social participation." Group project activities prescribed by CBSE can help students engage with their peers and work collaboratively, thereby promoting social interaction and participation. These activities encourage students to communicate, share ideas, and work together towards a common goal, fostering a sense of belonging and unity within the group. By involving students in group projects, CBSE aims to enhance their social skills, teamwork abilities, and overall development.

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  • 16. 

    16. Suppose you are the chairperson of a Board of School Education, how would you plan to improve the overall quality of education in the schools under your jurisdiction? This type of question is an example of

    • A.

      Higher order convergent

    • B.

      Higher order divergent

    • C.

      Lower order convergent

    • D.

      Lower order divergent

    Correct Answer
    B. Higher order divergent
    Explanation
    This question is an example of a higher order divergent question. It requires the test taker to think critically and creatively to come up with a plan to improve the overall quality of education in schools. This type of question encourages the test taker to explore different possibilities and consider various approaches, rather than simply recalling information or choosing from predetermined options.

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  • 17. 

    17. the following are features of anecdotal record, except

    • A.

      It is an accurate description of events

    • B.

      It describes personal development or social interactions of a child

    • C.

      It is a factual report with enough detail

    • D.

      It is subjective evidence of behavior and therefore does not provide feedback for scholastic area

    Correct Answer
    D. It is subjective evidence of behavior and therefore does not provide feedback for scholastic area
    Explanation
    An anecdotal record is a factual report with enough detail that accurately describes events, personal development, or social interactions of a child. It provides objective evidence of behavior and can be used to provide feedback for scholastic areas. Therefore, the statement "it is subjective evidence of behavior and therefore does not provide feedback for scholastic area" is incorrect.

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  • 18. 

    18. Feature assigned due to social roles and not due to biological endowment are called

    • A.

      Gender role attitudes

    • B.

      Gender role strain

    • C.

      Gender-role stereotype

    • D.

      Gender-role diagnosticity

    Correct Answer
    C. Gender-role stereotype
    Explanation
    Gender-role stereotypes refer to the beliefs and expectations society has about how men and women should behave based on their gender. These stereotypes are not based on biological differences but rather on social roles and norms. They can influence and shape individuals' behaviors, choices, and opportunities. Gender-role stereotypes can be limiting and contribute to gender inequality by reinforcing traditional gender roles and expectations.

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  • 19. 

    19. In child development, which standard deviation range typically encompasses the majority of children's scores in a normal distribution?

    • A.

      Between 1σ and 2σ

    • B.

      Between 2σ and 3σ

    • C.

      Between 3σ and 4σ

    • D.

      Beyond 3σ

    Correct Answer
    B. Between 2σ and 3σ
    Explanation
    In child development, the standard deviation range between 2σ and 3σ encompasses the majority of children's scores in a normal distribution. This area covers approximately 95% of the data, indicating where most children's scores lie relative to the mean. It represents the typical range of variation in child development, providing insight into the distribution of children's abilities and characteristics.

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  • 20. 

    20.Which one of the following pair would be most appropriate choice to compute the following sentence? Children ____ faster when they are involved in the activities that seems to be ______________.

    • A.

      Forget; useful in a classroom

    • B.

      Recall; linked with their classroom only

    • C.

      Learn; useful in real life

    • D.

      Memorise; culturally neutral

    Correct Answer
    C. Learn; useful in real life
    Explanation
    The most appropriate choice to compute the given sentence would be "Learn; useful in real life." This is because the sentence is discussing how children learn and it suggests that they learn faster when they are involved in activities that are useful in real life. This choice aligns with the context and meaning of the sentence.

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  • 21. 

    21.The conclusion that ‘Children can learn violent behavior depicted in movies’ may be derived on the basis of the following psychologist?

    • A.

      E d w ard L . T h o r n d i ke

    • B.

      J B Watson

    • C.

      Albert Bendura

    • D.

      Piaget

    Correct Answer
    C. Albert Bendura
    Explanation
    Albert Bandura is a psychologist known for his social learning theory. According to this theory, individuals learn behavior through observation and imitation of others. Bandura conducted the famous Bobo doll experiment where children observed aggressive behavior and then imitated it. This experiment showed that children can learn violent behavior from the media, such as movies. Therefore, the conclusion that "Children can learn violent behavior depicted in movies" can be derived from Bandura's research and theory.

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  • 22. 

    22. A, B and C, are three students studying English. ‘A’ finds it interesting and thinks it will be helpful for her in future. ‘B’ studies English as she wants to secure first rank in the class. ‘C’ studies it as she is primarily concerned to secure passing grades. The goals of A, B and C respectively are

    • A.

      Mastery, Performance Avoidance, Performance

    • B.

      Performance, Performance Avoidance, Mastery

    • C.

      Performance Avoidance, Mastery, Performance

    • D.

      Mastery, Performance, Performance Avoidance

    Correct Answer
    D. Mastery, Performance, Performance Avoidance
    Explanation
    A's goal is to master English because she finds it interesting and believes it will be helpful for her in the future. B's goal is performance avoidance, as she studies English to secure first rank in the class, indicating a fear of failure or not performing well. C's goal is performance, as she studies English primarily to secure passing grades, indicating a focus on achieving a certain level of performance rather than mastery. Therefore, the goals of A, B, and C respectively are Mastery, Performance, Performance Avoidance.

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  • 23. 

    23.Which one of the following is correctly matched?

    • A.

      Physical Development – Environment

    • B.

      Social Development – Environment

    • C.

      Emotional Development – Maturation

    • D.

      Cognitive Development – Maturation

    Correct Answer
    B. Social Development – Environment
    Explanation
    Social development refers to the process by which individuals learn to interact and communicate with others in their social environment. It involves acquiring social skills, understanding social norms, and developing relationships. The environment plays a crucial role in shaping social development as individuals learn from their interactions with others and the social context in which they live. Therefore, the correct match is Social Development - Environment.

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  • 24. 

    24. A teacher shows two identical glasses filled with equal amount of juice in them. She empties them in two different glasses one of which is taller and the other one is wider. She asks her class to identify which glass would have more juice in it. Students reply that the taller glass has more juice. Her students have difficulty in dealing with

    • A.

      Decentering

    • B.

      Egocentrism

    • C.

      Accommodation

    • D.

      Reversibility

    Correct Answer
    A. Decentering
    Explanation
    Decentering refers to the ability to consider multiple aspects or perspectives of a situation. In this scenario, the students are only focusing on the height of the glasses and not considering the fact that the juice was transferred from the wider glass to the taller glass. They are unable to decenter and think about the volume of the juice, leading them to believe that the taller glass has more juice.

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  • 25. 

    25. Karnail Singh does not pay income tax despite legal procedures and expenses. He thinks that he cannot support a corrupt government which expends million of rupees in building unnecessary dams. He is probably in which state of Kohlberg’s stages of moral development

    • A.

      Post Conventional

    • B.

      Para Conventional

    • C.

      Pre Conventional

    • D.

      Conventional

    Correct Answer
    A. Post Conventional
    Explanation
    Karnail Singh's belief that he should not pay income tax because he disagrees with the government's corrupt practices suggests that he is in the post-conventional stage of Kohlberg's stages of moral development. In this stage, individuals develop their own moral principles based on universal ethical principles and individual rights. They are willing to disobey laws or rules that they believe are unjust or unethical. Karnail's decision not to pay income tax aligns with this stage as he is prioritizing his personal moral beliefs over societal norms and legal obligations.

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